G11 Community Engagement

During my time in the Chiku service group, I actively participated in the direct service by helping the homeless community around the Kotobukicho area. I went to the center twice a month in the mornings and lunch.

Talking to these people in needs made me understand that they are put into their circumstances because of multiple unfortunate events. Additionally, further research and discussions with the managers helped me understand the difficulty of getting out of this poverty cycle. These talks help me realize that they are people like us trying to make the most out of their lives, but with the lack of job opportunities around the area and the gambling/drug addiction that is highly predominant, they are in the state they are currently in.

Furthermore, talking with these people broke down the walls that separated “them” from “us”. Some of the casual conversation on enjoyable topics really put us closer and develop a stronger sense of  community with them. At the same time, I also felt more responsibility on how my actions could impact them, making me want to work harder on the advocacy project I have.

Blood doping and its implementation in sports

“Nobody can win the Tour de France without taking performance-enhancing drugs,” Lance Armstrong, the disgraced seven-times winner said on an interview in 1999. Over the years, Armstrong and other top athlete are caught using EPO and other forms of blood doping.These performance enhancer cause a huge issue in endurance sports, such as cycling and marathon. It is currently banned in major sports event like “tour de france” and olympic, to maintain fairer competition. The issue bring up these questions, how does blood doping enhance performance and is banning it morally necessary? 

Blood doping improves athletic performance by artificially boosting the blood’s ability to bring more oxygen to muscles, by increasing the amount of hemoglobin, a protein for oxygen distribution, and the amount of red blood cells in the bloodstream.  The most commonly used type of blood doping include t of erythropoietin (EPO), injections with synthetic chemicals that carry oxygen, and blood transfusions, all of which are prohibited under the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA). When more oxygen is provided during the aerobic respiration, the athlete is able to work with “greater endurance, stamina and in turn, improve their performance for up to 90 days”(Joyner). 

However, there are also drawbacks to the drug, with health concerns coming into play. EPO thickens the blood which leads to an increased risk of several deadly diseases, such as heart disease, stroke, and cerebral or pulmonary embolism. According to WADA, the “misuse of recombinant human EPO may also lead to autoimmune diseases with serious health consequences”. Between 1987 and 1990, shortly after athletes are believed to have begun using EPO,  20 young Belgian and Dutch cyclists died.

Blood doping is is difficult to detect, even with the detection allogeneic/homologousblood transfusion doping implemented in 2004.   “It would be possible for most people to use low doses of the stuff [EPO], enough to get an edge,”(Joyer).  In a recent study led by Lundby on eight males injected with EPO, only 2 out of 48 urine samples showed up positive in lab tests. Despite this, the total red blood cells and aerobic capacity of the participants were significantly elevated. This is a clear evidence that many competitors can get away with blood doping. 

In conclusion, blood doping is a serious issue concerning the sports society because athletes are able to acquire unfair advantage using these drugs. If we allow competitors to use drugs, it will lead to a misleading moral of competition, whereby players will focus on the drug, instead of the skills and hard work. There will also be an increase in death by blood doping, as the drug will increase the risk of several deadly diseases, such as heart disease and stroke,. We should approach this issue by continuing to ban these illegal performance enhancers. Finally, we should increase the precision of blood testing, adding on more consequences of using these illicit methods.


Works Cited

Aubrey, Jane. “Lance Armstrong Confesses to EPO and Blood Doping.” Cyclingnews.com, Cyclingnews, 18 Jan. 2013, www.cyclingnews.com/news/lance-armstrong-confesses-to-epo-and-blood-doping/.
“Blood Doping.” World Anti-Doping Agency, 15 Jan. 2015, www.wada-ama.org/en/questions-answers/blood-doping.
Bryner, Jeanna. “What Is Blood Doping?” LiveScience, Purch, 3 Jan. 2013, www.livescience.com/32388-what-is-blood-doping.html.
entertainment.ie. “5 Doping Cases That Shocked Sport.” Entertainment.ie, Entertainment.ie, entertainment.ie/trending/news/5-Doping-Cases-that-Shocked-Sport/201398.htm.

G10 Expedition Reflection(Wilderness Engagement)


During the Okinawa expedition, the highlight of the trip was diving in a beautiful area of Japan. We also spent a day in an island called Taketomijima, connecting with nature and experiencing the culture there.  The main takeaway from this trip was that I was able to further my appreciation towards nature, and the understanding that there are countless ways to interact with it.

