Niigata Expedition Reflection (GCD)

Generally I felt that the expedition provided me with a decent challenge. I liked the lineup of activities and the area was visually amazing. I learned a lot not just about nature and skills, but about myself as well. Knowing your limits can help you discover truly how far one can go. I enjoyed being there a lot.

Some skills I learned are rock-climbing on the climbing wall. The key is to use the arms to stabilize yourself and to use your lower back and legs to push off of the rocks and to climb higher. Its also important to keep your body close to the wall and to plan a route before you start climbing. Another skill I learned is to cook on an open flame. In my group a girl named Kaisa and I were in charge of cooking a stew for the group. We set up an open flame fueled by wood and although there was a lot of smoke in my eyes I was able to use my pre existing cooking knowledge to make the stew exactly how my group wanted (They wanted a nice thick stew so I added flour to make the stew thicker.) I also learned more about what makes the wilderness the wilderness. When in “true” nature or wilderness there is generally no contact with outside people other than the people in your respective group. It also usually refers to a remote area where there is not a lot of electricity. I will admit that I did not get a lot of sleep due to the paper-thin mats to sleep on and the weird texture and feeling of the sleeping bags. I was able to focus on things that I don’t usually focus on like more focused reading with no music in the background, because of this I have decided to change how I read at home because of how much I enjoyed the new level of engagement. You can really put yourself into the shoes of the characters of the book and take in the setting of the book if there are no distractions, and I enjoyed it a lot.

I feel that if this trip was a metaphor for something else in my life it would be the change from being a child and turning into a teenager. There is A LOT of change. Everything in life changes, from one’s outlook, to how they approach a situation. Literally everything changes other than your name, gender, and other basics.

I feel that I can use skills like cooking on an open flame and rock-climbing very well in a survival situation, mainly because it would be very hard to survive and get around without these skills.

I feel that this year’s expedition is a HUGE change from that of grade 8 because of the lack of other activities. Other than hiking all we did was team building exercises. Making for a more focused point on the hikes and the ability to allocate more time to the hikes.


niigata-expedition-2016-6306-s niigata-expedition-2016-6544-xl niigata-expedition-2016-6199-xl niigata-expedition-2016-6805-xl niigata-expedition-2016-2-1060123-s img_0813-m

Reflection on Interview (Japanese class)

I feel that the general interview went okay and that the best part was the actual questions and answers as we tried are hardest to come up with good responses.

I think that I could have rehearsed for the interview more as I only practiced five times consecutively.

I would say that the interview project was not so good compared to others due to not having the ability to look at a script.

My goal for the next speaking task is to try and practice more over a longer time to get it into my memory.

The Earth And Beyond

Humankind is an ever evolving species. Although it may seem that all we do in life is make things like Iphones and computers, every year there are always many breakthroughs in science. This is because of the humankind’s innovation and how we fear not knowing so we try to know everything. But because of this that means we must constantly create to meet the expectations of the population. One of the many mysteries we have still left unsolved is that of space. But this is one of the harder mysteries to solve as it requires a lot of speed, money, resources and time. One of the things we do with space often is sending satellites up into our atmosphere. These satellites usually stay in the atmosphere and eventually rust and get destroyed and unusable but still stay in the atmosphere effectively turning them into scrap metal floating in space which sometimes falls down to earth causing damage. There are huge economic and environmental issues that arise from these choices. It takes a lot of money to fund the research for new technology such as better satellites. It also takes a huge amount of money to send these satellites into space. Because these satellites can basically land anywhere it causes huge environmental issues by landing in remote areas and protected land. There are also cultural issues such as the chance of space junk landing on monuments and in temples. The best way to fix this problem is just to not send things into space.

“Trash In Space Adapted Article.” Google Docs. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 June 2016. <>.

