Source Article: McKenzie, Jethro Mullen. David, David McKenzie, and Steven Jiang Reported from Beijing. “5 Dead after Jeep Crashes and Catches Fire in Beijing’s Tiananmen Square.” CNN. Cable News Network, 28 Oct. 2013. <>.

Summary: This article reports the fatal incident of the crash of a jeep into the guardrail of Jinshui bridge, and put flame on one of China’s most politically sensitive landmark, the ‘Tianamen Square’. It states that 38 people were injured in total, with 5 people including 2 passengers, a driver, and 2 tourists were killed in this crash. This incident was not only reported by CNN because of the large numbers of fatalities and injuries it has caused however, it is also reported due to a greater concern. The Tiananmen Square has a great history in political wise, the entrance part of this square, the Tiananmen Rostrum stands as an entrance to Mao Zedong, a city closed from Beijing. The square itself has also faced political issues, such as in 1989, where the government and civilians faced against pro-democracy demonstrations, in which case the square had set on fire. From the following history the Tiananmen had faced, it is reported in great consideration due to the political tension built by the fire from the jeep.

Knowledge Claims:

In such article, following knowledge claims have been made by the authors denoting all this information.

“Tiananmen Square is China’s most politically sensitive landmark as a result of the events of June 4, 1989, when government forces opened fire on civilians to quash pro-democracy demonstrations.”

The authors state to know that the Square is China’s most politically sensitive however, the statement made here is very vague and vigorous because there is no way for one to tell/no index that measures how politically sensitive a building is. However, the statement made afterwards in the sentence, ‘June 4, 1989…’ provides evidence and gives a backup to the statement made previously.

“Authorities moved quickly to tackle the blaze and clear up the scene.”

Here, the author states that the authorities moved quickly however, this, we can not also tell how quick the authorities moved, and therefore this is also vague. The response of the authorities to this crash might have been slow and inefficient however, this sentence claims to know, and persuades the reader that they (the authorities) had done its best.

“The square is often closed or put under heightened security before and during major events.”

Here, the author claims to know that the square is at all times, closed due to security.

Knowledge Questions: Following knowledge questions can be come up from the concern raised by the incident of the crash.

Central Knowledge Question: To what extent should the government and the civilians be concerned about the tension brought up by the Tiananmen caught on flame?

Associated Knowledge Question: How effective were the authorities when involved in solving for the crash that blocked off the busy area?

Associated Knowledge Question: In what situation will conflict may be brought up between the government and the civilians?

Evaluation and Identification of the News Source:

The origin of this text is the authors of the CNN news publishing company, and the purpose of this article was to inform the audience especially those who are going to travel to China, are already their tourists, to keep them conscious of the political situations Beijing is facing, for their own securities. It may also be to inform those who study politics, and keep watching over China’s political situation at the moment, to be able to analyse and or predict of events that may happen/occur in the future times. I believe that this article is not biased because the three authors only report of the situation of the crash, and the fatalities/aftermass the incident has caused, with providing numerical data such being, ’38 injured’, and or ‘5 killed’. However, some may argue over this article that it may be biased in when claiming knowledge claims at stated previously in the above paragraphs such as, ‘



TOK Ethics

Do any of the views described fit with Aristotle’s view of ethics?

Aristotle’s view on ethics was that happiness is the aim of all actions. I think that Alfred North Whitehead’s opinion on ethics was very similar to Aristotle’s.

What is morality in any given time or place? It is
what the majority then and there happen to like
— and immorality is what they dislike.

Whitehead perceives ethics as a moral judgement made by the people depending on, how happy the person will get after making that choice.

How would these different views of ethics affect someone’s behaviour?

There were several statements made on ‘what is ethics’, and some of them stated that it is a code of values, which help guide our choices and actions. Others also stated that ‘it is a device for leading the mankind’, or ‘help shape a character and ethical convictions of a culture’. Likewise, the majority of the statements written in Nicolas Alchin’s book define ethics as an option/device/a way that helps humans guide their way throughout their development by giving guidance for making the right decisions-what is right and what is wrong (justice). However, the views stated here are all different and these views can affect one’s behaviour. For example, ‘A man without ethics is a wild beast loosed upon this world.’ by Manley Hall can cause a person to think such like, ‘without living in accordance to ethics, I will be viewed by the society as a beast loosened up, which is not a good thing, so I will desire to live in accordance to ethics as much as I can’. or on the contrast, it can make a person think that living without accordance to ethics will mean a wild beast, which may give a cool impression on them, because some people may perceive as living against the rules are the society will make them special and this can shape how a person will act.

Considering the different views on what is meant by ethics, make a list of all the possible Areas of Knowledge and Areas of Life where ethical issues could occur.

How broad is this Area of Knowledge?

-History: A history textbook noting different occurrences within the world history may be biased depending on the country it was published in, and this may cause ethical problems.

-Literature: Some literature books may include racist or stereotypical issues as a part of their artwork.

TOK Knowledge Issue Questions

Response to:

What observations and experiments done on quantum mechanics so far, have made the theory that the empty space itself form the fabric of the cosmos, more convincing?

Response to:

To what extent will the attempt in making a computer act more ‘human’ than a person, benefit our lives, and to what extent will it change the way we live?