Management

During grade 10 I was doing the personal project. The personal project was a year-long project where we had to research in depth about a topic that we were interested in. I chose a topic about sleep and how to help solve people who can’t fall asleep easily. As this was a year-long project we had to be able to manage our time well to get the project done. Also because the teachers were not setting every little due date for us to finish the project I had to make sure to keep track of what I was doing by when.

 

The planning process was very important as it was the stage where I organized the ideas and the things I had to do in order to reach my final goal. In this stage, I made an action plan to make sure that I do not forget the things I need to do. However, when I first made the action plan I did not make it detailed enough and just made each category just like the big due dates that were assigned by teachers. Therefore, I was struggling to keep track of what I finished and what I had to do and I ended up doing everything last minute. Therefore, my works were not good enough. That is why I had to make sure to make my action plan detailed for me to manage my time well enough to get little things such as doing the research done a week before the due date so that I can recheck all the work that I did few days before the due date(Just like the one below). After making the action plan, I was able to finish my work on time and I was able to finish the work to the best of my ability.         

 

Tasks Time required Resources Notes / Reflections

Adjustments

Date Complete
Milestone: Research
Research about the cause of sleep deprivation 30 min Do it in my research log Aug. 31
Research about the effects of sleep deprivation 30 min Do it in my research log Aug. 31
Research about how to get good sleep 30 min Do it in my research log Sep.1
Research about actual experiment done by experts 30 min Do it in my research log Sep.13
Read a book about sleep deprivation and understand it 2 hours Do it in my research log Sep.13 but changed to Oct.3
Milestone: Write annotated bibliography
Write annotated bibliography 20 min Oct.5
Hand in annotated bibliography 5 Upload it on managebac Oct.6
Milestone: Writing Success Criterion
Brainstorm success criteria 15 min Finish before mentor meeting Think about my final product and what it needs to be successful Oct.7
Write success criteria according to brainstorm 30 min Finish before mentor meeting and get it checked Think about my final product and what it needs to be successful Oct.7

 

Artistic Expression

I have played the flute since third grade. Outside of school, I take lessons every week. The teacher has a concert every two years which I have participated in several times(Just like the picture below). In school, since middle school, I have been involved in an after-school activity called wind ensemble or the symphonic orchestra.   

 

During the lessons, I learn how to interpret the song to play it in a more musical way. To practice interpretation of the song, I practice challenging songs. Then during the annual flute concert, I learn how to match my melody to the piano as that is something that I normally don’t practice during the lessons.

In wind ensemble, we learn how to play as an orchestra. We learn how to adjust our volume in order to hear the main melody more clearly because before wind ensemble I was only used to playing as a solo where I did not have to focus on my volume or the blend but focus more on the techniques such as how to express the music. However, in wind ensemble, I had to be more careful of my volume as there were more flute players compared to other instruments. In wind ensemble, we play more simple songs for me which allows me to not worry about being able to follow along with the music but to focus on being able to play as an orchestra and to interpret the music in depth.

 

At the start of wind ensemble, I found it hard to follow the music as I was not doing weekly practices and I started to lose interest in playing in the band. Therefore, I had to come up with a way to improve my skills so that I would be able to catch up to the level of the band. I came up with a way to do regular practices. I try to do two to three practices every week. Then after every week, I write the songs that I used to practice and what the main technique I practiced during the week. I even posted a video of myself playing for the last practice of the week so I can look back to see how much I have improved and where I could improve more in.     

 

Date Repertoire – artistic intention – related performance goal(s) Etudes/Exercises – describe relationship to performance goal(s), alternative choices (with reasoning) Other resources chosen – to aid in development of technique / specific aspect of performance, alternative choices – be creative Videos – demonstrate your development (the process of gaining fluency with a technique over time) and application (as evidenced in your performance repertoire)
9/29 E Flat Majeur Easter Hymn of Praise. E FLAT MAJEUR

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oo052LjZWx8&feature=youtu.be

10/6 E Flat Majeur Glorious Things of Thee are Spoken https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S5N2VPGWGZ4

I focused on making a round sound by comparing someone else’s sound to mine and trying to make that kind of sound.

Glorious Things of Thee are Spoken

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TXdJDqcJjxw&feature=youtu.be

10/13 E Flat Majeur Easter Hymn of Praise https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3CegTS50b00

I looked at this video to work on making a more rounder sound

Easter Hymn of Praise

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LT4vuOmeh30&feature=youtu.be

10/20 E Flat Majeur Easter Hymn of Praise E flat Majeur

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oBTHvaFd4uk&feature=youtu.be

 

By doing two to three times a week practice it has helped me to develop as a player compared to the times when I was not practicing every week. As I started creating a pattern to practice every week it gave me more confidence when I played my flute as I was able to follow the music that we were playing in wind ensemble from the very start.    

