Media Fair

The Grade 10 Media Fair was held on June 9, 2016 as a final result of our last unit “Media”. In a form similar to the Personal Project exhibition, each student got a little space to present a poster they made on the topic of their choice. The posters displayed how different types of media portrayed one topic and the perspective and features that are present. During the fair, all students got a chance to both present and go around to listen to other presentations.

Caycee

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One of the presentations I looked at was Caycee’s, which focused on “haafus” in Japan. She looked at the society expections put upon half-blooded people in Japan, where they’re expected to be tall, foreign looking and English speaking. The types of media she looked at were poster, documentary trailer, article, image and social media (Naver). During her presentation, Caycee pointed out that the reality of haafus in Japan is quite far from these society expectations, as there are many of the so-called 残念なハーフ (unfortunate haafu) in Japan, who don’t speak English or aren’t as good looking as the haafu celebrities on TV. I thought that this was an interesting point because many Japanese people tend to relate being half-blooded to being somewhat special.

Sungwon

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Sungi’s presentation focused on the safety of E-cigarettes. He looked at 4 types of media which were chart, image, news report and advertisement. One interesting thing I found out from his presentation is that E-cigarettes are increasing its market share in the cigarettes business, while the traditional cigarettes are becoming less commonly used. This was a surprising point to me because I’ve always had the image that E-cigarettes were only an alternative used by heavy smokers.

Adina

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Adina’s presentation focused on animal testing. She looked at how different medias portray the controversy of animal lives being used for human needs. One interesting point she made in her presentation is that while medias that are against animal testing include images of animals to build emotional connection, medias that support animal testing do not include any images of animals and base their argument solidly on facts and data. I thought that this point was interesting because I think that most people would find it hard to do anything so cruel to animals when emotions are involved.

 

Tuskegee Syphilis Experiment

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(“The Tuskegee Timeline”)

What’s the story?

The Tuskegee syphilis experiment was conducted by the US Public Health Service (PHS) for 40 years between 1932 to 1972 in Alabama. The experiment involved 600 black males – 399 with syphilis and 201 who did not have the disease. In exchange for taking part in the study and to motivate the subjects, the PHS provided the men with free medical exams, free meals, and burial insurance (“The Tuskegee Timeline”).

In the experiment, subjects were injected with syphilis, a sexually transmitted disease (STD) that could cause serious complications when left untreated (“Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)”). The doctors, however, had no intention of curing them at all and sacrificed more than 100 lives at the end of the experiment (“The Tuskegee Timeline”).

During the course of the experiment, all subjects were told that they were being treated with “bad blood” and none was aware of what was being done to their bodies. The experiment finally came to an end when the act was exposed to the public after a confidential file leaked from the US government. More than 20 years later, President Clinton apologized to the survivors of this experiment on behalf of the nation, for conducting such unethical and discriminatory experiment. (“The Tuskegee Timeline”) 

("Families of Syphilis Study Victims Remember President Clinton Apology.")

(“Families of Syphilis Study Victims Remember President Clinton Apology.”)

What were they trying to find out?

The purpose of the experiment was to find out how syphilis affected blacks as opposed to whites. The experimenters were trying to test the theory that whites experienced more neurological complications from syphilis while blacks were more vulnerable to cardiovascular damage.

However, how this knowledge would have changed the clinical treatment of syphilis is still left uncertain. After the experiment was over, one of the experimenters reported that “nothing learned will prevent, find, or cure a single case of infectious syphilis or bring us closer to our basic mission of controlling venereal disease in the United States.” Although the PHS claimed the study to be a great contribution to the research of syphilis, from the outset its actual benefits were hazy. Moreover, when the experiment was brought to the attention of the media in 1972, news anchor Harry Reasoner described it as an experiment that “used human beings as laboratory animals in a long and inefficient study of how long it takes syphilis to kill someone” (“The Tuskegee Syphilis Experiment”).

 

Was this ethical?