Although I was familiar with out door actives like hiking, canoeing and skiing, diving was a totally new experience, submerging underwater . We went down to around 5-10 meters, observing coral reefs, fish and countless marine lives. Even outside of the dive, on Taketomijima, we   I was fascinated by the innovation of the diving gear and how people able to equip themselves to be resilient underwater; Regulator, buoyancy compensator and so on.  I learned that by gathering  equipments and acquiring the skills required to utilize these, I am able to interact with nature in variety of forms.

One thing that still remains in the back of my mind, are signs that residents on the island placed, going against the new resort hotel that is planned to be built on the island. I think residents on the island appreciates the precious nature that resides here, wanting to protect it and keep it as it is. Personally, I thought the island was  fascinating with a whole array of beaches, grass branches and trees. As of this, I totally agree with protecting this atmosphere and not letting large companies overthrow it.





Expedition Reflection


1. What did you learn

The two main concept that we had to keep mind during the Niigata expedition was self reliance and relations. The two concepts was achieved by being resilience while hiking and the interaction I had with my peers throughout the trip. It was necessary to be self reliant when packing our items for hiking as it is your responsibility on what we have. In addition, we had to take responsibility for all the food we had to carry as an individual, so that we can eat a complete lunch that everyone brought. For relationships, we talked about how relationship is not only with people but also with nature and our surroundings.

The concept that I reflected during the Nigata trip was my relationship with nature. In the trip, we hiked for two days with lots of excitement, fun and joy. It was a challenging course, yet with resilience and small build up of small steps, our group moved was able to complete the course. During the countless hours of hiking, I felt a clear connection with nature.  The smell of trees, slippery mud ground and chirping birds. I came to a realisation taht these experiences are difficult to achieve in the civil society we live in,  surrounded by tall buildings and artificial sound of the city.


2. What did you get out of this experience

Outside of the concepts that grade 9 was focusing on, I think I was able to be a risk taker by expanding my comfort zone. I was able to achieve this by accepting opportunities our team leaders gave us, such as waking up at 5am to go see the sunset and going through different routes during rock climbing.

3. How does it connect with things you already knew (about the wilderness or anything else)?
Last summer holiday, I went to an camp in Indonesia that works on social and educational skills. The concept of comfort zone was a good connection as I worked on it on that camp as well.

4. What does it make you want to know more about, or how to do? How did you feel while on your expedition?

Connecting with nature and taking a break from technology was surprisingly refreshing, as I was able to appreciate the beautiful nature that was surrounding me. This experience motivated me to participate to do more hiking and outdoor activities.

5. What risks did you take and how did it feel to take them?

All though I did not take risk while hiking as the main purpose was to reduce risk of falling, when we tried rock climbing I pushed my self until my arms were too tired to carry my own weight.

6. If this expedition were a metaphor for something else in your life, what would it be? What did you learn from being on this expedition that you think might be useful in some other context?

Life is an open door. Learning how outdoor activities are fun allowed to fuel my interest on doing more of these things.

7. How has your experience of the wilderness changed from your experience on the expedition last year? You can add or change questions if you feel it is appropriate. However, if you were to answer these using examples from your expedition as evidence to support your statements, it should be more than enough! You can see the reflection guidelines below.

I feel like this year was more adventurous and was successful at pushing my self and also make me appreciate nature in a fun way.




Humanities-Memory Vocabularies

5 Vocabularies


Chemicals that allow the transmission of these signals


Long term memory


Continuously do something

Synaptic Connections

Connection between neurons

Cognitive Loss 

Decrease memory and thinking abilities

Our brain is like an email. The first time you send an email, the conversation you have is not smooth. However after doing it over and over, the dialogue becomes very fluent and the connection becomes stronger. Like this, our brain works similarly because our brain creates memory through neurons. Each Neuron communicate to each other through synaptic connection, in which neurons pass a signal from neuron-to-neuron through neurotransmitters. By “firing” these neurons through recalling the experiences, it strengthens the connection between neurons. The persistent connection of these neurons is called long-term potentiation. On the other hand, overall loss of bonding between neurons result in cognitive loss. This causes decrease in memory, thinking abilities and other basic functions of the brain.


Nature vs Nurture debate

Nature vs Nurture debate has been going on for decades. I learned how these factors affect our physical characteristics, physical abilities, specific behaviors and likes and dislikes. However, there is a debate regards on which factors;Nature and nurture affects our characteristics. There are things that are chosen from when you are born such as hair color. However, there are also attributes that requires nurture that changes or better further the nature.

