How do Memories Work? |I&S

5 words:

Synapses- A junction between two nerve cells, which has a small gap that the neurotransmitters diffuse and passes by.

Neurotransmitters- A chemical that passes signal one nerve cell to another

Cognitive- A mental process of learning something through experiences.

Consolidate- To reinforce something or make something more stronger and solid.

Neurons- A cell that caries signals and messages across the body from the brain to the other parts of nervous systems.

The memories in our brains are formed once the neurons have a strong communication with one another. Neurons only starts communicating to one another once they receive a several signals from a specific neurotransmitters. When the neurons create a stronger communication with others, the action is called long-term potentiation (LTP). LTP is used to explain how memories are formed due to strong connection between neurons and that they are maintained. This process creates a ‘synaptic contact’. It is a ability us humans have to recall different memories and thought processes. In order to maintain the memories, the LTP has to continue, meaning that the neurons have to continue the strong communication in order to keep the memories alive.

Nature vs Nurture |I&S

We have been focusing on psychology and how humans behave differently than others and the reason why. One of the biggest debate that is still unresolved for over centuries, is how humans behaviour are affected by nature, or nurture.

The nature vs nurture debate over human behaviour are still remained as a mystery, and is widely debated in the society. Human’s behavior and actions are affected by what they were born with, such as genetics and emotions you cannot have full control over; the nature side, or is widely affected by nurture, which is what they been taught and influenced by. Human behavior are not black or white; it cannot be defined if its just nature or just nurture, but many scientist have been studying what kind of behavior are generally affected by.

Genders, are one of the popular topics in the debate, as if girls and boys were separated due to our environment and nurture, or if they were born differently from the start and have different specific genes. The nurture side of the opinion is that when the kids are still little and has no perspective on the society and gender roles, the adults and the society tend to push gender stereotypes to their children unintentionally. The nurture affects the kids to either behave like a ‘boy’  or as a ‘girl’. One of the study taken by the Cambridge University proves the nurture side of point, as the adults gave gender specific toys to the infants dressed up as the opposite gender, and insisted the kids to play the gender matching toys. However the nature side also has their opinion as well, which is equally evident as the nurture. The Hines study showed that when a infant monkey were presented with human toys, the male monkey chose boy toys, as the female monkey chose girl toys. This study supports the nature side of gender strongly, as these monkey weren’t taught to nurtured to choose those toys and still did.

This Nature vs Nurture debate has been unresolved for over centuries, as both sides have an equal opinion and study proving their point. Behavior are affected by both nature and nurture, and humans acts differently to others due to the combination of both. It is very difficult to justify which side are has a stronger evidence and point, and neither can be 100% for sure.