Mise En Train – Chapitre 2 – Bienvenue À Chartres

1. Tu as compris?
  1. Which rooms of the Lepic house does Pamela see? – Living room, kitchen, bathroom, bedroom(s), entrance and dining room.
  2. What would Pamela like to do? – Visit the cathedral
  3. Why don’t the girls visit the cathedral? – Pamela fell asleep while unpacking.

2. Qui…

  1. Trouve la maison sympa?  Pamela
  2. Montre la maison à Pamela? Sandra
  3. Aimerait bien visiter la cathédrale? Pamela
  4. Explique comment aller à la cathédrale? Sandra
3. Cherche les expressions
  1. How does …
  • Sandra welcome Pamela? Voici notre maison. Bienvenue chez nous
  • Mrs. Lepic respond to a compliment? Tu trouves?
  • Sandra ask how Pamela’s feeling? Ça va? Pas trop fatiguée?
  • Sandra tell Pamela to make herself at home? Bon, fais comme chez toi.
  1. How does Pamela …
  • Pay compliments? C’est sympa ici
  • Say how she’s feeling? J’aime bien.
  • Express a desire to do something? J’ai envie de visiter la cathédrale. C’est loin d’ici?


4. C’est quelle pièce?

Qu’est-ce que Sandra dit pour montrer chaque pièce?

  1. Alors, là, à droite, ce sont nos toilettes.
  2. Notre salle de bains est à côté.
  3. Et voilà ta chambre
  4. Ça, c’est la salle à manger…
  5. Et voilà la cuisine…

5. Et maintenant, à toi

Imagine que tu arrives dans une ville française. Qu’est-ce que tu aimerais faire?

  • Si j’étais dans une ville française, j’aimerais faire du explorer au centre ville et j’ai envie de visiter la cathédrale aussi comme Pamela. Je voudrais aussi prendre beaucoup de photos.


Psych- Introduction to Memory


Ethernet –  a system used to connect a number of computer systems to create a local  network

Cognitive – being, relating to or involving conscious intellectual activity such as thinking or reasoning.

Potentiation – the increase in strength of nerve impulses along pathways which have been used previously, either short-term or long-term.

Neurotransmitter – a substance in the human body which carries impulses across synapses.

Synaptic – relating to a synapse or synapses between nerve cells.

Summary of the reading, “How Does Memory Work?

We as humans most commonly think that our memory works like a cabinet, where we store our memories however according to medical research, making memories are more similar to plugging your laptop into an Ethernet cable, the strength of the network determines how the event is translated within your brain. The strength of the communication between neurons are what determine how a memory is formed. The neurons in your brain communicate with each other through synapses when they receive certain stimulation from the same neurotransmitters many times. The repeated strengthening of the connections between neurons is called long-term potentiation (LTP). When the LTP is maintained a memory can be formed. LTP occurs when cells continuously interact with each other without stimulation from neurotransmitters. Your ability to remember certain memories is dependent on the strength of the LTP in your brain. This is why some of your memories may be more descriptive than others, due to the strength of the LTP. The more the synapses in your brain are used, the stronger they get. Cognitive loss happens when the strong LTP is lost, meaning that when the synapses are not being used as often.


Psychology – Nature vs Nurture

There is an ongoing Nature vs. Nurture debate in Psychology, while humans have both for certain traits, some might argue that it’s one or the other, that a human’s certain trait (ex: speed, height, IQ) is determined by nature or nurture.

What is Nature? – Nature is genetics, what you were born with and traits you inherit from your origins. Something that comes natural to you, involuntary actions are nature, humans cry when they are upside and laugh when they are happy. We are born with this and there are many more traits that many might argue are nature, such as height because if you are a tall child, and have tall parents then that’s nature. BBC’s short documentary on this debate talks about Eugenics and Sports. Most of the olympic sprinters are of African descent, many could say their speed comes from nature, since they have the right athletic build, from their slave ancestors. Since only the strongest slaves survived, and their kids, and so on, these descents have a good genetic build, which could aid them in speed naturally.

