Drama Infomercial

In our drama infomercial, I was sick and wasn’t able to take the video with my group. The bad thing was that in my parts, I never speak. I’m just supposed to demonstrate my product and give a thumbs up to the audience. I think if I was performing with my group, my acting wouldn’t have changed because there was no big pressure on me anyway.

Due to this, there is not much I can reflect on speech. I was supposed to say, “This is great” and that was it. From next time, I may be able to extend my speaking and talk more about the product and explain how I like it and why it is good.

Music Reflection Unit

In this unit, we were able to learn about the structures of pop songs and how they are created. We studied and figured that most pop songs have similar/same chord structures, inversions, melodies, and etc made by chord progressions and the key of the song.

First, we learned the basic about chords, triads. Triads are chords using 3 notes played at the same time or played one by one being like an arpeggio. Triads can change between majors and minors but generally are very similar. Major chords intervals are 4 and 5 if the root is 1. On the other hand, the interval of minor chords are 3 and 5 if the root is 1.

Second in the unit, another important part is we learned about chord progressions in different keys. There are 7 types of chord types based on one key (usually used in pop music). If a root note of a key is I, the 7 types are Tonic (I) (root note) , Supertonic (ii), Mediant (iii), Subdominant(IV), Dominant(V), Submediant(vi), Leading note(vii). Out of the 7 different types, the most commonly used notes/chords are, Tonic (I), Subdominant (IV), Dominant (V) chords. As I said before, this is the major interval and it matches very well with each other. These are mostly used in major songs. On the other hand in minor pop songs, the chords/notes often used are, Tonic (I), Mediant (iii), and Dominant (V). As I said, in minor songs, (I),(iii),(V) has really good combination so it is good to combine these 3 notes.

Third, we learned about “How” and “when” to use inversions. This was the most important and main topic in our unit. When using inversions, you basically change the root note, however keeping the notes of the chords the same. For example in the C chord, from the bottom it is C,E,G but if you invert the chord, you can change it to E,G,C (read from the bottom) and this is still the same chord, except the root has changed. We use inversions in songs so the song moves on smoothly and the player can play the music easier. For example if you had to change from a C to a G, players “might” miss the note so you can invert the ‘G’ (G,B,D) to a (D,G,B) and by this, C->G change will be easier and have a better flow. (The best way to connnect chords is to make the root note close to the next root note. By this, you wouldn’t have to move your hand a lot and you can use different piano techniques easier.)

Last, we learned about how to compose and make new interesting melodies by using the notes in a certain chord that you are supposed to play. We learned that making melody in a song you need to use notes from the chord and key to create a simple tune for the chorus and have a more complex note phrases for the verses.

Working in Groups


I enjoyed working with my group because I got to collaborate with my friends and it was easier to discuss about the music we make than talking to other people. However one problem was that both of my partners were not very strong with music so it was a little bit hard to teach my partners. However they learned very quick and it was actually a little bit fun to teach people music. Two problems occurred, one, I did/wrote most of the music and maybe I could have given my partners a chance to write the music. Second, when we tried to talk about the music, we kind of got off-topic. We tried to be on task but sometimes it didn’t work out well. Generally we were working well as a group with less conflicts and issues.


In music, we made a song using different chords of the key that we chose for our song. We were supposed to use 4 different chords, (I), (IV), (V), and (vi) position from our chosen key and compose 2 verses and 3 choruses. The parts we had to include was a bass, melody, and chords. By putting these three together, we could make a good song. For the key, we chose C because it is easy and since we had 2 people not strong with music, we chose a key that doesn’t have a # or a b. Anyways, since our key was a C, the chords we used were C major, F major, G major, and A minor. We started off with playing on the keyboard. All group members first memorized the chords and which notes are used in the chords and made their own original melody for practice. After some time, we started on our real song. The bass line we used a guitar bass for it. The guitar bass was very simple and we just had to play the root note of the chord that was playing. I taught the bass man how to play each note (C,F,G,A) on the bass and he got it very quick and all he had to do was to memorize the order of the notes. For the chords, my other partner had to know the inversions and this took a while to understand. I taught him how the inversions should be ordered and most of all, he wasn’t sure of which notes are in which chords so I had to teach him the notes in each chord as well. The good thing was after a few lessons, he mastered it and was able to play it smoothly. One problem was that he was using incorrect fingering and if this was fixed, he could have had a better performance. I did the melody and I wrote this at home thinking about the combination of the high pitch and low pitch and the inversions of the chords.


