In Geography course, We develop an understanding of the population change and human trafficking on a global scale. Through several case studies and class lectures, I was able to link with my experiences to the changing population in place I currently live in, Japan.
In the first subunit, I learned about the factors that control the distribution of the population. the factors that affect the distribution of population are climate factor, policies, accessibility of resources and etc. I was able to learn about how there is uneven distribution of population different countries, regardless of how much it develops, including, Canada, China, Japan, and S.Africa. In these countries, the population is distributed unevenly due to people in working-age migrating for work to cities in the country. The rapid increase in industrialization and urbanization has decreased the importance of traditional jobs (fisherman and farmers). As the numbers of traditional jobs decrease, most of the jobs are located in urban area, for example, Japan, therefore population are concentrated in the urban areas. Which results in an ageing population in the rural areas, as younger people move near the urban area. I have seen this when I visited Izu as expedition; Izu is one of the rural areas in Japam. In there, I saw a small building and restaurants(mostly traditional Japanese food), as well as local grocery stores. The people I saw there were mostly elderly, and few younger people who lived with the grandparents.
Additionally, the rate of external migration is rapidly increasing within the past few years, since due to better jobs condition and environment in high-income countries(HICs). As from my own experience, nowadays it is not rare to see foreigner working in other countries. For example, there is an increase in number where people from middle-income countries or low-income countries working as nannies in Japan, for loge period of times. As they are looking for the better environment and order to find jobs. However, there are a lot of problems regarding external migration; some case migrants are subjected to human tracking. In case if they lack knowledge in their destination or don’t understand the languages, then it is more easily tricked by the traffickers. Some women are likely to be sexually trafficked, such as forced to marry men. Most of the time, the traffickers confiscate migrants’ identity documents or passports, so they cannot return to their own country. A non-governmental organization in Japan, Lighthouse visited our school, also as part of my I&S project, I interviewed one person from Lighthouse, and she highlights how human trafficking is an on-going issue in many countries.
Through these experiences, I learned how there are large disparity between peoples’ life in different regions of the world/countries, in terms of lifestyle and opportunities for job, leading to unequal distribution of population due to internal and external migration. Then how it relates or leads to another issue, such as ageing population on a specific region or human trafficking.