What is Nurture? – Nurture is traits and qualities that are learned as we grow. One of the biggest examples of nurture in our lives, are gender stereotypes. Boys were not born to like the color blue and play with trucks and girls were not born to like the color pink and play with dolls. A study done by Cambridge University shows that kids are not known to stereotypes, but it is the adults that introduce them to kids. They swapped the kids around, dressing a female toddler as a boy and vice versa. They did not tell this to the adults however and the adults were presented with toys which they were going to give the kids. Almost every adult gave the little boy dressed as a girl the dolls and gave the little girl dressed as a boy trucks and cars. These stereotypes are imposed on us since we are children and it is not nature.


Grade 9 Tutor Period Reflection / Discussion


Grade 9 Tutor Period Reflection / Discussion – My first weeks in High School


Self management: Reflective Skills

  • What did I learn about? – I learned to be on top of my homework ahead of when it’s due, as this will lessen the workload and stress.
  • What don’t I yet understand? – How the day system coordinates with activities.
  • What questions do I have now? – How do I remember what days I have activities?



  • What were the high points and low points of this week?  What made it a high point and a low point? (The what part of the question is most important).

High point- My high point was starting volleyball season again, as I looked forward to it for a while now.

Low point – I struggled to keep up with the amount of math homework I had, as it was different amount from last year.

  • How are you planning on organising yourself to complete homework tasks this year?

I am planning on organising myself by completing homework the day it is assigned.

Mise En Train – Chapitre 11

Tu as compris?

  1. What time of year is it? How do you know? It is the end of the school year, and the beginning of summer, as all of them were discussing their summer plans.
  2. Who is planning to travel during the vacation? Where? Magali is going to summer camp and she’s going to visit her cousins in the mountains.
  3. Who is going to work during the vacation? Why? Ahmed is going to work at a gas station to earn money for a motorcycle.
  4. What is Florent going to do? He might go to Arles, but he is not sure.
C’est qui?

D’après Bientôt les vacances!, qui a l’intention de (d’)…

  1. Aller dans les Alpes? Ahmed
  2. Travailler en Arles? Florent
  3. Rester en Arles? Florent
  4. Partir en colonie de vacances? Magali
  5. Aller voir ses cousins? Magali
  6. Aller à la montagne? Magali
  7. Faire du camping? Magali et Ahmed
Vrai ou faux?
  1. Les trois jeunes restent en France pendant les vacances. – Faux
  2. Les cousins de Magali habitent à la montagne. – Vrai
  3. Ahmed va faire du camping dans les Alpes. – Vrai
  4. Ahmed va travailler dans un café. – Faux
  5. Ahmed veut aller au Festival de la photographie. – Faux
  6. Florent part en colonie de vacances. – Faux
Cherche les expressions
According to Bientôt les vacances!, what can you say in French…
  1. To ask what someone is going to do? Qu’est-ce que vous allez faire… ?
  2. To tell what a place looks like? C’est super joli…
  3. To express an opinion? C’est génial!
  4. To express indecision? Je n’ai pas encore décidé
  5. To make a suggestion? Pourquoi est-ce que tu ne… pas?
  6. To express a preference? Je préfère…
Et maintenant, à toi

Quels projets de vacances est-ce que tu préfères? Pourquoi?

-Je préfère veut aller au festival de la photographie parce que j’aime la photographie.

Comedy Timeline

The word “comedy” comes from the Greek verb, meaning “to revel”. Comedy is an essential part of drama and theater, and apart of our lives today. Comedy today has been influenced by many previous comics, from a variety of countries and time periods.

1. 5th Century B.C. – Ancient Greek Comedy

Along with tragedy, comedy was a principle in Greek theater. There was three periods that Athenian comedy is divided into; Old Comedy, Middle Comedy, and New Comedy.