Multilingualism

I am a full Korean person but was born and raised in Japan. However, I would say that my first language is Korean because since I was little I was taught to speak the language at home. Japanese and English would both be my second language because I was fortunate enough to be able to attend an international school and learn English. Also, I live in an environment where the main language is Japan meaning that I had to learn to speak the language in order to communicate. This would make me a trilingual person. By being able to speak three different languages fluently I feel that it has helped me to grow in a more global way.  

 

By being able to speak three languages I think that it helps me to understand the different cultures and be aware of the things I should do in one country and not do in another country. By living in Japan and having Korean parents I have learned that some of the actions that I do in Korea may seem rude or be considered to have bad manners. For instance, in Korea, if you are invited to a person’s house people usually go earlier than the appointment time to help set up. However, in Japan, it is considered impolite to go earlier than the appointment time. These kinds of small behavioral things are something I have noticed by being able to communicate with the people living in that specific country. By being able to understand the different cultures I think that it leads to a better understanding of the different topic when it comes to studying.        

 

By being able to fluently speak, read and write three languages I am able to study in all three of the languages which helps me to understand the different perspective of a topic and relate to the opinions. I think that by being able to research about one topic in different languages it helps me to be able to research more in depth about specific topics as I can research from a first-person perspective rather than a third person perspective. For instance, when the topic that I want to research is about an issue in Korea, rather than researching about the issue in English I can research in Korean to learn about why the issue in Korea is happening and what they are doing to prevent the issue from happening. Also, I think this is because I am able to understand the cultural differences such as the different way people act, sometimes I start to relate to all of the three different perspectives and opinions. This helps me when I am writing an essay on a specific topic as I can write passionately about the different opinions.   

 

In conclusion, I think that by being a trilingual person I was able to become a more global person by understanding the different cultures and their perspective and opinions.  

Advanced acadamics

After the end of 9th grade, during the summer I went to a pre-university program in England. I wanted to go to this pre-university program as I wanted to study in depth the topic that I want to study when I go to university and improve on the parts that I am weak at.

I went to a university in Cambridge through a program called “Summer Discovery” for three weeks. During the program, I took psychology and a writing course. This was the first time going to a camp and traveling on my own. This was a nervous experience for me as this camp was a whole new experience for me. The main aim of this camp was for me to get out of my comfort zone and become independent. My second aim was to learn in depth what psychology is in order for me to see if I actually enjoy the topic or not.      

During 9th grade, I found psychology an interesting topic to study. However, what I have learned at school was just a small bit of a big topic, Therefore, I wanted to see what psychology was in depth before choosing my IB courses. The course was taught by a Cambridge professor and the class consisted of high school students from all around the world. However, most of the classmates had a good knowledge of psychology unlike me who was learning the basics for the first time. I attend the class every weekday for three hours and a half in the morning. During the course, we had to do a psychological experiment and write a report and we also had to study for a test at the end of the course. The course was taught just like a normal school class where we would be taught about a psychology topic and then debate issues about it afterward.

For the first few days of class, I was worried that I might be wrong as the topics were something that I was not familiar with so I did not talk when we were debating. However, after figuring out the best way for me to learn I started to prepare for the next class beforehand as we were given handouts that we were going to be studying next class. I figured out that I was more of a visual learner. Therefore, I started drawing and writing down each of the things I needed to know for the class such as the different parts of the brain or the different case studies just like the pictures below.

Another course I took in Cambridge is a creative writing course. This was a course where we learned how to do creative writing. I took this course because I was not confident in my creative writing as I thought I lacked in creativity. I attended this course for two hours every weekday in the afternoon. In this class, the teacher taught us how to write a good creative story as well as poems. We did activities where we had to write a poem or a story just by looking at a picture just like the poem below.  

 

A room

soaked in

crystal water,

 

Where my son

 

Lays quietly.

 

Desperately

staring

at him.

 

Screaming,

for him to turn around

Screaming,

for him to come back           

 

The summer program has challenged me academically as the topics being taught were something that I would normally not study as they were more advanced. I also think it was more challenging because I was not used to the long hours of studying just one subject in depth. Another challenge was that I was alone and had no one to really rely on fully. This was challenging for me as when I am at home I tend to rely on my parents to help me during my tough times. However, during the three week time, I had to rely on myself to get through the tough times that I had come across while studying because at first I was not used to the environment that I was studying in. Therefore, the first few days I was struggling to keep up with the amount of work that I had for each of my classes because I wasn’t feeling comfortable. However, after meeting new friends I think that I was able to adjust to the environment much quicker and get used to the intense studying routine that I had. 

Inter cultural communication

During my school years, I have learned English as my first foreign language and Japanese as my second foreign language. I have been learning Japanese since elementary school and as living in Japan, it was hard to communicate with the people around me without having the ability to speak Japanese. When I first started learning Japanese I never thought that I would get to a level where I can speak the language fluently. For me, learning Japanese was much easier compared to learning English because Japanese is similar to my mother tough which is Korean as it has a similar grammar structure. By living in Japan, it has helped me to learn more about the culture through all of the daily experiences that are hard to be learned through books or movies. By having basic Japanese I was able to listen to the Japanese spoken around me and pick up some of the words that I learned in class and even learn new words.

