May 26

English Unit 3 Reflection: Prejudice and Perspective

Something I will take forward from this unit is that as one’s perspective change, one may experience empathy towards other individual’s point of view. Which may also evoke one’s prejudice against opposed perspective. “It is the mark of an educated mind, to entertain a thought, without agreeing with it.” —- Aristotle. In fact the media now days perceives truth as simple “black and white”. But indeed most of the times the truth lies within the convoluted “shades of grey”.

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May 24

Perspective on History

Why do people view history differently

Historical events such as the SARS virus outbreak in China, may be viewed from different perspectives, which causes thoughts or actions responding to the event of individuals to differ. Using both primary sources such as the interview with my parents, and secondary sources documented, a clear distinction of perspectives can be shown, reflecting of people’s actions in response to the virus outbreak. For example, my mother reaction to the outbreak was to bring me to the suburbs of China to avoid the infection, whereas my father had to stay in Beijing and keep working. In addition, the government’s contrasting point of view of the virus was to avoid terrorizing citizens, so the officials took the precaution of forbidding crucial information. This is all due to their different perspective on this event. And as we historians are trying to understand events, we must consider information from multiple perspectives. The perspective view on a same historical event may differ from people to people. This could be caused by their status as a person, which generates a different point of view.

 

Researches that I conducted using secondary sources such as online articles, has a factual and unbiased language and tone. From part 1’s background research, China experienced a “form of atypical pneumonia called severe acute respiratory syndrome also known as SARS”,  in November 2002, that began its rapid spread across the globe as claimed by Mr. Huang, Yanzhong from the U.S National Library of Medicine. At the crest of the outbreak was China, where the outbreak of SARS infected more than 5,300 people and killed 349 nationwide according to the Ministry of Health in 2003. The casualty facts are described with authoritative language. And by using a secondary source, history can be view from a non- emotional perspective. Which is an advantage of using secondary sources. Though we must also collect information from primary sources. This tragedy may impact people differently, and from various perspectives, people amy act and response differently as well.

 

However, researches conducted using primary source such as interviewing my parent, supplies me with emotive language and personal information, with a unique perspective on the SARS viral outbreak, that differs from the secondary sources. My parents described the SARS virus outbreak as quiet an “awkward situation”. Because if you enter into public places with a lot people, there are the potential threat of catching the virus. But my father claimed that he must maintain his attendance to work, in order to earn money. When I was around 1 and a half years old, my mother brought me to live with some of my relatives in the suburb areas to avoid the virus, in the Zhengzhou province, where the the virus is not dangerous, and lived with our relatives. Her protective actions towards me was driven by her own perspective of the virus outbreak; seeing it as an extremely dangerous situation and environment for the infant me to live in. From my mother’s perspective, she thinks with a more emotional affecting way, because she has a child that she must take care of. As it is a reason for why information from her perspective influences my view on SARS viral outbreak differently than information I gained from my father.

 

Furthermore, information collected from the interview with my father was described with rational language and less emotive tone. According to my father, he had to work in the Guanzhou province during that time of the outbreak, without knowing how dangerous it could have been. From Part 1’s research, Guanzhou is one the first and the most infected areas of the SARS virus. But now realising the potential danger, he is quite concerned that he could have caught the virus. Despite the realisation of such threat of catching the virus, my father’s risky actions are only understandable from his perspective of being a father. He must support the family financially. Thus he must remain work in dangerous environments. In the contrary to my mother, my father has his own perspective on the situation, and because of his status in family as a father. My father has more logical thinking, because he has a different perspective from my mother’s caring thinking towards her child. Which also impacts and changes my understand of the SARS virus outbreak.

