Industrial Revolution – Causes and Effects

The industrial revolution was caused by many factors: coal extraction, agricultural production, iron smelting, the railways, steam power, and industrial production. All of these causes affected each other and played an important role in developing each factor, for example, coal extraction. Coal extraction allowed iron smelting to happen because the safety lamps, which used coal, helped people go deeper into caves because those lamps would not cause explosions which helped people not be as scared going deep into caves. The coal would also allow people to smelt iron into new tools, which would make mining much more efficient. Also, iron could be used to make steam engines which could be used in new types of transportation, such as the steam train. The newly found train forced people to make something that the train could travel on like the railways. The steam power could also be used to power the agricultural machines which allowed less people to be working on a farm at a time. Those people needed new jobs, to get money so they used the steam train and the railways to travel into the cities and work in the factories. In conclusion, all of these effects have a very important role in the development of the industrial revolution, and all of these effects play important roles in developing each other, and the industrial revolution.

Puppetry With Lee Randall

In drama class, we had a session with Lee Randall to learn and do puppetry. I learned many things from him including how to use and manipulate a puppet in a way that It will feel alive to you and the audience.

One thing that I learned is that the eyes are the most important part of a puppet. This is because they draw the most focus. The lead puppeteer is always the person controlling the head because that changes where they are looking and sometimes the puppet’s facial expressions. Another important part of making a puppet look alive is controlling the puppet’s breaths. People do this by exaggerating the breath so that the audience will notice it more and that will lead them into believing that the puppet is real.

Before this opportunity, we had a chance to practice for this. For example, before Lee Randall came, we got into threes, one person would be the puppet and the other two would manipulate the puppet. In PE we learned about using levels to get more attention. We used this in puppetry because you have to use levels to make it more obvious about what the puppet is doing and to get to know the puppet’s weight.

Here are some photos of when and before Lee Randall came:

SLC ATL Skills – Grade 7


We have had quite a bit of collaborative assignments, and I think that I demonstrated collaboration well in many of them. For example, Sophie and I had a presentation on Spain’s influence on Cuba. During this project, Sophie and I evenly split the work and got it done much more efficiently than we would have done if we worked on and researched the same things. Another example of collaboration is during the Two Weeks With The Queen video in English. We would split up the roles, what we wrote on the doc, and adding notes to the script.  I still believe that I can improve on my collaboration skills. I could do this by working with other people than I usually do and that will lead to expanding my comfort zone.




I think that I have showed good communication skills in many subjects. One project to show this, would be in drama where he had to mime a story of our own. Charlie and I chose the story of Harambe because we felt like this would be an interesting story to mime. During the performance, we would have little keys as a marker for when someone would do something. We would both expect it to be coming so we were always prepared. Another example of communication is through the dance in P.E, when we had to create a little dance for 40 seconds, we had to communicate when we taught each other our made up dances, we would also have markers for when to do things in the music.




Many projects this year have required research in order to get it done. For example, in science, we had to research what materials are used in technology, and where and how they were used. I did my blogpost on the iPhone 6s. In order to collect useful information, it was key to find reliable websites. Since you use these websites, it was required to cite these sources fully. I think that I could even further develop my research skills by using a wider range of sources than mostly School EB. I feel like I did a good job on that during this project because there was nothing like it on School EB.


Self Management 

I believe that I showed good self management skills in music for the practice journals. Every week we had to do 2 practice journals showing what you practiced, including the warmup, and an exercise you can pick from youtube or a book. I also showed good self management skills in Japanese and math. In both of these subjects we used charts. In Japanese, we would get a sticker if we didn’t speak a lot of English in that class. If we got 10 stickers, we get a period to do whatever we want. In math, we had a chart showing which subjects on algebra we completed. If we ever didn’t know what to do, we could just look at the chart and that would show what to do next.





