Development of Singapore and Madagascar

I chose to compare and contrast the countries Madagascar and Singapore and their development through the years 1800 to now. I chose these two because they are very different economically as Singapore is a MEDC and Madagascar is a LEDC. MEDC stands for more economically developed country and LEDC stands for less economically developed country. This means that MEDC generally are richer and have higher living standards and LEDC have less. I will be using the 4 indicators life expectancy, GDP per capita, birth rate and literacy rate to compare and contrast these countries.

Life Expectancy and GDP per Capita

Life expectancy is the average years that people in the country live. There may be people who live over and under the life expectancy rate because this is averaged.
From 1800 to 1820, Singapore and Madagascar had the same life expectancy rate, at around 30 years. But at 1820, Singapore’s life expectancy rose suddenly to 34 years, and Madagascar stayed the same. They both continued into 1915 at the same life expectancy rate since 1820, but increasing fast in income per person. But when 1917 hit, they both sunk straight to under 20 years for life expectancy because it was during world war 1.
For GDP per capita, Madagascar was moving slowly but surely higher, but around 1970 and ever since, the GDP has stopped and increasing, and sometimes even decreasing. The reason for this is probably because the government was dishonest, and stole most of the aid money sent by other countries. Also, as Madagascar is very isolated, importing or exporting with Madagascar costs lots of money, as it all must be shipped by plane or boat. But there is chance that Madagascar can increase in GDP in the future. This is because large amounts of oil have been found, and there is chance that tourism could rise.
Singapore on the other hand, increased quite quick throughout the years, and is now one of the most economically developed countries. Since the birth rate is very low,  the existing children have more money to get proper education. Also, drug possessions ends in death penalty, so that saves a lot of money. Believe it or not, drugs take up lots of money in many other countries. Lastly, the taxes are low, which encourage business. 

Birth Rate

Birth rate is the average number of births per 1000 people.
At around 1800, all the countries were in a straight line when comparing birth rate and children per women. This means that most women had around the same amount of children. In the 1800, Singapore was in about the middle of the line, an average of all the countries at about 40 birth rate and 5.5 children per women. Madagascar on the other hand, was on the top of the line at around 47 birth rate and 7 children per woman. For around 80 years, the birth rates and children per women stayed the same in most countries including Madagascar and Singapore. But in 1883 Singapore’s birth rate dropped straight to 15 birth rate. From than Singapore’s birth rates went wild, and changed constantly. This is because at around the 1970s, Singapore’s government decided that it would cost too much for the population to keep increasing, so they made a campaign to only have 2 children. They even started penalising families with more than 2 children.
But this worked too well, and now Singapore’s birth rates are very low, and as the population is decreasing fast, the government is trying to increase the population again. Madagascar’s development in birth rate was quite similar to many of the other countries, moving down slowly, but did not have any sharp developments like Singapore.

Literacy Rate

Literacy Rate is the percentage of the population of a particular span of age above 7 who can read and write with understanding.
In this case, I will be talking about the literacy rate of people aged 15 ~ 24. Madagascar and Singapore are very different in literacy rates. Singapore has had high literacy rates since 1980, and simply slowly increased through time. Madagascar, on the other hard, I could not find any information on gapminder of the literacy rate before the 2000s. The part which I can see though, shows that Madagascar’s literacy rate is going down, this is because many of the people don’t have money for education.

Cowen, Tyler. “Why Does Singapore Have Such a Low Birth Rate?” Marginal REVOLUTION RSS. Magical Revolution University, 28 Oct. 2013. Web. 01 Dec. 2015.
Butler, Rhett A. “MADAGASCAR’S ECONOMY for Kids.” MADAGASCAR’S ECONOMY for Kids. Wild Madagascar, 2008. Web. 01 Dec. 2015.


STC Conferences Spanish

What are your strengths & weaknesses in Spanish?

My strength are mostly writing or reading tests/assessments. I find it much easier to take in vocabulary and information studying visually. Also I find easier doing work on paper. My weakness is oral tests, and putting sentences together in Spanish. To improve orally, I should practice saying Spanish out loud, and reviewing the work we’ve been studying out loud so I can practice my pronunciation as well. To improve putting sentences together in Spanish I should take the work we’ve been doing, and using vocabulary from it I can practice making scenarios the might happen and conversations in which I can practice making sentences.

What could I do to help you?

You could maybe help by instead of doing activities were we do things orally, we could study using work sheets more since I seem to learn much better and efficiently learning that way.


¿Cómo prefieres viajar?

Yo viajo a la escuela todos los días en autobús. Yo corro a la parade de autobús todos los mananas porque yo levanto tarde. Me gusta la autobús porque yo puedo sentarme y estudiar, y la autobús es mas rápido que caminar o andar en bicicleta. Viajo en el autobús a la escuela tarda 30 minutos, andar en bicicleta tarda 40 minutos y caminar 1 hora. Caminar y andar en bicicleta es cansador y muy lento.

Viajo clase de piano en tren. Me gusta el tren, porque que es muy rápido, pero es incómodo porque hay muchas personas que viajan también. Viajo por la ciudad por en coche o andar en bicicleta. Yo prefiero el coche, porque es muy cómodo, rápido y puedo comer comidas en la coche. También es barato que viajo en el tren o el autobús. La tren

A veces yo viajo en la avión para visitar a mis abuelos. No me gustan viajo en avión, porque es muy incómodo y cansador. Pero me gusta el aeropuerto porque muy interesante. Ir al aeropuerto yo viajo en taxi o autobus. Yo preferir la taxi porque es mas cómodo que la autobus.

new vocabulary
cansador (tiring)
visitar (visit)

Expanding my Comfort Zone during G8 Field Studies

I think field studies was a interesting experience as I did many activities I had never tried before, and never would have if it weren’t for field studies. I think doing this activities helped me expand my comfort zone quite a lot since they were very nerve-racking. Some of the most challenging actives were mountain biking, rafting and canyoning.