Chapitre 10 Mise en Train

Question 1

  1. Because it’s Sophie’s birthday
  2. Probably jeans or tee- shirt
  3. Something original
  4. Green skirt

Question 2

  1. «J’aimerais quelque chose d’original et pas trop cher.» – Magali
  2. «Je peux vous aider?» – La vendeuse
  3. «Moi, j’aime bien être en jean et en tee-shirt. C’est simple et agréable à porter.» – Helena 
  4. «Qu’est-ce que vous faites comme taille?» – La vendeuse
  5. «Chacun ses goûts.» – Helena
  6. «Est-ce que vous l’avez en vert?» – Magali
  7. «C’est tout à fait votre style.» – La vendeuse
  8. «Ce n’est pas tellement mon style.» – Magali

Question 3

  1. C’est pas original.
  2. C’est pas tellement mon style
  3. C’est un peu large

Question 4

  1. Qu’est-ce que vous faites comme taille? – Je fais du 38.
  2. Comment la trouvez-vous? – Bof. Ce n’est pas tellement mon style.
  3. Je peux vous aider? – Je cherche quelque chose pour aller à une fête.
  4. Ah, très chic! C’est tout à fait votre style. – Vous trouvez? Mais, je ne sais pas quoi mettre avec.

Question 5

  1. express indecision? – Je ne sais pas quoi mettre.
  2. express satisfaction with your clothes? – C’est simple et agréable à porter.
  3. tell a salesperson what you want? – J’aimerais quelque chose de…
  4. tell what size you wear? – Je fais du…
  5. express dissatisfaction with clothes? – C’est pas tellement mon style
  6. ask for a certain color or size? –  Est-ce que vous l’avez en… ?

Question 6

Je n’aime pas le style de Helena. Parce que le jeans et le tee- shirt sont style est informel. J’aime bien de vetements comme formal.

Does everyone see history in the same way?

Throughout our lives we will experience many historical events, and history is made every second. Each decision you make in your life from what to wear on any given day to what you do with your life becomes history. History is just as essential as the present or the future. Throughout the many historical events you will experience in your life someone else will have a different opinion or outlook about said event no matter what. Be it a war or the signing of a treaty or truce between countries. And the thing is that there is no right or wrong answer to whether a historical event was good or bad, there is always a viable argument for each side. In this post you can read about a great example of different perspectives in historical events, the intro to The Gulf War, Operation Desert Shield. Specifically the Navy’s involvement in this operation. Here you can read about the following 3 arguments of why people see history differently: That people who are of lower status see events differently and have different perspectives to these events than the people of higher status, that two people from different countries can have a very great difference in how they see and process and experience events, and a counter argument: That people are influenced and believe the “official version” from news and media outlets like Fox news.  

First, a brief explanation of the time period. “Operation Desert Shield” began on the 2nd of August 1990, as a mission to start a build up of soldiers, enforce the “No-fly zone” over Saudi Arabia, and to destroy various key targets and supply reservoirs via “Tomahawk missiles” launched via “Aircraft Carriers” and “Destroyers”, defending the allied forces against enemy aerial and ground based forces. The Navy played a crucial role in the operation by delivering supplies destroying targets with the previously mentioned “Tomahawk missiles”. The Navy also heavily affected the economy of Iraq because of how much supplies were destroyed due to the attacks on supply reservoirs by the Navy. The Navy also allowed for the introduction of land-based air assets. This operation lasted until the 17th of January 1991.  After these events unfolded “Operation Desert Storm” began on that same day as a sort of “phase 2”, and lasted until the 28th of February 1991.

Secondly here is a brief explanation on my interviewee. My interviewee joined the Navy to have a steady job to support his family. He was a “Red shirt” aboard the USS Independence CV-22 (The Independance was the last “CV” Aircraft carrier. “CV” meaning Conventional which also means that it did not carry nuclear weapons.) As stated before my interviewee was a “Red shirt” the “Red shirts” and “Yellow shirts” were crash crews and had to be on the launch bay anytime a plane was taking off or landing. My interviewee trained at the Great Lakes Naval Station in Chicago for 3 months and he served for the whole 4-5 year war which means he was in both “Operation Desert Shield” and “Operation Desert Storm”.