As a Christian in Japan, it was hard for me to find a church as I was not fluent in the language to understand the stories being taught. Therefore, I lost connection with my religion. However, after learning Japanese for a few years I was able to attend a church. At first, it was challenging just to understand the story. Therefore, after each story, I went up to the pastor and asked him to tell me the story with simpler words and slowly. By going up to the pastor I had to push myself to speak Japanese to ask questions about the story. At first, I was shy to ask questions because I was afraid of making a mistake when speaking Japanese. However, in the course of the time I was able to ask questions without being afraid of making a mistake.  

 

After a few years of going to church, I had the courage to gather a few people from my church to go to a park nearby to tell people stories of God. However, at first, it was hard to talk about GOD to people as sometimes they would not understand what I was trying to communicate due to the lack of Japanese skill that I had. So, I started to add in body language to communicate with people. People were understanding my body language but I felt like they were not understanding the deeper meaning of my religion. Therefore, before the second time, I had to study the vocabulary in order to tell people about GOD to Japanese people. By learning the new vocabulary it helped me to develop my polite Japanese. During the second time, I was able to talk with more confidence to the people around me about God and people was understanding what I was trying to say better than the first time.

 

Through this experience, I was able to learn how important learning a new language to a fluent level is in order to tell people something that is a big and important part of my life. It also made me realize the importance of the language when using it as a tool to communicate because the things I was trying to communicate was able to be communicated through body language. However, body language limited the communication that was happening as it did not let people understand the deeper meaning that I wanted to communicate. Therefore, I learned to appreciate the language that we use every day as I learned how language can help us have a deeper understanding of a subject.  

Academic Skills

In the first two years of my high school, I demonstrated several ATL skills such as organization, collaboration and transfer skills in most of my classes and in the projects outside of the classes.

I think that the organization skill is one of the most important skills that we need in order to improve the studying as it relates to planning which is the first step in doing anything. By using this skill I was able to use my time more effectively and more wisely. I was able to use this skill during my personal project. The personal project was a project that was added additionally to our school work. This meant that if I was not organized I would fall behind in both my school work and in this project. Also, this project was a year-long project meaning that if I do not organize my schedule well enough I would not have finished the project in time or rushed it during the end of the project to get it done. Managing my time was important during the last few months of this project as that was when we started writing our final essay which was complex. By writing down each of the small steps that I had to do it helped me to not get lost in what I had to do. The action plan helped me to finish my project in time without having to rush things.    

 

Tasks Time required Resources Notes / Reflections

Adjustments

Date Complete
Milestone: Research
Research about the cause of sleep deprivation 30 min Do it in my research log Aug. 31
Research about the effects of sleep deprivation 30 min Do it in my research log Aug. 31
Research about how to get good sleep 30 min Do it in my research log Sep.1
Research about actual experiment done by experts 30 min Do it in my research log Sep.13
Read a book about sleep deprivation and understand it 2 hours Do it in my research log Sep.13 but changed to Oct.3
Milestone: Write annotated bibliography
Write annotated bibliography 20 min Oct.5
Hand in annotated bibliography 5 Upload it on managebac Oct.6
Milestone: Writing Success Criterion
Brainstorm success criteria 15 min Finish before mentor meeting Think about my final product and what it needs to be successful Oct.7
Write success criteria according to brainstorm 30 min Finish before mentor meeting and get it checked Think about my final product and what it needs to be successful Oct.7

      

Also, during the personal project, I had to organize the research that I did. This was important as if my notes were not organized and easy for me to understand later it would have taken me a long time to finish my final product. I first had to think about how I learn the best in and how I can use that specific method to make my notes understandable to me. After doing some research on the ways to take notes I realized that I understood better if I the notes were written in full sentences or in bullet points. That is why I have written my personal projects notes in a specific method.

Effects of sleep deprivation 1

 

  1. Sleepiness causes accidents

It is proven that not enough amount of sleep can cause accidents and injuries. In a study workers who complained about lack of sleep had more amount of repeated work accidents.

  1. Sleep loss can make you stupid

Lack of sleep can interfere with cognitive processes which can mess the ability to think.While you are sleeping various sleep cycles play a role in consolidating memories in mind. This means that if you don’t get enough sleep, you won’t be able to remember what you learned and did throughout the day.    

  1. Sleep deprivation can lead to serious health problems
  • Heart attack
  • Heart diseases
  • Heart failure
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • High blood pressure
  • Stroke
  • Diabetes
  1. Lack of sleep kills sex drives

A study published in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism in 2002 says that most men with sleep apnea have low testosterone levels. Nearly half of the men who lack sleep have abnormally low level of testosterone levels during the night.

  1. Lack of sleep can lead to depression

In a 2007 study of 10,000 people, people with insomnia were 5 times more likely to develop depression compared to the ones without. In fact, insomnia is often one of the first symptoms of depression.

