Should Altitude Training be banned, due to the positive effects on athletes, as well as the existence of potentially unfair access to such training?

First observed in the 1968 Mexico Olympics when almost all records for anaerobic style events, such as splints were broken, however, was disastrous for endurance events due to the altitude. This proved to be a controversial issue at the time, on one central idea: Altitude Training.

Altitude Training in competitive sports brings forward an Ethical issue, as athletes who compete after training at altitude are at an advantage compared to their sea level counterparts. The majority of endurance runners nowadays train at altitude already, and most record holders train at altitude and use that edge to compete better. The ethical issue in essence however would be easy to factor out, as existing systems to either substitute for the lack of oxygen, such as the altitude training gym in Germany, a sea level gym where the air inside is similar to levels needed for high altitude training, or the US Olympic training areas in Colorado.

Altitude Training is when an athlete consciously puts themselves at altitudes higher than 1.5 kilometers above sea level, where the amount of effective oxygen in the air decreases due to a loss of air pressure, according to Due to this, the body undergoes less aerobic respiration, and tires faster as more anaerobic respiration happens in the body. Furthermore, this is due to the change in barometric pressure in the air, as at normal sea levels, according to the Stanford Review, air contains 21% of effective oxygen at sea level, but as altitude increases, the amount of effective oxygen decreases, inducing a state of hypoxia in the muscles due to less oxygen getting to the muscles and increasing anaerobic respiration 

Due to this rarified air, according to Untamed Science, the kidneys detect this change in oxygen and release a hormone called EPO, which kickstarts the body’s production of red blood cells, responsible for transporting oxygen to the muscles for aerobic respiration. In high altitudes, this would make the trainer’s body function at the same levels they normally would as their sea-level counterparts, however, once the user acclimates themselves to the altitude, then goes back to sea level, their excess of red blood cells in their body makes them better off than their other competitors in endurance competitions.

According to Men’s Journal, however: “That effect only lasts around 10 days to two weeks”, usually, however, athletes only need this advantage for their short competitions, the Olympics, for example, lasts on average 16 days. Furthermore, Altitude Training brings a healthier respiratory system, as the extra effort needed for the body to use opens up new areas in your lungs.

Thus, the solution as it stands today would be to either regulate the access to Altitude Training or ban it altogether. This, however, would not do much to change the issue, as all Olympic teams train at altitude. In my opinion, however, would be to equalize the access for athletes to access Altitude Training. This would remove the ethical issue, while still letting the athletes reap the health benefits. Altitude Training as a whole brings health benefits to all individuals who train at altitudes, including skiers like myself.

Works Cited:

Connectusfundadmin. “10 Advantages and Disadvantages of Altitude Training.” ConnectUS, ConnectUS, 14 Jan. 2017,

Curtis, Rick. “OA Guide to High Altitude: Acclimatization and Illnesses.” Princeton University, The Trustees of Princeton University, 1999,

Matte, Michelle. “The Effects of Altitude Training on Athletes.” LIVESTRONG.COM, Leaf Group, 11 Sept. 2017,

MyProtein. “High Altitude Training | What It Is & Benefits for Endurance Athletes.” Myprotein UK, Myprotein UK, 16 Dec. 2015,

“Mexico 1968.” International Olympic Committee, IOC, 15 May 2018,

“Oxygen Levels at High Altitudes – Altitude Safety 101.” Center for Wilderness Safety, Center for Wilderness Safety, 2006,

Stahl, Jason. “How to Use Altitude Training Like an Olympic Athlete – Without Leaving the Gym.” Men’s Journal, Men’s Journal, 21 May 2018,

UntamedScience. “Science of Altitude Training – Olympic Biology.” YouTube, YouTube, 6 Feb. 2014,

1st Week Reflection

  1. What have learnt?

I have learnt the basic process of high school, and the 10 day program (even if it is extremely confusing). I have learnt the beginning of the high school system, with its requirements, and its expectations.

  1. What do I still need to know?

I still need to know the events and the main dates of high school, I need to know how the sports work in the school.

  1. What questions do I have?

How would the school cope with the sudden change and shift while using the 10 day program. Also,  how would the school do in case of a major shift in the high school system?

  1. High points? Low points?

High points: I managed to incorporate myself into high school life pretty well.

Low points: None at this moment.

  1. How will I organize myself?

Nearly the same I have before in grade 8, but with a few changes to how I will manage my homework patterns.

Blog Profile (Spanish)

Hola, yo soy Enrique, y soy de Francia.

Nací en Tokyo, y un poco después de, me mudé en Hong Kong. Hace 1 año, mudé en Tokyo. Yo tengo 14 años y mi cumpleaños es en el 28 del de mayo, 2002. Yo soy muy alto, tengo pelo castaño, y ojos marrones. Me gusta trabajar, y escuchar y para aprender Español en la clase. Me gusta descansar, y dormir, pero no soy perezoso. me gusta mucho el teatro, y el arte, pero no soy bueno en el arte. Me gusta montar en bicicleta, el esquí, la natación y un poco correr. Me gusta mucho el Español y los idiomas.

Vocab Words:

Muder — to move

Idioma — Language.


3 Spanish Goals Henri Conxicoeur

  1. I want to improve my pronunciation. To do this, I will speak Spanish to my Spanish friends in and out of school when I can.
  2. I want to get the hang of the different special rules in Spanish (stem-changing verbs, ser vs estar etc…) to do this, I will revise these rules regularly over the year.
  3. I want to improve my verb conjugation. To do this, I will practice and revise my future, present and past tenses over the course of the year.

