E-cigarette is new nicotine dispensaries that are being used to replace tobacco. There are people who claim e-cigarettes as a safer method. However, there is not enough research done on long-term damage to the body.
Tobacco is a nicotine dispenser that uses tobacco leaves. By lighting a fire on the tip, the leaves are burnt with many different chemicals that can cause cancer in many different places in your body. (fig 1.) According to the world health organization (WHO), there are more than 7 million people who die with smoke of tobacco a year, 6 million are smokers but 890, 000 are nonsmokers known as second-hand smokers. In tobacco, there are 4000 chemicals in which at least 250 are harmful and 50 are known to cause cancer and other sicknesses. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a gradual loss of ability to breath caused by smoking and there is no cure found. Bronchial tubes have tiny hair-like projection called Celia which sweeps harmful substances out of the lungs. Cigarette smoke irritates the bronchial tubes, making them swell and makes mucus which clogs up the lungs. This is caused by chemicals including Cyanide, Formaldehyde, Benzene, Ammonia and Tar as well as the addictive chemical; Nicotine.
Nicotine is an addictive chemical that is in both cigarette and e-cigarette. When you inhale the smoke, the nicotine flows through your bloodstream to the brain where it induces a pleasure-able feeling which soon becomes a habit.
The problem with the cigarette is the smoke and the chemicals that are contained in the cigar. E-cigarettes are thought to be “95% less harmful” because it does not include tobacco leaves which makes the Tar. The e-cigarette is a small tube that vaporizes the liquid (fig 2). The liquid inside the e-cigarette includes water, nicotine, base, and flavoring. The effect towards the health is thought to be lower as you don’t inhale as much smoke as you do with cigarettes. However, less smoke does not mean that it is healthier.
E-cigarettes use a chemical that is used in cosmetics and food which helps maintain moisture without getting soggy. One of the examples of this is the propylene glycol that can irritate your eyes and respiratory infections. There were animal studies done on vaping where some of the mouse, an animal with sensitive eyes bled from their eyes.
Diacetyl is another chemical that is dangerous which is contained in the flavoring. We actually eat diacetyl because it is a chemical that makes butter taste like butter. This is called the popcorn lung as workers in a microwavable popcorn factory got this sickness from inhaling butter, caramel and other dairy products. This sickness official name is bronchiolitis obliterans (BO), which scars your small sacks in the lungs called alveoli making it harder for you to breath. This could disease also causes coughing, wheezing and shortness of breath, which is very similar to the symptoms of COPD (mentioned in paragraph 2).
There are other problems such as, teenagers smoking thinking that it is “healthier” and kids accidentally drinking the liquid which could cause serious damage. There has been reports done on kids drinking causing huge medical problems or brutal death. Most importantly, there are not enough evidence of long-term effects that we now have found out with cigarettes. That is why we should not use E-cigarettes.
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Seo, An Deok, et al. “Accidental Ingestion of E-Cigarette Liquid Nicotine in a 15-Month-Old Child: an Infant Mortality Case of Nicotine Intoxication.” Advances in Pediatrics., U.S. National Library of Medicine, Dec. 2016, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5300914/.
“Smoking & Tobacco Use.” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 20 Feb. 2018, www.cdc.gov/tobacco/data_statistics/fact_sheets/fast_facts/index.htm.
“Tobacco.” World Health Organization, World Health Organization, 9 Mar. 2018, www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/tobacco.