  1. Lack of sleep can age your skin

When people don’t get enough sleep their body releases more stress hormone cortisol. With too much stress hormone the skin collagen can break down. Sleep loss can cause the body to release a little amount of human growth hormone than normal. This hormone helps little children grow and old people to help increase muscle mass, thicken skin and strengthen bones. According to expert Phil Gehrman the human growth hormone is released when the body is in deep sleep and it seems as if it is part of normal tissue repair.  

  1. Sleepiness makes you forgetful

In 2009 American and French researchers found out a brain event called “sharp wave ripples” which is responsible for consolidating memory. These ripples transfer learned from the hippocampus to the neocortex of the brain, where long-term memories are stored.

  1. Lack of sleep can make the you gain weight

Lack of sleep can lead to hunger. According to a 2004 study, people who sleep less than 6 hours a day were almost 30% more likely to become obese. There is a high risk of increase in type 2 diabetes.    

  1. Lack of sleep can lead to high risk of death

“Whitehall II study” British researchers looked into how sleep pattern affect the morality of more than 10000 British people for over two decades. The results published in 2007 said that people who sleep 7 to 5 hours or less a night almost double the risk of death from all causes. In particular Cardiovascular disease. This disease is according to NHS choices(http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/cardiovascular-disease/Pages/Introduction.aspx) a condition that is affecting the heart or the blood vessels. It usually happens due to buildup of fatty deposits inside the arteries.      

  1. Lack of sleep impairs judgment, especially about sleep

Lack of sleep can affect our judgment about things happening at that moment. This ability messes with our ability to make sound because we may not access the situation accurately and act upon wisely. Sleep deprived people seem to have a poor judgment when thinking about what lack of sleep is doing to them. Studies done overtime show that people who sleep less than 8 hours for a long period their body gets used to it. However, if you look at how those people do in mental alertness and performance test they don’t do well and their results keep going downhill.

 

The second ATL skill that I improved throughout the two years of my high school is collaboration skill. Collaboration is an important skill when working as a group as it is important to listen to everyone’s ideas and come up with a conclusion that everyone is satisfied with. I was able to improve my collaboration skill in design and P.E. In design I had to work in a group of three and come up with a clothing brand. This assessment was about tackling a problem in the world with fashion. We first had to agree on what type of clothing we wanted to create and how we wanted to create it. We all had different fashion problems we wanted to tackle. Therefore, it was somewhat complex at the start to come up with a theme for our brand. To come up with a theme for the clothing brand we brainstormed three of the different fashion problems separately about how the problem can be tackled and found the similar tacking method for all three of the problems. This then became our theme for our clothing brand. In P.E I had to work in a group of three to come up with dance moves for a minute and a half to a song called “That’s what I like”. This was one of the hardest group work that I had to do as all three people in the group had a very different dance style which were all unique. To overcome this problem we came up with dance moves for the same part and combined the parts together together to create something all three group members are satisfied with.

 

The last ATL skill that I improved is transfer skill. Transfer skill is important as it can help you use the skills that you already have in other contexts. I was able to use this skill during my science and I&S project. During the science project on finding which electricity the hotel should use,  I was able to use the organization skills that I learned during the personal project. This science project was an in-class assessment where we had to write an essay. We were allowed to bring one A4 paper of notes. Like I have explained before, during the project I was able to improve my note taking skills as I researched about the different types of note-taking methods and found a specific method that fit me. Therefore, I was able to transfer the organization skill and take notes in a way I would understand(my science notes down below).

 

Total power output of useful energy of all the lightbulbs in all rooms and restaurants(kW)

  • Incandescent typeⅠ:60W, 800Lm, 200yen, 2000hrs
  • Incandescent typeⅡ:200W, 3200Lm, 1000yen, 2000hrs
  • LED typeⅠ:10W, 800Lm, 2000yen, 30000hrs
  • LED typeⅡ:40W, 3200Lm, 6000yen, 30000hrs

Total power output of useful energy of all the lightbulbs in all rooms and restaurants

  • – Incandescent typeⅠ: 0.06[kW]×200[room]×4[/room]=48[kW]
  •   – Incandescent typeⅡ: 0.2[kW]×2[restaurant]×50[/restaurant]=20[kW]
  • Total power output of Incandescent = 68[kW]
  • – LED typeⅠ:0.01[kW]×200[room]×4[/room]=8[kW]
  • – LED typeⅡ:0.04[kW] ×2[restaurant]×50[/restaurant]=4[kW]
  • Total power output of LED = 12[kW]

Energy consumption = Power output × time of use(kWh)

<Incandescent for a day>

  • – Incandescent typeⅠ: 48[kW]×4[hour]=192[kWh]
  •   – Incandescent typeⅡ: 20[kW]×8[hour]=160[kWh]
  • -> Energy consumption a day = 352[kWh]

<LED for a day>

  • – Incandescent typeⅠ: 8[kW]×4[hour]=32[kWh]
  •   – Incandescent typeⅡ: 4[kW]×8[hour]=32[kWh]
  • -> Energy consumption a day = 64[kWh]
  • ・Total energy × Price per kWh = Total energy cost

