Should Altitude Training be Banned?

Athletes can use our understanding of respiration to improve performance through the use of altitude training but this is not available to all. Should this be banned?


As science improved, athletes have searched every corner to discover a new more efficient way to improve their body capacity. The most recent being high altitude training, many endurance athletes decided to move into remote high altitude for few weeks (2400 meters or higher above sea level) due to the “hidden benefits of intermittent hypoxic training” (My Protein). Hypoxic training is also known as intermittent hypoxic therapy is the action of receiving regular exposure to an environment where oxygen availability is reduced due to natural or artificial methods. The consequence of this change in oxygen pressure is for the body to produce greater amounts of EPO as the altitude, or confined lab stimulates the production of red blood cells (erythrocytes) In the kidneys, subsequently resulting in an increase in red blood cells produced. Theoretically improving performance for the athlete when competing back at sea level.


In fact, there are two ways to practice hypoxic training. The first and natural one where athletes physically go to high altitudes for the recommended 2 weeks. Or the newer advanced strategy of artificial methods by specifically injecting EPO directly into the bloodstream where after being released into the bloodstream it binds with receptors in the bone marrow, where it stimulates the production of red blood cells (erythrocytes). Matters of fact according to a study done by Jacob A.Sinex from the University of Shanghai both show to be equally effective. In fact, the difference comes down to ethics. Many cultures and sports associations have always had a negative perception towards artificial methods, often relating it to a wide range of doping often illegal in the sports associations.


So should altitude training be allowed? I believe altitude training should be allowed, in fact logically speaking if someone was supposed to cheat and practice. Altitude training will be too costly and hard to monitor. Not to mention, if altitude training does receive a ban, the athletes from high altitude nations such as Ethiopia or Afghanistan will receive dramatic effects resulting it to be too unpractical in many categories, from a financial point to a logical point of view. On the other hand, I do believe artificial methods of hypoxic training should be banned, or at least intensively monitored by an Olympic health council or such. In fact, artificial methods can perhaps be compared to blood doping, a non-biological maneuver to improve their body capacity. Considered unethical in many countries and cultures around the world. Also going against the Olympics mission of having “Value of a good example and respect for universal fundamental ethical principles” towards sports.



Work cited


Angst, Jason. “Women In Sport.” International Olympic Committee, IOC, 16 May 2017,



Billaut, François. “A Higher Calling, but Does Altitude Training Work?” The Conversation, The Conversation, 25 May 2018,


Borden, Richard A. “The High Altitude Sports Training Complex: Not Just for Endurance Athletes.” Strength And Conditioning Journal, vol. 20, no. 3, 1998, p. 64., doi:10.1519/1073-6840(1998);2.

Journal Article


Reid, Rob. “Should Living At Altitude Be Banned Like Steroids?” Techdirt., Rob Reid, 12 May 2006,



Sinex, Jacob A. “Hypoxic Training Methods for Improving Endurance Exercise Performance.” Egyptian Journal of Medical Human Genetics, Elsevier, 23 July 2015,



Drama reflection


In drama class, our unit this semester was comedy. We learned some skills such as slapstick, magic tricks, and many other skills. In the end, we got into groups and made a comedy routine of our own show the class. Many comedy actors came into our class to teach us new skills and ideas to make our comedy routines funnier and more clever jokes than before.

What influenced the development of your character?

Many things influenced the development of my character like teachers, professional comedians, our comedy routine and at last my background. First, I made a character with Philipe which was a quick agitated guy which I liked and I believe fit me well. We tried adding this to our comedy routine such as the magic show but just didn’t feel right and just didn’t go smooth as wanted. So I decided to change it to a bit drunk looking guy but still a bit agitated. After Rene helped me improve the character by making it more exaggerating helping me to make it communicate better with other characters. I talked with my group members and trying out new things in the routine such as exaggeration, slapsticks skills and varies of stupidity. At the end my character turned out to be a robber stealing wallets from other people while acting to help them, I believe that while performing I was able to exaggerate these kind of actions is suggested by many others. One of the biggest key points is the walk, which is one of the things we learned from Philipe and it is an important skill in comedy I believe, as it describes the character in one move. My characters walk was interesting even its not crazy obvious. To show I was a bit drunk I had to change my walking style during walking. Changing from an open body to a closed one in the next slide. And closing my legs when chasing the fake policeman.



What feedback did you receive about your character and comedy routine? How did make changes based on feedback?

Some of the feedbacks I got from Rene, Philipe and Ms. Erickson helped me and our group a lot. To begin with Philipe, he couldn’t really help me or our group for the performance but, he told as about the posture of the body which I believe it was a very important step for out performance. Secondly Rene, he helped us in many ways for our group and I giving us little tips for a better performance and helping as with plot twist and exaggerations, I believe that he takes a important place for the development of our performance. And at last but not the least Ms. Erickson has helped in many ways by giving us helpful suggestions when we were a bit lost which I believe helped us on get back on tracks.