The Old Comedy, originated from acts of obscene abuse. The first Athenian comedy was around 410 B.C.E. is almost completely lost. Comedy was shown by using similar techniques to tragedy, by using choral dances, masked actors, stage mechanics and its purpose for ridicule. The first Old Comedy plays that were consisted of songs, buffoonery and insights surrounding philosophical ideas, were first performed for the religious festival of Dionysus in Athens. Most Old Comedy is known through the work of Aristophanes, as he is one of the most famous playwrights and his work is the basics of Ancient Greek comedy, and so it is also referred to as  Aristophanic Comedy.There is no specific date that shows a divide between Middle Comedy and Old Comedy, as it was very similar. New Comedy lasted around the time of the Macedonian rule, to about 260 B.C.E.

220px-NAMA_Masque_esclave – A greek theater mask, used for comedy plays.


2. 13th Century – Medieval Court Jesters

During the Middle Ages, theater became a way of expressing public religious worship. The Church was the motivation to keep the joy of drama to a minimum , however comic drama survived through medieval festivals and folk plays. In the midst of the 13th Century, court jesters started making appearances. Their role was to entertain the royal court by performance, and they wore a three pointed hat (the fool’s hat) along with bright colored attire One of the most famous jesters is William Sommers who performed and entertained for Henry VIII of England. Jesters were chose for their ability to do a wide variety of skills including tricks, jokes, jumping, clowning, musical performances and acting. Jesters would perform depending on the royal court’s mood, sometimes performing all day and other times not performing for days. They were paid and looked after well, and more often than not they would make fun of nobles and respectable personalities.

Davidson_The_Court_Jester – A typical jester in the royal court.

3. 16th to 18th Century – Renaissance Comics

Along with the arrival of the Renaissance, a new and crucial kind of drama emerged. In 16th Century England in, a tradition of the interlude was developed by John Heywood, and combines aspects of classic Latin comedy to create the infamous Elizabethan comedy. This reached its popularity through the works of Shakespeare. Shakespeare had a wide variety of plays, from comedies that ranged from the farcical to the tragicomic. He was the master of what is called Romantic Comedy. The comedy was shown gradually, through tragedy and Shakespeare’s poetic work was what helped blend these two elements together to create beautiful and enchanting comedic plays. The unusual coincidences, incredible reunions and strange discoveries were what drew in the crowds.

Edwin_Landseer_-_Scene_from_A_Midsummer_Night's_Dream._Titania_and_Bottom_-_Google_Art_Project – “A Midsummer Night’s Dream”, one of the most famous Shakespearean comedies of all time.

Another crucial kind of drama that developed from the Renaissance period is the “Commedia dell’ Arte” or “Comedy of the Art”. This was a new style of theater that involved and emphasized ensemble acting. It consisted of improvisations that were set in firm frameworks of masks and stock situations. The plots of these plays were mainly taken from classical literary tradition of the commedia erudita, or literary drama.

imgres – A painting, depicting what an old show of Commedia Dell’ Arte would look like.

4. 1770s -Melodramatic Comedy (stock characters from Melodrama – who are comic?)

Melodrama originated from France in 1770 during the Romantic literary period and was created to help the romantics express their various emotions in very dramatic ways. These emotions included joy and happiness, which came along with comedy. This new dramatic form of theater expressed emotions through dialogue and musical accompaniments. Melodrama has specific elements and characteristics. There are six main stock characters in Melodrama and they are the staple of Melodramatic performances. Stock characters are characters based on personalities or stereotypes. The types of stock characters in Melodrama are the hero, the heroine, the villain, the villain’s accomplice, the faithful servant and the maidservant. The hero, is usually handsome and manly, while the heroine is beautiful and usually in distress. The villain is portrayed as greedy and evil and in contrast, the villain’s accomplice is quite idiotic and used for comedic purposes. The faithful servant can help uncover clues for the hero, and can serve for comedy relief as well. And lastly, the maidservant is usually flirty, and loyal to the heroine.

