February 15

What Caused the Industrial Revolution?

Coal extraction was the foundation of the Industrial Revolution due to its use in producing power to run machines and smelt ores. The Industrial revolution was one of the most crucial events in human history mainly because of how it shaped the world which we live in. It provided products which are almost essentials in everyone’s life in the modern day and age. Although without coal extraction none of this would be possible, due to its use in many of the main factors of the industrial revolution. Take the railways, a key invention during the industrial revolution which increased the speed which people could travel at, and although in the modern day coal is not used in railways, many of the first trains were either powered by coal or steam, and in order to create steam, people used coal to heat up water until it evaporated and transformed into steam. Without the power that coal was used to produce, none of the machines that are used to create electronics, clothes, and much more would exist because everything would still have to be created by manual labour, as opposed to having an automatic machine which could make the same product 10 times faster. Overall, though coal extraction was crucial in the Industrial Revolution due to how it powered semi-automatic and automatic machines, as well as how it provided energy for lighting and other devices used in everyone’s daily life.


Image result for burning coal

Image result for coal extraction




November 21

What elements go into our smartphones?


Technology is used in everyday of our lives, whether it is a laptop, tablet, or even a phone, technology has become almost an essential of everyones lives. It allows you to navigate through a new area with the in built map, it allows you to connect with friends, and family abroad with the simple tap of a button. These are just 2 of the many benefits of having electronics in your life, but with these positives also come negatives but many people don’t realise them as they are to caught up in having to get the latest model of an electronic. Many of these issues do not impact the consumer, but they impact the origin of the production line as people are being forced to work in these mines with appalling working conditions. These working conditions may mean being forced to work in the mines 24/7 without any breaks, not being payed a fair amount, and also when another rebel group, or the military comes to take over the mines, the miners are forced to fight.  For my project, I decided to research what goes into our Iphones, because they are transportable, and they have many useful features which can keep you safe.

Who develops the Iphone?

 The Iphone is a piece of technology that some people would consider an essential in modern day life. It allows people to navigate through new places, communicate with other people easily, entertain themselves, and much, much more. The newest Iphone’s price starts at 769$, but this does not include the chargers you might have to but with it.  The Iphone is developed by a company named Apple, which is one of the world’s leading companies in electronics. Apple have released around 10 different models of the Iphone, and whenever a new one comes out, consumers feel the need to go and buy it even though they might already have a phone which is perfectly fine. This is a serious issue because although Apple don’t use conflict minerals connected to rebel groups, it is still a waste of the elements that are inside the phone as they are rare, valuable, and they can take a lot of manual labour to collect.

So what exactly goes into our phones?

Our Iphones are made up of many different elements, but some of the main ones that I researched were: tin, tungsten, tantalum, and gold. All of these elements and more make up what allows your phone to function correctly and safely. Along with the elements that make up your phone, there are also compounds which help your phone function as it should. Two of these compounds that I decided to look into are Indium Tin Oxide, and aluminosilicate glass. These two compounds help make up the screen, and are crucial for a phone as the screen is what allows people to actually use the phone.


What  are these compunds made up of, and what are the compounds used for?

Indium Tin Oxide

  • Indium tin oxide is a mix of indium oxide, and tin oxide, and it is used in the transparent screen at the front of the iPhone. The reason why it is used is because it conducts the electricity from the rest of the phone, allowing the screen to function as a touch screen. This is important because without the touch screen on your phone, you would not be able to use any of the gadgets downloaded on the phone.

Aluminosilicate glass

  • The glass which is used on the majority of smartphones, is aluminosilicate glass which is made up of off aluminium oxide, and silica. The glass also contains potassium ions which help strengthen the glass. This is what makes up the screen, and is what allows people to see what they are doing on the phone.

 Where are these elements mined? Why, and how are they used?

Tantalum (Ta)

  • Atomic number: 73

  • Melting point: 3,020 °C

       Where is Tantalum found?

  • The Congo possesses 80% of all the tantalum in the world, but they only mine a small fraction of it due to rebel groups who take over the mines. Even though Congo possesses most of the world’s coltan (tantalum ore), they are the world’s third largest producer/exporter of tantalum after Mozambique and Brazil. 