First of all, your nurture, how parents and people around you treat you as a child affects your behaviors. In a study run by Cambridge university, adults were told to play with children with toys that are stereotyped as “girly” or “boy’s” toys. However, these children swapped clothes to clothes that are girly or boyish, opposite to there gender. Most adults showed a trend of giving children toys that best fit their gender. Adult gave girls dressed as boys would often give toy’s like cars and gave boys. Vise versa giving boys dressed as girls toy’s like barbie and baby dolls. These evidences suggests how parents stereotyping their child in their gender role affects the way these children may act. Surrounding little kids with an environment and toy’s may have caused them to divide them into stereotypical boys and girls. However, their are also nature elements in this.

Secondly another study run by Cambridge reported a trend of monkeys choosing toys that fit their gender role. Female monkeys chose baby dolls and Male monkeys chose vehicles. One female monkey went into the bag of toys and chose baby dolls instead of other toys, proving this point even further. In addition to this, they mentioned “boys are attracted to things that are moving, physical and have motion.” How monkeys were “spinning the wheels” allowed showed how they behave in a biological way affected there behaviors.

From the research, it is clear that nature affects how we behave because some things we do are programmed. Eg, boys and girls acting differently. But on the other hand, we have to keep in mind that there is also some nurture that also affects this;Parents suggesting children to play toys that fit into the stereotypical gender role unconsciously. However, the test they did only identified how parents act to children. The experiment do not identify whether children prefer boyish or girly toys. Because of this, the experiment on monkey is more reliable and consist stronger evidence wins the debate that nature affects kids behavior on choosing toys.

Drama Reflection


  1. I think I incorporate skills and techniques learned from both of the teachers. Phillipe helped me create this unique kind of royal, ladylike and a bit bossy character. This was great, as my character contrasted all the other characters in terms of personality and look. This is important as having similar characters makes it harder for the audience to identify who is who. Furthermore, when having different varieties of characters, I think gaps in personality are created in between characters. These gaps are very funny for the audience.  Furthermore, I also chose a hat that matches my personality. This means that I was able to incorporate almost all the things I learned in classes.
  2. Rene helped us create our routine, constantly giving us feedback in order to make it humorous. He made our routine more concise, simple and snappy, to keep the audiences on their toes and making them laugh. An example of this is when Chloe and I are having a conflict about getting in the same car. First we had a whole dialogue of conflicts which was really boring. However, by making it more concise by saying “Why are you here” repedetely, it made it funnier for the audience.

English Unit 3 Reflection: Perspective and Prejudice

I used to think that perspective is all about stereotypes, because I had an art unit about stereotypes. I did not really understand what it means and could not grasp the main concept . However, now I know that perspective is all about viewpoints of different people. I learned that it is important to understand people’s perspective, so that you are not self centered. For example, thinking about why he or she said that. Or maybe when I am in a fight, I can think about the perspective of the other person and understanding them. I know this is a hard thing to do as I am still 14 years old. But as I develop as a person, I will try to get better at it.

Spanish Reflection

3 New understandings.


  • New conjugations. Preterit, Commands, Future, etc
  • Better grammar such as come comidas nutritivas. I used to mix up these things.
  • Vocabularies form the unit. How to suggest healthy life


What went well/Learning habits

  • I learned new strategies such as  using quizlet too memories new vocabularies. Because of this, I was able to use many unit vocabularies in the exam.
  • I started to study more since memorising different forms of conjugation in one day is impossible.


  • I am not getting good grades so  I want to improve from learning from my mistakes.


James Timeline of Comedy

According too Wikepedia, “comedy (from the Greek: κωμῳδία, kōmōidía) refers to any discourse or work generally intended to be humorous.” We all know what Comedy is, as we see it on T.V. shows, movies, theaters and even on social media. However, was comedy different few thousands years ago? This blog post shows the history and analyse different types of comedy in different places in history, looking at how it changed and how it developed.

