• What were the top three countries in terms in international arrivals in 2014?

  1. France
  2. United States
  3. Spain

• What were the top three countries in terms of international receipts in 2014?

  1. United States
  2. Spain
  3. China

• Explain the difference in patterns depicted by your answers of question 1 and 2.


• Describe the recent trends of tourism in Africa.

By 2014, the amount of tourists visiting Africa has increased by 2%, which is about 56 million people. In this big continent, most of the countries are seen flat (0% increase) as only a few countries have increased by a small amount such as Morocco, Mauritius and Zimbabwe as opposed to decreases in Tunisia, Angola, Cabo Verde and Reunion. Major changes both negative and positive can be seen in some of the major countries such as Cote d’Ivoire, Madagascar and Sierra Leone which was the biggest change in 2014 as it decreased by 46%. The not so positive change seen in 2014 and the major decrease especially in Cote d’Ivoire may have been because of the deseases such as the ebola virus that spread and were all over the news at this time.

 • Describe the changes in international tourist arrivals between 1950 and 2010. (p.14)

One obvious change is the growth of it by an unbelievably large amount throughout the years from 1950 to 2014. The arrivals had started as just 25 million which even was a lot considering the time period at that time, and had grown more than 10 times to 278 million in 1980, went twice as 527 million in 1995 then finally 1133 million in 2014. Just by looking at these numbers and years, you can see that the increase in the technology industry had done it all followed by growth in general in these countries.

• In your opinion, why has tourism increased since the 1950s?

During the 1950s, I believe that tourism was just something that had started become a trend, and people started to notice and use it as a form of personal entertainment and new way of spending time and money during given free time such as the holidays. This new trend got more and more popular technology got more and more advanced as the years went by and the 2000’s came along. This was when technology became more familiar to us and started appearing in our daily lives. This caused people to make it even more convenient and efficient to go and tour where they wanted to go. After all, the spike in technology advancement played the biggest role in regards to how tourism had increased largely now compared to the 1950’s.


Columbus Discussion

Has my perspective of Columbus changed?

My perspective of Columbus has definitely changed now that I’ve read and watched about his true actions and what really took place, compared to what I used to think of him. He used to just be this guy from Europe that tried to sail to Asia but ended up in North America, and there there were the Native Americans willing to show him around. I now know that he wasn’t a very controlled coloniser, nor was he a good person either. From a perspective of why we are here now, he is a hero, but from a perspective of who he is, he wasn’t very much of a hero.

Has my perspective of Native Americans changed?

My perspective of Native Americans have not changed, mainly because I did not have much knowledge about who they were before. Although I have gained more information and knowledge about their history and what had happened to them.

How can I read history and be aware of bias

I think that being aware of biases is all about understanding perspectives, and how different perspectives can change the way a certain story or idea is conveyed. One way of reading history and being aware of bias, is by knowing what the theme of the reading is, and from the theme I can draw out what the author or the writer believes in.

If I were to write about Columbus, what themes would I focus on, knowing that I cannot write everything about everything.

In this case, I would focus on the theme of “It is not who Columbus is, that made him a hero. It is only what he did” As I kept reading, my perception of Columbus has completely changed compared to what I used to think if him, that many peopl still think of him as I thought of him before. This is why if I were to write about him, I would want to get message across of who he really was.

What themes did your readings choose?

One big theme that my reading focused on, was that us students and people who don’t look into what actually happened are not aware of what actually took place. These people that write history books for us, have complete control over what they can make us think what happened. This represents the theme of “Our perceptions can be changed by historians”.

Nature vs Nurture discussion

My understanding of the Nature vs Nurture debate.

I think that the way you are constructed and who you’ve become, is both based on your genetics and the environment you grew up in. To understand and argue about nature vs nurture, I think that you first need to understand the basics of this concept. For example the smallest little things you are currently doing mostly comes from nurture, like sitting down on a chair. Being able to sit on a chair is nothing genetic, but it is something that you learned to do naturally as a baby, and that is why it feels natural. It is not impossible to raise a child who will never know how to correctly sit on a chair. Although our ability to look at what other people are doing, and use that to teach ourselves how to do it through mistakes and experiences, is learning. This is something that has already been built into us as humans from the moment we form a body in our mother’s stomach, therefor is nurture and plays a majorly significant role.

Buddhism-Meditating and writing the sutra

What did you learn during the day?

I learned that every Buddhists when they decide to believe in Buddhism and decide to become a monk, they write there holy text. The sutra. I also learned The proper way of meditating – you straighten your backbone, put your hands together in a form of circle separating your thumb and other four fingers top and bottom resting your left four fingers on top of your right four fingers.

What did you enjoy or find difficult?

I first found difficult discussing about what life is and what it means. It was very hard to come up with an answer to the question.

I really enjoyed meditating since I got some rest by relaxing my self and keeping my mind blank, although it was a bit hard to keep my eyes half open even though I had them closed the whole time.

What was the purpose of the meditation and the sutra copying? How did you find the experience?

I think the purpose of meditation is to relax your body muscles and have a moment of peacefulness for yourself. By sitting down, closing your eyes half way and thinking about nothing with a blank mind, that helps you refresh your mind and yourself.

From what I remember, the sutra copying is for fresh Buddhists who just started becoming one, and for people who decided to believe in Buddhism.

After experiencing them, I found the experience very interesting meaning it’s not what we normally do, so it took some time for me to get used to it but I think it still was a great experience for all of us.

What impact does Buddhism have on our lives and the lives of people who live in Japan?

I think that Buddhism has a very positive affect on our lives, because of the ten precepts and  people could learn well from Buddhists. I also think that there is a connection between Japanese culture and Buddhism, since Japanese culture teaches people how to be very respectful to others and so does Buddhism, so I think that Buddhism might of affected respect on the lives of people who live in Japan.


What happens when one country controls another?

What happens when one country controls another?

When an empire colonises another country,  the empire gets bigger and bigger with all the property/land, weapons, gold, iron, cole, oil and all kinds of things that are important. The empire also rules the people o the people will not be able to live like they did before, for example following their own culture.

Colonised country

The positive things are:  That their technology or their science might become more advanced from the new empire.

The negative things are:  That they might not be able to follow their own culture that they used to follow and they lose their ability to make there own rules for living everyday.

Country coloniser

The positive things are:  That they can find and get more land/property, natural resources, cole and oil for the coloniser country to live better.

The negative things are:  That they need a lot of money and resources to have a war for taking over the country.

this is an example of when England took over Kenya.

Before getting colonised (top)

After getting colonised (bottom)