       What does Tantalum do inside your phone, and why is it used?

  • Tantalum stores electricity in your phone, without it your phone would die, and go silent. Tantalum is used because when it is refined it becomes a heat resistant powder that can hold a high electric charge. It’s a vital component in a large amount of small electronic devices, especially in mobile phones, laptops, and other electronic devices. 


Tin (Sn)

  • Atomic number: 50

  • Melting point: 231.9 °C

       Where is Tin found?

  • Tin is mainly produced in China, Indonesia, Peru, Bolivia, and Brazil, but it is often shipped to wealthier companies where the element is either not available, or it is extremely rare. The reason why it is shipped is because Tin is extremely cheap where it is collected as it is quite common, but when it is transported, it gains value as it becomes rarer. 

       What does Tin do inside your phone, and why is it used?

  • Tin is used as a solder for circuit boards because it is cheap, and affordable, and it also has a low melting point in comparison to other metals. The reason why the low melting point is useful is because you can melt it easily, and whilst it is melted, you can combine two wires by putting them in the tin, so when it hardens, it continues on the circuit. 


Tungsten (W)

  • Atomic number: 74

  • Melting point: 3,422 °C

       Where is Tungsten found?

  • Tungsten is mined in China, Russia, Portugal, Austria and Bolivia. China is reported to have about 75% of the world’s tungsten supply, and is the world’s greatest producer of tungsten, with Russia, Canada, Austria, and Bolivia also in the category of top 5 tungsten producers.

       What does Tungsten do inside your phone, and why is it used?

  • Tungsten makes sure that your phone vibrates, and is useful for text messages and phone calls.  It can also be used to connect the interconnecting copper layers, with the transistors. Tungsten is used because it is heavy, and it can be compacted into small area’s, and still have a great weight. This is useful because a phone needs to be compact so it can fit in people’s pockets, and this allows the phone to vibrate, while also leaving room for wiring.


  • Atomic number: 79

  • Melting point: 1,064 °C

       Where is Gold found?

  • Gold is produced mostly in China, United States, Russia, Australia, and South Africa. The reason why these countries are the main producers is because a lot of them are large countries which are some of the richest countries in the world meaning that the producers can sell the element for a lot more in these countries as the consumers have more than enough money to buy the gold. This is shown through the difference in the top ten gold mines, and the top 5 producers because the top 10 gold mines are in the following countries: Indonesia, Papa New Guinea, South Africa, Uzbekistan, Russia, Mongolia, Dominican Republic, Australia, and Ghana.

       What does Gold do inside your phone, and why is it used?

  • Gold is used in circuit boards and wiring because it has a low electrical resistance (it conducts electricity well) , and it doesn’t corrode like other metals. The reason why these chemical properties are important is because the wiring in your phone is often exposed to oxygen, and it needs to be able to continue on the circuit without corroding. Gold is also the most valuable metal in your phone. 

What are the issues with using conflict minerals?

The following issues affect the majority of countries who have mines which contain the conflict minerals mentioned above. These countries tend to have no real sense of government or leader who has great power over the population. This allows for almost anything illegal to be ignored, as people aare not punished as much as they should be when they commit crimes.

Ethical issue

Children are being forced by rebel groups to work in mines to gather the elements which are in our electronics. Also when the rebel group is under attack, the children are given guns, and are forced to go fight. This is wrong on so many levels because one iPhone could mean one child’s life, and when you are a child, you shouldn’t have to worry about being forced to go and fight with a gun. 

Government Issue

Rebel groups are taking over these mines which contain extremely valuable ores which when are smelted, and refined, are used in our technology. This is a big issue for governments in these poor countries, as they have no real source of income, and also they have no control over what is going on in the mines.

Safety Issue

The mines which contain the resources used in our phones tend to be ran by rebel groups who use the minerals from the mine as an income/source for weapons, and explosives. This can be really dangerous for the workers in the mines as there may be remaining explosives left in the mines, and also when the current rebel group is defeated by another, the workers may be harmed, tortured or even killed by the new rebel group as a sign of power and dominance.