<Energy cost for a day>

  • – Incandescent: 352[kWh]×20[yen/kWh]=7040[yen]
  •   – LED: 64[kWh]×20[yen/kWh]=1280[yen]

Total energy cost + the cost of purchasing the light bulbs

<As for Incandescent>

  • – Total energy cost: 7048[yen/day]×365[day] ×5[year]=12.862.600[yen] — ①
  •   – The cost of purchasing the light bulbs:
  • 200[yen] ×200[room]×4[/room]×4[considering lifetime of bulb]=640,000[yen] — ②
  • 1000[yen]×2[restaurant]×50[/restaurant]×8[considering lifetime of bulb] =800,000[yen] — ③
  • ★Total energy cost + the cost of purchasing the light bulbs = ①+②+③ = 14,302,600

<As for LED>

  • – Total energy cost: 1280[yen/day]×365[day] ×5[year]=2,336,000[yen] — ①
  •   – The cost of purchasing the light bulbs:
  • 2000[yen] ×200[room]×4[/room]×1[considering lifetime of bulb]=160,000[yen] — ②
  • 6000[yen]×2[restaurant]×50[/restaurant]×1[considering lifetime of bulb] =600,000[yen] — ③
  • ★Total energy cost + the cost of purchasing the light bulbs = ①+②+③ = 3,096,000

 

Which light is better?

  • Economical benefits- LED efficiency saves money over time, uses less electricity
    • Lifespan: LED requires less repairing and replacement
  • Environmental Benefit- Less electricity consumption leads to less pollution
    • Uses less electricity to produce the same light- less greenhouse gas emission  
    • Contains no toxic elements.
    • Fluorescent strip contain mercury
      • Contaminate the environment(lands) when disposing

 

During the I&S project, we had to research about a specific addiction or mental issue and compare two different countries. For this project, I chose to research about alcohol addiction and compared Korea and UK. I was able to use the research skill that I learned through the personal project as I had to do in-depth research about the two different countries and why a lot of people have alcohol addiction issues. I had to search through various lenses, for instance, I had to research the culture of the two different countries(Just like the research below). In addition, I was also able to transfer the organization skill that I learned through the personal project. As explained before, I learned that I understood the notes that I took better if they were in full sentences or in bullet points. Therefore, I transferred the knowledge that I had and made my notes both in bullet points and in full sentences. The bullet points were the parts that were less important compared to the full sentences which were the main parts for this project.   

 

What is alcohol addiction

 

Alcohol addiction or alcoholism is a chronic disease where the body and the mind becomes dependent on alcohol. Alcohol addicted people would be considered frequent drinkers and according to Rethink Drinking frequent drinking is defined as drinking 14 shots or more per week for men and 7 shots or more per week.

 

Symptoms

 

The symptoms of alcohol addiction is..

  • Drinking at inappropriate time such as at church, work or first thing in the morning
  • Wanting to be where alcohol is available
  • Hanging out with friends that are heavy drinkers
  • Depending on alcohol to live a daily life
  • Frequent use of alcohol

 

Korea

 

Korea is one of the world’s most drinking country. On average a Korean person drinks 14 shots of alcohol a week. This means 12.3 liters of alcohol consumption per capita every year. In Korea as you can see in graph 1 the death rates due to alcohol keeps increasing from the year 1994 and there are more male deaths than women. This is because there are more male who are alcohol addicts compared to women due to stress at work. The social economic level does not affect the amount of alcohol that a person drinks on average. This is due to the Korean culture.

 

Culture

 

A reason why Koreans drink a lot of alcohol regularly is due to their culture. In Korea alcohol is easy to get as people don’t check ID often and alcohol is very cheap. Also, Korea does not have a law restricting the places people can sell hard liquor. Therefore, any kind of liquor can be bought in places such as convenience stores and supermarkets for cheap prices all day long. The last reason is a bit similar to the UK culture but in Korea it is considered rude to say no to drinking without a reason and people will just assume that there is something wrong with you. Especially when a hierarchy invites you for a drink it is one of the biggest rewards that a Korean worker can receive as this is how the hierarchy is showing their respect towards you. However, at time to time this hierarchy thing can become stressful to some of the Koreans. Due to this being stressful Koreans get the habit of regular drinking which lead to alcohol addiction.    