Me at home practice the melody that matched with the chords and the chords person during practice did a good job with good tempo and accuracy and the bass man had good tempo as well. We were ready and confident but in the real performance, the chords man made a mistake in the tempo completely and changed the beat from being 4 beats in a phrase to 1 beat per phrase. Because of this, the melody and the bass got confused and we failed at the performance. Overall our practices and making was great but in the real performance I think we lost to the pressure and made a mistake and became really fast playing.

This is our song


Some improvements for next time is that I think I should let others participate in creating the song more and learning how to compose songs. This time, I rushed and made the song and most of the time practiced our song. Maybe next time, I can teach others or learn from others the rules and tips for composing a new song. Another thing we can improve on is practicing different types of piano techniques. This time, I only focused on playing the correct notes but as I said, we made a big mistake in the rhythm and beat so from next time, I think I can do the tempo and beat practice with my partners so we have less errors.

In this unit, I learned that making pop music is very hard and it isn’t as easy as it seems. I learned the advanced version of triad inversions and overall, the most important thing I learned was that in a song, every part/instrument has to be synchronized and well collaborated to make a good piece of music.

Drama Evaluation

In my speech, I think I used hand gesturing well and spoke loudly so the audience could hear well. I felt very nervous while speaking but I think I maintained the speed of how I talked. However I stammered a lot and I think I wasn’t clear enough in both ways, speaking and expressing my main point. Next time when I do a persuasive speech, I would want to be able to speak clearly, and not stammer. To improve this points, I would need to practice my speech more than I did this time.

In the future, persuasive speech can become very effective in my life. When I work, my job will to make products the best quality and make people buy that product. Even if I don’t become a salesman, I would have to make an advertisement. If I make an ad, I would have to write sentences that persuades buyers to buy our product. Another example is when I have to meet a person for product information, I would need to tell most beneifts of my product. This uses persuasive speech and I would have to convince the buyer to “Buy” our product.

First, to prepare for a speech, you would need to research a little about the topic you are going to talk about, to get all the facts. Then get at least 3-5 points of what you’re going to talk about so the audience can understand well. Then if you put the points to each paragraph and present well, clear, and bold, the audience would get convinced and think about your topic more.

Spanish Proud Things

I am proud of the fact that I was able to expand my range of vocabulary and grammar, I have learned to use descriptive words and conjugation to make my sentences sound more formal and interesting. I think I have also improved my writing skills, and my ability to write words in the appropriate form and using vary setneces. These things can help my spanish skills a lot as I am able to speak more fluently, write more formally, and be more “accurate” with my sentences.

I think I have improved my speaking and fluency and confidence as I am now able to understand much more words and sentences compared to the beginning of the year. I think I am more confident in my spanish and can speak more fluently, with fewer mistakes compared to previous years.

I think I have completed my assignments in high quality, as if there were words I didn’t fully understand then I would spend a appropriate amount of time reviewing my class work and my notes. This helped me prepare for upcoming assignments and tests.

Humanities Gap Minder Assessment

Currently in our I&S (individuals and societies) class, we are learning about different countries. We are mainly focusing about the economy and the big differences of countries. This post is about an assessment where we chose 2 countries and investigate the differences and see some correlations. My main point of view in this assessment is based on the average income per person. I will find if the average income per person can affect each country’s population problems and birth problems. I will be looking at Cambodia for a less economic country and Switzerland for a more economic country.


Life Expectancy Rate and Information about 2 Countries:

First of all, Switzerland is a MEDC which means “more economically developed country” and Switzerland is a rich country compared to the average income per person. Switzerland is economically developed and less debt compared to other countries. I will use America and Japan for comparing (which are both MEDC). Japan’s average debt per citizen is around $80,000 and in America, the average debt per person is around $57,000 however the average debt per person in Switzerland is only around $16,000.

