A metaphor and a simile to describe the subjunctive and/or the imperative:
The subjunctive is the imperative without positivity.
The subjunctive is like a little girl on Christmas, waiting for Santa.
The imperative is the eagerness and desire.
The imperative is like a stressed teacher, leader, or parent.
How is what you have learned relevant to other classes/material you are learning?
This unit, our topic was on beauty and appearances. For example, we talked about how social media affects our standards of beauty and the elements that can influence our appearances and standards. This was relevant to what I learned and did in Design class. In Design, we designed upcycled products, and we researched about the trends and learned how that can affect our appearances and fashion. This was similar because, in both classes, we talked about how trends and medias can affect our appearances, including our fashion. Additionally, in Individuals and Societies class, we learned about how the environment can influence us very much. This was also similar to what I learned in Spanish because I learned about how we can get influenced by social medias and people around us, including our peers, in Spanish.
Write a headline of no more than 10 words to summarize your learning this unit:
Extended my knowledge of subjunctive, unit vocabularies, and expressions
Make a wordle or mind map of your learning:
In the middle of October, grades 5 to 11 had our expeditions for four nights and 5 days. Grade 10 went to Niigata for hiking and camping, Okinawa for diving, or Hiroshima for a cultural tour; I chose to go Niigata because first of all, I had been to Hiroshima in the summer and secondly, I was more interested in hiking in Niigata than diving in Okinawa. I was more interested in hiking in Niigata because although I sometimes go to Niigata with my family, we always go there for skiing and never for hiking. Therefore, I thought that it would be an experience that I probably will only have through expeditions.
We traveled to Mountain Park, a ski resort in Niigata where we stayed except for when we camped, by bus on Monday at 7:00 a.m. and came back on the evening of Friday. On the first day, we had the orientation, did group activities, and got ready for the 2 nights and 3 days hike/camp. We were told to not bring our phones, which we frequently use in our daily lives, to the hike. Additionally, at night, we also decided on our roles, which each member of the group had.
On the first day of hiking, I was the time keeper, who keeps track of the time we arrived at certain points. We started hiking very early in the morning on the second day in groups. We hiked to our first campsite, which was approximately 7 km from the starting point. The trail included several steep hills, unstable paths, and wet, slippery paths, which were especially challenging to overcome. The hike was very tiring and I found it challenging to keep the pace, especially to keep up with the boys in our groups. Since the trail was quite long and unstable which required a lot of stamina, I had to push myself and maintain a positive mind in order to keep on going instead of stopping or taking frequent rests. For example, when there were many steep, unstable hills, I tried to encourage myself that I was able to keep on going and was not scary or dangerous. I also tried to think that if I finish the hills, we will take a rest, which encouraged myself to keep on going as well. Furthermore, my peers also encouraged me and helped me complete the trail. Looking at my friends also trying hard gave me strength to push myself harder, and additionally, my peers helped me by telling me about slippery places so that I could then pay more attention and be careful. When we arrived at the campsite, we ate lunch, which our lunch makers (one of the roles we decided on the night before) made. The lunch makers were given a loaf of bread, bagels, chicken, cheese, ham, and jam on the morning of the hike. I also helped out with lunch making such as by putting the ingredients between the bread slices. The food tasted especially delicious after the hard work we just did. After lunch, we built our tents in our smaller groups by cooperating with each other. We then relaxed since we had free time until dinner and also prepared for the hike next day. At evening and night, I was very surprised how dark it would be when we have no lights, especially in tents, because we hardly were able to see each other. I felt very appreciative and felt the importance of what we think it is normal to have.
When we arrived at the campsite, we ate lunch, which our lunch makers (one of the roles we decided on the night before) made. The lunch makers were given a loaf of bread, bagels, chicken, cheese, ham, and jam on the morning of the hike. I also helped out with lunch making such as by putting the ingredients between the bread slices. The food tasted especially delicious after the hard work we just did. After lunch, we built our tents in our smaller groups by cooperating with each other. We then relaxed since we had free time until dinner and also prepared for the hike next day. At evening and night, I was very surprised how dark it would be when we have no lights, especially in tents, because we hardly were able to see each other. I felt very appreciative and felt the importance of what we think it is normal to have.