In conclusion I found this comedy unit very interesting and fun. Not only I love this unit, I found interesting were not only the drama techniques that we learnt and Phillip’s and Rene’s visits. I also found the history, the types of comedy and tricks of making people laugh, interesting. Through this, I learnt how making people laugh has a lot behind what we see and how its not just an easy thing to do and it takes time and patience to make a good performance.


Activity 1

Because it’s Sophie’s birthday
Jeans and T shirt
Original and something no one will where
Green skirt
Activity 2

«J’aimerais quelque chose d’original et pas trop cher.» – Magali
«Je peux vous aider?» – La vendeuse
«Moi, j’aime bien être en jean et en tee-shirt. C’est simple et agréable à porter.» – Helena
«Qu’est-ce que vous faites comme taille?» – La vendeuse
«Chacun ses goûts.» – Helena
«Est-ce que vous l’avez en vert?» – Magali
«C’est tout à fait votre style.» – La vendeuse
«Ce n’est pas tellement mon style.» – Magali
Activity 3

C’est pas original.
C’est pas tellement mon style
C’est un peu large
Activity 4

Qu’est-ce que vous faites comme taille? –B
Comment la trouvez-vous? – D
Je peux vous aider? – C
Ah, très chic! C’est tout à fait votre style. – A
Activity 5

express indecision? – Je ne sais pas quoi mettre.
express satisfaction with your clothes? – C’est simple et agréable à porter.
tell a salesperson what you want? – J’aimerais quelque chose de…
tell what size you wear? – Je fais du…
express dissatisfaction with clothes? – C’est pas tellement mon style
ask for a certain color or size? – Est-ce que vous l’avez en… ?
Activity 6

J’aime bien le style de Helena. Parce que le jeans et le tee- shirt sont style est informel. J’aime bien le tee-shity et le jeans c’est informel. Je n’aime pas bien de vetements comme formal est mal à l’aise.

History of comedy



The origin of comedy, dates back too 425 bc in ancient greek by a man named Aristophanes. He developed an interesting type of comedy named “statyr plays”, a type of play based on Greek Mythology. Reported by the Ancient History Enclopedia, All performers were male professional actors, singers, and dancers and they were helped in their endeavor to represent a vast variety of human and non-human characters by wonderful costumes and highly decorated face masks.” People dressed in costumes and wear masks and paintings on its face too, which can not be seen in modern comedy.

Medieval Comics: (476 AD – 16th Century)

In Medieval times, churches tried to keep the comedy to minimum, but it was still performed in festivals and ceremonies and survived for the next period, Renaissance. In Medieval times, by the 14th century, more clowns and Court Jesters started to appear, as the records start getting better. Court Jesters were people who provided amusement to households and Royal families. In Egypt, there were people whose job was to entertain the Royal family, who imitated Egyptian Gods. These people were start of clowns. In Rome, there were many types of clowns. Sannio, a clown who did not wear any masks and who made people laugh with their funny body and face.


Renaissance Comics: (14th Century – 17th Century)

In Renaissance times, a new type of comedy, called realistic comedy, was born. It was a mix of Latin comedy and comedy developed by John Heywood. This comedy was mainly expressed in plays by Ben Johnson and William Shakespeare. Shakespeare was very good at writing tragicomedy plays as well as romance comedy plays. On the other hand Heywood wrote plays that were more classical. During this time, there was another type of comedy called Commedia dell Arte, which originated in Italy. This is a comedy with masked characters who improvise their dialogues. This later influenced France to the pantomime comedy. In 17th century, a classical comedy and Commedia dell Arte combined together to make a play called Molière. Renaissance was a period in which new types of comedy was born and when comedy started to get popular.

Melodramatic Comics: (18th Century – 19th Century)

In the 18-to 19 century there was A melodramatic drama. This is a drama in which the plot and the characters are exaggerated to appeal to emotions, using stereotypes. It was written in 18th to 19th century and was usually accompanied by music. It is also centred on the idea of good vs. evil. It was the most written theatre in 19th century and was very popular by 1840.

Circus Comics: (18th Century)

Than the Circus came. A circus is a performance of acrobatics, comedy, and equestrian, which has existed since 18th Century. The first ever circus to be performed was by Philip Astley in London. In circus, there are clowns, whose job is to entertain the audience and to make them laugh. There are three basic types of clowns in circus: the whiteface clown, the auguste and the character clown. Circus clowns perform gags. As more people went to and performed in circuses, more types of circus comedy and more types of clowns were born.

Cinematic Comics: (20th Century)

At last the cinematic comics came. Cinematic comics are films that focuses on the humour part. These films are to amuse and entertain the audience and it is made funny by using exaggeration of real life characters. It started with silent films. Silent films are films without any words used, and therefore it is a comedy of physical action, such as slapsticks. An example of a silent film is “City Lights”. Famous comedians from this time are Charlie Chaplin, Buster Keaton and Harold Lloyd. Charlie Chaplin is a comedian, silent actor and pantomimist. He is very famous. There are many classics from Charlie Chaplin such as “The Tramp”, “The Floorwalker” and “The Kid”. After silent films, T.V comedy shows became popular. One of the best example of that is Mr. Bean.