Economic issue

The democratic republic of Congo is one of the mineral richest countries on the planet, yet Congo is still one of the poorest countries in the world. This is due to the rebel groups who use these resources to fund their military campaigns (they buy weapons and explosives instead of essentials for miners).

What can we, as consumers do to help?

As consumers, we hold the answer to solving these issues with people fighting over these conflict minerals, and people being forced to work under extreme conditions. We can stop this if we work together as a community, and stop buying electronics from companies that get their minerals from mines which are ran by rebel groups. This will help stop the fighting because companies will start to lose huge amounts of money, making them realise that they are doing something wrong. Once they realise what they are doing wrong, they will start to look at competing companies, and why they are doing so well, and then that is when they will realise that it’s not the product consumers don’t like, it’s the way that the minerals are collected.

Another solution is to spread the word with posters, and social media because people will notice what really is going on “behind the scenes”, and they will act against it, almost forcing these huge electronic companies to change their ways otherwise people won’t buy their products causing them to start to make a loss, and when a company is making a loss, they will either decide to shut down, or they will decide to make a change.

Connecting back to the first solution, we could also buy alternative electronics from companies which use conflict free minerals to create their electronics because although they may be smaller companies with worser quality electronics, but the way they will improve is by using money, because when a company has more money, they can improve their products, but the money has to come from the consumer because of no one is buying the product, the developer see’s no use in improving their product as it is not popular, and it will just put them further in debt.

All in all, these solutions all relate to the same issue that we need to solve as consumers because if a company is making large amounts of profit, a lot of the time, the owner won’t want to change anything because it may have a negative effect on the amount of people buying the product, but if the consumers are making that push for a change, the company will change so that they can continue to make large amounts of profit.



American Resources. “Copper Matters.” Copper Matters. American Resources, 2012. Web. 14 Nov. 2016. <http://www.coppermatters.org/copper-facts/>.

Apple.Inc. “IPhone 6s.” Apple. Apple.Inc, n.d. Web. 21 Nov. 2016. <http://www.apple.com/shop/buy-iphone/iphone6s>.

Bloomberg. “Apple Says Supply Chain Now 100% Audited for Conflict Minerals.” Bloomberg.com. Bloomberg, n.d. Web. 21 Nov. 2016. <https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2016-03-30/apple-says-supply-chain-now-100-audited-for-conflict-minerals>.

Carlos Andres. “World’s Top 10 Gold Deposits | MINING.com.” MINING.com. @mining, n.d. Web. 21 Nov. 2016. <http://www.mining.com/web/worlds-top-10-gold-deposits/>.

@compoundchem. “The Chemical Elements of a Smartphone.” Compound Interest. N.p., 04 May 2015. Web. 21 Nov. 2016. <http://www.compoundchem.com/2014/02/19/the-chemical-elements-of-a-smartphone/>.

ENOUGHproject. “Conflict Minerals 101.” YouTube. YouTube, 18 Nov. 2009. Web. 15 Nov. 2016.

Marcus Bleasdale. “Conflict Minerals from the Congo to Your Cellphone.” PBS. PBS, n.d. Web. 21 Nov. 2016. <http://www.pbs.org/newshour/bb/entertainment-july-dec13-bleasdale_10-05/>.

News, BBC. “DR Congo Minerals: Most Mines ‘conflict Free’ since US Law.” BBC News. BBC, n.d. Web. 21 Nov. 2016. <http://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-27782829>.

Venkel. “Conflict Minerals Infographic.” Conflict Minerals Infographic. Venkel, n.d. Web. 21 Nov. 2016. <http://www.venkel.com/compliance/infographics/conflict-minerals-infographic>.

November 5

Reflecting on the Empires unit!

Backward looking (How much did you know about the subject before we started?)

