TOK: Paradigms


Paradigms are the way you see things, and your perspectives. We all have different views and thoughts about things, and therefore we all have different paradigms. For example, the feature of the following photo can be interpreted as the Amazon Jungle because the text writes, Indigenous ‘Amazonians’. As it can be seen, there are two speech bubbles coming out of two people of different ethnical backgrounds, with one being the people of the Indigenous Amazonian tribe, and the other being the Brazilian Minister of Agriculture. I personally think that the following sentences would fit these speech bubbles.

Indigenous Amazonians: This seems to be an isolated area and there is no presence of other tribes. We may choose to reside here since it seems to have fertile soil to grow abundant vegetation. There are also many trees in the area which we can use as a resource to help build a new residential.

Minister of Agriculture: This land must have rich soil. We should cut down these trees, make it into paper, and then we shall cultivate the land so we can use this space to grow and harvest crops.

As I have not done any focused studies or a research on this particular Amazonian tribes, I have very limited background knowledge on them however, my common sense suggests that their paradigm will be focused on ‘living’. Because for example, we live in a developed world where all systems are organized. When we need some food and daily product supplies, we may just go to the nearby supermarket. When we need ‘water’ for cooking, or for taking a shower, we may just shift the tap and get water flowing out of it at an instant. We have very easy access to our daily essentials, and therefore we have more time that we can spend on other things such as, education, etc. However, for those Indigenous people who are in isolation from other groups and live independently, the number of people in the tribe is very few and they do not have a decided position/land of their residency so they do not have organized systems for living. Therefore, in order for them to obtain their food and water resource, they have to hunt for food, grow their plantation, and walk distances to obtain water from the river, which leaves them with less time for education etc. So their life is mainly focused on their ‘living’, compared to us who focus on ‘jobs’ or work. Due to such thinking that people from a tribe are likely to consider more about their standards of ‘living’ such as food, water, and shelter, I thought that the Indigenous Amazonians will take residency and resource into consideration when they are shown this forest. As on the contrast, the Brazilian Minister of Agriculture is more likely to think about using this space as much as possible to grow crops to sell to the market. As you may know, the roll of a minister of agriculture is to support a country’s agriculture in terms of its economy, and supply of crops to meet the population’s needs. Therefore, he is more likely to think about the production of crops and vegetation to distribute to Brazil’s population in order to meet their demands and also to increase their profits.

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