World Geography – South Africa Vs. United Kingdom
I’m going to use United Kingdom and South Africa, as examples of a comparison between a MEDC and a NIC. Which is more economically developed country and newly industrialised country.
First, let’s compare in terms of life expectancy, and GDP per capita. You can see that through the past sixty years, Britain has steadily, slowly and gradually became healthier and wealthier. Because the dot’s form a trend, increasing both GDP, and life expectancy. Whereas South Africa, increased life expectancy massively, and then decreased and increased again. And stayed pretty much the same on the GDP scale. So in the past sixty years, South Africa’s health has waved up and down up unsteadily and wealth didn’t change much. But Britain’s data shows that British people progressively live longer. To conclude, we can see that a MEDC like the United Kingdom increases steadily and gradually. But on the hand, a NIC like South Africa, which is currently industrialising, progresses unsteadily, and wavy.
Now let’s compare the total fertility, which is the number of children born by woman, and the infant mortality, which is the number of children that make it past 2 – 3 years old. South Africa has massively decreased the total fertility, and also decreased infant mortality a little. Thus we can infer that South Africa is gradually trying to improve family planning. Such as improving birth control. Because the dramatic decrease in fertility rate indicates that less children are born. But the slight decrease in infant mortality shows that South Africa can maybe also improve on health care for babies, because that data implies that less children are making over 2 – 3 years old. Unlike South Africa, the UK has only decreased the total fertility a little bit. But it has decreased infant mortality a whole lot. This can tell us that the number of babies that die before the age of three, has increased hugely. Some factors that could cause poor conditions for babies, such as multiple birth are more likely to have a low birth weight, compared to single babies. Also mother that smoke are quite commonly seen in Britain, which can lead to poor condition for birth.
Now let’s compare the total energy produced, and the population growth. First, the UK’s total energy production increased significantly, then it hit a huge down fall, but there was no massive jumps between dots, and it was mostly going on a trend. And the population growth kind of stayed the same. This shows that Britain is more industrialised, because of the head start during the industrial revolution. Because there was enough energy to support the population. In 2000, the UK government decide they want to decrease the CO2 emission, by constraining energy policy. That’s why it hit a down fall. In contrast to Britain, the currently industrialising South Africa needs more energy, as you can see, it is slowly increasing, slowing industrialising. And the population changes inconsistently, but it decreased incredibly in 2001. This indicates that the newly rising and industrialising countries are very unstable, compared to the MEDCs. Especially in terms of health.
These GapMinder animated data maps can tell us many things about a country. It indicates the trend of a country, thus we may have a prediction of how the country will go in the future. For example, a very developed country like UK, will gradually increase wealth and health. Also, these information can tell you areas of improvement for countries. For example, South Africa’s life expectancy was very unstable. So their government should spend more financial power on improve better medical system and health care.