 

Vastly contrasting to my parent’s perspective, the Chinese government reacted differently as well. At first the Chinese government tried to conceal the information of the virus outbreak, in order to avoid the terrorisation of citizens, during the beginning phase of the outbreak. According to my mother, the mayor of Beijing city proclaims that Beijing is completely safe from the virus. But from Part 1’s research, as the spread of virus progresses, the government finally release issues concerning about the danger of SARS virus, along with undertaking safety precautions. Such as quarantine of patients, immediate decrease in public transportation due the droplet infection of the virus. This act of forbidding crucial information to the public, was caused by the government’s consideration from their perspective. They analysed the event and the situation from a different a perceptive than my parents. The government officials had taken in the consideration of preventing terrorizing the citizens, as their first priority. That is why the government officials tried to keep the information hidden. Because their status in society as the government. Again, this is another example of how perceiving a same event from different perspect differ our actions and thoughts. Information hidden by the government caused a lack of knowledge to prevent infection of the virus. This proves that as we try to understand a historical event, information from the government record may not always be trusted. It may be concealed or altered for greater purposes. Thus we must take in information from a variety of sources.

 

Finally to conclude, our different perspectives makes our view historical events differs. Just like in this interview scenario, it was because my parents different status that varies; my father as the financial support of the family; my mother who must protect her child; and the government officials who is in charge of this nation; that changed their perspectives on the SARS viral outbreak. Which in turn led to differentiation in their actions responding to the event. Because they must take in the consideration of what is the most important thing for their actions. In addition, the implication on how my parents perceive history differently is important because we as individuals must judge and interpret the event base off of our own and unique perspective and our status in the world. Thus responding with the correct reaction that is the most suitable for us individually. Generally, as historical look at history, primary have uses subjective language caused by the emotive aspect of people, whereas secondary sources have objective tone such as the use of facts in news articles. Our world today is able to be so various and colourful is because of this exact reason, of how we perceive and react differently against the same historical event.

May 22

Chapitre 10 – Mise en Train

Activity 1

  1. Because it’s Sophie’s birthday
  2. Probably jeans or tee- shirt
  3. Something original
  4. Green skirt

Activity 2

  1. «J’aimerais quelque chose d’original et pas trop cher.» – Magali
  2. «Je peux vous aider?» – La vendeuse
  3. «Moi, j’aime bien être en jean et en tee-shirt. C’est simple et agréable à porter.» – Helena 
  4. «Qu’est-ce que vous faites comme taille?» – La vendeuse
  5. «Chacun ses goûts.» – Helena
  6. «Est-ce que vous l’avez en vert?» – Magali
  7. «C’est tout à fait votre style.» – La vendeuse
  8. «Ce n’est pas tellement mon style.» – Magali

Activity 3

  1. C’est pas original.
  2. C’est pas tellement mon style
  3. C’est un peu large

Activity 4

  1. Qu’est-ce que vous faites comme taille? – Je fais du 38.
  2. Comment la trouvez-vous? – Bof. Ce n’est pas tellement mon style.
  3. Je peux vous aider? – Je cherche quelque chose pour aller à une fête.
  4. Ah, très chic! C’est tout à fait votre style. – Vous trouvez? Mais, je ne sais pas quoi mettre avec.

Activity 5

  1. express indecision? – Je ne sais pas quoi mettre.
  2. express satisfaction with your clothes? – C’est simple et agréable à porter.
  3. tell a salesperson what you want? – J’aimerais quelque chose de…
  4. tell what size you wear? – Je fais du…
  5. express dissatisfaction with clothes? – C’est pas tellement mon style
  6. ask for a certain color or size? –  Est-ce que vous l’avez en… ?

Activity 6

Je n’aime pas le style de Helena. Parce que le jeans et le tee- shirt sont style est informel. J’aime bien de vetements comme formal.

May 9

Comedy Timeline

1. Ancient Greek Comics

Greek comedy was performed as a form of theatre with great influence, throughout out the 6th century BCE, across the ancient Greece. The most famous playwrights of the genre were Aristophanes and Menander and their works, which poked fun at politicians, philosophers, and fellow artists just like how comedy is now days. The comedy play followed a conventional structure. The first part was the parados, where the Chorus of as many as 24 performers entered and performed a number of song and dance routines. The second phase of the show was the agon which was often a verbal contest or debate between the principal actors with fantastical plot elements and the fast changing of scenes which may have included some improvisation. Together, Greek comedy and Greek Tragedy will become the foundation of what the modern day theatre is based upon.

