The two countries I have researched was Korea and Afghanistan. I was able to see Korea develop through the years whereas Afghanistan had not developed as much as Korea did. The big difference I have noticed was the birth rate, total population, life expectancy, income per person and HDI(Human Development Index).
Birth rate shows how many birth happens in every 1,000 in a country. There was not that much of a difference in birth rate around the 1800 but through the years I was able to see big difference. For example, in 1810 Korea’s birth rate was 42 but in Afghanistan it was 48. Korea and Afghanistan was not a developed country but throughout the years Korea became a MEDC(more economically developed country) which made their birth rate go down because it costed more money to look after a child and the country was more developed in health so they knew how to stop from having babies. On the other hand Afghanistan’s birth rate was always higher than Korea. It was because Afghanistan was a LEDC(less economically developed country) and they need the children’s help to do work for the parents such as farming and house works. Afghanistan did not have good quality of health care which meant that a lot of the children did not make it to the age of 5 so parents had more children just in case and sometimes they just didn’t know how to stop from having children. Also in Afghanistan their belief teaches that it is not good for the parents to kill their children when they are in their parents stomach so sometimes they have more.
There was an extreme difference in the total population. The total population shows how many people are currently living in the country. Since the 1800 Korea had more population than Afghanistan. It is because Korea was slightly more of a developed country than Afghanistan people were able to live longer. For example, in 810 Korea’s population was 9395000 but in Afghanistan it was 3280000. Although, throughout the years Korea became more and more developed and they started to have better quality of health care which helped people to live longer. Also the public security was safer and still is safe for the citizens to live in compared to Afghanistan. Nowadays in 2015 Korea’s population is 50290000 but in Afghanistan it is 32530000.
There was not that much of a huge difference in life expectancy in the 1800 but I was able to see huge differences throughout the years. Life expectancy shows how many years on average a person lives in a country. Also I was able to see Korea developing into a MEDC(more economically developed country) and Afghanistan staying as a LEDC(less economically developed country). For example, in 1813 Korea’s life expectancy was 26 years old but in Afghanistan it was 28 years old and there was not much difference but in the 1930 I was able to see the first big difference after 1800. In 1930 Korea’s life expectancy was 35 years old but in Afghanistan it was 28 years old.
There was an extreme difference in the income per person starting in 1956.Income per person shows how much in average a person gets payed in a country. Before 1956 Afghanistan had more income per person because during the 1800 because Japan wanted to control Korea so they were having a war so Korea did not have that much power. For example, in 1970 Korea’s income per person was $2142 but in Afghanistan it was $1174.
There was a huge difference in the HDI(Human Development Index) since the 1980.HDI measures the overall achievement in its social and economic way. I was able to see that Korea used their advantages to make their country a safe place for their citizens to live in. On the other hand Afghanistan was not able to use their advantages as much. In 1980 the HDI in Korea was 0.634 but in Afghanistan it was 0.198.
Overall Afghanistan was more of a developed country in the 1800 but through the years Korea was able to take their advantages and use it to develop into a MEDC and have better quality of healthcare and public security for the citizens in Korea. On the other hand Afghanistan was a LEDC just like Korea was they were not able to use their advantages as much as Korea did to develop into the MEDC.
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