interview with an expert in the AOK natural science

I decided to interview my dance teacher Mrs.Erickson who also teaches drama . Dance and drama are to different arts in which I am really interested in hence I wanted to know more about their possible AOK from a teacher perspective who really know these areas .

1)What’s your definition of knowledge?

The information and concepts we gain.

2)What kind of knowledge is Dance and how can it be organized and studied in arts ?

Dance involves a lot of skill and technique. However, the conceptual knowledge about how dance is created is part of it. There is also the understanding of the history of dance. To dance and create dance, it’s very important to know what has come before. It’s like with any art. Dance is also part of cultural knowledge. We need to think beyond the Western world. Dance has meanings and purpose within different culture.

Choreographic Knowledge-Structure, theme

World Choreography

Dance History

Cultural Anthropology of Dance

I’m sure I’m missing something…

  3) Why would you consider dance(art) as an Area of knowledge ?

It is just like any area of knowledge or art. It has structure, concepts, culture and history.

4)Art often requires interaction with the audience especially dance, usually through emotion. do you think the audience can acquire knowledge from emotion or other factors during performances ?

I’m not sure about acquiring knowledge from emotion. You can acquire a lot from emotion like maybe exploring your own feelings. When I look at a dance performance I am learning about the form of dance and the choreography. I’m gaining ideas for my own choreography. 

5) Some people often think that art is less important than maths or natural sciences for their future lives , to what extent do you think it is not necessarily true ?

Of course, I don’t think that is true. Art is a form of expression. Would we say writing is not important? For me, a life without art would bland and uninteresting. You could just think about a person’s well being and how their life is enriched by art.

6)What can limit certainty in this specific AOK (art) ?

I’m not sure exactly what you mean by this question. I’m not sure why we need certainty in the first place.

Mrs. Erickson

3 sources of knowledge

I would say that 3 significant sources of knowledge are memory, language and sense perception

Memory: memory can be demonstrated through the fact that it is where human brains store knowledge; The present knowledge or knowledge lived in past experience , events, things we saw , learnt that appealed us and kept in our heads. Anything you believe that you know comes from memory. Everyone relies on their memory of knowledge, whatever you were taught in the past , the brain stored some of them , it allows us to already have a base of knowledge and using it to learn and discover new things to complete the things we learnt in the past, it is thus very important.

Language: it is the major source of communication. Indeed any forms of shared knowledge are almost impossible without language. Communication is essential to share concepts, teach things to others. Language helps us tell people our perspectives on things and without this, we would not be able to get any of our views through. A simple example to demonstrate this would be a foreigner who needs help and comes to you asking questions that you obviously do not understand, here it is quite difficult to build communication and shared knowledge.

Sense perception: we evaluate and analyze the knowledge that we gain. It would be impossible without our senses. Shared knowledge highly depends on sense perception as we see, touch, hear … the same things but might have different interpretations of it which help us to build a source of knowledge. Sense perception is good for remembering, understanding and applying, as per the Blooms Taxonomy.

Propositional Knowledge claims

Give an example of the same belief two people could hold where one would illustrate justification in ways that could be considered more reliable and the other would be considered less reliable.

An example of where two people have the same belief and one is considered to illustrate justification and be more reliable than another could be demonstrated through a criminal tv show . Sam is watching criminal tv shows since his younger age , he know who the criminal is because he is used to the different effects used in these types of tv shows , from the ways of acting , the different reactions and the “face ” of the criminal whom he judges “suspect” he knows that he is right . The detective (the character itself ) also knows who the criminal is . At the end of the show , turns out that both are correct .

however to what extent the reliability of their beliefs are different ? 

the detective ‘s beliefs are more reliable since his knowledge is based on real life evidence clues , physical analysis of the crime scene and also the use of his senses which contribute to a strong reliable knowledge . We can’t put Sam at the same level of reliability as the the detective since his knowledge comes from assumption , the dialogues , the reactions but there is no physical proof that can be justified . 