Looking back on this unit, I have realised how far I have come. At the start of this unit, I had almost no clue what an empire was, and the only ones that I had heard of were the British Empire, The Roman Empire, and the one in star wars. Originally all I knew was that an empire is a country who decides to take over a large amount of land outside of their own borders, and that they had to fight to gain control of other countries. Now I know that an empire is much more than that, and what effects an empire might have on a country when it is taken over. I have also learnt a lot about how selfish and cruel empires can be just to gain money, land and power.  Comparing what I thought an empire was before and after this unit has made me realise how much I have changed my opinion on empires as a whole because after seeing all the positive and negatives of empires, I have noticed that empires have shaped the world to what it is today. I think this because without empires, no cultures would have mixed, and no one would really have the chance to experience new things in different countries. I have found this unit extremely fun, and interesting, but I think that I could improve on making sure that I am not leaving jobs till the last second because for the final project, I left the bibliography for the last day, and I ended up rushing it.

Research sheet 

Inward looking (Find another piece of work that you did at the beginning of the year to compare and contrast with this what changes can you see?)

I feel proud of my work this unit because I have really given it my all, and I personally think that it looks great. I have improved a lot more as a learner because I have learnt that you don’t need to include a lot of writing on a slideshow for it to be a great presentation, in fact it’s actually better to have good quality images, and 1 or 2 words, than a whole slide of writing, and 2 small pictures because the audience has to listen to you to find out the information instead of just reading it off of the slides. I also think that my research skills have come a long way because I have learnt how to quote information from different sources, as well as how to know if a website has reliable information that you can use for a project. I still think that I could improve on time management a bit because although I get the work done, it can take me a while both at home and school because I feel as though I should write in a lot of detail, and sometimes there are other jobs that need to be done. Even though a lot of the changes are not that visible in the 2 research sheets below, I feel as though that I have improved at these skills throughout this unit.

Research sheet (before)

Research sheet (after)

Outward looking (In what ways did your work meet the standards for this assignment?)

I think that I reached all my standards and goals for the assignments in this unit, because I always want to write and do my work in great detail, and this was evident in both my script and presentation at the end of the unit. In terms or other goals I had for myself, I feel as though I have met my goal because I am always focused in class, and I am making sure that I am sharing the workload with my partner. I think that for next unit, I should use schoolEB more because I know what great information it has, and it is not always my go to website for information, when I know that it should be.

Forward looking (What’s one goal you would like to set for yourself for next time?)

My goal for next unit is to manage my time better, and to make sure that I am getting my work in on time because for the final project in this unit, I turned my work in late because we kept on getting interrupted by people when we were recording our presentation. Also I would like to work on prioritising, and planning for the future so I don’t end up leaving something till the last minute to complete it.


Empire timeline



Empires Presentation

September 13

Dragon Days Reflection


Designing our project was… Designing our project was challenging because you had to think about a lot of things, like what provocation does this event fit under, what will be the age group, etc.  Although it was also really fun because you got to be really creative without being judged by people.
Reasons I liked working with my group I liked working with my group because it was a friendly environment that we could all share our ideas in without them being shut down. Also we got to create new friendships and bonds with people that we may have never met before.
ATL skills that I used well A couple of ATL skills that I used well were communication, collaboration, and creative/critical thinker. I used communicator when I had an idea to get across to the group I would wait until somebody else wasn’t speaking and then I would tell my idea to the group. I also was a creative/critical thinker when we were brainstorming ideas because i thought of some great ideas which seemed good at the time but when we looked at them in more detail they weren’t possible. I also collaborated well with my group because we were all willing to put the same amount of effort into the work.
Great moments along the way A great moment was when I went to go print and Connor came along on the trolley. Also I really enjoyed presenting our idea and creating a team name.
One thing I learned from another group One thing i learnt from another group was that people prefer to look at visuals and listen to music than to watch a slideshow. This meaning that people would rather watch a video of us explaining how to play dodgeball than us talking about it.
Next time, I will Next time I will take less time to brainstorm by making sure everyone is focused and ready to go because we spent almost an hour brainstorming ideas which we could have spent working on our project.
Something awesome that I contributed I contributed the idea of winning some kind of prize at the end of the tournament, along with a game of dodgeball against the teachers as a bit of fun.