I  think that I showed thinking skills during design’s criterion A. I think this because criterion A required you to think about what key features make a character good and acceptable to their audiences. I think that I can improve on this because I will often not be creative with the way I present information. I think that I can think of new and different ways to present my information, that will be more interesting.


Eye Dissection

In science we dissected a pig’s eye. Here are the parts of the eye that we found:

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Here is a basic explanation of how the eye works:

The light comes in through the Cornea, then the lens bends the light. The light then goes into the Pupil. When the light hits the Retina at the back of the eye, the Retina , makes the image into a signal that can be sent through the optic nerve, and into the Brain where the image is translated from the little signals into the image that you actually see. The Brain also flips the image from upside down, when it enters the Brain, to right side up.

What Elements are in iPhones?

People use a lot of technology in this time of history. Many types of technology are used such as phones, computers, T.Vs or even video game consoles, but what we all want to know is what is in an iPhone? A huge part of any piece of technology are four elements which are Tungsten, Tin, Tantalum, and Gold. Those elements are also called the 3TG’s. Basically, there are things called conflict minerals which are mostly mined in the DRC (the Democratic Republic of the Congo). Conflict minerals are pretty much exactly how they sound: minerals and elements that cause conflict. The DRC is the most mineral rich country in the world. On the other hand, the DRC is also one of the most war-torn and dangerous countries in the world. This is mostly because of conflict minerals which are forced to be mined in terrible conditions and also without much pay. The rebels as well as the government force the residents of the DRC to mine in terrible conditions with the threat of violence such as rape and murder to themselves and their family in their mind.


Gold is used in the iPhone circuit boards. This is because gold can conduct electrons which make electricity very easily. Gold also has a very low electrical resistance so that it doesn’t destroy or damage as quickly as other metals. Gold’s atomic number is 79. On the periodic table, gold’s symbol is Au. Gold’s melting point is at 1,064ºC. Gold is also the most expensive metal used in all iPhones. Gold is found and mined in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Tantalum is used as the camera lens in an iPhone. This is because when Tantalum is refined it can become a heat resistant material specifically a powder. Tantalum is also used in the iPhone because Tantalum can hold a high electrical charge. As of February 2014, Apple guaranteed the use of conflict free Tantalum. Tantalum’s atomic number is 73. On the periodic table, tantalum’s symbol is Ta. Tantalum has a melting point of 3,020ºC. Tantalum is found and mined in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

Tin is used as a Solder for electric wire boards inside an iPhone. Tin is also used to solder wires of different properties together. This is because Tin can melt and solder wires of different properties together without breaking the wires. This is because Tin’s melting point is 231.9ºC. Tin’s atomic number is 50. On the periodic table, tin’s symbol is Sn. Tin is mostly found in China but Tin can also be found in Indonesia and the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Tungsten in an iPhone is the most common material used in an iPhone vibration unit. This is because Tungsten is a very dense metal. If an iPhone didn’t have Tungsten in it, then the iPhone would fall silent. Tungsten is also used in the wire boards. Tungsten’s melting point is 3422ºC. Tungsten’s atomic number is 74. On the periodic table, Tungsten’s symbol is W. Tungsten is mostly found and mined in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, but it can also be found and mined in Canada.


A safety issue with these minerals is about the miners that mine for these elements. The miners are forced to mine for these materials by the rebels or the DRC Government. They are forced to work very long hours with little to no pay in very dangerous conditions such as having very old and non efficient tools to mine these elements. If the miners refuse to do their work, major damages will be done to themselves and their family such as murder and rape. The rebels also have very advanced guns that they use to threaten families to work.

A financial issue is that the miners are barely paid in very harsh conditions. However, the military troops that own the mine benefit greatly by smuggling the conflict minerals to the east coast of Africa to be shipped to factories that make electronics. The military troops then gain a lot of money through trade with other countries and also by taxing the miners for living in the militias territory. The militias then spend the money they gain through their trade with other countries on guns, bombs, and whatever else they can use to intimidate the miners into working harder to get more conflict minerals and elements that they can use to gain more money through trade.

