What happens when one country controls another?
Lots of things may happen when a country controls another. They may colonize, and make a larger country. This increases the population, which mean there will be more military. Then, this country will increase its power and now fight with other countries. The more the country wins, its power and population increases, and spreads its power. Soon the land will be increased, and if the countries are successful their land might grow overseas and totally different regions.
One country may share their cultures, for example beliefs, religions, architecture, clothing, food, language, and others. Spreading the cultures help the country get larger and increase its power. For example, in Quebec and other regions in Canada, and some parts of Africa are French-speaking countries/cities.
The 2 countries may trade goods to each other, when a country controls another. It is because if trade is occurred, you can spread culture just like I mentioned before.
What are the advantages and disadvantages of being an empire?
If an Empire has strong military, they will be able to conquer other countries, other Empires, such and such. For instance, Great Britain had strong militaries, so they had conquered parts of the world and increased its power. Also, successful Empires will gain lots of money (gold) and increase its power as well. Another advantage, is about penal colonies. For example, the British, French and other colonial empires had heavily used North America and other parts of the world to increase its power. It goes back to gold, but if an Empire gains gold, weapons will be easier to obtain, so it will be beneficial for the Empire with more weapons/gold in battles and conflicts.
On the other part, there are some disadvantages. If I am an Emperor, and my empire had conquered a lot of parts in the world, and gained lots of gold. Plus, my military is strong. There are no inconvenience towards the citizens and my family, myself’s life. If you hear this, it would just be perfect. Now I have one thought in my mind. Conflicts, and basically assassination. Well, if the military is equipped by very strong weapons, and what if they have some concerns towards me? (Emperor) They might try to assassinate me. One more possible idea, is assassination by the Imperial family. Suppose there is a Imperial Palace, and all the people in the family lives in the palace. If someone wants to be the Emperor/Empress, someone might have an idea to kill me and be the Emperor/Empress. In Japan, there was a Daimyou called Hideyoshi Toyotomi, and he did an action called Katanagari. If I just translate this to Japanese, this means “hunting for swords”. Hideyoshi has prevented assassination by taking away weapons and things that may become weapons from peasants, and people who may have a thought of assassination. This is an example of prevention. So there are some ways of preventing the disadvantages of being and Empire.
What are the advantages and disadvantages of being a colony?
The advantage of a colony, is that the colony is protected by the colonizer, so you would not be attacked by other countries. If you are protected, there will be no danger, and the colony will be able be safe.
Well, the disadvantage is that you need to follow the rules of the colonizer, and the colony is weaker in political power. So it means the colony has to do what the colonizer says, so this is the major disadvantage of being a colony.