The Tuskegee syphilis experiment was highly unethical. On top of conducting such harmful experiment on human bodies, the experimenters deceived the test subjects by faking the purpose of the experiment. As a result of this unethical experiment, lives of more than 100 people were taken away and many suffered through the after-effect of the disease. What the subjects believed to be a free medical treatment for their “bad blood” turned out to be a research to investigate the results of a serious disease. The experiment has ruined the lives and health of its subjects. 

("The Tuskegee Timeline")

(“The Tuskegee Timeline”)

Moreover, another unethical factor of this experiment is that the PHS picked subjects based on their social standings. Most of the test subjects were illiterate farmers from one of the poorest counties in Alabama, who have never even seen a doctor before. The PHS took advantage of these people’s weaknesses and manipulated them into cooperating in the experiment. In such ways, the PHS has disregarded these people’s human rights by conducting the experiment although fully aware of its illegality and unethical-ness. 

How else could the information have been gathered?

This experiment would have been less unethical if the information was collected from subjects who were already suffering from the disease. In the Tuskegee syphilis experiment, more than 200 healthy people were forced to suffer from syphilis after receiving injections by the doctors. Since there were nearly 400 other subjects who already had the disease, the experimenters should have only done the research with those people. That way, there would not be any major harms caused by the experiment besides the progression of the disease from having no treatment given.

Lastly, the subjects should be chosen randomly to make the test more ethical. They should not be chosen based on wealth or social status.

 

Works Cited

“Families of Syphilis Study Victims Remember President Clinton Apology.”Tuskegee University. N.p., 2016. Web. 20 Apr. 2016.

“Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs).” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. N.p., 18 Feb. 2016. Web. 20 Apr. 2016.

“The Tuskegee Syphilis Experiment.” Infoplease. N.p., 2016. Web. 20 Apr. 2016.

“The Tuskegee Timeline.” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. N.p., 19 Feb. 2016. Web. 19 Apr. 2016.

Fit For Life – Tennis

For my first season of tennis in highschool, I was put into the girls JV team with a couple of other players. Although the team wasn’t able to participate in the AISA tournament taken place later in the season, we still had numbers of games against other schools from Kanto plains, including one JV tournament at ASIJ. There was a total of 25 players in the YIS tennis team, led by Coach Walkembach and Stanworth.

We had three practices each week during the season, where our team practiced basic skills such as serves, volley and so forth. Because these practices happened in small groups, we were also able to do some practice matches which prepared us for any upcoming games. In addition to the practices at school, I also took lessons at a tennis academy nearby my house every weekend. There, I was able to do a wider variety of practices as there were more players to play with. This allowed me to improve skills which I couldn’t work on in the after school practices at school. These practices outside of school also meant that I played tennis at least four times during the week, which lead to more active and definitely healthier lifestyle. I noticed that during the season, I had more well-regulated habits in my daily life, including better sleeping schedule, less time spent on procrastination and so forth. I believe that these happened for the suitable amount of fatigue I felt from the exercise.

The practices eventually showed a clear improvement on my skills, and resulted in me winning more games both singles and doubles towards the end of the season.

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Overall I had a great time in the tennis season. Although I faced some challenges while still trying to adjust to a new environment of high school, this season allowed me to stay fit, as well as gain good time management which came in handy for the rest of the school year. I will definitely join the team again next  year and hopefully be chosen for the varsity team.

Korea Tourism

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Who are the top 4 nationalities that visit the country and how and why they may have changed in recent times?

4 top nationalities visiting the country:
– China
– Japan
– Hongkong
– Taiwan

Four of the most non-korean tourists come from East Asian countries, which are all located around South Korea. The biggest reason for them to visit the country is the short distance between the two countries. Also because the countries are very close, their cultures tend to be similar so the people are more familiar to the country than for instance countries in western area.

Explain the impact financially that tourism has in your country using examples to back up your answer.
There has been a positive trend in Korea’s rate of tourists, as the number of tourists have been increasing each year, which has also boosted up the posted financial effect of the tourists. South Korea is known to many foreigners for its beauty culture. An example of this is people that come all the way to Korea to get plastic surgery. As the 4 top nationalities visiting the country are countries located near or next to Korea, it does not cost much for tourists that come from these countries to travel to Korea, and is the reason why many tourists from these countries do not think much when traveling to Korea.

