There are six sources of knowledge we use to gain more insight of the world. These are sense perception, intuition, language, reason, emotion, faith, memory, and imagination. Theses knowledge sources are all important in their own way, but some may be more reliable than others. To answer the question, “Which knowledge sources are considered the most reliable?” we have to answer this knowledge question: “To what extent can a source of knowledge be unbiased in any given situation?”None of the sources of knowledge are perfectly unbiased in any given situation. There are times when our senses deceive us, and our reasons are flawed.
But sense perception is one source that is relatively unbiased compared to other sources. Majority of people in this world have the same ability of our five senses, sight, hearing, taste, touch, and smell. And each of our senses, though can be deceived, our senses provide us with a fairly identical tool in which to experience our surroundings (“5 Mind-Blowing Ways Your Senses Lie to You Every Day” ). Though our senses can be biased, as there are cases where our sight can change the way we hear. But I think it is safe to say that these exceptions, though they may not be so few, do not change our perspective to such a great extent.
The second source that I considered was reason. Reasoning lets us create knowledge through evidence. Through reasoning, we are able to supports ones claims through multiple ‘proofs’, which makes knowledge based through reasoning quite unbiased. Though, reason is not perfect as our supporting evidence for ones claim can be very subjective, are we may not consider evidence that disproves are claims. But I think the core of reason, which is finding evidence that supports our claims is less biased than other knowledge sources, as it requires us to justify our beliefs.
The last source is memory. Memory let’s us store information from the past, and relive those experiences in our heads. When we learn something, we rely on a lot of concepts we learned in the past, and apply it to the present problem. So it can be said that in order to achieve this, our memory must be reliable enough that we get our concepts right. Having said this, our memories are shaped each time we think back at our past, and though a long process of re-shaping our memories, they may end up different to what our actual experiences are. Having said this, I think our memories are unbiased enough as it let’s us to solve present day problems relatively accurately.
“5 Mind-Blowing Ways Your Senses Lie to You Every Day.” Cracked.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Apr. 2016.