Unit 4 Reflection | Spanish
1. I learned that conjugations of different tenses, somewhat have connections with each other. The affirmative and negative commands have two ways of conjugating. The affirmative tú form has its own conjugation and everything else is the same. When looking at the usted, ustedes form, and negative tú form it is the same as the present tense conjugation. Except you have to switch the -ar conjugation with the -ir/-er conjugation. So, if you are conjugating comer in the affirmative usted form, it would be coma whereas in present tense it would be come. Also before even conjugating the verb to turn it into a command, you have to conjugate it into the present tense yo form and drop the o. Then you would add on the -as, -es and etc (doesn’t apply to affirmative tú). In addition, for the tú affirmative, you take the present tense tú conjugation and drop the s. After knowing these new conjugations, I thought that it is very important to have the core conjugation (present tense) in mind because it all connects. For instance, even in the conditional conjugation, the endings of the conjugation are the same. (ías, ía,ímos, íais, ían).
2. Next, I learned that where you place the pronoun is very important. First of all for affirmative commands, if you put the pronoun in the front it can be mistaken as an indirect object pronoun. For example, escúchame means listen to me. But if you write it as me escúcha it can mean he/she listens to me. Which is not a command. Also, when you write a sentence there is the 2 verbs, 1 action, 1 conjugation rule. Therefore, in sentences such as “Me resulta díficil levantarme”, the reflexive pronoun should be attached to the infinitive because ‘resulta’ is already conjugated. This made me realize that I need to pay attention to how many actions there are in the sentence and choose whether to attach the pronoun to the infinitive or place in front of the conjugated verb.
3. Lastly, I learned the rules of telling the time. The first rule is that minutes are told differently depending on whether it is passed 30 minutes or not. From 0 minutes to 29 minutes you would say ‘hour’ y ‘minutes’, however from then on you would say ‘hour’ menos ‘minutes’. So, 1:25 would be “es la una y veinticinco” and 1:45 would be “son las dos menos quince”. Next, the times you can use ‘de la mañana, de la tarde, de la noche’ is different from when you use it in English. De la mañana is used in the morning, de la tarde is used from 12:00 to 5:00pm and de la noche is used from 6:00 to 7:00pm. Also, mediodia is used when the time is at perfectly 12:00pm. I have to keep these rules in mind to tell the time properly in Spanish.
WHAT WENT WELL
Learning Activities: I don’t have any particular learning activities I do, however, I think I could sites such as Conjuguemos to study.
Study Habits: Usually when I study, I look over the notes I took in class. I think taking good notes is useful for my studying because it is mostly where I go to understand rules and etc. If I try going on the internet and understand how a conjugation works it is not very accurate nor easy to understand. Also, it may sometimes miss important information. Therefore, it is best for myself to take notes in class and study them thoroughly at home. In addition, nowadays I use Quizlet to expand my vocabulary because it has the word and the translation with it. Lastly, when studying I try to cover one thing at a time and have a focus point. If I have too many things to remember at once, I can’t study effectively.
GOALS FOR THE NEXT UNIT
1. Keeping in mind the things I learned in this unit, I would like to make connections in the new unit and see how everything works together. For instance, the spelling rule -gar = -gué, -car = -qué and -zar = -cé is used in preterit tense and commands. I think if I make connections, it will create a deeper understanding in my mind.
2. Read texts in Spanish. I feel that I still have trouble understanding texts and noticing the pronouns, what tense it is in and etc. I can use the textbooks and booklet to practice comprehending texts.
3. Use the vocabulary learned in this unit and use it in the next unit. Often, once I finish a unit I forget the unit vocabs. But, I want to have a wide range of vocabulary and be able to communicate my thoughts more clearly. Thus, I will make sure to review all the vocabularies even from the past.