# Science Motion Detector

During science we have been using motion detectors and getting data.

This graph is a graph where the distance does not change at all during the times. We kept the detector at place and made it face the wall so nothing will move and the distance will be the same.

This graph is a graph where the distance between the detector and object is increasing. In this case, we used a person and a motion detector and did not move the detector but we made the person back away from the detector little by little.

This graph we did the opposite. We got a person and kept the motion detector in place. The person had to be a little far away but little by little, getting closer to the detector.

For this one, we had to decrease the distance from 3m to 1.5m, stay in a 1.5m distance for 1 second and get closer until the distance is 0.5m and stay still for 2 seconds and increase until  3m again.

For this, we had to increase the moving SPEED. At first, we had to be in a place and after detecting, a person had to move in a certain speed and in this case, the speed was 1m/s

This one was the distance and we had to be 1m apart at first for 1 second, then back unitl the distance is 2.5m and stay for 3 seconds. After that you will get closer to the detector until 1.75m and stay there until the detecting ends. N

# English Journey

For the past few months, in English class, we’ve made a journey through a new unit about South Africa. Before the unit, I didn’t know what Apartheid and Soweto Uprising was, but during my research I learned that these events were significant and affected not only the people living in South Africa, but everyone in the world. I never learned about racism and I had less knowledge but afterwards, I learned a lot and I think I acquired knowledge about this unit. In my journey, I learned new concepts, writing, and many other factors in english. At the beginning of the unit, we learned about four topics: Nelson Mandela, Soweto Uprising, Apartheid, Colonization. This was just the start of the topic and from this, we gained a little knowledge and that was our first step into the journey.

##### This was the symbol of The Soweto Uprising because this boy, was the first victim of the uprising

We soon, started a new assessment. Our first assessment was making a feature article. From the four things we learnt, we got to choose one topic and had to write an article based on that topic. We had plenty time to research and soon, we became knowledgeable in that topic. With this article, I learned a lot more about racism and how the white people treated the non-white people.

During this task, I learned how to write a good article and how to change your voice in writings. Before the assessment, I used to write as if I was talking to someone but during the task, I learned that at times, you needed to change your tone depending on which form you are writing. Furthermore, I learned all kinds of layout options. Before, I didn’t know what layouts, captions, and other elements were, but while looking at other articles, I learned what they were and how to use them. Also, looking at articles, I learned that most articles were organized because in the article, the photos were arranged in an orderly manner, and there were balanced amounts of cut outs, and lots of other elements in the article. By looking at the examples, I think I learned how to become a better organizer and a better writer.

After we finished writing our article, we started to read a fiction novel called “Journey to Jo’Burg.” This was a very interesting story about a mother living in Johannesburg, that was 250 miles away from their children because she had to work for the white people and the children were on a journey to meet her. This story taught me how tough life was for the non-white people during Apartheid and how white people treated the non-whites. This book gave impact to me because in the book, there was a scene in a station where the white people were checking the non-white people’s pass’ and they were very violent and I felt very privileged. I felt like this because I thought, ‘If I was a character in this book like the kids, how tough would it be for me?’ I think that it would be terrible because now, I’m used to seeing my parents everyday and eating until I get full, and getting good education. However, if I were like the kids in the book, I think I would feel very stressed and depressed.

After reading this, we wrote an analysis based on this book. We used 5 main ideas to write 5 different paragraphs and they were, Visualize (You had to choose a part of the book where you had a clear image of the story), Connect (Make connection between you or others), Question (What couldn’t you understand well), Identify/Infer (Find the theme), and Evaluate (Overall opinion). I think for me, Visualize was the easiest because as I mentioned before, this book gave me impact and made me think deeply. I used to think that the South Africans could go anywhere, except the law was very strict but now I know that South African people had to carry items called “passes” and you were only allowed to travel areas that were limited on the pass. On the other hand, the hardest was Evaluate, because reading the book, I really liked the story and theme but I did not know why. This is due to my thoughts toward the cruelness of the white people. For the story, I think it explained clearly about the lesson and it gave me good impact. However, reading about the attack on the station, I thought that the white people could have changed the way of punishment.

Once we finished this task, we watched a movie called “The Power of One” and this was a very cruel movie because lots of the white policemen, killed innocent non-white people and on top of that, they punished many white people that supported the non-whites. This made me think the severe treatment that non-whites faced during Apartheid. In the movie, there were lots of violence and the non-whites had no freedom and they were in very poor conditions. For example, there was a scene where a policeman found a non-white person suspicious and without any proof, the policeman hit the person.From this movie, I learned that some white people supported the non-whites but still most were supporting Apartheid. Also I learned that there were 3 different tribes and groups during the Apartheid, the Dutch, German, and French, the English, and the Africans.

Overall, during this unit, not only that I learned about racism and South Africa but I improved on my writing and thinking skills. Before this unit, I wasn’t a good writer but afterwards, I was able to write formally and learnt about cutouts and many kinds of writing forms.

My thoughts changed too, due to my research. Before, I never thought about South Africa well and honestly, didn’t care a lot but in the unit, I now think that South Africa had a tough journey, just like my journey through the unit.