The income per person was increasing from the beginning but the problem was that the life expectancy was not increasing. The income per person is currently $40,000. However the problem about the life expectancy was solved on around 1935. The 10 years between 1935 to 1944, the life expectancy increased from 32 years old to 43 years old. From then, the life expectancy correlates with the income per person. The higher income per person there is, the life expectancy increases. By 2010, the average income per person was more than 40,000 PPP$ and the life expectancy was around 77 years old. We can see that Switzerland became richer and has longer life expectancy. Also, by this information, it is clear that the more money people has, the more longer you can live.

First of all, Cambodia is a LEDC which means “less economically developed country” and Cambodia is a poor country compared to other countries. The average income per person is very low compared to the average income per person in the world. The income per person is around $4,000 and it is a tenth (1/10) (10%) of Switzerland’s average income per person. The life is low too, currently being 67 which is 10 years faster than Switzerland. Also, there was a time where Cambodia’s life expectancy became 22 and was very low. By this, it can show that the more poor you are, the lower the life expectancy is.



Infant Mortality Rate:


The Infant Mortality Rate is the amount of 0-5 years old dying per 1,000 born. So the more higher the Infant Mortality Rate is, the more baby dies. At the beginning, Cambodia’s Infant Mortality Rate was 380 which means that around 40% of babies die from when they were babies. On the other hand, Switzerland was high being 350 babies dying which is 35% of babies dying. Both countries had many babies dying at the beginning. However little by little, both countries Infant mortality Rate decreased. Currently, Cambodia’s Infant Mortality Rate is 29. This seems low, but it is still a bit high being 2.9% of babies dying. Although, Switzerland’s Infant Mortality Rate is 2.4 and it is extremely low and the percentage is 0.24%. This is very low and it is 10% of the Infant Mortality Rate compared to Cambodia. As you know Switzerland is a MEDC and Cambodia is a LEDC. By the information, we can see that the more rich a country it is, the more babies survive and grow up or in other words, the more rich the country is, the less babies lose their lives.


Birth rate:


Birth rate is the number of live births per thousand of population per year. I connected this topic with the Infant Mortality rate and noticed a connection. The Infant Mortality Rate for Cambodia is high and many babies die. However, in Cambodia the birth rate is extremely high being around 50 babies per thousand. Switzerland at this time was 30 babies per thousand. There is a big gap and as you may know, at this time too, Switzerland was rich. Currently, Cambodia is 24 babies per thousand and Switzerland is 10 babies per thousand. This difference is big and Cambodia has 2 times more babies per thousand compared to Switzerland. Again, I will compare this data with the Infant Mortality Rate. I saw that the higher the Infant Mortality rate it is, the higher birth rate is (Only comparing these 2 countries). I infer that since the Infant Mortality Rate is high in Cambodia, the Cambodian people think that they need to have more babies to increase their population. By this the richer countries have lower birth rate (I think they are lower because they are sure that the babies won’t die) and the poorer countries have higher birth rates (I think the birth rate is high because poor countries are not sure if the baby is going to survive).


Population Rate:


The population rate is basically the population (people living in a certain area) in a country. In Cambodia, there are many people living which is about 15,580,000 people and in Switzerland, there are about 8,299,000 people living. Cambodia has approximately 2 times more people compared to Switzerland. This is because as I said before, Cambodia has 2 times more of the birth rate which makes the population grow 2 times more than Switzerland every year. However, compared to the beginning and now, the population hasn’t had a sporadic change, but it is pretty stable. Comparing to the other countries in the world, both Cambodia and Switzerland have less population. I think this can’t be helped because thinking about the size of both countries, the amount of population of each can be pretty large.


