TOK Ethics

Do any of the views described fit with Aristotle’s view of ethics?

Aristotle’s view on ethics was that happiness is the aim of all actions. I think that Alfred North Whitehead’s opinion on ethics was very similar to Aristotle’s.

What is morality in any given time or place? It is
what the majority then and there happen to like
— and immorality is what they dislike.

Whitehead perceives ethics as a moral judgement made by the people depending on, how happy the person will get after making that choice.

How would these different views of ethics affect someone’s behaviour?

There were several statements made on ‘what is ethics’, and some of them stated that it is a code of values, which help guide our choices and actions. Others also stated that ‘it is a device for leading the mankind’, or ‘help shape a character and ethical convictions of a culture’. Likewise, the majority of the statements written in Nicolas Alchin’s book define ethics as an option/device/a way that helps humans guide their way throughout their development by giving guidance for making the right decisions-what is right and what is wrong (justice). However, the views stated here are all different and these views can affect one’s behaviour. For example, ‘A man without ethics is a wild beast loosed upon this world.’ by Manley Hall can cause a person to think such like, ‘without living in accordance to ethics, I will be viewed by the society as a beast loosened up, which is not a good thing, so I will desire to live in accordance to ethics as much as I can’. or on the contrast, it can make a person think that living without accordance to ethics will mean a wild beast, which may give a cool impression on them, because some people may perceive as living against the rules are the society will make them special and this can shape how a person will act.

Considering the different views on what is meant by ethics, make a list of all the possible Areas of Knowledge and Areas of Life where ethical issues could occur.

How broad is this Area of Knowledge?

-History: A history textbook noting different occurrences within the world history may be biased depending on the country it was published in, and this may cause ethical problems.

-Literature: Some literature books may include racist or stereotypical issues as a part of their artwork.

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