Top 3 Reliable Sources of Knowledge

The three sources of knowledge that I regard as to be most reliable are sense perception, reason, and faith.

Sense perception plays an exceptional role for an individual.
It gives each and every one of us an identity. Additionally, it shapes us as who we are through our personal experiences created by these senses. Moreover, it gives us an advantage of being able to understand and determine something in an original or unique way that no other person can understand. This means that no one is able to undergo the same experience with the same feel and these experiences can only be felt by the person and cannot be fully shared or expressed with enough words, which contributes to the formation of shared knowledge. 

Reason gives us evidence and proof to support our beliefs, feelings, and opinions. Although we may be able to experience a specific something, we are not able to exhibit what we are understanding without reason that will help other people understand closely to what we have experienced on our own. Without a succinct and clear reasoning, we are never able to demonstrate our understanding fully. But, when we give out evidence, we are able to prove and are able to further look into something with more knowledge from different perspectives (once shared with another individual). Therefore, reason is a crucial constituent in the formation of shared knowledge. 

Lastly, faith is based off of our personal experience which makes it reliable. We tend to believe based on whatever we have accomplished in the past. Through our mistakes and hardships, we learn what we should do/ shouldn’t do or what to believe/what not to believe in, what is wrong/right, allowing our ethics and morals to expand. Although faith may be something very personal to us, we tend to feel something close or something similar, but slightly different to what someone else feels when one undergoes something, resulting to holding similar beliefs or faith as other individuals. By having faith, we are able to have reason and vice versa. Therefore, faith is preeminent in a sense in the formation of shared knowledge. 

Gettier than Gettier?

There was a robbery in a convenience store at 3 a.m. in the morning. Three people: Mark, Chad, and Ryan were suspected of the robbery. On the night of the robbery, Mark was on his way back home from work in his black suit. Chad on the other hand, was coming back home from a run with his dog in his black track suit. Lastly, Ryan was on his way back home from a high school reunion he had just attended in his fancy black party clothes. 

Although the security camera of the convenience store had recorded the robbery, the video taped was not clear, which made it onerous for the police when investigating who had caused the crime. Despite this unfortunate evidence, police were able to obtain the color of the suspect’s clothes, which was black. 

There had been 5 other security cameras in the neighbourhood, each capturing each of the three men at around 3 a.m. in the morning. Due to the neighbourhood being minuscule, not a lot of the residents normally walked out at 3 a.m. in the morning.

Each of these men blamed for this felony, hired an attorney.
Mark was a wealthy entrepreneur, and was able to reach out to a famous attorney who was known for being a phenomenal lawyer nation-wide. On the other hand, Chad was a rather well-known doctor, and was able to have a well-known attorney in the neighbourhood, who happened to be his friend. Lastly, Ryan was a student at a local community college who had a single mother and was able to get a normal attorney due to financial problems. 

Each of the attorneys of each of the suspects came up with information to back up their clients and to help them get through this accusation. In the end, Ryan was indicted for the crime as judges came to an assumption that the two men: Mark and Chad, one being an entrepreneur and the other being a doctor did not need the extra money at the convenience store. Therefore, Ryan was sent to jail for 5 years.

But why did Ryan, out of the other two men get sent to jail? Due to the limited information gathered from the crime scene, and the rest of the two men with a prominent lawyer, they appeared to be less suspicious. In addition, due to Ryan’s background of originating from a family with financial issues, he was someone out of the three to be accused most based on a stereotypical judgement. Moreover, since the other two men were able to hire outstanding attorneys, judges were persuaded that the reasonings stated by the two attorneys were more reliable in comparison to Ryan’s lawyer. 

However, in the end, it turned out that Mark had been the one to commit the crime. Despite his background of being an entrepreneur and affluent , he had some financial issues dealing with his business which lead him to commit the robbery. 