Ancient Comics 


The Greek comedy can be divided into mainly 3 prats. Old comedy, middle comedy and new comedy.The origin of comedy, dates back too 425 bc in ancient greek by a man named Aristophanes. He developed an interesting type of comedy named “statyr plays”, a type of play based on Greek Mythology. Reported by the Ancient History Enclopedia, all performers were male professional actors, singers, and dancers and they were helped in their endeavor to represent a vast variety of human and non-human characters by wonderful costumes and highly decorated face masks.” People dressed in costumes and wear masks and paintings on its face too. Around 400BC-320BC. The middle comedy presented literary, political, and philosophical commentary, but the mythological “fantacy” in the old comedy was still popular as well. However after the middle comedy from around 320BC to the mid 3rd century, which incorporate fictional average citizens and has no superpower nor heroic power that are well known in the Old comedy.  Menander was one of most comedians in this time, as he brought in some humour, but also gave audiences an accurate, while not greatly detailed, picture of life. In other words, more realistic comedy in comparison with the old comedy.

Theatre Masks

Medieval comedy

(476 AD – 16th Century)

Well known comedy during the Medieval times were the Elegiac comedy and the Jester comedy.

First of all, the Elegiac comedy was a genre of medieval Latin literature/drama in which was based on sexual conquests. These dramas were usually a man overcoming obstacles and rivals in order to get the woman he wants. These comedies were often influenced by Greek”New Comedy”. The entertainer often showed of their “latin skills”, using advanced grammatical structures and create puns in order to entertain the audience.

Second of all, during the medieval Renaissance and the the Jester comedy was a form of comedy in which a jester, court jester or a fool. Jesters entertained the audience throughout different skills. Jesters often performed at fairs,markets they also entertain a king or nobleman in the middle ages, to bring smile when they feel angry. However, sometimes when the Jesters were not successful at entertaining them, they will often be punished . An example of this is when Queen Elizabeth is said to have rebuked one of her one of her fools. Jesters usually wore a motley(i.e. parti-coloured) coat. These motley usually had brightly coloured clothes with mysterious patterns in them to make the Jester look mysterious, stupid and funny. In medieval times, jesters entertained with a wide range of skills:These included songs, music, and storytelling, acrobatics, juggling, telling jokes, and magic. These skills were applied in a comical fashion in order to make it humorous. The Medieval jesters of the Middle Ages can be compared to the circus clowns of today, which also plays a smilier roles as a Jester.



Renaissance Comic (Shakespearean Comedy)

1400 to 1600 A.D.

A period in which advanced technology, created extraordinary pieces of artwork and music and increase in trading. This period is referred as the “Renaissance period”. Comedy then was different to what we refer as to now. People think modern comedy is supposed to be funny. However in the Renaissance period, comedy was a play that had a happy ending. These endings were usually a marriage, or a union with an important one. A great play writer during this period is William Shakespeare, a play writer that wrote most of the famous plays such as the Romio and Juliet. Play created by him usually had an happy ending. Because of this, Renaissance comic is also referred as the Shakespearean Comedy.


Melodramatic Comedy

18th Century – 19th Century

Melodramatic comics, also known as Melodrama is a drama is play or a drawings that appeal strong emotions of the characters. In other words, over exaggerated emotions. Furthermore, this type of drama usually had strong stereotyped characters, in which they were characterize in detail. Melodrama was usually accompanied by music.


Circus Comics

18th Century

Circus Comics is a performance of acrobatics, clowns, trained animals. The main purpose of the circus is to amaze the audience and to entertain the audience. Acrobatics includes Juggling, equilibristics and Vauling. Trained animals do stunts such as tigers and lions jumping in a circle of fire, Elephant balancing things and even magic tricks using birds. Phiipo Astely is said to be the “father” of circus when he opened the first circuss in 1768 in England.


Cinematic Comics

Cinematic comics are films that are centralized in humour. These films entertained and made the audience laugh using exaggerated movements for humorous effects. Cinematic films started out as silent films. A type of genre in which their are no verbal communicates and talks in general. Due to this, films usually had slap sticks. These slap sticks made a sound, as though someone was slapped. These films also had chase scenes that are comical. An example of a chase scenes that involves running in circle. A famous actress during this age are Charlie Chaplin, well known for films such as “The tramp”. After silent films, films such as the Mr Beans became very famous. happy-birthday-charlie-chaplin


Works Cited.

“Shakespearean Comedy.” The World of the Renaissance –. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 June 2016.https://nrmsrenaissance.wikispaces.com/Shakespearean+Comedy

“Circus.” Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web. 07 June 2016.https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Circus

“Melodrama.” Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web. 07 June 2016.https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Melodrama

“Comedy.” Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web. 07 June 2016.https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Comedy

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