TOK summative task: Two Types of Personal Knowledge

Its not a hobby of mine I would do, something involved within school, or an activity. As many of people knows I enjoy doing variety of works like theoretical work, film, swimming, and others through 16 years of my life. This particular experience I had was outside of school and started since when I was young so it is in a personal level and somehow biased (as always) that gives my own unique perspective yet I want people know in broader picture.

Have you ever babysit before or involve any particular work with children?

Children have impacted me a lot and strangely stuck with me since when I was about 9 years old because thats when I first looked after a child by helping my maid auntie as my mum is teaching a tea lesson at that time to her students. There was a baby in a baby cart, a 2 years old boy, a 3-4 years old boy, and a 5 years old girl. I was so willing to help that I ended up tagging along to where the place that the babysitting takes place and I took a responsibility to look after 3 kids while my maid auntie looked after the baby. It wasn’t a easy job where I hold the kid in my arm and to do the task that they would enjoy like simply reading a book and give them candies. It was sure exhausting at the end of the day feeling all my energy drawn out from me but I enjoyed it till the end of the day with a smile.

Since then, I would baby sit when I have time and I sometimes do part-time job/help my Kumon class to educate local kids and mark their home works.  The Knowledge by acquaintance plays part in the whole process and you will gain and learn from the personal experience you had over and over again until it sticks in your mind thus it would start to lean towards the Practical Knowledge. For example, at Kumon, I gain the Knowledge by acquaintance of knowing the foundation of how the system works, how you will mark the test, and approach the children through what I have already experienced as well that I could apply and already ‘master’ it. It could apply through the based foundation of the Bloom’s theory, the process it follows as: Remembering the information given from the previous event of what you have done then question on how it could work in one particular child, Comprehension is when you have different subjects and place it into as a whole on how the child acts or enjoy depending on gender as well, Application to the new situation that a new task unfolds, and analysis why the child act that certain way or ask and try to help them from the already known knowledge.

In conclusion, teaching and babysitting children have helped me to keep a balance in life and try to to help the others with your own responsibility. I had gone through emotional and physical tiredness in taking care of the children but having the joy that kept me flexible over time. These Knowledge by acquaintance and Practical Knowledge could be applied to the other activities and dedication is a key word in order for me to keep doing a particular work while gaining knowledge from it where it shows the Aristotle’s Three Telos.

TOK summative task: Truth, Modernism, and Postmodernism

Korn’s question in the second lesson topic – To what extent do you “care whether your beliefs are true”

As the article Bob Korn’s article regarding to The Nature of Truth, he have mainly questioned about the fact about truths. Is truth absolute or just an opinion? It all so depends on people and how people will take about the information given.

Through the TOK class and Yokohama Open Learning course, I have now able to know to some extent and learn more about the previous lessons and about the truth, modernism, and postmodernism that combine together to what I have the knowledge about to answer the statement. At this stage of my age, I am able to gain and distinguish information from various places and sources to know whether the information is true or false. People mainly be influenced to process about truths making us want to determine the right answer even though there are many information in this planet is great zoned that is both hard to determine if its true or false.  I mostly think that feelings and the way people view into the truths as well their knowledge and logic is important for the fact to know about the truth.

In conclusion of this, I care about my believe about truths and think they are true to a certain extent but I believe that being open minded into other truths is a big process of knowing the truths and as well as believing in your truths that you personally believe in without insulting and strongly stating our truths we know as we are all individual in the end.

TOK summative task: Perspectives, Biases, and Paradigms

People are interesting and they are unique in their own way individually and are in fact weird. As Talmud have once said “We see the world, not as it is but as we are.” ; in to the degree to which you agree to this statement, is the statement true? Lets first look at each definition for perspectives, biases, and paradigms in order to go deeper understanding and analysis to the statement.