This situation I have created connects to some real-life situations in our everyday world. This lead to a knowledge question of, “To what extent do stereotypes have an influence on our judgement?”  For instance, people assume based on limited information that only covers the surface of something or someone and forms a conclusion. Additionally, our first judgements or impressions majorly rely on stereotypes. As in the story I have created, because Ryan did not have an eminent attorney and originated from a rather unfortunate background in contrast to the two, he was accused of committing the crime.  Just like the quote by George Eliot, “Don’t judge a book by its cover.”, this real-life situation reminds us that we should not always come to a conclusion based on the stereotypical ideas that have been brought up within society.
Furthermore, I came to another knowledge question of, “How much do stereotypes have an influence on the thoughts of ethics, morals and manners of other individuals ?” as in our society today, many of the unfortunate individuals are presumed as not having the “right” ethics, morals or manners. 

Summative Task – Personal Experience

Throughout my 16 years of life, I have encountered many opportunities to do a wide range of activities such as hula/tahitian dancing, cheerleading, learning how to play the piano and guitar, swimming, volleyball, basketball, soccer, art lessons, and classical ballet.

Out of the many wonderful activities I was able to experience, the activity that has had the most impact or influence on me is ballet. 

Classical ballet has influenced my life dramatically for the past 14 years and has taught me a lot. I started ballet when I was 2. The reason I began ballet was not simple; such as the typical reason of wanting to start learning how to do it, but rather a reason of fixing the shape of my legs. I was not capable of riding a bike or playing any sports due to the shape of my legs until I met ballet. As I got to know ballet in depth, my lifestyle began to change. 

By dancing and training for a few years, I was able to discover many aspects of the dance as well as knowledge that can be utilized in our everyday life. One of the major key factors of ballet is dedication. This goes to doing anything, but especially in ballet. Improvement is always important in dance as you learn new skills every lesson, without dedication, you will not be able to make these improvements. Just like the theoretical discipline in Aristotle’s 3 telos, dedication is the core and foundation of being able to do well in ballet. Then, comes the other factors that completes the process of the dance.It is also essential that you have the ability to focus, concentrate, understand the movement, develop techniques, be flexible, give the right force when dancing, control your energy, be respectful, and most of all have discipline. There are many more components that affect ballet, but these are some of the prime and major elements when dancing ballet.

Ballet is a type of dance that looks very easy when other dancers perform, but when you actually try to do it, it is extremely difficult as it is a type of dance that requires a lot of self control, hard-work, patience, energy and discipline. For example, depending on how much energy you put in, the amount of turns you are able to accomplish will be different. Your end result will differ by how much energy you decide to put in when you dance. 

In addition, skipping classes drastically change the way you dance as when you do not train for a while, your body adjusts back to its normal state little by little, as the muscles in your body contract, shrinking or changing back to what it was originally, making it extremely difficult to self-control. Not only is self-control about how you use your energy while dancing, but also how much you eat, how much water you drink, how much you stretch, how much you focus, and many more. These are all major factors that affect how well you dance that day. 

Through lots and lots of practice, you will be able to gain the practical knowledge or the basic dance steps, ability and skill in ballet. Mentioned earlier, it is crucial to be committed and forbear when doing ballet. Ballet is not the type of dance that you can master quickly, but rather a dance that takes a long time to master and perfect. You may wonder why it takes a long time to master the ability to dance “proper” ballet, but the reason behind this is because there is a specific muscle that you must put energy into to create a specific form of position. In addition, depending on how much energy you add into your muscles, your form will alter significantly. In order to get the hang of how to use your muscles properly, it takes a very long time. 