My first argument is that people who are of lower status see events differently and have different perspectives to these events than the people of the upper class. A good example of this is the difference between the government and my interviewee’s evidence. The American Government stated that they needed to “to disarm Iraq of weapons of mass destruction, to end Saddam Hussein’s support for terrorism, and to free the Iraqi people.” My interviewee and I both agree that it was not necessary for the US to interfere with what was going on in the middle east as that was their responsibility to take care of the situation and not that of the US. There is also the fact that if Iraq did have “weapons of mass destruction” they would have used them in the war which they did not.  Me and my interviewee both agree that the most likely reason for the US invading Iraq was for oil and not to “disarm Iraq of weapons of mass destruction.”

My second argument is that two people from different countries can have a very great difference in how they see, process and experience events. For example as stated before my interviewee did not think it was necessary for the U.S to intervene with the problems in the middle east. But the people in Iraq saw it as a necessity because if they did not fight back the losses on both the Kuwait’s side and the Iraqis side would have suffered greater losses.

My counter argument is that people are influenced and believe the “official version” from news and media outlets like Fox news. Fox news is known for having a very biased view on news. They also grossly over exaggerate facts and make situations look better or worse than they really are. For one to truly get a more “official version” of news, they must sift through various websites and perspectives and formulate an opinion.
In conclusion people do see events differently from the fact that people who are of lower status see events differently and have different perspectives to these events than the people of higher status, to the fact that people are influenced and believe the “official version” from news and media outlets like Fox news. Both sides of the argument are justifiable and are both equally correct.



Desert Shield 

Gulf War. U.S Navy, n.d. Web. 11 May 2016. <>.


Les résultats de la recherche sur la Côte d’Ivoire.

Ivory Coast exports many food products, such as cocoa, spices, nuts and coffee. In Côte d’Ivoire, there are different types of dishes, such as Alloko; fried bananas with onion and chillies, Kedjenou; stews with snails, fish, guinea fowl or chicken cooked slowey over low heat. These tradional food products commonly consumed as part of their Ivorian diet, since they get fresh vegtables and meat from the market. The market only has fresh food and supplies, and processed foods are very rare in Ivorian diet unlike our diet.

Jollof rice is a traditional West African dish, and it is also commonly consumed in Côte d’Ivoire. Jollof rice is like a paella with different meats and vegetable mixed with savory rice.

3 large peeled and mashed tomatoes
2 tablespoons tomato paste
2 large onions, one chopped, one sliced
1/4 cup peanut oil
1 chile pepper or 1/2 teaspoon cayenne pepper
2 cloves garlic, sliced
1 pound lamb, cut into 1-inch cubes
Salt and pepper to taste
2 cups of vegetables - carrots, green pepper, chopped string
  beans, or peas
1 cup dry rice, cooked

Combine the tomatoes and tomato paste and set aside. Saute the sliced onion with 1 tablespoon oil until brown (about 3 minutes). Blend the sliced onion and chile in a blender or food processor until it forms a paste. Set aside. In a heavy skillet over medium heat, fry chopped onion in remaining oil until golden. Add garlic, then meat, stirring frequently until cubes are browned on all sides. Reduce heat to simmer and stir in the tomato sauce. Add the onion/chile paste, salt, pepper and about a cup of water. Add vegetables. Stir well and simmer over low heat about 45 minutes, or until meat is cooked. Mix with rice. Serves 4.

I believe Ivorian diet is a very healthy diet, compared to other countries diet. Many people from Côte d’Ivoire gather their food from the market, where they sell healthy vegetables and food. Most of their traditional dishes were cooked from these fresh products, making the Ivorian diet healthy. Also unlike our diet, Ivorian diet does not have processed food of any kind of junk food. This makes the diet even much healthier than other diets.

Yes many different diets are influenced by their own culture in different ways, such as the Ivorian diet. Many of their dishes were created from food that were collected from their place, and the agriculture affected the diet. The recipes for their traditional meals still exist, meaning that the culture has affected the diet deeply. But also, other countries culture can affect and adapt to other countries diet. For example, the French affected Côte d’Ivoire and now there are a lot of French restaurants in Ivory coast. The French has adapted the culture and enlarged the range of the Ivorian diet.