Hence , both are right , but the reliability of their beliefs are different since the detective’s knowledge is built on a stronger , justifiable base . (this blog post also connects the bias & perspectives lesson . )

Two Types of Personal Knowledge

Music involves different aspects of Knowledge, both practical knowledge and knowledge by acquaintance interacts with the theoretical understanding that plays a part of that mastery.

I first discovered the instrument clarinet when I was very little when my uncle used to play it in his jazz band. I really liked the sound of it and I always asked him to play my favorite songs .It was not until much later, when he got me my own clarinet that I really started to understand what it actually took to be able to play like he does. I had always been amazed at how he plays, but at the same time I never understood all that work and time that lay behind it.

I started to realise that playing clarinet wasn’t easy as I expected and that I couldn’t learn the basics all by myself so I decided to take clarinet lessons with a professor. Here practical knowledge is essential to the learning of clarinet because it involves lots of different difficult basics techniques. He taught me where to place my fingers and how to hold the clarinet properly, the different types rhythm, how to handle my respiration.. However, You will never be able to play well if all you do is listen to your teacher that tells you how to play. So much comes from taking the shared knowledge you gained and then applying it through practice. I then became more and more fascinated by this instrument and began to exercise myself by playing on my own, practicing with the professor’s advices and use them to rectify my mistakes and realize by myself what I was doing wrong and right (eg; if it sounded weird, placing my fingers to create the pitches, repeat several times the scales not to forget the basics). This is acquaintance knowledge; it knowing how to do something and doing it. Hence playing a song can apply your practical knowledge and your acquaintance knowledge in order to do something more challenging.

Later on , During group repetitions for concerts , I could use the knowledge I had learned, along with the other people in my groups knowledge, to create something new. Then we had to evaluate what we had learned and what our results came to be. In that way, my clarinet playing has in a way reflected all the steps of the Bloom Taxonomy from comprehension to evaluation.








To what extent do you “care whether your beliefs are true”

My beliefs and what I experienced have made me into the person I am today and therefore it is really important to me. I care and I prefer to think they are correct since everything that I learn goes through my mind and I try to make sense of them by considering other facts, comparing them, analyzing and remembering older knowledge that I gained.Depending on the topic there is no right or wrong answer , thus sharing our beliefs is essential to find a common idea or comparing our answers and gain further knowledge from it . If I would not care if they were true or not I wouldn’t consider challenging it but instead just accepting it as it was.

I remember once my teacher explaining a chemistry way of solving a specific problem and telling the class to not ask questions to why it is solved in a certain way but to just accept it. The topic we were learning about was easiest to understand if we knew how to work it out before knowing why it worked. I just assumed that what the teacher was saying was true. But with everything we learn we always try to connect it with older knowledge but by her telling us not to be a bit confusing to me. After working a bit with the topic she then explained everything and answered all the questions but it was the part of just exerting it at first that was important. This is an example that even though we might not be aware that we care if it’s true or not we are still trying to make sense of the information we are taking in as well as challenging it.

In addition to this, not everyone care about their beliefs and whether they are true. However , caring about your beliefs is important in every day life both to be confident and being able to be the person we are today and feeling ourselves without being ashamed of sharing our own beliefs and knowledge.

Perspectives , Biases & Paradigms – Summative task

“We see the World not as it is but as we are ”

I definitly agree with this statement. All individuals have their own backgrounds , personal perceptions of the world maybe due to where they come from , their past experiences ,education, their religion or preferences.. The experiment of the flower that we did in the Auditorium really support this idea of how our personal experiences and feelings affect our way of viewing things. We had to draw objects on a table placed at the centre of the room . The seats had different locations , lighting and because of how far everyone was and what the subject meant to us , we all came up with different drawings and explanations of them . So , this activity wasn’t just about drawing , it was a way to make us think about wether or not there is on single way of viewing and explaining things . This quote from the Talmud explains the fact that there is not one specific answer because everyone has different opinions from their own perspective.

To Sum up , the “World” could be whatever it wanted to be . Humans would never see the actual “truth” of it as our visions are distorted by our own selves , our characters , emotions , fears , experiences . I think it is quite positive , we see the world as who we are and it makes our understandings of things even more interesting.