Adding on, ballet also teaches you knowledge by acquaintance. For example, in August this year, I was able to have the opportunity of performing in a performance consisting of more than 30 dancers. In order to produce the production, it was essential to have teamwork or the ability to work with others. In addition, each dancer had their own responsibilities: keeping track of the schedule as there was a specific day and time for rehearsals, bringing a dance kit on time ready for that day, remembering  the dance steps, matching the dance steps to the rhythm and beat of the music, being accurate, and etc.. Another factor that I had forgotten to mention earlier is to be open minded as teachers give excellent advice to help you improve. They will give you shared knowledge as well as their personal knowledge.  For example, the teacher may tell you to bend your knees before turning a pirouette which is something you must do when turning a pirouette to gain power and may be a fact through different testimonials (shared knowledge). Then, she may instruct you to put in a specific amount of energy giving you examples of what the energy is like, which would be the type of energy that may work best for her (personal knowledge). Then, you must take in the advice given and build on your own personal knowledge to adept and improve. 

Throughout the 14 years of my dance career, I have been able to gain an understanding of both; practical knowledge and knowledge by acquaintance. Ballet has taught me to keep a stoic lifestyle and to self control. When I first began to learn ballet, I had gone through a lot of physical and mental pain as I was  not flexible and I was not able to use the correct muscles when dancing. However, over time, I was able to adjust and bare the pain – this experience helps me get through some of the worst days of my life and reminds me each day that it is important to accomplish or undergo things that make us suffer as it gives us a lesson in life. 


Truth, Modernism, and Postmodernism – Summative Task

At this point, I am able to distinguish information at a basic level and am capable of determining whether a certain information is true or false. I am certain that most of the people have the capacity to do so as well. Despite this fact, I believe that each individual regulates which information they decide to believe in. In the end, we all have different beliefs depending on which information we decide to put our trust in. In addition, many of us may find out that we believe in the same thing as well due to a similar logic. 

This adds onto the point that whatever I regard as “true”, may not be something agreeable to other people. Additionally, I do not believe that there is a “correct” or “true” belief as we all believe in different theories or statements. However, with a rational reasoning, we will always agree to whatever theory or statement to a certain extent, maybe never fully, but we will always be convinced to some degree. 

In conclusion, to a certain extent I do care whether what I am believing in is ethically right, true or proper. Simultaneously, I am very open to new ideas. I think that some beliefs could be proven to be honest and principled by a coherent reason. Moreover, rather than believing in the belief itself, I think the logic behind the actual belief is what is most significant for me. Adding on, we are able to constantly gain new aspects and sides to anything we believe in. It is very important to keep our minds open, allow in new beliefs that the others may believe in, and to keep in mind that not everything we put faith in individually is enough. 

Perspectives, Biases, & Paradigms – Summative Task

The Talmud once stated, “We see the world, not as it is but as we are”, but do we actually?
Based on my opinion, I believe that this statement is completely true as each individual living on this planet has had different past experiences, has discrete backgrounds, and has been influenced by different cultures and, or beliefs. There is not a single living organism that has lived their life in the same way as another living organism. No matter how hard we all try, we will only be able to see something from our own original point of view and never from someone else’s point of view. In addition, as we all take different steps in life, our aspects alter every now and then. I truly believe that what we remember, how we comprehend or understand, apply our information to a particular something, analyze, synthesize, evaluate, and create all are reflections of what or how we believe and think. 

In the world today, there has been a lot of problems. One of the major issues that we have been facing is the Syrian crisis. Many of the refugees have been struggling to survive and are in desperate need of a new home as the country of Syria has been having a civil war and their homes have been destroyed. Syria is no longer a place in which people can live safely in as long as their civil war continues. Many of the refugees have fled to different countries looking for new homes and shelter in order to start a new life. 
Comparing these refugees’ lives to the many of the lives that exist in the world today,  it is very different. Even if the news or the media mentions how hard their lives are, it is very easy to say it in words, but we can not fully understand how hard it must be for these people until we are in their shoes and are in their position or situation. We often make assumptions that are based on how we think instead of the reality of the whole concept.