Every melodramatic performance also has a sequence which the story follows. There is the provocation, in which something happens that inspires the villain to do an evil action to the hero. Then there is the pangs, which is the pain and hardships that the hero and heroine (and sometimes others) feel caused by the villain, and finally there is the penalty, where the villain receives the punishment they deserve for their bad actions. Many plays and movies to this day follow this structure.

Melodrama at the Royal Victoria Theatre – A sketch of how a melodramatic play would look like.

5. 1780s- Circus Comedy

The first circus that resembles modern circuses, was opened in Paris in 1782 by Philip Astley. It was called the “Amphithéâtre Anglois” and showcased a variety of horse riding tricks. Since then, circus comedy has evolved immensely. Although in the middle of the nineteenth century acrobats began  to get more attention. It started with acrobats on horseback, and “Floor” acrobats were also quick to make their mark. The best of them were often clowns. Circus clowns started off as skilled parodists who might talk, sing, ride a horse, juggle, present trained animals, do balancing acts, or tumble. This was the birth of clowns. Now, clowns are commonly seen, from advertising brands, to entertaining children. With a variety of tricks, like balloon art, acrobatics, miming, juggling, jokes, through slapstick humor, they seem to resemble court jesters. With abnormal outfits and makeup, clowns became the center of attention and gave circuses fame.

d2dcc7c5ef291762967c009dc4a3249e – a photo of an old circus clown.



6. 1894 to Present – Cinematic Comedy

Cinematic comedy is usually considered to be the oldest film genre. The first kind of film was Silent Film during the early 1900’s. As silent films were reliant on visuals and big actions, comedy was ideal. One of the most known forms of comedy, known as slapstick, was commonly used for silent films as the actions were extremely exaggerated through violence, practical jokes, accidents, acrobatic death-defying stunts, water soakings, and most commonly wild chase scenes.  This era led to the fame of very known actors today, one of them is Charlie Chaplin, who starred in many silent comedies. His most famous one is “The Champion”  in which Chaplin wins a boxing match by putting a horseshoe in the glove.

 Cinematic comedy is one of the most popular genres of comedy to this day as well, in the form of movies, television, video. 

download – Charlie Chaplin in a scene from the silent film, “The Champion”


Works Cited

Caroll, Heather. “Elements of Melodrama: From Early Theater to the Modern Soap Opera.” Study.com. Study.com, 2014. Web. 22 May 2016.

Cartwright, Mark. “Ancient_Greek_Comedy.” Ancient History Encyclopedia. VOX, 25 Mar. 2013. Web. 22 May 2016. <http://www.ancient.eu/Greek_Comedy/>.

“Commedia dell’arte”. Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica Online.
Encyclopædia Britannica Inc., 2016. Web. 30 May. 2016
Jando, Dominique. “SHORT HISTORY OF THE CIRCUS.” Circopedia. Mediawiki, 2008. Web. 22 May 2016. <http://www.circopedia.org/SHORT_HISTORY_OF_THE_CIRCUS>.
Medieval Chronicles. “Medieval Court Jester.” Medieval Chronicles. Medieval Chronicles, 2014. Web. 21 May 2016. <http://www.medievalchronicles.com/medieval-people/medieval-entertainers/medieval-court-jester/>.
“Old Comedy”. Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica Online.
Encyclopædia Britannica Inc., 2016. Web. 23 May. 2016

Mise En Train – Chapitre 10

Tu as compris?


  1. Why does Magali want to buy something new? For Sophie’s birthday party.
  2. What is Hélène going to wear? Why? She is going to wear jeans and a t-shirt because it is simple and comfortable.
  3. What type of clothing is Magali looking for? Something original and not too expensive.
  4. What outfit does Magali like? The green shirt and matching skirt.
C’est qui?