Na, Columbia Na. “Comedy.” Infoplease. Infoplease, 4 Mar. 2012. Web. 23 May 2016

“Comedy Films.” Comedy Films. AMC Filmsite, n.d. Web. 23 May 2016.

“Clown History.” Clown Bluey. Clown Bluey, n.d. Web. 23 May 2016.

Bates, Alfred. “Origin of Comedy.” Origin of Comedy. Theatre History, 1912. Web. 23 May 2016

Koto Performance Reflection

For preparation, I had to go over certain places over and over again. But sadly it was horribly organized, I had practiced but not enought, making me do a huge jump in the last few weeks making me tired and just making it complicated to my self. But at the end of the day I knew which parts went where and that i could play them. For next time, I got be stronger to my self making sure I don’t leave stuff behind and saying to my self I will do it later and later…. which just make me trip on my own trap. But not only just words oviously, to actually work I got to make sure I make a schedule which I did hoping that it will change.

Now about the actual concert, in my opinion I thought we did a reasonable job, we were able to have a good synchronised powerful start giving us a good impression. In the middle I think we started to get faster than the tempo we were planning, which made the synchronization a bit off, but luckily we were able to get back together and continue as one. At the end in my opinion we were fast but I think we were synchronized. Over all the concert went great but not perfect, but I think it was fun and a great experience.

Now back to my self, I think in the concert I did a reasonable job. I only messed up  on one little section in the middle, and I think I mistaked few week press and did a strong press. But I was able to play on the beat and had  fun playing it and I met my expectations but could of planned it better oviously. I remembered how to play the song, and I didn’t make any big noticeable mistakes. For next time I have to be organized so I dont make it hard for me and for my class.

Drama Reflection

In my speech, I think I used hand gesturing well and spoke loudly so the audience could hear well. I felt very calm while speaking and I think I maintained the speed of how I talked. However I stammered a lot and I think I wasn’t clear enough in both ways, speaking and expressing my main point. Next time when I do a persuasive speech, I would want to be able to speak clearly, and not stammer. To improve this points, I would need to practice my speech more than I did this time.

In the future, persuasive speech can become very effective in my life. When I work, my job will to make products the best quality and make people buy that product. Even if I don’t become a salesman, I would have to make an advertisement. If I make an ad, I would have to write sentences that persuades buyers to buy our product. Another example is when I have to meet a person for product information, I would need to tell most beneifts of my product. This uses persuasive speech and I would have to convince the buyer to “Buy” our product.

First, to prepare for a speech, you would need to research a little about the topic you are going to talk about, to get all the facts. Then get at least 3-5 points of what you’re going to talk about so the audience can understand well. Then if you put the points to each paragraph and present well, clear, and bold, the audience would get convinced and think about your topic more.


Pg 6 start to line 2

Pg 4 start to measure 2

The transition pg 3 to pg 4

I will practice my section by first doing it with the book than without. This way i will be able to learn the sections better in a smooth fast way and making sure i can remember them. I will also start playing that section slow, and speeding it up when I feel like I am getting better at it so it is easier for me.  By practicing each section alone, and being able to do each one and memorizing them I will be ready to play it without panicking or any disadvantages.


1.Helene’s weekend was boring and wasn’t intresting

2. Yes she did because she went to the ancient theater with Florent

3. She does becuase when she talks about him she says he is friendly, and nice

4.  She hangs up, because her dad needs the phone

Activity 2

  1. Magali
  2. Helene
  3. Helene
  4. Magali
  5. Helene
  6. Helene

Activity 3

  1. Elle est allée au théâtre antique.
  2. Elle a rencontré un garçon sympa.
  3. Elle est allée aux Baux-de-Provence.
  4.  Elle a parlé avec Hélène au téléphone.

Activity  4

  1. Dad of Magali
  2. Magali
  3. Ahmed
  4. Helene
  5. Magali

Activity 5

  1. Allo=Hi
  2. C’est… à l’appareil.= It’s… at the phone
  3. Tu as passé un bon week-end?= Did you spend a good weekend
  4. Qu’est-ce que tu as fait? = What didi you do
  5. Attends une seconde.= Wait a second
  6. Qu’est-ce qui s’est passé?= What did happen



1. Around the morning
2. To go buy groceries because she wants to make a traditional dish
3. Fish, peanut paste, onions, tomatoes and lemons
4. The english teacher comes to the house
5. That someone was going to be invited for lunch


1. faux
2. vrai
3. faux
4. faux
5. faux


1. b
2. d
3. e
4. a
5. c


1. «Tu me fais le marché?»
2. «J’ai aussi acheté un paquet de beurre, de la pâte de tomates, du pain et du riz.»
3. «Non, merci. Je n’ai plus faim.»
4. «Ah, j’ai oublié… »
5. «Va voir qui est à la porte.»


1. Encore du pain?
2. Non, merci. Je n’ai plus faim.
3. Tu me fais le marché?
4. Il me faut…
5. volontiers


I sometimes go shopping but my dad usually goes shopping.