Freedom of Expression

Many people use “Freedom of Expression” as protection when they insult others. However, using this as a shield can create conflicts such as the event which occurred in Paris.

Charlie Hebdo, the satirical cartoon, published many images of what is banned in Islam, the Prophet Muhammad. Later an attack occurred in Paris aiming for the publishers. Many say that the incident was not protected by the “Freedom of Expression”. Looking at the definition of hate speech, I believe that the depiction of Muhammad is considered as a hate speech as it “attacks a group on the basis of attributes of religion”. Since the cartoon crossed the gray line and attacked a religion it is not protected by the “Freedom of Expression”.

Many say that the incident was protected by the amendment, however, it is hard to tell if they were protected, as here is no clear line dividing the “Freedom of Expression” and “Hate Speech”. According to the Guardian, Pope Francis states, “every religion has its dignity.” As Pope states, we can not insult other religions saying that we are protected by the “Freedom of Expression”. Some say that we should get rid of this amendment, but I believe that the solution to this problem is to draw a line in which if an individual’s speech attacks a race, religion, ethnic origin, sexual orientation, disability, or gender, they shall be punished.

The Poison of Verona

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(Friar looking at a bottle of poison(this is the bottle he gave to Juliet)

http://inglesingg.blogspot.jp/2014/02/reading-log-romeo-juliet.html

Today, we are with the “Poison of Verona”, the famous Friar Lawrence. Now Friar Lawrence is the BIG man who was behind all the “love” between Romeo and Juliet. He married Romeo and Juliet and made all the plans. Although his plan didn’t work, Friar Lawrence accepted our interview and now all the secrets will be revealed. Today, he will tell us the “truth” behind Romeo and Juliet’s love. His poison was perfect for the plan, but his letter wasn’t as good as his poison.

 

Q: To start us off, how do you feel about the relationship between the Capulets and the Montagues?

A; Well, they are not in a good relationship. This has started since the beginning of time and I would love it if they stopped, but they just won’t. The Prince is doing his best to stop this nuisance, but as the priest, I really can’t do anything because I don’t have that authority. I was just praying for the two families to be friends, and it finally happened.

Q: Now, do you regret your decision of marrying Romeo and Juliet?

A: Not really. I’m actually quite happy about marrying the two because now, the Capulets and the Montagues are good friends. Capulet and Montague both have a statue of Romeo and Juliet, so I guess this lead to a solution for the Capulets and the Montagues. The Prince is happy with Verona and Verona is so peaceful now.

 

Q: As a priest, what do you think is the most important part of your job?

A: Now I’m a priest and I feel that getting people married is the best part and I think it is the most important part of my job. That’s why I married the two. Now, I believe that I should have told Capulet and Montague, but I did it in secret. I regret that decision.

 

Q: As a priest, you shouldn’t be doing things in secret, but how do you feel about this?

A: Yes, I have failed as a priest, but I believe that this marriage had to be kept as a secret because if one of the families found out, they would be out of their minds and this would have worsened their relationship.

 

Q: What would you do if you saw Romeo or Juliet sleeping with another man or woman?

A: Well, that would never happen because they were overly into each other. But if that did happen, I would be shocked. Not only that, I would just leave them alone.

 

Q: So, your “plan” didn’t work. How do you feel about that?

A: If Friar John had hurried up and got the letter to Romeo, he the plan would have been perfect. I have fired Friar John and hired Friar Matthew. Friar Matthew does a good job and now I regret having Friar John. I should have hired.

 

Q: People say that Romeo and Juliet died because of you. How do you feel about that?

A: it is not my fault. As I said before, to be honest, it is Friar John’s fault. I have no responsibility. Both Romeo and Juliet suicided, so I’m not in this. People say that I’m the one responsible because I’m the only living person who knew about this. People can’t blame me for that.

 

Q: Do you have anything else to tell us?

A: I am thinking of retiring in a few month, so I need someone that can inherit my job. I’m serious. After I retire, I’ll visit Romeo and Juliet’s grave so that I can remember them and have a little bit if apology to them.

 

Works Cited

 

“∗∗∗∗∗.” |Reading Log| Romeo and Juliet: Friar Lawrence. N.p., 10 Feb. 2014. Web. 22 May 2016.