 

UK

Just like Korea, UK is one of the world’s most drinking country. On average a British person drinks about 14 shots a week. 11.6 liters of alcohol consumption per capita every year. Alcohol addiction is one of the fifth biggest cause factor of death for all ages and the biggest death factor among 15-49 year olds. In the year 2016, 38% men and 29% women regularly drink above the recommended safe limits of consumptions which makes them alcohol addicts. In the year 2015, there was 8757 alcohol related deaths which is an average of 14.2 deaths per 100,000 population. Just like Korea, the death rates due to alcohol keeps increasing since the year 1994. The social economic level does not affect the amount of alcohol that a person drinks on average.()   

 

Cultural reasons

A reason why there is a lot of alcohol addicted people in UK is because of their culture. In UK it is considered weak for people to not drink alcohol especially for men. According to one of the agency marketing director he said “There’s certainly a pressure to drink and an immediate assumption that something’s ‘wrong’ with you if you don’t want to drink. Someone looked at me a few weeks ago when I was abstaining and said, Come on, you’re better than that,” For women it can get awkward and personal if the person doesn’t drink. If you don’t drink people assume that you are pregnant most of the time. A senior sales manager confessed that she found out that she was pregnant but didn’t want her team to find out as if she couldn’t drink she thought that she would be less valuable. With all of the pressure that people feel and the assumptions that they receive from not drinking people in UK have no choice but to drink alcohol to ease the social pressure.(DIGIDAY)        

 

Wilderness Engagement- Okinawa

For the 10th grade expedition, I went to Okinawa and learned how to dive. While diving I was able to connect with a few marine life. The purpose of diving was to get out of our comfort zone and do something that we have not experienced before.

Before going to Okinawa, we went to a swimming pool near Disney land and learned our necessary skills of diving before trying it out in an open space. We even started studying for the final test that we had before going on the trip which continued for the first two days in Okinawa.

This was the first time I dived so it gave me a chance to learn new skills, skills that I would not have encountered in everyday situations. As it was my first time diving, I was nervous as I kept having the thought of me drowning since I have not been swimming for the past few years. This diving experience has put me out of my comfort zone by a significant amount as I am usually not comfortable doing anything related to swimming or not being able to breathe normally.

The biggest fear that I had during this whole diving experience was me thinking that I would not be able to follow my team in the entire training underwater. On the first day of diving, I had no confidence in my ability to follow my team that rather than enjoying the dive I was anxious the whole time. Even though I was able to follow the team through the first half of the first-day training, I still had no confidence in myself to allow me to enjoy the things around me while diving. In order to overcome my lack of confidence after the first dive, my teammates and I kept learning the things that we needed when diving such as what each hand gestures meant or how to use each different equipment for diving so that when we were inside the water we would not panic. By becoming more confident in the diving concepts I was able to become more comfortable when diving as I stopped panicking underwater about the small details that I was afraid of missing. Therefore, for the second half of the first day and the whole second day I was more relaxed to see more of my surroundings such as the fishes next to me.     

Also, during the experience, I was able to learn about what leadership was about. During the diving training in Okinawa, we had to plan one of the dive as a team. While planing this dive I learned that leadership was not only about one person leading the group but the whole members of the group contributing together to come up with a safe plan.

During this diving experience were not allowed to use our phones for the 5 days. Therefore, through this experience,z I was able to learn that our daily life is always technology-based and that we can live without the use of technology by interacting with people. I realized the importance of interacting with people as I was able to learn more about them such as their personality and their likes and dislikes which helped me to find common things between me and the other person. I realized that I was always into technology and was talking to friends through chat apps rather than talking to them face to face even at school. Therefore, from now on I would like to try to talk to people face to face and interact more with my close friends outside of the classroom environment.   

Tennis- Wellness

I have been playing tennis for almost three years and from 9th grade, I joined the tennis team at school. In 9th grade, I was part of the Junior varsity team playing singles three and sometimes doubles one. In 10 grade I was doubles one for the Varsity team. In 9th grade, I was not able to participate in any big tournaments that were held at school as I wasn’t confident with my tennis skills to participate. However, in 10th grade, I was able to participate in the Kanto tennis tournament held at ASIJ. This tournament is where most of the international schools in the Kanto part of Japan get together and have a tournament. In this tournament, I was able to get to the quarterfinals of the consolidation. I did not get any award for this tournament. Through this tournament, I was able to learn how to keep my sports psychology strong with my partner. During the first few games of this tournament, I was not sure how to play my best everytime I lost a score. Therefore, I kept putting myself down and stressing myself out which made it even harder for me and my partner to keep playing the best we can. However, throughout the end of this tournament, I learned how to keep my emotions together when I lost a game. I learned to not mind the score but to learn from the mistake and to keep improving myself bit by bit after each point during the games. I also learned how to work as a team to play doubles as this was the first time I played doubles in tennis. Through playing doubles tennis I was able to make new friends and create a new bond with people that I would rarely talk to. I was also able to make friends from different schools. This allowed me to improve my social skills as I am not good at talking to people that I am not comfortable with or know well.