The definition for perspective is “A way of regarding situations, facts, etc., and judging their relative importance.” , the definition for biases is “To feel or enact a temperament or prejudice for or against someone or something.”, and finally the definition for Paradigms “A typical example or pattern of something” – From the Collin dictionary (copied from Yokohama Open Learning)

There is no right or wrong answer to the statement but I personally think the statement is true as it depends on each individual people to their own perspectives from what have they experience, education, backgrounds, tastes/hobbies, culture, and been influence by their beliefs thus sometimes creating biases viewpoint. Some people might cross or experience similar situation to what other people did but its more complex than that to the person making an original viewpoint and personality as well that is sometimes hard to look at different perspective. Its something personal that makes the person living and feel the world seem big, we apply the information we gain and format into a tree and reflect back.

The paradigms of this is like you and I. I love creativity especially film, have both cultural background of Japanese, Western, and Chinese (I have lived in Hong Kong for about 11 years) that sometimes conflict each other, high education going to international school, atheist, enjoy private time, and the list is forever endless. My worldview is different from what you are. In other words, we can see another possible example of the refugees in Syria, poverty in LEDC country,  LGBT issue in some country, inner wars, and others. I simply can’t believe or think to my self of the situation they are in and their worldview is different from the background I come from as I compare to the list I have listed out about myself. The reality is harsh and the media sometimes portray into something that makes us judge them.

In conclusion, whatever answer we think from that statement, I think the statement wanted us to understand us that we are all human in the end even though we are individual. We all have different backgrounds and personality that we take the path that makes us think its the right decision. We can’t judge their story, appearance, and preference until we are in their shoes and experience what they have gone through and stereotypes create big roles but we need to look further and break them.

Elegant chocolate women

Stereotypes: A widely held but fixed and oversimplified image or idea of a particular type of person or thing. 

  • a person or thing that conforms to a widely held but oversimplified image of the class or type to which they belong.

2015 Dictionary definition

Everyday in your life as you do your daily routine you will see eye catching advertisements everywhere at work, train/train station, shopping malls,  diner, and even on TV when the commercials roll on. You can unconsciously become influenced as you see those posters with unrealistic figure models and famous celebrities flashing out the product that the companies want to sell. They often successfully imply that you can be like that ‘cool’ person while making you assume that a certain person needs to be this way because of the society’s expectation; this is what makes companies successful.

Godiva chocolate ad

This is an advertisement by the well known company Godiva trying to sell their product of premium chocolate, there are few stereotypes hidden in this advertisement.

A elegant looking woman that might be in her early twenties to mid-thirties is holding a delicious looking chocolate ball with her neck slightly turned towards you and staring at you while she is positioned at the centre of this ad. The viewpoint of the woman is the same level as your eye level meaning that she have connection with you itself that you could be like her yet her feature instantly attracts the male’s attention with the seductive stare which could imply to them on how you can please a woman by giving her chocolate or even pleasure herself as she is the product itself and in one with the product that immediately stereotype women in general. The woman’s hair is similar color to the chocolate and the gold lining on the ball while her body and peach coloured clothing gives these soft touches of her like smooth curve of the chocolate ball.

This could possibly be inside a high class, luxurious household because there is a soft light of chandelier hanging at the background matching with elegant wall. The other focus point is the colour gold is being used both foreground and background, gold associate with richness and high class thus targeted towards rich men and women who is willing to pay expensive chocolate.

The editors have bolded the texts to make the sentence eye-catching and used serif to look like its trying to convey the meaning they want to tell. Godiva smartly played with the words and put the company’s name but fading the ‘GO’ and strongly imply ‘DIVA’ in the sentence of the text; ‘DIVA’ means “a celebrated female opera singer/a famous female singer of popular music” and “a women regarded as a temperamental or haughty.” The other key word is ‘EVERY MAN’ and the definition from dictionary is. “An ordinary or typical human being at.”