Tourism Highlights

Top 3 Arrivals

  1. France
  2. United States
  3. Spain

Top 3 Receipts

  1. United States
  2. Spain
  3. China

Difference between Arrivals and Receipts(Q1 &Q2). When countries have cheaper products, the Receipt rate will go up. If there are a lot of places to go to the Arrival rate will go higher.

In most countries in Africa and in Africa in general, the international arrival and receipt rate increases every year. More people go to Africa now more often.

In 1950, there were little tourists, but by 2010, the rate of tourism boosted up.

Transportation has been improved and enhanced, and more people know where to go due to the internet. Planes got safer since then, which makes the people feel safe and more people feel like going for a tour in another country.





Drama Journal #7

This week’s Key Idea was special. This week, Neil Farrelly came to help make us improve our Drama skills. But Neil came to YIS so that he can teach us what “Physical Drama” is. Physical Drama is performing a play by using physical elements such as touching. Neil came to YIS so that he can help us create an original piece about “What Is Up”. We had two periods to work on this “What Is Up” play and we had to perform it to the 8th graders. He was also there to help us become better at expressing ourselves during a play.

I have a lot to say for this week’s Approach. We did a lot of warm-up activities with Neil. First, Neil taught us how to “breath”. We were just breathing for about 10 minutes. It was good practice. He told us that by taking a deep breath, you can calm down, speak louder, and express yourself better during a performance. After that, Neil told us to say “yes” to our peers when they have an idea, whether it is good or bad. By doing this you don’t kill the creativity of your friends. But our good did a horrible job on that. For 80% of the time, we said “no”. After, we did does warm-ups, we got started with our performance.

The Outcome of this week was drama skills in general. Thanks to Neil, I was able to improve on many of my acting skills. Neil taught me how to breath. This might be a basic skill in drama, but Neil helped me with breathing a lot. I also learned that I have to always say “yes” to my peers ideas. Next time when we have an activity like this, I will say “yes” to no matter how bad the idea. I hope Neil comes to visit us again next year. Performing our skit was very fun because we had a great idea and it worked out well.

My Connection for this topic is on speaking loudly. If you don’t speak loudly during a play, the audience won’t hear you and they won’t get anything from you. People need to hear your voice in the theater. Taking a deep breath consistently is also important. Another connection I can make with theater is physical acting. When I am improvising or acting, I should do more something physical. When you don’t take a breath, it will be hard for you to calm down and speak.

My Room is Relaxing Area

The collage that I made shows who I am and what my room is like. My room is actually not blue, it is white. Also I only have a desk, bed and a tennis racket in my room. On the desk I have my computer, phone, and some writing utensils. I put a blue cloth on my collage because I wanted to show that my room is calm and quiet. The blue color can make people calm down. On my collage, I had an awful amount of electronics. This is because when I am in my room, I am either finishing up my homework or texting people. Also I sleep in my room(that’s why I have a the boy sleeping). I also put a tennis racket in my collage because before I get ready for tennis practice, I always go to my room and change, get my racket, and go. I also put the Häagen-Dazs picture because I sometimes eat in my room. I spend most of my time in the living room with my family, so I had a hard time making this collage. But overall, it was fun looking through magazines and finding what fits my collage. If I could, I would totally do this assignment again.

 

 

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Introduction to Social History

Question 1: My perspective of Columbus changed a quite a lot. I didn’t know a lot about Columbus that much, so I thought that he was the first european who discovered America, but it seems like that is not the truth.

Question 2: My perspective of the Native Americans did not change at all. Before I read the article/watched the video, I believed that Native Americans are the ones that were in America first. I still believe that the Native Americans are nice and people and they didn’t do anything bad.

Question 3: When reading “History”, we should read many articles about that specific event and see which opinion we want to follow. By reading many articles of an event, you can know which sentences/phrases are bias.

Question 4: My theme for Columbus is darkness/shadow. By this, I mean that Columbus was in the shadows telling lies and all those bad things, but everyone else thinks that he is a good person and everyone follows him. I would focus on all the bad things he did.