On the next day, I was one of the lunch makers. We held the ingredients as a group to help out each other. The trail to the next campsite was approximately 7 km or longer, and I felt that the path was more unstable and tiring due to fatigue from the day before. Additionally, although on Day 1 our group was usually together, there were times when the group was separated into quick people and relatively slower people on Day 2. However, we managed to finish as a group by encouraging each other and pushing ourselves to keep on going. After we arrived at the campsite, we built our tents again and then relaxed or played until dinner. After dinner, we were told that there would be an optional short hike on next day morning to see the sunrise. I chose to go because I did not want to regret it afterward and also because it would be a great opportunity to see the sunrise which I had never seen.
On the third day of hiking, I woke up at 5 a.m. and started hiking. Although I felt that I got tired more easily because of fatigue from the previous days, I was able to get to the top, where we were supposed to see the sunrise, without stopping. However, unfortunately, due to the thick fog, we were unable to see the sunrise. Although we weren’t able to see the sunrise, I felt proud of challenging myself and choosing to go instead of choosing the easier choice. After we came back to the sunrise, we had breakfast, packed our tents, and hiked back to Mountain Park. After we arrived at Mountain Park, we kayaked at a lake nearby. We did some group activities and had a lot of fun together although it was very cold. After dinner, we had a small campfire, which we cooked marshmallows with, and then had a group talk. I felt excited but also a little sad to go back home. The next day, we cleaned our rooms, played group games, and then went back to our school by bus.
Overall, although the hike was very tiring and challenging, I had fun spending time with my friends, pushing ourselves hard, and enjoying the beautiful scenery. I felt proud of myself and strongly felt that it was a great experience and that this would encourage me and help me in the future especially when I have difficulties. It will definitely also help me when I go hiking again as well.
Throughout this unit, we learned about hispanic art including different forms of art and their purpose and effects. We also went through the use of different tenses such as the imperfect and preterite and learned new expressions and unit vocabularies as well. I feel satisfied with my results and feel that I was able to expand my knowledge and improve my Spanish skills.
I think that my strength is using unit vocabulary and a variety of transitions in my work, which connects to doing well in my writing assessments. Trying to use new vocabularies and transitions help me memorize them, which I think leads to being able to use them for the upcoming assignments or understanding texts better. This also helps me do well in reading assessments since it helps me comprehend the text and answer questions with connections with the text. However, I feel that I still need to improve on grammar, such as the subject verb agreement and making sure the pronouns are correctly in the mascuine/feminine form, and making connections with the text when answering questions for reading assessments. Additionally, I think that my weaknesses are listening and speaking (oral). I find it challenging to comprehend what the speaker is saying right away and to follow along. I also sometimes mishear words as well. Furthermore, when I speak, I often get stuck or cannot come up with the word or expression that I am thinking of using.
Firstly, to reduce my grammar mistakes, I would like to proof read a couple of time after I finish my work such as to make sure that the subject and verb match and the pronouns are placed correctly. Additionally, to improve my listening skills, I would like to try to listen to audio, such as videos, radio, TV shows, and audio on the online Spanish textbook, more often, and additionally, more than trying to translate Spanish to English, I would like to be able to understand it right away without thinking much like I usually do with my native languages. Moreover, to improve my speaking skills, I would like to be able to conjugate verbs fluently and expand my vocabularies and expressions so that I can talk about a wider variety of things. Additionally, similar to listening, I would like to avoid translating what I want to say from English to Spanish when I speak as well.
My goal for the rest of semester one is to consistently review my notes and to keep on improving such as by expanding my vocabulary and using resources such as Quizlet and Colby.
- revisar apuntes y usar recursos como Quizlet y Duolingo por lo menos tres veces por semana.
- leer el feedback desde previo trabajo antes de hacer las evaluaciónes.
- organizar apuntes bien para que puedo encontrar información que necesito rápido.
- usar español más en la clase en vez de usar inglés por encontrar una manera diferente de decir en español.
Vocabularios o expresiónes que aprendí
previo – previous
las evaluaciónes – assessments
en vez de – instead of
una manera – a way
Photo by Ashley Webb
Juliet Capulet relaxing at her garden
If anyone in the city is asked about the most popular topic discussed today, probably many will answer, “The rumor between Juliet Capulet and Romeo Montague”. Surprisingly, this week, we were able to get an exclusive interview with Juliet Capulet and catch up with her.
You’re from Verona’s richest family. What’s nice about being rich ?
Hm…Eating delicious food and sleeping in a big bed are always the best. Our servants are kind too and they do a lot for us like doing chores and taking care of us. Someone’s always there to keep me company as well.
Do you ever wish you were born in a normal family? If so, when?
Yeah, I’ve wished I was born in a normal family numerous times. Like for example, I wasn’t able to make any close friends because my parents would only allow me to associate with people they approve.
