The area of natural science as a area of knowledge in TOK was presented by Mr. Mejia. Looking at very different parts of natural science, we questioned many points which don’t seem very obvious at first, but seem to have much to it.
Introduction science, we discussed “Is science universal?”. This point is very interesting, for it brings up the question of “Is science a product of the west?”. A possible TOK essay topic?
The main part though with natural science, is the idea which links to math. The point that scientists work with theories. Scientists do not prove theories. They create myths, and then try to show them wrong. A great quote on that is:
“Scientist test theories, but not to falsify them but to put them on trial.” – Arnel Næss
Also considered when looking at science, is the idea of theory testability. That is where there are certain “rules” which are: A theory should
- be able to explain
- be able to generalize
- be able to predict
- be tested by experiment
The fundaments of science are then said to be:
- critical rationalism
Together, these are what scientists work with. Reality, through perception leads to interpretation, but must be tested to return to reality.
The truth is out there.
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