Qui parle? C’est Magali, Hélène ou la vendeuse?

A portrait of La vendeuse, a sales clerk at a clothing boutique in France.A portrait of Magali, a teenage girl from France.A portrait of Hélène, a teenage girl from France.
  1. «J’aimerais quelque chose d’original et pas trop cher.» Magali
  2. «Je peux vous aider?» La vendeuse
  3. «Moi, j’aime bien être en jean et en tee-shirt. C’est simple et agréable à porter.» Hélène
  4. «Qu’est-ce que vous faites comme taille?» La vendeuse
  5. «Chacun ses goûts.» Magali
  6. «Est-ce que vous l’avez en vert?» La Vendeuse
  7. «C’est tout à fait votre style.» La Vendeuse
  8. «Ce n’est pas tellement mon style.» Magali
Chacun ses goûts

Qu’est-ce que Magali dit de ces vêtements? (italic)

  1. le jean et le tee-shirt d’Hélène
  2. la première jupe que la vendeuse propose.
  3. la jupe verte en 38 
Qu’est-ce qu’elle répond?

Qu’est-ce que Magali répond à la vendeuse?

  1. Qu’est-ce que vous faites comme taille? – 2
  2. Comment la trouvez-vous? – 3
  3. Je peux vous aider? – 4
  4. Ah, très chic! C’est tout à fait votre style. – 1
  1. Vous trouvez? Mais, je ne sais pas quoi mettre avec.
  2. Je fais du 38.
  3. Je cherche quelque chose pour aller à une fête.
  4. Bof. Ce n’est pas tellement mon style.
Cherche les expressions

According to Chacun ses goûts, how would you …

  1. express indecision? « Je ne sais pas quoi mettre. »
  2. express satisfaction with your clothes? « C’est simple et agréable à porter. »
  3. tell a salesperson what you want? « J’aimerais quelque chose de… »
  4. tell what size you wear?« Je fais du… »
  5. express dissatisfaction with clothes? « C’est pas tellement mon style. »
  6. ask for a certain color or size? « Est-ce que vous l’avez en… ? »
Et maintenant, à toi

Est-ce que tu préfères le style de Magali ou d’Hélène? Qu’est-ce que tu aimes comme vêtements?

– Non, parce que je n’aime pas le vert, c’est barbant. Aussi, la chemise était laid.

Mise En Train Chapitre 9 – Arles

Activité 1:

Tu as compris?

  1. How was Hélène’s weekend? Not very interesting, she didn’t do much except study, watch tv and read.
  2. Did Magali have a good weekend? Why? Why not? Yes Magali had a good weekend as she went to multiple places such as théâtre antique with Florent and met his friend Ahmed.
  3. Do you think Magali likes Ahmed? How can you tell? Yes as she talks about him a lot and calls him very nice and very very cute.
  4. Why does Magali have to hang up? She hangs up because her dad needs to use the phone.

Activité 2:

Magali ou Hélène?

Qui a fait ça, Magali ou Hélène?

  1. aller aux Baux – Magali
  2. faire ses devoirs – Hélène
  3. lire – Hélène
  4. aller au théâtre antique – Magali
  5. regarder la télévision – Hélène
  6. ne rien faire de spécial – Hélène

Activité 3:

Mets en ordre

Put Magali’s activities in order according to Un week-end spécial.

  1. Elle est allée au théâtre antique. – 3
  2. Elle est allée aux Baux-de-Provence. – 4
  3. Elle a parlé avec Hélène au téléphone. – 1
  4. Elle a rencontré un garçon sympa. – 2


Activité 4:
C’est qui?

A quelle personne correspond chaque phrase? 

