The two countries that i am comparing are Niger and Norway. Norway is a MEDC with a very strong economy opposed to Niger which is a LEDC which is poor.
Infant mortality rate
The infant mortality rate for deaths under the age of 1 per 1000 births.
The infant mortality rate means the amount of Infants/babies that die under the age of 5. So the most recent information(2013), Gapminder states that in Niger 104 babies die before the age of 5. Compared to that in Norway only 2.5 babies die before the age of 5. This is a difference of over 100 babies. This difference has not changed a lot throughout the years as in 1988 Norway had an Infant mortality rate of 9.8, Niger had an infant mortality rate of 336. There is a big difference in the amount of babies surviving and both countries’ infant mortality rate rose, although both countries still have a huge difference. I think Niger has a lower infant mortality rate because they are not economically developed and Niger doesn’t have enough money for health care. On the other hand Norway is very economically developed and they have enough money for health care for babies to survive.
Population growth means the percentage in which the rate of the population’s growth.
The population growth, annual % in Norway is 1.27. In Niger it is 3.73(information recorded in 2011). So in Norway every year 1.27% of the population grows compared to Niger which is 3.73% which means Niger has a higher population growth percentage of almost 3. This could mean that Niger has a higher fertility rate and so the population will grow more despite the low Infant mortality rate. Norway has a lower population growth maybe because their fertility rate is controlled and the population growth is not as rapid as Niger. The natural increase rate of Niger is very high so parallel to this the population growth percentage will be higher.
In 1960 Niger’s population growth was 2.81 which is still very high and Norway was 0.839 which is a pretty low amount. Niger’s population is increasing very rapidly which is not good because if more kids are born the parent won’t be able to feed the kids and look after them.
The Literacy rate means the percentage of the people who are able to read and write compared to those who cannot.
The Literacy rate for both countries in 2004 and 2001 are below:
These stats show that Norway have kept their Literacy rate very high, close to/or 100% which means that most of the population can read and write. On the other hand Niger’s Literacy rate in 2001 is very low for both age groups and lower than 20% can read or write. In 2004 Niger changed/developed and the literacy rate for both age groups went up by more than 10%. It is good that they rose in literacy rate although the numbers are still pretty low. Niger and Norway has a huge difference in this indicator and this can show if a country is well educated or not.
The number of births per 1000 of the population
The birth from 2009, 2000, 1990 in Niger and Norway are below
Norway have kept their birth rate close to 10% and their birth rate is slightly decreasing over time by about 1% every ten years. Norway’s population wouldn’t increase rapidly but gradually because their birth rate is pretty low.
Niger have their birth rate close to 50% and over time their birth rate is also decreasing about 2-3% every ten years. Niger’s population may increase rapidly because the birth rate is so high.
Norway are controlling their birth rate more compared to Niger and if this keeps going Niger will be overpopulated.
The average amount that a human is expected to live
The life expectancy for both countries in 1990, 2000, 2014 are below:
Norway’s life expectancy is very high with close to 80% every 10 years. Norway have rose close to 2% every ten years. This could be because they have developed better medical services and they have money for food and water which could be reason why they live longer.
Over 20 years Niger’s life expectancy rose about 15% and now it is 60.7% which shows huge development. It is still lower than Norway but they have developed and this could be because they developed better medical services, having food and water and more. Although reasons that they have lower life expectancy than Norway could be because not all people have CLEAN water and enough food. Some people might not have shelter.
GDP per capita in dollars
Is a measure of the total output of a country that takes GDP and divides it by the number of people in the country
the GDP per capita in Norway in 2011 is $40k compared to Niger which is $177. This clearly shows that Norway is more wealthy than Niger. This indicator could mean many things like, can one person afford medical service/supplies, can they buy food and clean water, do they have shelter or a home and much more. So I think this is a major indicator to show the differences between a country.
Niger has a very low GDP/capita and is never higher than 180. They have developed slightly over time
Norway has a very high GDP/capita with over 25k from 1990. They have developed a lot over 20 years with a 12.5k difference.
HDI-Human development Index
Is the statistics of life health level, educational level, and the living standard. (this information is from Gapminder. Information could vary on different websites according to what they are measuring)
The HDI for both countries in 1990, 2000, 2011 are below
This means that Norway has a higher standard of living, more people can read, people are healthier and most kids have education. Norway’s HDI developed a lot and over 20 years their HDI id close to 1 rising over 0.2. This means Norway has developed fairly quickly and is a very wealthy country.
Niger on the other hand has a lower standard of living, not many people can read or write, most kids don’t get education and people are not as healthy. Niger has developed as well and over 20 years they have developed close to 0.1. Although their HDI is very low with 0.296.
This is evident in the other statistics of indicators and the development speed of Niger is evidently slower than Norway.
It means a numerical measure of the quality of life in different countries.
So overall I think Norway has a higher quality of life than Niger. This is evident because most indicators showed that Norway has better statistics than Niger. I think the most evident indicator is Literacy rate. The literacy for Norway was close to 100% on the other hand Niger was about 30%. So this shows that Niger has a development of slower pace than Norway which has developed quicker.
In conclusion the statistics show that Norway is more wealthier and has developed more than Niger. This could be because they have poor technology, less money or the population is too high but based on the stats Niger is not wealthy and is a LEDC.
this link will take you to all statistics for all indicators above.