How does your Memory Work? | I&S

When people experience an event it is generated and then categorized to retrieve the information in the near future. ut according to medical research, the process is much more similar to plugging your laptop into an Ethernet cable.


a chemical substance which is released at the end of a nerve fibre by the arrival of a nerve impulse and, by diffusing across the synapse or junction, effects the transfer of the impulse to another nerve fibre, a muscle fibre, or some other structure.


configure (something) differently.


combine (a number of things) into a single more effective or coherent whole.


of very great extent or quantity; immense.

What is the Difference Between Nature and Nurture? | I&S

Recently in our I&S class, we have just started a unit about Nature and Nurture relating to Psychology. During the past couple classes discussing about this topic, I have found out that characteristics and physical abilities can be passed on to individuals by nature (genes) and can also be shaped by the environment the individual grew up in or/and what she/he learned over the course of he/she’s life.

Our class filled a form which was to figure out if your physical characteristics/physical abilities/behaviors/likes/dislikes were connected to nature or nurture. By filling out this form I have found out that my ability to swim well could be nature, because both my parents are swimmers or, because I have been swimming for over 7 years now. However I discovered that most of my physical characteristics are nature, and my behaviors are mostly nurture.

In class we also watched a few videos relating to Nature vs Nurture. According to the video about identical twins and how they grow, one of the twins receive more nutritions in the womb compared to the other twin. The video talked about how this explains why one twin can grow up to be taller than the other twin and how one can have a higher IQ than the other twin. They tested the twins with the same test over the years and they have found out that even though the twin that got less nutrition in the womb had a lower IQ when they first started testing the twins, over time the twin with the less nutrition’s IQ rose faster than the twin with that got more nutritions. This study shows that even though two kids are identical twins, one can be smarter at first because of the genes. However the environment the twins grow up in (nurture) and what they learn can impact the ones IQ and make them as smart as the one that was smart by genes.

Comparing Developments of Japan and Kenya || I&S

Recently in I&S class, we have been learning and discussing the different ways a countries development can be measured. For this assessment blog post, we picked two countries and the we compared and contrasted their level of development over the years.

For this blog post I picked to compare and contrast Kenya and Japan’s life expectancy rate (in years) and Income per person (GDP/capita). The first huge gap I noticed about these two countries are that (referring to the statistics in 2012) Japan has a larger life expectancy compared to Kenya which still lies around the part where they only live until 61 when Japan has a life expectancy of 83 in the same year (2012).  Even though Japan is currently at the top of the graph for life expectancy, it was once near Kenya’s life expectancy rate in 1945 (Japan’s life expectancy rate was 31 when Kenya’s life expectancy rate was 29 at that time). Which was the year when World War II ended. Even though Japan had more developed technology, the tables were flipped when they lost in World War II. I believe that this mostly because at that time, Japan’s priority was to win and get the fighting airplanes back safely so they can use them again and not the soldiers and the citizens lives. Which is probably one of Japan’s worst decisions ever made during World War II. While on the other hand, Americas first priority was to get the soldiers back safely. This decision lead to America still having the experts and the experienced soldiers. It is noticeable that the reason America won the war beside the development of technology was that they didn’t act and not care like soldiers were things and not actually living which is what Japan exactly did and killed all their skillful and intelligent soldiers.

From the 1945, it is clear that Japan has recovered and now leads the graph along with other MEDC’s. In addition, the average income per person (2012 data) in Japan is $31274 when Kenya is around $1518 on average which is a huge gap and tells us indirectly that Japan has developed medical care and technology which leads to a higher life expectancy when Kenya is still not that developed. But Kenya also had its ups and downs for example, in Kenya the years, from 1989 up until about 2000, the life expectancy rate has decreased and in 2000 it was 53. This can be explained by the diseases that were around and was epidemic at that time such as HIV and AIDS. Also by the mid 1990’s it was one of the major causes of mortality in the country putting huge demands on the healthcare system including economy.

Japan and Kenya Graph 1945 Japan and Kenya Graph 2012

Then I looked at child mortality rate (0-5 year-olds dying per 1,000 born) and children per women. By looking at this graph, I noticed that the average children per women is 1.4 kids and the child mortality rate is 3 which is extremely low and shows why the population is decreasing now and there aren’t that much young people in the population now of Japan because their are more aged people compared to young people which means that this generation will struggle on this issue in the future. I believe that Japan has a very low risk of a new born dying because, Japan’s medical equipment in hospitals are developed which helps save lives. But on the other hand, Kenya does not have medical equipment and technology as developed as Japan which is why their is a gap between the child mortality rate for Japan and for Kenya which is 73. Also I believe that people that live in Kenya have more children’s compared to Japan because, they need children’s to help them with their farms because most of the people that live in Kenya only gets a small amount of incomes every year so they don’t have enough money to hire helpers that can help them with their farms or their house work like we can if we wanted to.