Music Semester 2 reflection

In this unit we had was to perform Hedwig’s theme from Harry Potter as a whole class and had to learn to play individually the James Bond themes. Even though it was challenging, it was very fun, and as a class we came over difficulties as a group.

One of the biggest issues I had was to play the bass part on the piano. I had to play the bass on the piano and at first I struggled with finding the notes on the piano. Eventually through practice I was able to improve by focusing on specific sequences and replaying them until I had very few mistakes. After I learnt those small sequences, then learnt the entire piece as a whole with the class.

When I played the Bond themes, I had trouble finding the right notes on the piano and keeping the tempo. I would keep playing the wrong notes, or play them at the wrong time. To go against this I would get a friend who knew the piece, and show me how to play. After learning those pieces, I successfully learn the piece in proper tempo.

After addressing the problems that I have encountered, I think that I am ready to perform Hedwg’s Theme in the Spring concert.

Original Song Using Chords reflection

So as our unit on Triads and Inversions come to close, I need to write a reflection on tje subject.

What are Triads and Inversions?

Triads and Inversions are groups of notes to add to a melody or a base of a song. there were four chords we used, I, II, IV, and VI. We had to include a intro, verse, chorus and a Bass Line.


So as a group we did a jazz/swing song with a original guitar part and Bass line and believe we did well as a whole but there were some bad moments as we kept getting of task and procrastinating. I think we could have done a better ending and chorus, but overall think that we did well.

Elevator Reflection

Before the holidays, my group and I had to present a elevator scene in an airport as a setting where fictitious characters meet up in an elevator, and as the scene went on, we changed our attitudes and motives. I was a paranoid and egotistical security officer.

I think that our group worked together well enough to create a scene who shows our character development, I thought that i was able to show a form of character development because I went from a egotistical security officer to a “caring” and conscious person.

My character started at a high status due to my security guard position and it did not really change throughout the scene. I went for the policeman stereotype with a security hat, a jacket, and serious look. Near the beginning, i used my serious and authoritative tone to show my security officer position by talking to Kotaro with authority in mind. After the stopping of the elevator, i became more caring by using a nicer tone, telling people that it was going to be ok and putting my arms around Isabelle.

I believe at first we were goofing off, and not doing the time we were given to practice properly, yet we got into our position over time and in the end showed a well organized piece. We used props to exaggerate the roles of our character. I think we could have exaggerated our facial expressions even more to show the motives of our characters; also, we could have been placed better because we sometimes had our backs to the audience, thus they couldn’t see what was being showed. Some things were challenging, like changing our status in a way that doesn’t seem forced.

I&S GapMinder correlations

In I&S today, we learnt to use GapMinder, a application that collects and compares data under many tabs. I decided to compare Infant mortality to GDP per capita, as i believe that the higher the GDP of the citizen, the lower the amount of children dying because the average citizen would be able to afford better health care. I decided to compare Sierra Leone to the United States, as a way to look at 2 opposites of the spectrum. Below are  pictures from 1960 to 2000:

Screen Shot 2015-11-06 at 11.39.34 AMIn 1960, Sierra Leone, in the corner was a relatively small country with a low GDP and high infant mortality rate. On the other hand, the United States has a high GDP and a relatively low infant mortality. I believe this was so as each young country, like Sierra Leone, has just been formed did not have the time do develop and create a stable economy (many countries in Africa were formed when given their independence, the borders were written by European powers, regardless of culture). While the US, has had time to develop its infrastructure, economy, military etc…

Screen Shot 2015-11-06 at 11.40.16 AMIn 1970, Sierra Leone did grow in GDP, but its infant mortality rate was not solved, yet, its did lower due to the amount of money per person. The United States, was very similar to Sierra Leone, with a higher GDP, and a lower Infant mortality.

Screen Shot 2015-11-06 at 11.40.52 AM In 1980, Sierra Leone developed even more, solving some of its infant mortality, but there is a stop in GDP, due to the military coups plaguing the country. The US is on a steady rise in GDP and decline of infant mortality.

Screen Shot 2015-11-06 at 11.41.46 AMIn 1990, a civil war started in Sierra Leone making the GDP increase stop drastically, yet the infant mortality is on a steady decline. The US is still the same, with the GDP inclinig and the infant mortality rates decreasing steadily.

Screen Shot 2015-11-06 at 11.42.14 AMIn 2000, Sierra Leone was still in the midst of its civil war, so the GDP was decreasing quickly for the worse. Its infant mortality was on a steady decline as per usual. The US is on its same incline in GDP and decline in infant mortality.

Spanish blog post

Hola, te presento a mi amigo Benjamin. el tiene 13 años y es de Hollanda. Le gusta dibujar, practicar deportes, pasar un rato con los amigos y escuchar rock and roll. Le gusta jugar al baloncesto un poco. Le gusta comer pasta, ensalada, pizza y helado pero no le gusta comer coles de Bruselas y espinacas. Le gusta beber agua, refresco y jugo pero no le gusta sprite. Su numero de telefono es 060-1234-4321. Gracias y adios!


Field Studies Post-reflection

Field studies was great, from the first bus ride, to the second. I particularly loved the activities and the food. I did not like at all when we took our phones, due to the fact that we live now in a information world, and being away from our phones made some of us stressed. I learnt many things; teamwork, perseverance, how to make a bed.