Who are you most close with?
I’m super close with the Nurse because I’ve known her for ages since she’s been taking care of me from when I was a baby. She always understands my problems and she’s an important, irreplaceable person to me.
I think everyone is curious about the truth of the rumor between you and Romeo, but would you mind telling us about it?
Umm…sure, just a little. Hmm… where should I start. The rumor is true and we are going out. When we first met, we didn’t know about our families yet. Romeo affectionately approached me and we secretly met a couple of times after that. This is kind of embarrassing haha.
I’m sure every girl in Verona thinks of Paris as her ideal man because of his hot face and personality, but why wasn’t he your man?
Well, he is certainly handsome and nice. But it just didn’t feel right for me and I felt more comfortable with Romeo. I can’t think of anyone else other than him.
How did you feel when you first knew Romeo was a part of the “other” family?
I was really shocked and worried because it was when our families were especially not getting along well. I felt unsure about continuing our relationship at the beginning, but we both couldn’t help meeting each other and as a result, it deepened our love. Now that I think of it, I feel like the fact that I don’t have a strong sense of ‘enemy’ towards the Montagues since I’m usually not involved in fights, led to us ending up like this.
I could imagine Lord Capulet’s opposition, but weren’t you scared about your father’s opposal or with your father’s ‘ideal’?
Actually, I haven’t told him about our relationship yet. But even if I had, I think I would’ve been worried about how being in the ‘other’ family will affect Romeo’s feelings towards me, more than being scared. However, I would’ve probably been crossing my fingers haha.
Didn’t you feel mad at Romeo when you heard that Romeo killed your cousin Tybalt? Did that affect your feelings towards Romeo?
Surprisingly, I didn’t feel angry towards Romeo but I was very confused and upset. My feelings kind of wavered, but I believed in Romeo more than that. I believe that fate brought us together again.
What made you want to get in a relationship with Romeo despite the opposition or the fact that Romeo killed your cousin?
Hmm… He always makes me happy and makes me forget about bad stuff like restrictions and problems. I always have a lot of fun with him and time always fly by! Haha I’d love to spend my life with him even if I had to abandon my status.
“My only love sprung from my only hate.”
How did your view of the Montague family change between before you met Romeo and after you met Romeo?
Even though I used to think about the Montague family as our nemesis, the thought of ‘enemy’ somewhat faded. I felt the need of fixing the relationship between our families so that Romeo and I can boldly announce our relationship and be acknowledged. Haha, sounds like a long way though!
What kind of family do you hope to build?
I want to build a family that everyone in the family can be themselves and feel comfortable. I want home to be where they’ll look forward to coming back home every day.
Last but not least, I believe that there are many people in the world who are experiencing similar problems as you. Can you give them any advice?
Yeah of course! I’d say, follow your heart without getting intimidated by your surroundings because look at me. I’m very happy spending time with who I love.
México es conocido por su la gastronomía en todo el mundo. La cocina mexicana ha sido influenciado por otras culturas como española, africana, del Oriente Medio, y asiática. Algunos de las características son la variedad de colores, sabores, y texturas de la comida. Ellos hacen la comida mejor y sabroso. Los ingredientes principales que son usado comúnmente incluyen la especia como el chile y el ají, el maíz que ha sido importante en la cocina mexicana desde tiempos prehispánicos, los frijoles, y la salsa también conocido como ‘mole’. Además, la carne incluyendo el cerdo y el pavo, el pescado como la merluza, el arroz, y finalmente, las frutas como las piñas y los melocotónes son los ingredientes principales también.
Algunos de los platos típicos populares son nachos, quesadilla, tacos, tortilla, y enchilada. Ellos son muy deliciosos y exquisitos. ¡Debe probarlos!
Los hábitos alimenticios de México:
Usualmente, la gente en México come desayuno entre las siete y las diez en la mañana. Algunas personas solo beben café y algunas comen mucho. Los ejemplos del desayuno popular son los panes dulces o tostados, las frutas tropicales, y los yogures. Para el almuerzo, la gente mexicana comen mucho ya que es comida principal del día. Ellos comen entre la una y media y las cuatro de la tarde. Adicionalmente, la gente mexicana come la cena entre las ocho y las nueve de la noche. A menudo las personas beben la sopa o comen comida ligera. Este estilo estaba influenciado por España.
en todo el mundo – worldwide
la característica – feature
la especia – spice
el ají – red pepper
los hábitos alimenticios – eating habits