2. Medieval Comics

A jester, court jester or fool was historically an entertainer during the medieval era who was a member of the household of a nobleman employed to entertain him and his guests. During the medieval times, the jesters were given a power that no other person in the kingdom was granted: the power to openly mock any noble he saw fit, even the King or Queen. So long as it was done in a jesting manner, a jester could get away with poking fun at any of the nobles shortcomings. As mentioned before, this aspect of mocking is also commonly found in modern day comedy.

3. Renaissance Comics

During the 11th century in England, a new trait of vital comedy emerged. The tradition of the interlude, developed by John Heywood and others, blended with that of Latin classic comedy, eventually producing the great Elizabethan comedy, which reached its highest expression in the plays of Shakespeare and Ben Jonson. Shakespeare, whose comedies ranged from the farcical to the tragicomic, was the master of the romantic comedy, while Jonson, whose drama was strongly influenced by classical tenets, wrote caustic, rich satire.

In 17th-century France, the classical influence was combined with that of the commedia dell’arte in the drama of Molière, one of the greatest comic and satiric writers in the history of the theatre. This combination is also presented in the plays of the Italian Carlo Goldoni. After a period of suppression during the Puritan Revolution, the English comic drama reemerged with the witty, frequently licentious, consciously artificial comedy of manners of Etherege,Wycherley, Congreve, and others.

4. Melodramatic Comics 

A melodrama is a dramatic or literary work in which the plot, which is typically sensational and designed to appeal strongly to the emotions, takes precedence over detailed characterisation. It is considerably a new genre of drama since it has only been around in the 1770s. Melodrama takes a normal, everyday situation and throw in absurd twists – fake murders, bizarre disorders, ridiculous betrayals, ludicrous love stories, the list goes on and on – all of which conspire to render the normal abnormal in a fun and relatable way.

5. Circus Comics

A circus is a company of performers that may include clowns, acrobats, trained animals, trapeze acts, musicians, hoopers, tightrope walkers, jugglers, unicyclists and other object manipulation and stunt-oriented artists. Welfare State International create some of the biggest and strangest and most radical theatre of the 1970s and 80s, greatly inspired during the latter stages by their loathing of Thatcherite policies and values. Founded by John Fox and Sue Gill, Roger Coleman and others, WSI thrives through the decades as an ever-changing, multidisciplinary band of artists.

6. Cinematic Comics

Cinematic comedy is one of the oldest film genre and one of the most  popular. Comedy was ideal for the early silent films, as it was dependent on visual action and physical humor rather than sound. A good example of this is slapstick. It is one of the earliest forms of comedy, poked fun at farcical situations of physical humours events. One of the most iconic early- day silent film comedian is Charlie Chaplin. He represents the comedy of the 19th century. His work “the Tramp” and is considered one of the most important figures in the history of the film industry.

 

Information Source Citation

James Blake Wiener. “Greek Comedy.” Ancient History Encyclopedia. Jan Van Der Crabben, 24 Mar. 2013. Web. 09 May 2016.

Troy Depue. “Medieval Jester; More than Just a Fool.” Examiner.com, 04 Apr. 2012. Web. 09 May 2016.

“Timeline of Comedy.” Infoplease. The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia,, n.d. Web. 09 May 2016.
Charlie Holland. “Circus Timeline.” Circus Timeline. Arts Concil England, n.d. Web. 09 May 2016.
JESSE DAVID FOX. “The 100 Jokes That Shaped Modern Comedy.” Vulture. Giacomo Gambineri, 31 Jan. 2016. Web. 09 May 2016.
Dirks, Tim. “Comedy Films.” Comedy Films. filmside.org, AMCtv.com, Web. 09 May 2016.
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