In conclusion, Godiva uses stereotypes of rich women while trying to not offend them as they are the company’s target audience and uses a typical high class looking model for persuading. I believe this is effective towards the target audience because you can ‘mirror’ or identify with this woman. However, there are definite issues with the use of “diva”, as it implies that every rich woman changes mood swing quickly, is arrogant, and full of pride.

What kind of other stereotype could you find that relates to this advertisement?

MEDIA FAIR reflection

At Yokohama International school at room M303 and M305 on June 4th 2015 (Thursday), a small media fair was presented where both classes show the poster of a topic they focused on how the media portray that topic while presenting to the peers.




Topic: Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID)

What is it: DID is a disorder that some people have where they loose the sense of personality also sometimes looses the sense of their own person and shifts one personality to another.

Types of media: Pilot (The TV episode), photo, music video, article, and a video of a interview with an actual person who have this disorder. Mostly the media portrays DID as positive.

Interesting ideas/Observers: Kyra explains that the photo is a women looking at different emotion mask that shows the vulnerability especially its a women, the TV episode shows of a women who lives with the disorder and how it effects to other people like her family, the music video is creepy looking but she focused on the lyrics where it portray that the DID people is normal and have normal life, and lastly the article shows the stereotypical of the people who have DID. I asked Kyra if people born with DID or adapt, she replied saying that its a pattern where it shows of the start with a abuse making me understand deeper of how the media portrays and try to show what DID is. Kyra said she liked the interview the best because its realistic and you can see the reaction of the interviewer and see what the person with DID is like while I agree to what she says but I also like the TV episode as you can see how the researchers, actors, as well the the director interprates the subject of DID.



Topic: Urban Metro System

What is it: The positive and negative on the train’s safety as well the manners at the platform or the station itself, the media is trying to promote and think of customers.

Types of Media: Dumb ways to die (song), poster, travel writing, commercial, and a photo.

Interesting ideas/Observers: I thought Masaki focused on a interesting topic and I learned 11421525_726323997489563_1597162245_nnew things like I only thought that only Japanese media portrays the train transportation but there are other countries media portray the metro system also not only focusing on manners and portray safety in different ways. For example the photo of the women covering her ears as the background shows the train passing by, I asked Masaki what the photo represents and he explained that it was the noise pollution of the train and the women is traumatised by it. I like the travel writing from the travelling competition because the person who wrote gives travel advice of complexity of Metro system and that person uses many literal techniques like metaphor to describe deeply about the complication of the Tokyo Metro that effect the reader’s thought. Masaki’s poster is neat, simple, well layered, and easy to understand by using different colors representing different ways the media portrays that specific media while also the color black of the poster brings out the color making it stand out.


11420021_726324010822895_1822025479_nTopic: Rap and Race

What is it: The negative and positive of the racial comments of skin color in rap music especially towards the African Caribbean people.

Types of Media: French song, list, article, quote, and news report.

Interesting ideas/Observers: Aude explains briefly about what her topic and her poster provides many quotation that she focus also analyse well on each word and what is the overall meaning, I asked which part is negative and positive of the media portrayal where she points out  that the positive is French music and list while the negative is news report and article. The argument about the free speech of 2015 is there and how rappers use rapping to say the ‘n’ word for excuse that is hard to stop them. Its hard to side either side, Aude represents a french rap song of African Caribbean person complaining about how white people get privileged (translate lyric). I thought she worked well on the poster dividing up in section on the top or bottom with the main focus instead of having one full article and have clips of videos from the song.

In conclusion, I thought the media fair went well and peaceful while its interesting to go around to look at what people was focusing on and different medium they focused on to portray the topic they focused on. I learned new things from different topics that lead me to be intrigued towards the topic. It would be nice if we do this again especially for the person taking Lang Lit for IB.

Psychology (focusing what next year would look at)

1971 was a year where strong counter culture happened and the major psychology experiment took place called ‘The Stanford Prison experiment’ where they study the human behaviour and looked at behaviour change that is different on social status/roles which this case is the guards and prisoners. It was intended to do this experiment for 2 weeks before College started but only lasted for few days. To do naturalistic observation, they would start by assigned a role of prisoners will be taken home by the assigned role of the guards. The effect on both roles varied and some prisoners become traumatised by the experiment yet the guard still mistreated them thus showing how evil is there that could not stop once it started.

