InS Gapminder Compare and Contrast (Nigeria and Saudi Arabia)

I was wondering about why neighbouring countries such as Nigeria and Saudi Arabia have such a difference in wealth, life expectancies etc.screen-shot-2016-12-02-at-12-05-19-pm

If you look at this picture (Nigeria in blue and Saudi Arabia in green.) You can see how far the countries are from each other in terms of health and wealth.

Let’s take a look and compare the two countries. In Saudi Arabia, the development rate is much higher than Nigeria’s because it has lots of natural resources mostly oil. Saudi Arabia produces eighteen percent of the world’s petrol and oil. Giving the country wealth and more money to the workers that can be used for health causes. Giving the country better health and wealth. While on the other hand Nigeria has some petrol but not as much as Saudi Arabia also has many important metals that we use in our daily devices. Nigeria also produces natural gas. The oil and gas portion accounts for 35 percent of the gross domestic product.

In terms of birth rate in both countries, there is 2.70 births per woman on average in Saudi Arabia, and in Nigeria there is 6.00 births per woman average. The death rate of children in Nigeria is much higher compared to most of the world because the country has a quite high population of around 180 million people, but also because the country is poor and the health care/ child care, medicine is not so good. While Saudi Arabia has less child death rate because of a better government and more wealth and medicine.

As said earlier, the birth rate of the average woman in Nigeria if 6.00 and in Saudi Arabia it is 2.70. These numbers are different for economical reasons and for religious reasons. For example in Nigeria it might be necessary to have that many kids in order to be able to do the work around the house or earn money. But in Saudi Arabia, it might not be so important for a family to many kids.

In Nigeria the infant death rate is much higher than Saudi Arabia’s at a staggering 117 per 1000 children. While in Saudi Arabia is at 16 deaths per 1000. This is because of how rich the government is and the health care/ medicine that they can afford.

The GDP in Saudi Arabia and in Nigeria have a big difference even though they are neighbouring regions. The GDP in Nigeria is 3005.51 USD and the GDP in Saudi Arabia is 25.961.81 USD. This shows how rich the government is and how good their care and medicine is for their citizens. This big change in wealth might be because of the natural resources and the if population the is taking up all of the jobs and resources from the other poorer half of the country.

The HDI in Nigeria is 0.514 as of 2014 and the HDI of Saudi Arabia is 0.837. These numbers could differ or change for many reasons such as wealth and money problems, lack of resources, or wars and illnesses. Since the HDI is a combination of many indicators mixed together if any one of those factors are in a bad state everything changes.

Life expectancy is a big role in how we see the a county and often describes what the country is like. The life expectancy of Nigeria for men is 53.4 years and for woman it is 55.6. This is a low number for a country compared with other countries such as japan with 83.10 years average between men and women.


This is because of the diseases that spread and how people in Nigeria are not available to clean water and clothing. Since most of the country is poor there is usually not enough money to get proper treatment. But in Saudi Arabia the life expectancy is 75.71 for women and 73.03 for men. This might be because of the technology and wealth of each individual and the government. The government provides healthcare and has enough technology to be able to fix most sicknesses.

The literacy rate in Nigeria and Saudi Arabia have very different numbers. In Saudi Arabia 97 percent of the youth total number of children can read and write. While in Nigeria only 66 percent of all the youth children can read and write.


This could be because of where the children live and the amount of space they have to overcome to get to a school with or without transportation. In Nigeria only 31 people out of 1000 have a motor vehicle and that would make it tough to get to school if there is not one near by. While in Saudi Arabia it is 336 motor vehicles per 1000 people.