Similarly, as we live our lives each day, we often underestimate and presume a lot of things. For example, whenever we pass someone walking on the streets or some stranger on the train, or any type of public transportation, we base people off their looks or what they are wearing. We frequently jump to conclusions without having an ethical reason to why we have made these conclusions. Instead, we base our reasonings off of what we believe or think is the norm. 

Furthermore, there will always be two sides to any story. There will never be one side of the story, which points out that we all have our own point of view and our perspectives differ from one another, again proving the statement made by the Talmud, “We see the world, not as it is but as we are”. I believe that we will always make decisions, understand, and take action in a way that we desire. In conclusion, I fully agree with the statement. 

“The Medium is the Message”

Have you ever looked at topics that interest you from different types of media? Well, if you haven’t, this is a quick overview of an event that occurred recently which relates to looking at a specific focus (topic) through a variety of media. 

On June 5th, Thursday, 2015, Media Fair was held at school on the third floor of the main building. This is a fair in which students from Grade 10 participate to share and present their topics through the posters they have created. The purpose of this fair was to teach other students about a wide range of topics that have been researched using a variety of media (e.g. TED Talks, images/photos, cartoons, quotes, etc…). 

There were approximately 40 posters in total or even more, but out of the many, students chose 3-5 posters that they found most interesting to them.

Down below (↓) is the list of the 3 presenters I encountered during the Media Fair.

Presenter #1 – Emily
Topic: Body Image

Her poster was focused on Body Image, which was conveyed through 6 different types of media: advertisement, songs, articles, documentary trailers, images, and speech. I found her topic very intriguing as I have researched about the same topic for my Personal Project. Throughout our discussion, she mentioned that media changes the idea of what society should expect in a body type. In addition, she mentioned that the high standards that media has created for society has a very terrible and negative impact. I was able to relate to her as I came across the same ideas, thoughts, and ideas when researching about the topic, Body Image. Yes, a lot of people in society get affected about their bodies as they start to believe or think that their bodies are not “ideal” or “perfect” or what society looks for. But in reality, no one is “perfect” and there is no such thing as “perfect”. Nothing is close to being “perfect” and we all just need to accept who we are and stay being who we are no matter what society says. We are all unique and original individuals and having flaws is what makes us human. I really enjoyed talking to Emily about her topic as I knew quite a lot about her topic. 

Here are some examples of the media types used for the poster completed by Emily:
Meghan Trainer’s Music Video (All About That Bass)
Documentary Trailer
TED Talk

Presenter #2 – Rishi
Topic: Conspiracy Theories

His poster consisted of research about Conspiracy Theories from 4 types of media: news article, YouTube, mosaics, and pictures. It was very interesting how both the presenters (Rishi & Emily) referred to media. Rishi said, “Media promotes theories, often false kinds. They are very easily spread and believed by society most of the times when posted on media.” I truly agree with his statement. Once something is posted on some sort of media, every little fact of the topic gets exaggerated to some extent. His topic fascinated me as I had always been curious about the different types of conspiracy theories and it was very exciting to listen to the facts that he was able to gain from his research as well as his opinions on the topic.

Presenter #3 – Katie
Topic: Guardians of the Galaxy

Her poster was based on the Guardians of the Galaxy, which I am certain that many of you know or heard of. She projected her topic with the research she has completed from 5 distinct media types: comic books, movie, movie reviews, article, honest trailer. Within the discussion I had with her, she told me that after researching in depth and learning all of the facts about her topic, she became more passionate about the Guardians of the Galaxy. Furthermore, she mentioned that comics and movies are quite different as important bits and details tend to miss out in movies. I 100% agree with what she said. Additionally, I do know that a lot of people complain that movies tend to miss out the most important sections of the story, making viewers upset.

Here are some examples of the media types used for the poster completed by Katie:
Honest Trailer

In conclusion, I thought Media Fair was a great way to get to learn the diverse topics available. It was very interesting to be able to learn facts as well as opinions from all kinds of perspectives. 