Late Drama Journal #10 (April)

During the month, we individually worked on the monologues that we’re interested on as well as challenge and push the boundary but something that we’re comfortable with. I have chosen the play “The Pillowman” by Martin McDonagh because I was drawn towards the character who was both crazy and have a sad life with great mystery, the story that Katurian told fascinated me as it reminded me of Grimm brothers stories.

10 Drama: Monologue (Shiho 3) from YIS Arts on Vimeo.

1. Why have you chosen this particular performance?

I have chosen this performance because I have used more space and my action spoke more then my speaking while mixing the action I originally did and what Mr.Meiklejohn asked me to do which was to walk around the bed/bench then knock the table so the action will flow more smoothly and to use the pillow more, my dialogue went smoothly and I was more used to the performance in front of the camera that made me ease how nervous I was.

2. How was my character portrayal?

I think I didn’t work well on the character portrayal of Katurian because I didn’t sound sarcastic and crazy enough, instead I was more calm but I have used the pillow a lot and even drop, carry, or put on bench/bed that made different action towards it. It was hard to act the middle aged men and try to mirror what men would act especially if their crazy, I have focused most on the story ‘the pillowman’ he was sharing because I felt like its something personal he is sharing even though he is crazy at that time also the innocence is important to this character making it more into his emotional side that mirror his action. I tried to put those to action that made steady mood with tension. I feel connected towards Katurian.

3. What aspects of physicality or vocals worked? What didn’t?

The vocal didn’t work well because my voice stutter at some part and I sometimes pause too much like I forget the line making me switch out that I need to fix also loosed the point and my project was low that its hard to hear what I was speaking and I feel like my voice sounded that I was out of character. While for the physicality, it worked well as it mirror towards the words he spoked and the story it self with emotional statements with deep meaning. I have balanced using the pillow but could have also used in more crazy way like he have gone mad.

4. What solutions or suggestions do you have to approach characterisation – especially the inner voices or motives of a character for a monologue?

I think I would like to pay more attention towards the character and the pillow itself while doing more practice until I was confident enough to perform in front of the camera as I often look down or look at distance but kept my eye contact with the camera.

5. Please select your favourite monologue by another student in the class,and discuss why you believe it is a successful performance

There is many monologues that is very good and its hard to pick which one should I comment. In the end, I chose Aude and Brian’s monologue piece because it impacted me in different way. Our drama teacher recorded three times so I have looked at all monologues piece to comment on.

Aude selected a play called ‘The dreams of Anne Frank’ and have put some passage together to create a monologue. The important aspect for Anne Frank is her diary, from Aude’s monologue and her characterisation, I could tell that she was focusing on the diary and the content of the event it happens to each date that shows a specific happening also about Anne which made it effective as well as interesting from the audience’s view point. I liked how dreamy Aude acted out as she plays with her hair or have hand gesture a little also sometimes staring off space in thoughtful way that make it seems more natural with stronger emotion making my heart move with more focus on the details about Anne. She used the spaces and the status in balanced and not complicated or distracting by sitting down, using the boxes, and even standing up.

Brian’s monologue was more focused on the emotional feeling the character have and shows clear knowledge towards each words that made a connection to each other that made it effective because it gave the clear definition of the relationship that Brian’s character have with other character in the scene. I liked how each action he takes and the change of the volume of voice when he says to a specific character while also using the props affectively that looked natural throughout the monologue.

PE reflection (dance teaching)

During the weeks/months, we were working on dance unit at Physical Education (PE) class and one one the assessments we have to do was to teach a dance move that we want a certain group to learn. I chose mix modern and Japanese traditional dance because there is many dancing components and dancing skills that requires to do for both dances. There were many challenges along the way like searching for the work out and how to create the dance move.