Fertility Rate:


The fertility rate is the number of live births per 1000 women between the ages of 15 and 44 years. This is very similar to the birth rate but for the fertility rate, there is a limited age period that is being recorded. When having a child, if you’re from in between 15 to 44, you are in the zone of the fertility rate and you will count as a part of it. In Cambodia, just like the birth rate, at the beginning it was extremely high but as years go past, the fertility rate dropped down. At the beginning, the fertility rate was 7 children per woman. This is extremely high and comparing to our normal lives, this is very rare. However by time, the fertility rate dropped in the same pace and currently the fertility rate dropped to 2.8. On the other hand, Switzerland had a fertility rate of 4.3 at the beginning but 1909 to 1915, the fertility rate suddenly dropped to less than 3. From then, the fertility rate kept on decreasing and ended up (currently) being 1.5. By looking at the two examples, the richer a country is, the less fertility rate it is and the poorer a country is, the higher the fertility rate is. This is very similar to the birth rate too.






Hello, today I will be talking about the difference between two countries, Cambodia and Switzerland using a site called gapminder.org. First of all, Switzerland is a MEDC which stands for “more economically developed country” and Cambodia is a LEDC which stands for “less economically developed country.” Looking at the graph, income per person, Cambodia and Switzerland has a pretty large gap. Cambodia at 1800, the average income per person was around 1000 dollars and at the same time, Switzerland was 3000 dollars per person. However by time, the gap widened and currently both countries boosted their income per person a lot. Cambodia, currently being 3000 dollars per person, boosting 3 times more from 1800, Switzerland currently being 56,000 dollars per person, boosting 18 times more comparing to 1800. Both countries improved, however Switzerland currently has 18 times more income per person than Cambodia.


Going on to my first point, life expectancy. This graph has a correlation and the richer a country is, the longer the life expectancy is. I think that this happens because the more money a country has, the better medication they can have. If the income per person is high, then every person, when they have a life threatening disease, they have the money to afford good medication but if the income per person is low, and a person gets a life threatening disease, they won’t have the money to afford great medication. Looking at the graph, this statement is true because the more righter the x-axis moves, it means that the income per person is increasing and at the same time, on the y-axis, the points are going higher which means that the life expectancy is becoming longer. Basically, if each dot point moves diagonally right-up, the correlation consists.


Now to my second point, child mortality vs income per person. My guess was that the higher the income per person is, the lower child mortality would be because of the medication issue I talked about. I was correct and as can see, Cambodia has a higher child mortality rate compared to Switzerland. On 1800, both countries had a high mortality rate, Cambodia being around 40% of babies dying, Switzerland being 35% of babies dying. However as both countries increased the income per person and the medication level increased, the child mortality rate dropped a lot. Currently, Cambodia’s child mortality rate is 33 children out of a 1000 which is 3.3%, improving a lot compared to 1800. Also Switzerland right now child mortality rate is 3.7 children out of 1000 which is 0.37% being very low and 10 times better than cambodia. Both countries have dropped their child mortality rate but even now in Cambodia, many children are losing their lives. 3.3% may look like a small number but it is basically 1 person dying out of 30 people and this is not a very low rate. Again, the more money a country has, the lower the mortality rate is and the higher the chance that a baby can survive to the age above 5.


My third point is the crude birth rate vs the income per person. This is an interesting graph as: the lower the income per person it is, the higher the birth rate is. Many LEDC’s such as Cambodia is more of an agricultural country and they crop food and do farm work. Since they do these kind of jobs, lots of people would be needed to be involved in the work. Due to this, many parents in LEDC’s purposely give birth many times so they can have more children that can help them work. This is one of the major reasons Cambodia’s birth rate is high. On the other hand, Switzerland is not a agricultural country and for the adults, they do not need many children working with them and helping them to work. This is why many MEDC’s have low birth rates. Comparing Cambodia and Switzerland, the difference is large and Cambodia during the 1800, had a birth rate of 48 children out of 1000 and Switzerland only having 30 children out of 1000. As time passes, the birth rate decreases, however Cambodia still being high, being 24 children out of 1000, and Switzerland being 10 children out of 1000. The difference is huge and even now, Cambodia has 2.5 times more of birth rate compared to Switzerland.