An ethical issue with mining conflict minerals is the harsh conditions that miners have to mine in. The miners have to mine the conflict minerals with very old and rusted tools. Another ethical issue is that the miners have to mine long hours with little to no pay. If the miners refuse to do the work that the militias force them to do, they and their family gets punished. The number continuing to grow every day, over 5.4 million people have died while mining conflict minerals. That is more than the US Revolution, the US Civil War, the Vietnam war and, the Korean war.


We could inform Apple about all the terrible things that is happening in the DRC. Since Apple already guaranteed conflict free Tantalum as of February 2014, we could take that one step farther and inform Apple about other conflict minerals such as Tin, Tungsten, and Gold in which Apple uses in all of it’s electronics. We could also inform apple about the terrible conditions the people who mine conflict minerals in. If they don’t do work, their family gets punished by rape, and murder. This intimidates their family so that they will do the work with rape and murder as a punishment in their minds. This could work because if Apple just recognises how terrible conflict minerals are, they might make a difference in what they put into their electronic

We could inform our school about conflict minerals, how they work and the terrible conditions of the workers in the Eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo. We could do this via the MS Daily or the HS Daily. This would inform everybody about the terrible things that happen in Eastern Congo such as the terrible pay, and the punishments for the people that refuse to do the work that they are forced to do. This could make people really think about the type of electronics they are getting and maybe make different choices than they would’ve done.


Apple. “IPhone 6s.” Apple. Apple, 2016. Web. 24 Nov. 2016. <>.

Desjardins, Jeff. “The Extraordinary Raw Materials in an IPhone 6s.” Visual Capitalist. Jeff Desjardins, 10 Mar. 2016. Web. 24 Nov. 2016. <>.

Neo Mammalian Studios. “Mining & IPhone Recycling.” 911 Metallurgist. 911 Metalliurgist, 2013. Web. 24 Nov. 2016. <>.

Conflict Minerals 101. Dir. ENOUGHproject. Perf. John Prendergast. Conflict Minerals 101. ENOUGHproject, 18 Nov. 2009. Web. 24 Nov. 2016.

Source 44. “What Are Conflict Minerals?” Source Intelligence. Source 44, 2015. Web. 24 Nov. 2016. <>.


Expedition Reflection – November

Two weeks ago we went on the 7th Grade Expedition. Here is my reflection.

I enjoyed many things during Expedition including hanging out talking late night in our room. I think that I did well on talking to many people that I don’t usually hang out with. I think some challenges I faced are that I didn’t get to talk to my close friends very often because most of the time we were split up into other groups. I think some of my favourite parts was the mountain biking and the hiking. I think that this is because I had earlier experience on it before. Overall I think that expeditions went well.

I&S U1 Reflection – Empires

Backward Looking

In what ways have you gotten better at this kind of work?

I feel like I have gotten better at this type of work in many ways. I feel like the most improved skill is knowing what websites are reliable and which ones are not. I have also gotten better at communicating with my partner instead of just focusing on working and not talking at all with my partner. I also used to get distracted a lot and and end up doing a lot at home. I feel like I have definitely minimised the number of times that I got distracted.

Inward Looking

How do you feel about this piece of work? What parts do you particularly like? Dislike? Why? What did you enjoy about this piece of work?

I feel like this work was very detailed. We each participated a lot so both of our thinking helped us with a lot of the detail. Some parts of this work that I particularly liked about this piece of work is that it has both Sophie and my points of view in the presentation. Even though some days that we had I&S Sophie was sick, I still covered the work that we were going to do because we both were very focused on our work and not very often would we get distracted.

Outward Looking

What is one thing you want other people to notice when they look at your work?

I would like other people to notice that this piece of work was very detailed because both of our opinions were on that presentation. Also, both Sophie and I participated in this work a lot. Even though some days that we had I&S, Sophie was sick, I still did the work that we were going to do if Sophie was here.