Overall, when I have finished my planning and look back at the work/finished outcome, I think it didn’t work out in the end because there were technical difficulties when I try to project the video for warm up that took up a lot of time and didn’t get time to explain my aim along with what I want them to learn from my teaching. I just told them to learn the dance move I prepared and the required list I want them to include to create a dance move. But, I was glad they participated and listen carefully of what I said.

I had more weaker teaching components then stronger teaching components because I couldn’t communicate with the group I was supposed to teach as I was shy also embarrassed at the same time yet I had coached the dance move and helped groups that I actually followed what I actually planned.

If I’m going to do this assessment again, I would change the warm up because I had technical difficulties when I try to project on screen so I should find some warm ups that is not online and requires me to communicate to the group, which might gone fluently towards the required work for them to do that saves more time and they could have time to show the dance moves that they put up.

Drama Journal #8 and #9 (Feb 24 and March 13)

From February 24th to March 18th, during the 4 weeks, our drama class was focusing on working on our monologues that we individually chose. We had 4 assessments/documents to hand in to our drama teacher to show our approach and understanding towards the monologue. We needed to do a monologue interview where our drama teacher test on our knowledge on the play itself and how we approach the monologue also we needed to do a dress rehearsal of our monologue before doing the final monologue.

The first approach I took was to do the activity we have done once in our class which help me feel flexible towards the monologue and it made my mind set towards the context of the monologue. These are the steps of the activity:

1. We take our monologue and first read it out aloud.

2. We walk around the room while reading the monologue out loud.

3. We walk around the room and turn our direction when the sentence is finished.

4. We walk around the room and turn our direction when it comes to any punctuation.

5. We go to each different wall and read the monologue/paragraph of monologue out loud.

The second approach I have taken was to do the monologue in character so I can understand the character and think deeply on what kind of character he is as well as what kind of emotion he is when he says the monologue. Lastly, I used the sets I have planned out and first do it out of mind of what I think it will look best but I re-think on the action once I have done then do it in different approach in next try until I get the action I wanted in the piece. The 4 assessments/documents helped me throughout all those approaches.

The outcome from the approaches was both positive and negative from my drama teacher. He mostly agreed on what I said when I have done my monologue interview like the essential props of using a pillow but he suggest me to put in an angle that wasn’t a problem yet I needed to re-think of the action I will take when I will do my monologue. When I did my dress rehearsal, I was more concerned about using the pillow more making me underpressure and I needed to pace down more as I tend to rush when I say from memorisation. The actual final piece was a disappointment as it didn’t go on the way I wanted because it was too slow and my voice also energy have gone low that made my whole acting seems less then usual that I could have done better.

10 Drama: Monologue Interview (Shiho) from YIS Arts on Vimeo.

10 Drama: Monologue Dress (Shiho) from YIS Arts on Vimeo.

Anyone can have the connection with the monologue; audience, character itself, or the person acting. Monologues is important because the character express emotions and thoughts to the audience as well as giving pieces of information towards them whether or not if the person is there. When people audition for movies, play, or musical they use monologues as part of the audition.

Book Trailer! … How many times I have done this?

As for the ‘welcome back to your original English class’, our English teacher told us to make a book trailer but only use the book cover as photo and need to be creative as possible. I have chosen the verse novel Orchards by Holly Thompson.

This is a realistic based story about a teenage girl struggling to understand the responsibility along with confusion and anger towards what happened to one of her classmate. Kana Goldberg starts her summer by being send to Japan where her mother’s side of traditional family lived and tending mikan/orange groves because her parents thought she would reflect on past behaviour, Kana first struggles with her mix culture but start to enjoy by the new experience she would have. She starts to maturely face towards the fact about her classmate while having complex feeling about it and uncertainty of the future as she uncovers the damage she have caused that can’t be fixed.

These are my favourites books!