Chicken Wing Dissection

In class, we dissected a chicken wing. We took off the skin and observed the muscles, ligaments, and tendons.

SIMILARITIES:

The chicken and human both have some similarities when it comes to the arm. Both have the same type of joints in the arm. Both have ball in socket joints for the shoulder and hinge joints for the elbow.

One other similarity between the human and chicken arm is the way the muscles work. When the arm of a chicken contracts, then the bicep gets bigger and hard, while the tricep relaxes. When the arm of the chicken stretches, the bicep and tricep pretty much switch what they do, because the bicep relaxes and the tricep gets harder and bigger.

DIFFERENCES:

There are not many differences between the human arm and the chicken arm. One of the main differences is that for the wrists, chickens have hinge joints whereas we have ball in socket joints.

Here is a timelapse and some photos from the dissection:

Bee Pollen Research Project – Science

What nutrients are in your superfood and what do they do?

The superfood that I chose was bee pollen. Bee pollen contains a lot of protein, approximately 24.1 grams of protein per 100g. Bee pollen also contains 314 calories per 100g, 4.9g of fat, and 43.5g carbohydrates per 100g. Most of these nutrients can do a good job of feeding your body energy. Carbohydrates are the main nutrients in bee pollen, so that is what I will be focusing on. Carbohydrates are not only used for feeding your body energy, but they are also for helping your different cells in your body recognise each other which will keep your body working together in a smooth way. Some problems with eating too much carbohydrates is that you will consume too many calories and then if you either eat too much or don’t exercise, that will turn into fat. Another problem with carbohydrates, is that, if you eat too much, it will drastically increase your blood sugar levels, and have an increased risk to develop type 2 diabetes, according to the Harvard School of Public Health. Without enough carbohydrates, you will start losing weight, if you do not eat enough carbohydrates for a long amount of time, you will become very skinny. Sometimes losing parts of your muscles.

What are some other foods that contain similar nutrients?

I compared bee pollen with oats, because they are both high in protein and carbohydrates, and low in fats. They both have under 7 grams of fat, bee pollen having 4.9 and oats having 6.9. they both also have under 400 calories, bee pollen having 314 calories and oats having 389 calories. Although bee pollen has 43.5 grams of carbohydrates and oats have 66.27 grams of carbohydrates, they are both over 50% protein and they are both very high in carbohydrates. Same with protein. Bee pollen has 24.1 grams of protein while oats have 16.89 grams of protein but, protein is in both, their second highest ingredient, excluding sugar, which oats do not have.

For my second food, I compared bee pollen with 100% whole wheat bread, because they both have very similar nutrients when it comes to fats and carbohydrates. For fats, 100% whole wheat bread has 4.2 grams of fat while bee pollen has 4.9 grams. When it comes to carbohydrates, 100% whole wheat bread has 46.1 grams of carbohydrates while bee pollen has 43.5 grams. The prices aren’t so equal. A loaf 100% whole wheat bread (400g) is around 0.56 dollars which for 100 grams is approximately 0.14 dollars, this is extremely cheap. For the bee pollen, 100 grams is $4.48. A you can see, bee pollen has more protein and and fat, but also costs more, so it basically choosing from nutrients or prices.

What are some issues with Bee Pollen?

I learned that bee pollen has a lot of sugars. I know what you are thinking. Sugars are in everything and they do me no harm. The problem is that too much sugar is that they will make you gain a lot of weight if you do not burn it off by exercising. If you eat too much sugar without burning it off, you can become obese, and increase your blood sugars, which could cause type 2 diabetes. Too much sugar can also damage and dirty your teeth, according to Wellness Mama, the the American public spends more than 54 million dollars per year on dental care, and contributing to this, is too much sugar in our diets. Also, people that are allergic to pollen, can have allergic reactions that can sometimes be severe, which can include having a hard time breathing.

What is wrong with the term ‘superfood’?

I believe that the term ‘superfood’ is more about selling you a product than actually being amazingly healthy. Some foods have better nutrients than others and they still aren’t considered ‘superfoods’. For example, kale is a superfood and still there are many other foods that have better nutrients than kale such as collard greens. People may not notice this but there are many other examples just like this, and this means that we could be getting ripped off because ‘superfoods’ typically cost more than any other food. I would recommend eating bee pollen over oats because the oats have too much carbohydrates. I would also recommend eating bee pollen over 100% whole wheat bread because bee pollen and 100% whole wheat bread have around the same ingredients, except the bee pollen has a lot more protein and I do believe that this is what made me choose bee pollen over whole wheat bread, because protein is an important nutrient that builds up your body.

Citations

Axe, Dr. Josh. “Top 8 Bee Pollen Benefits.” Dr. Axe. Dr. Josh Axe, 29 Mar. 2017. Web. 19 Apr. 2017. <https://draxe.com/bee-pollen/>.

 

FatSecret. “Bee Pollen.” FatSecret. FatSecret, 2017. Web. 19 Apr. 2017. <https://www.fatsecret.com/calories-nutrition/generic/bee-pollen?portionid=51751&portionamount=100.000>.

 

FatSecret. “100 G Oats.” Calories in 100 G of Oats and Nutrition Facts. FatSecret, 2017. Web. 19 Apr. 2017. <https://mobile.fatsecret.com/calories-nutrition/usda/oats?portionid=62446&portionamount=100.000>.

 

FatSecret. “100% Whole Wheat Bread.” FatSecret. FatSecret, 2017. Web. 19 Apr. 2017. <https://www.fatsecret.com/calories-nutrition/generic/bread-whole-wheat-100%25?portionid=52246&portionamount=100.000>.