Question 5: Our reading’s theme was truth. As I said before, Columbus is kind of like the bad guy. He is the one that killed many Native Americans. But in his own country, he is like a hero, which means that he has two faces. The people in his own country don’t no the truth because he doesn’t tell them the truth.

Drama Journal #6

The Key Idea for this week is movement. Movement is the dramatic element we looked into during the previous two lessons. Movement can refer to a type of dance or mime. Movement covers how we move around stage, downstage, upstage, avoiding masking another actor. Movement helps characterization. For example a confident person would walk smoothly in big steps. Movement also explains how the characters move in relation to each other on stage. Characters can move in a friendly manner, or threateningly depending on their personality and the situation happening on stage.Movement helps create a balance and contrast between movement scenes and having scenes with dialogue only. There are many types of movement humans can do, such as standing, walking, reaching, leaping, crawling, kneeling, etc. When looking at movement, we have to concentrate on the symmetry, whether the scene is symmetrical or A symmetrical, the proximity, if the actors are close or far apart. We have to concentrate on levels, as well as the tempo, if the character is moving slowly or quickly, smoothly or jerkily.

For the Approach, we chose a word to represent as a movement freeze frame. When doing this we had to consider the level, proximity, symmetry and tempo of movement. Movement is all about how we use our bodies to represent ideas, so we mainly focused on that. We also had to represent more complicated ideas such as conformity, isolation, independence and freedom.Next, we created 4 freeze frames on the growth of a human: birth, child, adult and old age. We used movement to represent these four stages symbolically, instead of using speech. For example, instead of physically bending our backs to show we are old, we have to find a more surreal way to communicate ‘old age’ to the audience. We also had to use movement to make transitions and connect the freeze frames together.

This weeks Outcome came from when we worked on the ‘birth, child, adult, old age’ scene, it was fairly simple and straightforward to make freeze frames for birth child and old age. We struggled a bit when we created the ‘adult’ scene. We ran out of ideas. We solved this by giving the freeze frame a ‘leaving’ kind of image, where Claire is the adult, walking away from family, and friends as if there is a new start to a new life, and the others would pull and hold on to her, as if we didn’t want to let go. This worked out pretty well because we were able to effectively use space and different levels.

The Connection is that it is important to know how to incorporate movement into theatre. In theatre it is good if there is a contrast between speech and movement. Also, sometimes movement can explain a meaning or symbol better than words. The audience also decides and judges what is happening on stage based on the movement the characters are doing. Movement is significant for characterization because the way characters walk or move would have an effect on their personality and relationships between other characters. For example, if a character is being controlled, the character would be kneeling on the floor and slouching to show that they have a low authority.

Drama Journal #5

This weeks Key Idea was symbol. Actors use symbols to represent a deeper meaning that is beyond the symbol’s appearance or common impression. Symbols can be incorporated into live theatre in many different ways. Actors use props, gestures, expressions, costumes, lighting and settings to represent different symbols that help show the storyline and main theme of the play. Symbol is one of the most complicated elements of drama. This is because the use of color is helpful for the audience to distinguish symbols, however colors such as red can mean either anger or love, which is controversial.

This weeks Approach was we got into pairs and we all got a different symbol drawn on a piece of paper. Around the symbol, we wrote all the words that had an association with the symbol. We also wrote down what feelings we could get from the symbol and any scenes that could be made based on the symbol. Next, we made a group of 4 with another pair. Olle and I decided to make a group with Moe and Leo. Our symbol was a clock (time), Moe and Leo’s group had a 100 dollar bill (money) symbol. We had to find a group that had a symbol that could somehow be connected to ours. After creating groups we had to come up with a scenario with 2 scenes, one scene including one symbol, the other scene using the other symbol. Our of the many ways symbols can be  incorporated in the scene, we represented the symbols in the scene as props.

This weeks Connection with theater is that symbol is extremely significant in theatre work. The reason why I think this is because sometimes the actors should have a contrast of showing and telling. The characters in a scene should not always tell the audience what is happening or make the central theme or motifs in the scene too clear. It is more interesting for the audience if they can figure out deeper meanings from symbols themselves. The audience can think about the feelings they feel from the symbol and connect the feelings to what is happening on stage. Overall, symbols are also a quick way to explain concepts happening on stage. Also, instead of the character telling the audience what is right or wrong, symbols are controversial, therefore the audience can interpret the scene in whichever way they want to.In real life symbols are everywhere on the streets, representing different things.

