For the unit on development indicators in humanities class, we are doing an assessment on compare and contrast two country’s level of development and the changes that happen over time between the two countries I choose. The countries I have chosen is a country from Africa called Sierra Leone and the United States of America.
The first thing I compared was the total fertility rate (Children per woman) from 1800 to 2012. These two countries both started off with a high number as the USA average was seven children per woman and Sierra Leone was 6 children per woman. As time passes, the United States average slowly drops down as Sierra raises to 7 suddenly after 1950 and drops all the way down to 5 children in 2012. In the mean time the USA raises back to 3.4 children in the 1960s and ends up as 2 children in 2012.
The second thing I compared was the child mortality rate (0~5 yea olds dying per 1000 born). This one stays the same as USA : 329 children and Sierra : 514. This could have been caused by the diseases that spread during the time period and how much food or healthy drinks Sierra could afford to all the children. The United States keeps dropping as 1900 approaches and in the mean time Sierra slowly goes down to 182 children per 1000 born possibly caused by the charity organisations that established as more wealthy countries noticed the poor countries and wanted to help them. The united states also slowly drops down as 1900 approaches and reaches 180 children, but suddenly jumps up to 239 children as the world war started. The United States grows and grows as the country develops more and more, and ends up at only 7 children in 2012.
The third thing I compared was the life expectancy over the 1900s to 2o12. The United States starts off with a life expectancy of 70 years while Sierra Leone is 31 years. This could be caused by the amount of food or healthy drinks the country or the people can afford to live. Sierra raises all the way up to 41 years in the 1980s but drops back down to 36 years in 1994. The life expectancy in Sierra Leone raises back up to 40 years in the 2000s and ends up as 45 years in 2011. In the mean while the USA slowly grows up to 79 years at the end of 2011.
At last, I compared the population growth of these two countries. They both start off with a percentage of United States of America : 1.7% and Sierra Leone : 1.6%. The United States doesn’t grow much as it stays at around 1% as it eventually reaches 2012 and never shows a major change. Sierra Leone keeps its balance at around 2% until it suddenly raises to 3%. It wildly drops down to -0.8% in the 1990s and slowly raises back up to 5%. At last it ends up near whee it started off which was around 2%.