For the technology, I am focusing on phones.
Phones costs about 500 EUR – 900 EUR. I found out that phones are very common that there are 96 cell phone service subscriptions for every 100 people in the world. The top product company that are used is: Apple, Samsung, google and etc. We mostly use phones to contact people. Example: calling, face time, texting, and etc. Also, a lot of people are using it for entertainments such as: Games, social media, and etc. We also use it to: Take pictures/Film, Calendar, stop watch, clock, and other common uses.
There are Tin, Tantalum, Gold, and Tungsten in our phones. Gold comes from: China, United States, Australia, South Africa, and Russia. Tungsten, comes from: China, Russia Canada, Bolivia, and Austria. Tantalum, comes from: Mozambique, Brazil, DRC, Rwanda, and Ethiopia. Tin, comes from: China, Indonesia, Peru, Bolivia, Brazil. Tungsten, Is used to make our phone or blackberry vibrate. Tungsten is a growing source of income for armed groups in the Congo. Armed groups are earning about $2 million annually. Tin, is used as a solder in the circuit boards in our phones. Congolese armed groups earns about $85 million per year from trading tin. Tantalum, Is used to store capacitors in digital camera’s and phones. About 65 to 80 percent of the world’s tantalum are used for electronic devices. Congolese Armed groups earned about 8 million a year by trading tantalum. Gold is a very rare mineral and easy to smuggle. gold is used as an jewelry in phones and a component in electronics. It is also used to cover up the wires on our phone. Gold wire is usually used in chips to interconnect between the silicon and the chip package. Congolese armed groups are earning between $44 million to $88 million total per year from trading gold.
Studies shows that, Historical ears death are less than the Congo Civil conflicts. Example:US revolution: 108,800, Civil war: 850,000, Vietnam war: 1.7 million, Korean war: 3 million, while the Congo civil conflict deaths are 5.4 million. Studies shows that people hire the workers by: Gun-Point, Life threats, Physically forced, Get a job to protect yourself or your Family. It is also proved that the workers are treated poorly and are in horrible work conditions. It proves that they are working in difficult locations. It is also proved that they: use poor tools, lift a lot, and to the result that they most lead to death.
What can we do to make it better?
We can all make a demand to the top technical device companies, that we want conflict free products. By emailing, calling and etc. We can also write or publish some facts on our local newspaper, blog, and etc. We can also bring more awareness to the community with internet by posting links and using pictures to show people how bad the situation is. We also can collect some money from the students and teachers. We can all make a fundraiser for the Congo. Finally, If we can not make our OWN fundraiser I think that we should donate to other fundraiser for the Congo civil conflict.
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Fernholz, Tim. “More People around the World Have Cell Phones than Ever Had Land-lines.” Quartz. Quartz, 25 Feb. 2014. Web. 25 Nov. 2016.
1, 2009 By John Prendergast | Apr. “Can You Hear Congo Now? Cell Phones, Conflict Minerals, and the Worst Sexual Violence in the World | Enough Project.” Enough. Enough, n.d. Web. 25 Nov. 2016.
“What Are Conflict Minerals?” Source Intelligence. Source, n.d. Web. 25 Nov. 2016.
ENOUGHproject. “Conflict Minerals 101.” YouTube. YouTube, 18 Nov. 2009. Web. 25 Nov. 2016.