In the local tennis club, I take lessons once every week for about two hours for the past 3 years. We learn specific tennis techniques whereas in the school tennis team we learn how to be more positive when we lose a game or how to come up with a game plan when we are playing. In the local tennis club I learn techniques such as how to serve, volley, receive face balls and many more. With the regular physical training, I am able to keep my tennis skills updated even when the tennis season is over at school. Going to this local tennis lessons is now a part of my schedule and part of my weekly excitement. The regular tennis lessons are helping me to stay fit emotionally during the weeks as I am able to hang out with Japanese students and engage with people my age outside of school. Like mentioned before I am not good at talking to people that I do not know well. However, through my weekly tennis lessons, I was able to improve my social skills as I had to talk to the people in the class to collaborate to play the best of our ability.  This helped me to become emotionally fit as before joining the local tennis club I did not have a place to hang out with people my age outside of a school environment. Also, the regular lessons helped me to reduce the amount of stress that I had. This was because while playing tennis I was able to talk to the people my age and relieve the stress as I tend to relieve my stress by talking to people who can relate to me. Even when I have a lot of studying to do I am still motivated to go to the tennis lessons as I know that the lessons can help me reduce the level of my stress which helps me to focus on my studying afterward.

 

GCD: Personal Goal

I have been worried about my families health as my parents were getting sick and tired more easily and often than they used to. I was wondering what caused them to feel in that certain way and realized that it was because of the amount of the sleep that they get. This is why for my personal project I decided to research about why sleep is important and what is causing some people to not sleep well. However, this goal was hard for me to achieve at first as I did not any scientific knowledge on the topic of sleep. Therefore, I decided to do some research on the basics of what makes the human brain go to sleep. After learning the basics of sleep and our brain I read a book called “The Sleep Revolution” by Arianna Huffington to learn about what sleep deprivation is and the issues with it. The book was the most useful research done as it had the most information about the non-scientific part of sleep deprivation. For example, it talked about incidents that happened to a sleep-deprived person in detail. The research part helped me to achieve the very first step of making my parent’s health better. Down below is a photo of some of the research that I did. 

The planning process was very important as it was the stage where I organized the ideas and the things I had to do in order to reach my final goal. In this stage, I made an action plan to make sure that I do not forget the things I need to do. Down below is a photo of my action plan.

Here is a sample of some of the writing I did.

 

My global context for the personal project was identity and relationship. The global context explanation states that it focuses on “personal, physical, mental, social… human relationships…”. I was focusing on changing the way people think about sleep and also, spreading awareness of the effects of sleep deprivation mentally and physically so that people could have a better relationship with themself and with the people around them.

While researching I had to evaluate the sources that I used. By doing the annotated bibliography, I was able to think before if the source was reliable or useful before using the information. Every time I found a reference I made sure to look at the author and made sure they were written or proofread by experts. For example, while I was looking at the source “The Effects of Sleep Deprivation on Your Body.” I had to search up about the author Deborah Weatherspoon and found out that she has a PhD.

I made a success criteria(appendix I) and it had four parts to it which all of them focused on the outcome and how successful it will be. The success criteria made sure that I made a successful product as the success criteria worked as a checklist for me even while I was researching. It helped my product keep the focus on my final goal and not on other unnecessary things as I was able to refer back to the criterias when I was not sure what to write about. The first success criteria is about the function. This was challenging for me as I sometimes go off track and forget my main goal  The second success criteria is about the audience. This was a challenge for me as my audience was my parents but there was a language barrear as they can’t speak or read English and I can’t write in korean. The third success criteria is about aesthetics. This was challenging as I am not a creative person so I always struggle in trying to make something that is attractive for people to want to read or look at. In order to make a attractive booklet I had to ask for help from people around me such as the art students to gave me feedback on the work I made so that I could keep improving. The last success criteria is about context. This was challenging as the context had to be in depth in order to change the way people think about sleep.   

When reflecting on my final product I noticed that there were a few thing that I was successful at and some that I could improve to spread awareness of sleep deprivation better. I also noticed that there were some learning that I was able to do and not do. This is why I have written a reflection of my product.  

The successful part of my final product is that I was able to change my main audience about the way he thought and acted about sleep. My dad used to think that sleep was unnecessary and time consuming. However, after reading my booklet and listening to my explanation, his actions changed. For example, he used to take sleeping pills but he stopped and now has a sleep cycle to get better sleep. My product was also successful as it helped me to meet my goal. I was able to inform people about what sleep deprivation is and those people were also spreading the word about how important sleep is to people around them which lead to more people having a more positive thought about sleep.    

I could improve my final product by thinking about what would be the easiest way for people to understand and remember all the information. This is because I felt like people were reading my booklet and understanding but not remembering the details of my booklet for a long period of time. Next time I would like to make a booklet that has a stronger impact on people so that they could remember it more easily.  

While making my final product I was successful at using thinking, organization, transfer skills. I used thinking skills more specifically my creative thinking skills as I had to think of a unique and interesting design throughout the whole booklet that would make the audience want to read about sleep deprivation. I used my thinking skills when I was researching. While researching I had to evaluate each source to make sure that they are a reliable source that I could use the data in my booklet to inform people (Appendix D). Organizational skill was something that was needed in order to make a booklet that was in depth. Throughout the whole project I was using my time effectively to do in depth research about sleep deprivation. To use my time effectively I had to come up with a way to organize my time therefore, I wrote it down like a checklist in small steps so that I could easily follow along (appendix D). I also had to find a way to keep track of the research I did. During the first week of the project I was struggling to keep all the data together because I was not recording them down and kept forgetting what each cite was talking about. Therefore, after the first week I decided to summarize what each cite talked about. I was also successful with my transfer skills. This is because I was able to transfer the organization skills that I have learned while making my research log. I was having a hard time trying to organize my research notes in science. However, I was able to use the knowledge that I gained from organizing my research log.

