What is the difference between altruism and pro-social behavior?
I think that the main difference is if you are thinking about yourself or not when it comes to the outcome of you helping that person. For example a prosocial behavior can have different intentions and could be argued what the individual is really trying to get out of his or her act, as mentioned in the text, “Sometimes the reason for engaging in prosocial behavior is a selfish one. For example, if a person puts money in a charity box in order to feel good, egotistic motivation is behind the action.” (252)
Why do people help people?
Humans are made naturally to help others that we care about, and it is built into us to do so when it is needed. Helping might be stereotyped as something only people with good impressions do, but that is incorrect. I think that it all depends on who the person is, or what the situation and the relationship is with you and the person in need of help. Even if it is an evil villain from a superhero show, that villain would help it’s partner when it is in need of help, because they are working together to accomplish one goal and they know that without either one of them they won’t be able to succeed. That is one case in why people help other people, but another common case is when you want to make the other person feel good because you are generous and empathetic about that person. This really depends on the person if he or she is generally a self centered person or a person that often thinks about other people around you first.
Think of a situation in which I helped others, and analyze the reason/motivation for why you did it?
On the bus ride home from school, I decided to stand up throughout the whole bus ride instead of sitting in the only open seats in the bus that happened to be priority seats. Coming home from a long and tiring day of school made me want to forget about my nice side and pressured myself to take a seat and just close my eyes, but knowing that more elderlies will come on and that it will give a bad impression of myself because the action is taken knowing that it shouldn’t be taken deep down, my culturally Japanese side kicked in and decided to save the spots for the future elders, disabled and pregnants indirectly from the lack of effort to take a spot first and give it to a person later.
What unethical decision was responsible for the situation described in this video?
The big unethical mistake that was caused by the decision made by the doctor, was the separation of the two twin sisters at birth. Although it is understandable to the scientific and the physiological world, it is the complete opposite speaking from a empathetic humain point of view.
Can you think of a situation when it might be justified to be unethical in the pursuit of scientific knowledge of genetics or evolution?
I think that unethical decisions come to a common outcome of the baby being traumatized in major shock of such information being dropped on it at once, and this is something that draws the line between ethical and unethical decision making. As long as the baby grows up a truthful life, aware of it’s biological relations with it’s biological family, I think that is it ok. This is mainly because as said in the video in part 2, there is no way to make up for all the years of growing up, from an infant to an adult.
What is the most powerful evidence in this video that nature is more influential than nurture in explaining, predicting, or understanding human behavior?
Nature is something that has already been built into you as part of who you are, and is something that defines your individuality, and makes you a member of your family at the same time. The fact that the two twin sisters ended up finding each other is a big piece of evidence that nature is more influential. The fact that they chose to work at the exact same field of work, with the exact same interests, studying the exact same things is another major proof. No matter how close you are with your best friend, there is a very low chance of you choosing to study and work at the exact same field. Especially in this case the type of job is a very specific one, which means you really had to be interested in the main topic and had to have a passion about it in order to get that far. You find out that your long lost twin sister that you never knew existed who you were separated from at birth, studied and was working at the exact same specific field of work. This doesn’t sound like any coincidence to me.
How does diffusion of responsibility play a role?
Diffusion of responsibility plays a role, when you are the only person engaged in the situation you are in. This is because when you know that you are the only person that can do anything about the situation, you’re real self is pressured and forced to come out and deal with it however you think is appropriate.
When you are in a situation where you aren’t the only person involved, meaning there is a whole crowd of strangers/people you know around you when an emergency situation occurs. This creats a big impact on how one reacts. If no one turns out to react at all whether they notice it or not, no one else will react because the person has defines the situation as “not dangerous” due to the rest of the people not doing anything about it and going on with their lives.
Social influence plays an important role in audience inhibition, although this can depend one’s personality. Some people might be too embarrassed to react to a drunk person lying on the street, when no one else is bothered to do anything about it. On the other hand, some people may have the need to help the person or try to do something about the situation no matter there are hundreds of people passing by and watching.
The effect of what mood the person is in, on how motivated the person is to react to the situation mostly comes down to the one’s personality. There can be people who are willing to help no matter how hurried or busy or how much of a bad day they are having, and there can be people who don’t want to bother to help at all.
Competence & Experience
When you are in an emergency situation, you are forced to react to the situation and your first instinct is what you can do to contribute to resolving the situation. One’s motivation of helping comes from how much experience that person has in terms of that specific situation. This can mean how much knowledge the person has about the situation, which leads them to decide how much they can do about it.