In my humanities class (Individuals & Societies), we are studying about world development. We were told research using gap minder, about a More Economically Developed Country, and a Less Economically Developed Country. I chose Japan for MEDC and South Africa for LEDC, and by looking at gap minder, you can see the development visually.
The first two indicators I used to look at the differences and development is birth rate and population growth. The birth rate is the amount of live births per thousand per year. The population growth is the change of the population, which includes birth, death, immigration and emigration. On the x axis, I put the population growth, and on the y axis, I put the birth rate. The trails will show the change in time.
This can also show the difference between the MEDCs and LEDCs, but you can also see the how South Africa is developing faster than Japan, but still not caught up.
Another two types of indicators that I used was all the deaths in newborn and the GDP per capita in US dollars. GDP stands for Gross Domestic Product and it is how much the country makes products and also how much services the country do. On the x axis, I put the GDP and on the y axis, I put all the deaths in newborn. On gap minder, there was only information about 2008, but you can see the differences.
You can see the differences in the countries, and it is also clear that most parts of Africa is in the LEDCs from where it is on the graph, and Japan, America, Europe, and some other places is in the MEDCs.
There are more indicators, such as HDI, which stands for Human Development Index, and the fertility rate. The HDI is about the over all development of the country. The fertility rate is how the amount of children per woman. On the x axis, I put the fertility rate, or the amount of children per woman, and on the y axis, I put the HDI.
This is also like a scale showing the MEDCs at the top left corner, and the LEDCs and the right bottom. If you look at the trail, this shows that the LEDCs are catching up to the MEDCs faster than the MEDCs developing, so I think the LEDCs will catch up to the MEDCs in the future.
The last two indicators I will be using to compare the countries will be the literacy rate and life expectancy. I chose the literacy rate of the 15 years old and above of women. The literacy rate is the amount of people who can read and write, or educated properly. The life expectancy is the average of the age that the people in the country will live until. I put the literacy rate in the x axis, and the life expectancy in the y axis.
In gapminder, there wasn’t data of Japan for literacy rate, but looking at the rest of the MEDCs and by researching, I found out that Japan will be about in the top right, where most of the MEDCs are. For South Africa, this shows that there South Africa is developing fast in literacy rate, but not much for the life expectancy. I think this might be because that of people dying because of some diseases, and they don’t have medicine to cure themselves.
I think there are differences, but I think the LEDCs will catch up to the MEDCs in the future.