Through this project I was able to improve ATL skills. In particular I was able to improve thinking, research, self management skills. During the project I had to do some deep research about sleep deprivation starting off with no knowledge about the topic. By having to do deep research it made me think about how to ask the question on the internet or to use other resources rather than the interest such as books. Before doing this project I was not good at organizing myself to finish school projects as I would be all over the place when trying to write something as I would not plan what I had to do beforehand. This project has helped me to practise self management skills as if I was not organizing myself well enough I would not make the best final product that I would like to produce. I was able to transfer these skills to my school projects. For instance, in appendix C I talk about how while I was doing a school project I was able to notice the improvement in the self management skill as I am using my time more effectively and not messy as I planned beforehand all the things that I had to do.

 

Through this project  I was able to improve my learner profile skills. In particular I was able to improve my thinking, communication skills. I improved my thinking skills thought the research I did. I improved my communication skill when having mentor meetings. The first mentor meeting, I was not able to communicate  my ideas well enough. However, through more meetings I was able to learn how to communicate my ideas and thoughts about my project more effectively by preparing the night before by reading the mentor meeting description and thinking about what I want to say. This helped make my product better as my mentor understood what my intentions were in making the booklet and helped me develop my idea.   

 

Through this project I think that I was able to gain new knowledge about my topic. This was a challenging goal for me as I had no prior knowledge on the topic of sleep in both scientific and non scientific way. The research process has taught me to do more in depth and through research which helped me to improve as a learner as I was able to use the things learned in my school work to improve my work. Without the research and planning process I would not have achieved my goal as I would not have know where to start or how to go about the project.   

Blood Doping

There is a lot of issues around blood doping for athletes. Blood doping according to WebMD is the injection of oxygenated blood into a person. This can be used for medical uses or for athletes who use a great amount of oxygen such as cyclists, marathon runners ECT to enhances their performance. Some people are arguing that if every athlete was allowed to blood dope before their tournaments it would not cause any ethical problems. I believe that blood doping should keep being illegal as it could be the start of addiction such as drugs to enhance their performance more. It also creates more long-term health problems for the athletes.     

There are two types of blood doping that athletes do to enhance their performance. The first type is autologous transfusion. This is when the athlete freezes their own blood for later uses. Then the body thinks that it has lost some of the blood and produces new blood. Afterward, the old blood is put back into the body. With more blood in the body, it has more red blood cells to keep oxygen which allows aerobic respiration to be done longer. The second type of blood doping is injection of erythropoietin (EPO). Erythropoietin is a hormone that is created in the kidney. This hormone advances the development of red blood cells through the bone marrow. This diagram shows how EPO works. Athletes use more EPO rather than autologous transfusion as the effect is more effective.

Image result for how blood doping works

Blood doping is a dangerous thing to do. It creates a lot of health risk issues as blood doping thickens the blood in our body which is dangerous when our heart rate slows down such as when sleeping. The thick blood can lead to high risk of blood clots, strokes, heart attacks ETC. As you can see most of these risks can lead athletes to death. It has been found that for the past 25 years 20 cyclists have died due to blood doping(Jideonwo).  

Despite the death risk why are athletes breaking the rule? This is because like I have mentioned, it enhances the athlete’s performances by a great amount. This has been proven through an experiment done by LancetTV. Some athletes received one EPO shoots every week and the others got nothing for 8 weeks. There was a test called maximal exercise test(MET) leading the athletes to exhaustion done. This test was done before the injection and every two weeks during the treatment period. The first week both groups had similar results for the MET. However, from the second week the difference started to show in favour of the EPO group which persisted throughout the whole experiment(Just like the graph below).

Is blood doping ethical for athletes? The American College of Sports Medicine(ACSM) has brought up the issue of the use of blood doping and said “Blood doping for athletes are unethical, unfair, and exposes the athlete to unwarranted and potentially serious health risks…”  Also, Mario Cazzola, MD, Editor-in-Chief of Haematologica said “As physicians, one of our major duties is to prevent diseases. Since blood doping exposes athletes to several medical risks, we must be against blood doping. Blood doping is not an abstract, intellectual challenge on how to circumvent sports regulations licitly. Sport is intended to improve people’s health, blood doping worsens it.”

However, on the other hand, there are people like Bennett Foddy, Bioethics at Princeton University who said “ Playing sport at an elite level is not suicide, but neither is blood doping. Athletes have health issues every year or so. To reduce the number of health issues that athletes face blood doping is one way to reduce them. Blood doping does not affect the athletes as much as other health issues.

In conclusion, after looking at both pros and cons of blood doping I still believe that it should be banned for athletes to use to enhance performance for a tournament as it could lead the athletes to long-term health issues as well as death.