Graph of Japan and Kenya's Child Mortality and Child per women in 2012

I have learnt a lot from all the research I’ve done and also working with gap minder helped me understand the statistics because it is easily visualized and mainly because I find graphs easier to understand then a big chunk of words about the topic with complicated words and phrases I’ve never heard before. Now I also know terms that I didn’t know before this unit has started. Such as MEDC’s, LEDC’s, child morality and GDP Capita etc.

Learning about Religions || I&S

        Recently, in I&S class we have been learning and working on some projects about religion and how they are similar to each other. In my memory I don’t think my grandfather (that live in America) believes in any sort of religions but my grandmother used to go to church so they celebrate Christmas, Easter, Halloween, Thanksgiving etc.. which goes for the same as my family too. If I think now I have some clothes that I wear which are islamic patterned which is related to the art that the islamic people thought of that maybe was/are used to introduce their religion to people. But I know that my Grandmother (that lives in Japan) is Catholic and my mother was baptized when she was a baby and, also went to a catholic pre school. This might be the reason why I don’t know that much about greek religion because, my family is more on the Christian/Catholic side. I also know some stories and beliefs about Christianity because, I used to go to church every Sunday when I was little. This affected me and my family by celebrating Christian holidays and celebration.

Food Labels Reflection

Recently in Individuals and Societies (I&S) class, we have been working on food labels that show some of the problems we have in the world. Some of the examples are child labour, wasteful packaging, pesticides, fair trade and etc… My group members were Kenryo, Airi and Reina. We had to choose 2 problems but because, we have 4 people in our group, we chose wasteful packaging, child labour and obesity.

I think most of the things went well in our group and the progress we made. For example, the investigation, we worked on it equally and did lots of research about infographics and other labels. I mostly worked on researching about wasteful packaging. I found out that wasteful packaging is a huge problem in the world that can cause more pollution and global warming. 75.2m tons of total solid waste generated in the US in 2012. In the past 3 decades ⅓ of the Earth’s natural resources were wiped out because of factories that causes lots of deforestation. We also mine and use too many limited resources, such as clean water, coals, and oil. Therefore we need to use less amount of plastic and other materials. We need to have less food packaging.  About 80% of what Americans throw away is recyclable, yet the recycling rate is just 33%. Wasteful Packaging ImageFor example our group thought that this banana is packaged each when it doesn’t have to be packaged because, you are going to eat it anyway and take the package off so why bother to package it? So we used this photo in our investigation as a example of wasteful packaging.

Image From

I think the biggest and hardest problem of this project for me was creating the labels on Photoshop. Because, I have almost never used Photoshop before and I didn’t even know how to use it. To solve this problem, I started searching and watching some tutorials of how to use Photoshop on the internet. But some tutorial wasn’t easy to understand then, I remembered that I have lots of people around me that are really good at Photoshop and also in my group all the people are used to use Photoshop so I asked some of my group mates to teach me how to use Photoshop. After I started getting used to Photoshop and practiced a little, I started planning my label and started creating my label on Photoshop with some help from my group mates. So here is the label I made in Photoshop about wasteful packaging. I tried to make it obvious that my label shows that the food or object with my label uses wasteful packaging and the percentages of the materials used to package and what kind of materials were wasted by packaging this food or object.

Wasteful PackagingThe collaboration with our group went really well because, even though we were a group of 4, we got the equal amount of work for both investigating and creating the label. I think we mostly used time effectively during class time for the investigation part. Even though I only made one label, I and my group mates gave lots of ideas to each other so every label has everyones ideas in them. For example, for my label I couldn’t think of a idea to put below the percentage of what kind of materials that food or something uses. So I asked Reina and Airi for what I could add to my label. Then they gave me the idea of putting a human with a broken heart so it shows that wasteful packaging is not a good thing.

If I were to do this project again, I think I would create one more label for the opposite of what I made this time (We don’t use wasteful packaging label) because, I really wanted to make another label because, it was fun thinking of ideas and creating it with your own hands using Photoshop. It was really fun working with my group and making labels and I think its a great project after having the exams because, it was a creative project that you can work with your group mates.