I think you can tell someone with what they eat, but you cant justify it. You can’t justify that everyone who eats jollof rice, are from Ivory coast. You might be able to assume their nationality and their culture from their diet, but I don’t think that statement is completely true.

French Mise en train chapter 8

Activity 1:

1. What time of day is it?

It is the morning

2. What does Mme Diomandė want Djellaba to do? Why?

She wants her to go shopping to buy stuff for a meal

3. What are some of the things Djellaba buys?

She needs to buy vegetables, bread, rice, fish and tomato paste

4. What happens at the end of the story?

Someone’s at the door

5. What did she forget?

She forgot to tell Mme Diomandé that she invited someone for lunch.

Activity 2:

1.Faux 2.Vrai 3.Faux 4.Faux 5.Vrai

Activity 3:

1:b 2:b 3:e 4:a: 5:c

Activity 4:

1. Aminata

2. Mme Diomandė

3. Djenba

4. Djenba

5. Mme Diomandė

Activity 5:

1. She says Encore…

2. Non, merci. Je n’ai plus faim.

3. Tu me fais le marchė?

4. Il me faut….                Tu me rapportes aussi…..                   Et prends…..

5. Bon, d’accord./ Volunteers!

Activity 6:

Elle faire les courses dans le grocery. Mon mėre faire les courses.

Minakami Trip Reflection

Team Building Activities: I think that something that was challenging was coordinating with others. Something that helped was to plan the strategy before or in between attempts. The lesson I learned was to not wait for everyone and to start it by myself.

Canyoning: I found that the challenging thing was to see many people around me act scared/complaining of how cold/how big the jumps were. What I found difficult amongst the jumps and times between the jumps is that I needed to stay calm and keep everything in check. What helped for me was to size-up/compare myself to others to try and be courageous through the experience. I learned that if you say no then the answer is always no. I can apply this lesson to physical exercises to help push myself harder to achieve things that were not achievable before.

Rafting: I found that me and my partner Everest kept bumping paddles whilst paddling the raft. Something that helped was to point out what I was going to do before I did it. A lesson I learned from this is that you should always have confirmation about something before moving on. I can use this in situations such as the current art project (ceramics) by asking for feedback/asking questions to others whilst working.


Task 2

I decided to compare America and Japan.

Firstly over the last 200 years or so the birth rates between America and Japan are quite different the difference is that at the beginning of the 200 year period Japan was at the bottom and started rising and dropping and America was near the top and just started dropping. I think that this is because as time went on American people started having less kids but in Japan it varied a lot.

Next I did the annual population growth from the 1960s to the 2010s. Again this was very different between America and Japan. In Japan the growth didn’t really rise but it moved frantically at the bottom of the charts. America on the other hand went from a high annual population growth a to a lower one nearing Japan.

I also did the infant mortality rate per 1000s starting at the 1800 and going until 2008. This I think is so far the closest between Japan and America. Both America and Japan had very frantic movements but for both of them there was a (bigger) rise and it smoothed out after that. I think this is due to better medical knowledge and understanding of mankind. Due to our knowledge on medicine and health it made for a lower and smoother infant mortality rate.

Next after that I did the GDP per capita income per person starting in the 1800s and going until 2008. Both Japan and America had extremely frantic graphs. Japan went up a lot then went drastically down. America started higher and went a lot lower like Japan.

After that I did the HDI starting in the 1980s and going to 2010. There was a big difference between America and Japan. The difference was that America went up then down and Japan went down to a smooth line finally rising ever so slightly upward. I think this is because the American people stopped drastically improving HDI whilst Japan was trying to improve their HDI and are raising the HDI currently.

I also did the fertility rate starting at the 1800s and stopping in the year 2011. The fertility rate was quite different between America and Japan as like the first thing I did (Birth rate) Japan raised and dropped a lot. Whilst America just dropped the whole time.

Lastly I did the life expectancy starting in the year 1800 and going until 2012. This chart was similar between America and Japan because both had a drastic rise and both of them started without much progress. America did start first but Japan got further than America did.