  1. Cette personne veut téléphoner. – Le pére de Magali
  2. Cette personne a passé un bon week-end. – Magali
  3. Cette personne est super gentille. – Ahmed
  4. Pendant le week-end, cette personne n’a rien fait de spécial. – Hélène
  5. Cette personne va téléphoner plus tard.- Magali

Activité 5:

Cherche les expressions

According to Un week-end spécial, what do you say in French …

  1. to answer the phone? – Allô?
  2. to identify yourself on the phone?  C’est… à l’appareil.
  3. to ask if someone had a good weekend? Tu as passé un bon week-end?
  4. to ask what someone did? Qu’est-ce que tu as fait?
  5. to tell someone to hold? Attends une seconde.
  6. to ask what happened? Qu’est-ce qui s’est passé?

Activité 6:

Et maintenant, à toi

What do you think happened to Magali at les Baux

  • She spent more time with Ahmed and Florent, especially Ahmed and she watched a movie.

Drama – Infomercial

(this is the edited video where the first time we said our ending was cut out)

How Could I Grow As  Public Speaker?

I think I could still grow in many ways as a performer/public speaker because I still am not confident with taking risks and when these opportunities come up, I do not tend to take them. I still get flustered when people around me make mistakes or when I do it too, and I sometimes struggle with bouncing back and recovering from my mistakes. I would like to improve so that I can do more public speaking with ease in the future.


Improving on elements of speech

Some elements of speech I can improve on is using animated tone, emphasis and inflection. My energy isn’t always as enthusiastic as I would like it to be. I also could improve on making eye contact with my audience, that way I could engage more people when speaking. Working on elements such as fluentness and emotion in ,my speeches and performances could make me a better public speaker.


Public speaking opportunities

There are many opportunities that could present themselves which would  involve public speaking. They could be at school or in personal situations. If I needed to make an announcement in assembly or I could speak at a public event. It will come up a lot in my life especially when i am older and I need to be prepared for t.

Drama Speech Reflection – Criterion D

Recently in drama, we have been practicing speech and our final task was to do a persuasive speech. My persuasive speech was on the topic of “Why school lunch should be longer”.

– Write about how you felt you did on your speech. What did you do well? What could you have improved on? 

I feel like my speech went smoother than I thought it would go, because once I got up there talking seemed more natural and it was easier to convey the points to an audience. However there was some stutters and distractions but I think I managed to carry on and they didn’t push me off track. I could have improved on my enthusiasm because there was a lack of energy and hand gestures or better body language/facial expressions could help improve it. Along with that, my tone/volume in voice could have varied a little more to engage the audience. I think I did well in organising my points and what I wanted to talk about, because they followed the order and every point I made was concise.

– Write about how you could use a persuasive speech in your life now and in your future.

Give a speech in general is a very important skill to have in life, and a persuasive speech can be especially useful in a day to day basis. It can be useful now as I may have to do an assignment/summative like this in front of my class in other subjects as well such as humanities. Also, a lot of kids my age are in clubs or activities and if they want to advertise it and get more people to join, they would have to give a persuasive speech. Later on in life, when you have a job maybe you would need the skills to persuade someone, not always in speech form, but you could convince a customer to buy something or why the sales are good, etc. Also if you need to pitch anything, it will be useful.

Write about learning how to prepare a speech. How is it useful to know how to structure your speech? Why is it important to be able to present your speech well?

It is important to have the correct structure when giving a speech because it helps you know what you are going to say, and it makes your speech look and sound organised and not all over the place. The correct structure is to have your greeting and introduction where you summarize what you will talk about, then your body where you give 3-6 points (depending on your speech), and then the conclusion where you summarize again and the concluding statement. If you follow this structure, it not only helps you remember what your points are, it also clarifies them for the audience. It is very useful to know the structure because when you need to do a quick speech, and you have little time to prepare, you can easily follow the structure. If you follow the structure well, your speech is well presented. This is crucial because if you’re speech isn’t well presented, your audience will not take you seriously, and you will not be able to engage and persuade them. But if you do present it well, your audience will listen to what you have to say, and maybe get persuaded.