People that travel to Korea for business purposes have also boosted up the financial effects. Korea is known to sell products such as jewellery and handbags at a cheap price, which some of them include knock offs of high-end brands. These products are sold in small markets located in areas that public attention is not attracted, and many people that travel to Korea for the purpose of their business, usually come to purchase large quantities of these products.

Explain the benefits versus the costs (2-3 of each) associated with tourism (environmental damage for instance) and how the promotion of sustainable or eco tourism could help this issue.
The Korean government has been working to bring non-Korean tourists to visit Korea by investing in forming their culture. For example, K-pop which is listened across the globe today. The purpose of their investment was to get many people around the world to experience their culture and feel more familiar to the country. This has lead to a drastic increase in the number of tourists visiting South Korea.
The economic effect of “Korean Wave” is believed to be over one trillion Korean won (924,860 dollars). According to the Korean government, the ratio of Asian people in non-korean tourists visiting Korea in 2013 has increased by 10% compared to 2003, and is holds 80% of the whole. The income from tourism has increased by 300% in five years. The con of this is fights between Korean and non-Korean fans. Many cases of an argument in front of the production company have been reported in the last 3 years in Seoul and some even involved violence. This puts the safety of the citizens in danger, and causes the relationship with non-Korean tourists grow bad.

Another factor that promotes tourists to visit Korea are Korean television shows, based on older time periods, that feature various historical places, making many tourists want to visit these places, increasing the number of tourists. However, when there is a boost in the amount of tourists that visit these place another factor that the number also boosts up is the amount of trash that these people leave behind in these historical areas. This has become a major problem in Korea, and many areas have be restricted due to this problem.

Romeo and Juliet – film adaptation

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Luhrmann’s

Zeffirelli's

Zeffirelli’s

Film adaptations are becoming one measure of success for books. Although film adaptations can give us new perspectives on the adapted text, it’s also true that many of them cause arguments on what has been “lost” in the transition from text to film.

Many direct film adaptations has been made on Romeo and Juliet, a very famous play by Shakespeare. The most common ones are by Luhrmann and Zeffirellii, which came out in 1968 and 1996. Both movies were direct adaptations of Romeo and Juliet, and had used the same lines as the play, although some parts were being cut out. The zuffereil movie was basically a film version of Romeo and Juliet. It had a similar time and place setting which in a way is very faithful to the original. On the other hand, Luhrman’s version, which was based in modern day had more originality when compared which allowed viewers to enjoy a completely different version of the well known classics.

The plot of both movies were generally the same from the play, but  both had different twists in them. The zuffereil movie was much more faithful to the original play, although it may have lacked originality compared to Luhrman’s. I think what allowed the Luhrman’s to have such an interesting plot is because of the play script, which had a lot of dialogue, but not very detailed actions. This allowed the movies to arrange those parts in their way, and adapt it in a different way.

How Romeo and Juliet killed themselves gives viewers different interpretations about the story as well. In Zeffereil’s version, Romeo kiled himself with a posion and Juliet with a knife. Whereas in the Luhrman’s movie Romeo killed himself with a knife, and Juliet with a gun. As discussed in class, their instruments for killing themselves play an important role for the message of the story. Both of these versions were allowed, because in the original script the description for both’s death were “dies” and had no details given.

In my opinion, the Luhrman’s version was more successful than Zeffereil’s. It has chosen Leonardo Di Caprio, who was one of the popular actors among the youths back then, and attracted many students who were studying the same text at school. In a business perspective, I think this makes the movie very successful.

In conclusion, both adaptations of Romeo and Juliet were successful. They did not only adapt the movie, but also added their own taste in them, giving a new interpretation on one of the best, and most enjoyed classics of all time. However, there are other movies which changed many of the setting from the original play and turned it into a whole different story. Thus, the two movies we watched in class are very similar to the original and aren’t as complicated as adaptations that has a whole different twist.