 

United States Department of Agriculture. “USDA Branded Food Products Database.” Food Composition Databases Show Foods — UNCLE HARRY’S NATURAL PRODUCTS, WESTERN WASHINGTON BEE POLLEN, UPC: 760286610316. United States Department of Agriculture, 29 Mar. 2017. Web. 19 Apr. 2017. <https://ndb.nal.usda.gov/ndb/foods/show/29148?fgcd=&manu=&lfacet=&format=&count=&max=50&offset=&sort=default&order=asc&qlookup=bee%2Bpollen&ds=&qt=&qp=&qa=&qn=&q=&ing=>.

 

Healthy Supplies. “Bee Pollen 100g (Sussex Wholefoods).” Bee Pollen 100g (Sussex Wholefoods) – HealthySupplies.co.uk. Buy Online. Healthy Supplies, 4 Apr. 2017. Web. 19 Apr. 2017. <https://www.healthysupplies.co.uk/bee-pollen-small-healthy.html>.

 

Wellness Mama. “The Harmful Effects of Sugar on the Body | Wellness Mama.” Wellness Mama®. Wellness Mama, 2017. Web. 19 Apr. 2017. <https://wellnessmama.com/15/harmful-effects-of-sugar/>.

 

Matters, Food. “10 Amazing Health Benefits of Bee Pollen.” FOOD MATTERS®. Food Matters, 04 Apr. 2017. Web. 19 Apr. 2017. <http://www.foodmatters.com/article/10-amazing-health-benefits-of-bee-pollen>.

 

Mercola, Joseph. “The Use of Bee Pollen as a Superfood.” Mercola.com. Joseph Mercola, 2017. Web. 19 Apr. 2017. <http://www.mercola.com/article/diet/bee_pollen.htm>.

 

Museum, Science. “Who Am I?” What Do Carbohydrates Do for You? NMSI / Science Museum, 19 Apr. 2010. Web. 19 Apr. 2017. <http://www.sciencemuseum.org.uk/whoami/findoutmore/yourbody/whatdoyourcellsdo/whatisacellmadeof/whatdocarbohydratesdoforyou>.

 

The Superfoods. “Nutritional Analysis of Bee Pollen.” The Superfoods! The Superfoods, 04 June 2015. Web. 19 Apr. 2017. <https://www.thesuperfoods.net/bee-pollen/nutritional-analysis-of-bee-pollen>.

 

Tremblay, MSc Sylvie. “The Effects of Eating Too Many Carbs.” LIVESTRONG.COM. Leaf Group, 27 June 2016. Web. 19 Apr. 2017. <http://www.livestrong.com/article/437002-the-effects-of-eating-too-many-carbs/>.
ZopNow. “Britannia 100% Whole Wheat Bread 400 G – Buy Online.” ZopNow. ZopNow, 2017. Web. 19 Apr. 2017. <https://www.zopnow.com/britannia-100-whole-wheat-bread-v-400-g-p.php>.

I&S EMPATHY MAP, PERSUASIVE PARAGRAPH, AND AUTOBIOGRAPHY

Adam Turner, a successful lawyer, believes that child labour is a major problem in our society today in history. “In these factories, children are being forced to spend almost 24 hours working the machines which are extremely dangerous and can cause many injuries, in some cases, fatal. Child labour will hurt the next generation, because these poor children will not have time to go to school, and therefore not learn life’s valuable lessons.”

 

I believe that this case is especially important because I strongly believe that if these poor children keep working in these dangerous factories, they will be truly traumatised because of many kids dying right in front of their faces. People tell me that these kids can learn how to be responsible through these factories, but I strongly disagree with this. School both gives us knowledge, but also teaches us life lessons. Although running these hard machines takes a lot of effort to run, and this makes them work their hardest, they are being forced to run these machines. I could imagine what these children are thinking, wanting to get out of the factories, and living life to it’s fullest. Although these factories are helping the economy, there will be NO economy because the children of our country are stuck in factories working, instead of learning how our country works.

 

Industrial Revolution – Causes and Effects

The industrial revolution was caused by many factors: coal extraction, agricultural production, iron smelting, the railways, steam power, and industrial production. All of these causes affected each other and played an important role in developing each factor, for example, coal extraction. Coal extraction allowed iron smelting to happen because the safety lamps, which used coal, helped people go deeper into caves because those lamps would not cause explosions which helped people not be as scared going deep into caves. The coal would also allow people to smelt iron into new tools, which would make mining much more efficient. Also, iron could be used to make steam engines which could be used in new types of transportation, such as the steam train. The newly found train forced people to make something that the train could travel on like the railways. The steam power could also be used to power the agricultural machines which allowed less people to be working on a farm at a time. Those people needed new jobs, to get money so they used the steam train and the railways to travel into the cities and work in the factories. In conclusion, all of these effects have a very important role in the development of the industrial revolution, and all of these effects play important roles in developing each other, and the industrial revolution.

Eye Dissection

In science we dissected a pig’s eye. Here are the parts of the eye that we found:

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Here is a basic explanation of how the eye works:

The light comes in through the Cornea, then the lens bends the light. The light then goes into the Pupil. When the light hits the Retina at the back of the eye, the Retina , makes the image into a signal that can be sent through the optic nerve, and into the Brain where the image is translated from the little signals into the image that you actually see. The Brain also flips the image from upside down, when it enters the Brain, to right side up.