My fourth point is very similar to the crude birth rate. The fourth point is about the fertility rate. Like the birth rate, in LEDC’s the fertility rate is higher than the MEDC’s. This is the same reasons as I said about the birth rate and the agricultural problem. In 1800, Cambodia’s fertility rate was really high, in average a single woman having 7 children. Currently many people may have sisters and brothers but in Cambodia that time, in a single family, there were 7 brothers/sisters. At the same time, 1800, Switzerland’s fertility rate was 4.1. Currently, that may be a lot but during the 1800, the fertility rate of 4.1 was pretty low. As time went, both countries fertility rate decreased. Cambodia has decreased a lot and currently the fertility rate is 2.8 which is a little bit high at this time. Switzerland is on average being 1.6 children out of 1 woman. The graph is very similar to the birth rate and now I will show you the crude birth rate vs fertility rate.


My bonus graph is fertility rate vs mortality rate. On this graph, the graph is going diagonally, right-up. This means that the more child mortality is high, the higher the total fertility. This is because if the child mortality is high, basically many children die when they are still young. By this, after parents give birth but the baby dies before 5, the parents would want the baby again and they would give birth again. Basically the higher the child molarity is, the more parents give birth to babies if their baby dies before 5. As I said before and before, Cambodia generally has a higher fertility rate compared to Switzerland because of farming and agriculture so in the graph, we can see the difference between Cambodia and Switzerland again.


These were my 4 indicators I was going to show you in the video and one extra fertility rate vs mortality rate and I compared the differences of Cambodia, a LEDC, less economically developed country and Switzerland, a MEDC, more economically developed country. I hope you enjoyed the video and learned about the differences.



Spanish Travel Blog Post

¡Hola! Me gusta viajar mucho. Mi familia y yo gusta vacaciones. ¿Pero, cómo llegar a algunos lugares?

Me gusta ir a la escuela. Voy a la escuela por mi bicicleta. Me gusta montar la bicicleta porque la bicicleta es más rápido compararse con el pie. Yo monto en bicicleta generalement. También, mi casa y la escuela es no muy lejos. Pero, cuando estoy cansado, quiero ir en coche.

Cuando voy a restaurante, voy con el coche porque el coche es fácil y es muy rápido. También, puedo descansar en mi padres coche. ¡Puedo leer, dibujar, y mirar la televisión!

Cuando la distancia de mi casa a la algún lugar es largo, prefiero viaje con el coche, el tren, o el avión porque si camino o monto en bicicleta, estoy muy cansado. Si viajo con el coche, tren o avión, es muy fácil a viajar largas distancias.

New words:
Compare – compararse
Distance – distancia
Some – algún

Spanish Conference Questions

I think my main weakness in spanish is conjugating verbs, adjectives, etc. Conjugating is a very important skill in spanish as it can show who you are talking about, (You, him, her etc.) And I feel that sometimes I fail to recognize which verbs need to be conjugated even though I know how to conjugate them. I think I could solve this by rereading what I have written, and look for words I forgot to conjugate. I think this would improve my conjugation skill in spanish and also make my projects more academic, with very little slips and careless mistakes.

On the other hand, I think I am doing well with describing with detail. I like to make my writing and speaking in spanish as descriptive as I can, as I believe that describing with detail will expand my range of vocabulary.

I like to review and study my new spanish vocabulary for 20 minutes before I sleep. I have found that this method/system works very well for me. When I have tests I like to start studying before a week the day we have the test assigned.

Spanish Travel Blog Post

¡Hola! Me gusta viajar mucho. Mi familia y yo gusta vacaciones. ¿Pero, cómo llegar a algunos lugares?

Me gusta ir a la escuela. Voy a la escuela por mi bicicleta. Me gusta montar la bicicleta porque la bicicleta es más rápido compararse con el pie. Yo monto en bicicleta generalement. También, mi casa y la escuela es no muy lejos. Pero, cuando estoy cansado, quiero ir en coche.

Cuando voy a restaurante, voy con el coche porque el coche es fácil y es muy rápido. También, puedo descansar en mi padres coche. ¡Puedo leer, dibujar, y mirar la televisión!

Cuando la distancia de mi casa a la algún lugar es largo, prefiero viaje con el coche, el tren, o el avión porque si camino o monto en bicicleta, estoy muy cansado. Si viajo con el coche, tren o avión, es muy fácil a viajar largas distancias.

New words:
Compare – compararse
Distance – distancia
Some – algún