I believe that everyone sees “history” in different ways. In “history”, there is more than one person involved in it and even if one was not directly involved, people are able to learn and have an opinion about it via ways such as mass media. An example of a history that was not seen the same way by everybody is the Bubble. The Bubble is a period of time in Japan from late 1980s to early 1990s. From late 1980s to 1990, the stock prices and the real estate inflated due to many reasons such as the increase in the price of land, the increase in the consumption rate, and Bank of Japan’s loose monetary policy. According to Bloomberg, in Ginza, a popular place in Tokyo, the price for 3㎡ of land was 120,000,000 Japanese Yen at that time. However in 1990, the Bubble burst. Stock price and the real estate dropped. People started losing jobs. Companies went bankrupt. Due to this the decade after the Bubble burst is called the “Lost Decade”. These emotions, languages and experiences from the primary and the secondary research were different from my father’s story and similar to my mother’s.
When I interviewed my father, who lived through Bubble, there were many differences with the research I have done. During the growth of economic Bubble, he was in USA, working in a Japanese embassy. Since he was in USA, he was not really affected by it as much, but he knew about it. Moreover, his job is a public civil servant so his job was not affected as much as private businesses with the rise and fall of stock price. Some of his family were living in Japan at that time, but none of them was affected greatly by it. When he came back to Japan, he still was not affected much by it, other than that it was harder to catch taxis at night and the price of taxis were higher in the night. He said that this was because so many people were going to parties in the night and people used taxis instead of walking because they had money. Other than that he did not find Bubble to be bad or good, but just normal. After the Bubble burst, he said that “the way he saw the Japanese government did not change”. He just did not expect high growth rate anymore and he says that Japan is still in stagnation. As you can see, sometimes, his experience and the way he saw the Bubble was different from information collected from primary and secondary source. It is similar to the research on how he said taxi was hard to catch and the price went up because in both research and interview, it shows that people were going to parties at night. However for other points, it was different. The emotion and the language in the articles were more negative such as the “Lost Decade”. However my father had more neutral emotion and language because he did not find any pros or cons in the Bubble. His experience is different too. In the websites that I have looked at, the experience of the high growth rate were written as “In the late 1980s, on the heels of a three-decade long “Economic Miracle,” Japan experienced its infamous “bubble economy” in which stock and real estate prices soared to stratospheric heights driven by a speculative mania.” (Jesse Colombo) and the experience are very positive about the Bubble and very negative about the Bubble burst. However my father’s experience was more neutral, like his emotion and language. This shows that people does not see “history” the same way and the way they see it might depend on where they were, their job and their experience.
Some people do see “history” in the same way. An example is the interview I have done with my mother. During Bubble, she was in university and therefore the Bubble affected her choice of jobs. She said that students older than her in her university got many offers from private businesses and she said that “it was a very easy time to get jobs” for them. However as when she was in the last year of university, the Bubble burst. People started losing jobs and the offers for jobs did not come as much to university students. Therefore she chose to work as public civil servant because then, the work will not be affected by the stock price or the real estate. She said that many people chose the same too. During Bubble, she said that she saw many TV programs about how the real estate increased and how people were going to parties. After the Bubble burst, she went to Malaysia because of her work. There she was told by foreigners that Japan was an amazing country because they saw how Japan grew and therefore, she felt as if Japan had high expectations. Even after the burst, she said that foreigners believed that Japan would come back again. Her story is much closer to the one to the research compared to my father’s. The emotion and language were positive during Bubble, like the primary and secondary sources, because she used languages like “many job offers”, “salary” and “easy time to get jobs”. Her experience of choosing jobs in university and people going to parties are also similar to the one of primary and secondary sources. The way she talked about the Bubble burst was similar too. The emotions and languages were negative such as “loss of job offers” and “drop of stock price”. This shows that some people do see “history” in the same way.
From this, I can see that some people do see “history” the same way and some people do not. An example of people not seeing it the same way is my father and the websites. The emotion, language and experiences were different. An example of seeing it similarly is my mother and the websites. Therefore it is important to understand that people do see “history” differently. Some people might say something opposite to someone else and that is their opinion. People reading the history must read from both sides to fully understand history. This is because people living at that time will care about it. If one side says something bad about the other, the reader might get the idea that the other was bad and misunderstand it. This is why people must understand that people do have different opinions and therefore there is no correct “history”.
桑子, かつ代, and Russell Ward. “銀座地価が過去最高に、ブランドや免税店が続々－坪２億円取引も.” Bloomberg. Bloomberg, 23 Mar. 2016. Web. 25 May 2016. <https://www.bloomberg.co.jp/news/articles/2016-03-22/O460BS6JTSF201>.
Colombo, Jesse. “Japan’s Bubble Economy of the 1980s.” RSS. The Bubble Bubble, 4 June 2012. Web. 27 Apr. 2016. <http://www.thebubblebubble.com/japan-bubble/>.
“Japan.” Britannica School. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 2016. Web. 26 Apr. 2016. <http://school.eb.com/levels/high/article/106451#23220.toc>.