Mountain biking was very difficult, because we needed to have good balance, which I don’t. I was really frightened before starting the mountain biking, and I wanted to stay behind because I thought I would fall off and smash into a tree. But after some practice I gained a bit of confidence that maybe I could do it.
But when we went on the actual road, it turned out that it was difficult, but I could still manage it. I think it was a really good choice to choose to go on the actual path and not stay behind. My friends were a big part of this choice as they encourage me that I could do it, and also what I should watch out for and what was easy so they made it much easier for me. I think this experience helped me get better at over coming fears and choosing options I don’t want to do.

Secondly, rafting was difficult. Unlike mountain-biking, I wasn’t scared of falling off or anything like that, what was difficult was the team work. It was challenging for all 6 of us to row at the same time, and do the right movements to move the raft together. We figured out that if we communicate clearly with each other, and cooperated the rafting would be really smooth. This experience of team work will be one of the most important lessons in life because most things in life involve other people, and cooperating and communicating with different kinds of people.

Lastly, canyoning. By far, this was the most challenging activity for me. At first, when I heard that everyone had done it, I wasn’t nervous at all and thought it was just a small thing. But when we actually went down the river to where we were canyoning and I looked off the age I turned so tense and nervous. I started thinking of all the consequences that could happen, how easily I could get injured/die.
What finally got me to go down the waterfall was thinking of everyone that went down before me, and how they were okay and not dead. When I went down and came back up for water I felt really relieved that I was alive, and I felt like a really accomplished something. I would usually never have a chance to that, so I was really glad that I did it, and most of all, alive. This experience will really help me in life of being a risk taker, and knowing that I shouldn’t worry so much, because everything is not as bad as it looks.

Elevator Character Scene

Overall I think the elevator scene went okay, but my character wasn’t that clear. I could’ve had been a bit more frustrated/argued with others and my character would’ve been more clear. But I think the characters in the group were a nice variety which made it a more interesting story. Also when performing we were pretty smooth and didn’t mess many things up and sticked to the story.

I displayed very cold and introverted attitude by scowling while talking and being very cold and rude. Also by trying to avoid getting into conversation with Momoka.

I also think our group demonstrated motivation when the elevator stopped, Momoka and Kai got annoyed and started complaining about what they were going to miss, which clearly explained what their motivation to do was. It was clear I had no motivation other than to leave the elevator because while the others were complaining about all the events/things they were going to miss, I was complaining about being stuck in a elevator with these people.

Lastly, I think we displayed strong stereotypes, James as a nerd, Kai as the ‘cool kid’, me as a rude introvert, and Momoka as a typical girl. I think arguing and trying to avoid Momoka helped show my character, and by ignoring things around me and glaring.

I think I learnt lots during this unit. At first I only new vaguely what ‘sterotypes’ are but now I know what they, and how they are very helpful when acting. I also got much better and creative at creating characters. Also I know how status and motivation helps develop a very strong and clear character. I found projecting my voice difficult as my character was very dark so I should’ve looked down while talking, but than my voice was hard to here. I could’ve improved this by simply making my voice overall louder and I could’ve been more clear. Also I could’ve kept a darker expression (sometimes I forgot to keep the same expression) at all times to help maintain the attitude.

Unit Reflection 1 Spanish

I think I improved a lot in this unit, especially in vocabulary. I learned much more vocabulary by writing new vocabulary in my notebook and reviewing it while studying Spanish homework. I got much better at conjugation as well, something I think I still need to improve on is sentence structure.

I got much better at improving conjugation by reviewing and writing down what I improved in class, so I think I can improve on sentence structures the same way.

Week 3 Spanish – ¿Quien Soy?

Yo soy Meg: un estudiante en YIS. Me levanto tarde porque siempre estoy cansada. En la semana, voy a una escuela en Yokohama y me gusta la clases de arté y inglés. En los sábados, practico piano y hacer mi tarea. En los domingos, yo pasar un rato con mis amigas.

Yo soy artístico y perezoso. También soy un poco desorganizado. Yo soy de Japón y Estados Unidos y vivo en Japón. Yo tengo pelo castaño y ojos marrones. Yo tengo trece anos y me gusta dibujar en el ordenador y dibujar animales. Me gusta especialmente leer novelas. Estoy contenta cuando hablo con mis amigas y estoy triste y cansada cuando y estoy triste cuando mucho tarea. Estoy aburrido fácilmente. Me gusta comer carne de cerdo, pomelo y dulces.

En mi familia hay mi madre, padre, hermana, mi perro y yo. Mi hermana tengo diecisiete ańos, es muy trabajadora y inteligente, pero no es valiente. Mi perro tengo cinco años y es muy contento.

Words researched

Fácilmente (easily), dulces (candy), carne de cerdo (pork), valiente (brave), especialmente (especially)

Drama Stereotypes

What is a stereotype?
A Stereotype is a exaggerated image of a person. It is what you think that type of person is, without knowing them, just assuming.

When are stereotypes useful?
Stereotypes are useful because you can show tell clearly what kind of person they are if they stereotype in acting.

Can you judge a book by is cover?
No, because you can’t judge something by how it looks. It might look bad, or boring, but might me the most interesting book. Same for people, and stereotyping.