Drama Journal #4

This weeks Key Idea is on how language has an effect on our performance. Language is important as it is needed in order to communicate the story to the audience. As well as using voice to expressively, the story can be communicated non-verbally, by using body language. Depending on the character the actor is playing, the characters will perform certain words used by the story’s writer. Language should allow the audience to understand the personality of the character, such as their relationship between other characters, thoughts, fears, etc. The different types of language used helps differentiate the age, cultural or geographical meanings of each character.

This weeks Approach was to change our language when we talk with different characters in different loyalty levels. To explore this, we did a scene with 2 parents and a child. It is the child’s birthday and the family is supposed to watch a movie together, but the father is late. This scene shows a contrast between how the parents talk to the child, an how the parents talk to each other. Sometimes the tone of voice changes, or sometimes the same tone of voice is used, but a weird facial expression is used to show a certain emotion.

The Outcome of the first exercise we did was quite a good outcome. I saw another groups performance and when the mother talks with the kid, she has a small and kind voice. On the other hand, when she talks with her husband, she has a loud and scary voice. The transitions in between scenes were not that smooth, and the whole scene did not seem very realistic. I liked how Kana’s group dealt with this problem. Kana was the mother in her group. Kana got mad at Solon (the dad) when Mira (the child) was still in the scene. Kana did said ‘we bought it last week, remember?’ in the same tone as she would use towards the child, however changing her facial expression to let the father understand her disappointment. This worked out very well since Kana did not change her tone of voice, the child did not notice that her parents were fighting.

The Connections that I made this week with theater is that language is important in order to identify the relationships between different characters on stage. With the human context in drama in which we studied first this year, the type of language and tone of voice a character uses relates to the status and relationship of the person the character is talking to. The character on stage would speak more informally to his/her best friend, using slang words, whereas the character would speak more politely and formally to his/her teacher. The same applies to real life situations. When any person talks to their teacher, the tone of voice used automatically becomes softer and nicer, and the language used to communicate would be formal and respectful. After school, when any person hangs out with their friends, their tone of voices becomes harsher and the choice of words used would be less selective and more random. In the future, paraphrasing is important when we will work on devising. Also, when delivering speeches or writing stories/essays in real life, we try to get our point across by using as less words as possible to be concise.

InS Bystander Intervention

The diffusion of responsibility plays a role. If there are more people, you depend on the people around you to act. If you are alone, you are the only one responsible. For example, if you are in a room with someone else and that someone else faints and falls on the ground. If that was the case, you would possibly help the person or go ask for help. On the other hand, If you were with ten other people in a room and one person faints, you would possibly just not do anything(because you think that the people around you will do it) or you would wait for the others to react, then you help.

Audience Inhibition is when you don’t act normally/overreact. It is also when the person can’t make proper decisions. A good example is if you are on the train and you see this about 60 to 70 year old lady. You want to lend the seat to her, but you think for a moment, “is she younger than I think?” “What if I lend the seat to her and she says no?”. So audience inhibition fear or worry that they will reject you.

Arousal is a personal/physiological response to the conflict that can slow down your heart rate. The greater the arousal, the more chances of people helping.

Cost-reward is if you will get a reward for helping someone. The reward could be an actual reward or it could also be just that you feel good. The “cost” part of cost-reward is if you help someone, will it harm you/will it lead you to danger. If helping will benefit you or not is a big factor of helping

Similarity is another part of arousal. Similarity is something like the empathy of psychology. If you feel like that the person that is in need is similar to you(similar meaning same in age, gender, etc.) you would possibly help that person.

Mood is another important factor of intervening. How you feel and your mood can change your behavior. If you are in a good mood, you would possibly help someone that is in need. But what is you’re in a bad mood. Well people who are in a bad mood don’t usually help people.

Competence and experience is kind of a major factor. This is when you know that helping is what you need to do now because you’ve had the experience of helping. You can react quickly when you know what you are suppose to do.