The three great civilizations, Egypt, Greece, and China, have had a class system. All civilizations had a class system. Usually slaves and labourers occupied the very bottom of the class system while the ruler occupied the very top of the class system. in Greece, the ruler, or rulers were elected so at least 5 rulers were at the top. In Egypt, there was usually a sole ruler called a pharaoh, who was believed to be a god. In ancient china, the ruler was an emperor, and ruled an Chinese empire. Most civilizations had a sole ruler, but a few had more than 1. Greece, for example was ruled by a “senate” for a long period. a few rulers came to power violently, with revolutions and wars. Almost every ruler who ruled because of this was often a warlord. All of these civilisations had advisers to the ruler, such as the Egyptian vizer. then there were usually priests or some other religious figure. while at the bottom were slaves, labourers, and farmers. a labourer was like an general dogsbody who did manual labour, and they were like paid slaves. There were then skilled craftsmen who were slightly higher on the triangle. Then there were the merchants and scribes. solders were regarded very highly in ancient civilisations. However, in the modern day, soldiers aren’t as important or popular. modern civilisations are more pacifist than their ancient counterparts. Then there were government officials who controlled taxes and and noblemen who were just rich, and priests who controlled religion. then there was the rulers. in china and Egypt, there was a sole ruler. in Egypt it was a Pharaoh and in china it was an Emperor.
However, in Greece originally there was a sole ruler, but after a small revolution, there was an senate instead of a sole “tyrant”. In ancient Greece, an ruler who came to power by force was called a tyrant. most of Greece’s early rulers in Athens were tyrants. most Greek city-states had a sole king of the city-state. for example, the Greek island of Crete had a king, as seen in the greek legends as king Minos. It is proven that Crete actually exactly existed, as seen in the oxfords book of children’s history. Almost all ancient civilisations had an single ruler in one form or another.
In modern times, most places do not have a king who controlls everything. now most countries have an ceremonial king who is just on display. For example, the British queen does not do much, other than wave at people, and cut ribbons with golden scissors. many countries do not have a sole ruler, but instead they have a group of people who elect a ruler, for example, the prime minister. Most countries have an government like this, where most people, regardless of class, can vote for a leader.
the Groovy greeks by terry dreary