Forward Looking

What’s one goal you would set for yourself for next time?

I would like to spend a little more time working on the project from home so that I or we can get an even better grade. I would also like to minimise the times that I get distracted even more. I feel this way because during that time that I am distracted, I or we could have got some more work and get an even better grade.


Here is  the research sheet that Sophie and I used in for the Empires project this year.

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Dragon Days Reflection

For the last two days, grade 7 and 8 worked on a project to help the school in a way. This is a reflection for this project.

Designing our project was… Exciting but also hard. When we got a really good Idea, I felt excited because it feels good to have one. Hard because when we didn’t have an idea, we all were thinking hard for a new one.
Reasons I liked working with my group I liked working with my group because we all contributed in at least one way. Also all of my group was very friendly and wasn’t shy to contribute new ideas.
ATL skills that I used well We all communicated and collaborated very well. All of our group got along with each other. We also each had at least one very good idea to contribute to the group
Great moments along the way A great moment along the way was when we were all having fun but working hard at the same time for our last two periods to work on our project. That made the deadline make me less stressed out because usually if I have a deadline soon I get stressed out.
One thing I learned from another group One thing i learned from another group was to not only do the plan of the roof, but to make a google presentation to go along with it. This Improved our project because I think that the presentation made us realize that we had to add a lot more detail.
Next time, I will Next time I will get our Idea done with the first thing we do. This time, we only got our Idea done by the end of the first two periods in the auditorium. That would give us more time to work on the project.
Something awesome that I contributed Something that I contributed to the group was the original problem of the high schoolers kicking the balls on the playground and hurting people.

Art Unit 3 Reflection

Paragraph 1:

The subject of my painting is Julius. I chose Julius because he has always been a close friend even when he was living in India in third grade and fourth grade. I also chose Julius because he is really funny and I admire that. I also sometimes play with him outside because our houses are so close together. My painting expressed Julius’ love for sports and soccer in particular. You can see this in the background because it is Julius’ favourite soccer team’s (Bayern Munich) stadium (Allianz Arena). In the stadium, you can see a lot of black. This represents some of Julius’ personalities: mystery and power which both are represented by black. In my painting, I made Julius’ face very simple. This represents that Julius is sometimes very simple and doesn’t need much to survive. In the sky, I used a lot of white. This symbolizes joy and faith. Julius is mostly happy and I know I can trust him so I used white to symbolize those traits.


PARAGRAPH 1. Explain the subject of your painting.

  • Who is the subject? Why did you choose this person? Why are they important to you?
  • What did you express about this person? (example: their personality? something they like or are interested in? something they did or achieved? their feelings or emotion?) BE SPECIFIC.


Paragraph 2

The elements in my painting are Subject and Setting. I chose to paint Allianz Arena in the background because Allianz Arena is where Julius’ favourite soccer team, Bayern Munich plays. Allianz Arena is a symbol of our common interest and connection to Julius. It is also a symbol to Julius’ dedication to soccer. The soccer field in Allianz Arena represents what Julius would do in his spare time. Vincent van Gogh influenced my painting. One example of how Vincent van Gogh influenced my painting is by the placement of Julius on my painting. In Vincent van Gogh’s paintings, his subject is placed on the left ant the the subject is looking to the right. Since the background picture that I wanted to duplicate had more to show on the left than the right, I flipped it so that Julius was facing the left on the right side of the painting. Another way that Vincent van Gogh influenced my painting is by the little dots in the background. Since there are large crowds and many fans at Allianz Arena, I thought that I could use those dots to show all the fans and exaggerate how big Allianz Arena actually is.


PARAGRAPH 2. Explain how you communicated your ideas.

  • Which 2 or 3 pictorial elements did you use to express your ideas? Describe each one in detail. What does each of these elements express about your subject? BE SPECIFIC.
  • What artist or movement or style influenced you? How did you use this influence in your painting.GIVE SPECIFIC EXAMPLES.