Evaluation – Teaching “Disturbia” Dance

In our Physical Education class, we have learned about all types of dance. Throughout this unit, the project was to teach a dance that the student(s) have choreographed or a dance video found online to other students. I have created a dance for the music “DIsturbia” by Rihanna with my peer, Nana. 

My plan was very effective as it was written in great detail with a lot of thought into it. When leading a class and teaching part of our “Disturiba” dance, I was able to cover most of the warm-ups. My partner and I planned to cover 19 warm-ups throughout our lesson and we were able to cover about 13 ~ 15 of it, which is more than half of the warm-ups. I believe that the images I have attached next to each description of the warm-ups have helped me remember which ones to complete. Since we were not allowed to look back at our plans during the lesson, we had to try and remember our plan, which was quite challenging. I do not think that I would have remembered most of the warm-ups without the images attached.
Furthermore, my partner and I have recorded a video for the full dance and trimmed the part necessary for the lesson so we could look back at the video and practice. By doing this, we were able to practice our dance at home, prepare for the lesson, and teach the dance very smoothly.
Although our lesson went over our planned time by a little bit, I truly think that my plan was useful and constructive. 

My strongest teaching component was to teach students the dance. I tried my best to go through the dance step by step by using words and going through the same parts over and over until they got the dance. 

My weakest teaching component was keeping the students’ focus on the lesson. Since my partner and I struggled to run our lesson smoothly and in order, students’ would wander off or get distracted, losing their focus. 

I faced a few challenges during the lesson. One of them was keeping the students engaged in my lesson and having them focus throughout the whole lesson. Also, it was difficult to keep their focus since our lesson did not go too smoothly as we wanted it to go. Another challenge was to find out the easiest way to help students memorize the dance, since our dance was a little too difficult for some students. 

Although I have prepared for the lesson, I do not think that I have prepared enough. If I were allowed to teach the dance again, I would go through my plan a few minutes before the lesson and go through everything in my head so I will know what to do, with the lesson functioning rapidly. In addition, my partner and I forgot to use the timer, so we were not able to complete our lesson within our given time as we went over it by approximately 5 minutes. 

The happiest part of the lesson was when students all finally got the hang of the dance and were able to memorize the whole dance without the teachers (my partner and I) instructing. Again, our dance may have been demanding for some students, so it took a longer time than what we expected for the students to remember. 

As much as I wanted everything to go according to plan, that does not happen most of the times. It did not go according to plan since there were some errors throughout the lesson such as forgetting to set the timer, forgetting some of our warm-ups, taking longer than expected, and etc… 

Reflection: Music Performance

I have performed a piece called “Prelude”, by J.S.Bach. This piece is not very difficult, but I have not played this type of piece before, so I found it quite challenging for me. In this piece, rhythm and tempo is key. In addition, it is very important to add emotions or feelings to the piece as well as keeping the tempo and rhythm steady. Repetition is used often in this piece and it is necessary to use both hands when performing this piece. It is important that after the right hand plays a part from the piece, the left hand has to smoothly come in play or else the piece will not sound as smooth as it should sound.

During the performance, I was able to play half of the piece. Before performing, I was very nervous, but when I started playing the piece, I was not as nervous anymore. I was able to play the piece a lot better than I had expected. When I had my last performance in my music class, I was very nervous and my hands would start shaking, but for this performance, I think I did pretty well.  In addition, normally, when being nervous, the tempo of the piece would speed up, but I was able to play the piece in a steady tempo and rhythm. Throughout this performance, I was able to learn that if you practice a lot, you will be able to play the piece smoothly without making a mistake even if you are nervous. Also, I have learnt that by adding emotion or feelings to the piece, the piece of music sounds very different compared to when the piece is played flat.

In order to improve, I will need to practice my left hand a little more, because I usually play the piano very flat with my left hand. In addition, I would like to be more confident when performing and to be able to play a piece more smoothly with more emotion than this performance.