June 12

Final Critique Unit #3 Portrait painting

The subject of my painting is my Grandfather and his home in England. My grandfather is a very important person to me along with the other members of my family, but I really find him inspirational because when he was around 15 years old he joined the airforce and helped England fight. Also another reason why I chose him is because he has taught me a lot by just taking me and my brothers out to play in the cricket field to play cricket and as we would walk along he would show us different objects and tell us stories about things that have happened around his house lately or where something comes from. The reason he is important to me is because he has experienced a lot and he still goes out and plays with us and tells us funny jokes. Also I admire how many places he has been to around the world and he tells me about them. In my painting I decided to express an idea about him by showing how kind and caring he is even when things get rough he continues on and is always jolly, the way I showed this is by using many bright colours and also using objects that really represent who he is as a person.


In my painting I incorporated three different pictorial elements which were setting (my grandparents house in England), objects (the cricket bat, ball and wickets), and colour.  The reason why I chose to focus on these three elements is because I really wanted to show who my Granddad is through colours, objects and the background. The bright colours are symbolic of the happiness he brings to everyone and they also show that even when things are tough, he perseveres and tries his hardest. The reason why I wished to show this through colours is because they flow nicely with the background, and I also feel that happiness is the best way to describe his emotions because even though he has worked in the airforce and traveled around the world. The reason why I also decided to focus on objects is because even though my Granddad is getting quite old he still goes out with me and my brothers to play cricket and to make memories together. The objects i decided to use are a cricket bat, ball and wickets to symbolise that cricket is a big part in our relationship as it is a common interest we all share. The final pictorial element is the background, this fits along with the colours as well because I tried to make the background with the brightest colours I could make which would still fit the idea of the painting. The reason why I decided to focus on the background is because my grandparents house is symbolic in a way that the colours show the different types of emotions that happen in the house and also the fence represents how I always used to remember him painting the fence and then a cat ruining it and that is why in the corner on the side towards the house there is a black cat. The type of art that influenced my painting was pointillism, the reason why I found this style of art interesting was because I didn’t know that many little dots, when combined create a big picture which can look very realistic. Although this did not influence my painting a lot because I wanted to focus more on the pictorial elements there is still some pointillism shown at the lower section of the painting where all the cricket objects are located. The reason why I chose to make the items using pointillism is because it is manageable and also I really wanted the items to be really symbolic and stand out so I used this style of painting to catch the viewers attention so they would not just look at the house but they would also look at the road. Another issue I had when trying to paint using pointillism is running out of time, even though I visited open studio to work on my artwork, pointillism is a very time consuming process, so I found it challenging to incorporate a lot of it into my painting. Pointillism also tends to be mainly focused on nature and living things, so that is why I decided to make a cat to show that there are always cats in their garden and to show pointillism more accurately in my painting. Here is a painting that really inspired me because it steers away from the idea about this style of art having to relate to nature.

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Category: Art | LEAVE A COMMENT
June 10

Zoo game Reflection

Today in Humanities class we had an option of playing a wide variety of different economics games, I decided to play a game which the objective was to start your own business (a zoo). This game requires an understanding of profit and loss and it teaches you a lot about the different ways to make/lose money. It also taught me a bit about opportunity costs because it shows that when there is a high supply there is a low demand but when there are a lot of advertisements and booths around you, sometimes you can’t resist but to just buy something. Although the audience for it I would say would be for quite young people at around the age of 10-11 because it is very simple and straight to the point, also it is manageable to be played by all ages although I feel as though because it teaches you about basic economics it should be suited to children at the age of 10. The reason that people should play this game is if they have just been introduced to economics, it is a good starting point because it teaches you about opportunity costs and profit and losses, it also teaches kids the benefits of owning their own business but it also shows the negative sides to owning one. The aim of the game is to complete the challenges on each level and to make the most amount of money, although as it comes to the final level the game is limitless although it is very simple to reach the end of the game as once you have built everything the game basically finishes and there is nothing left to accomplish.  All in all the game was ok but it could be better by adding more exhibits to experiment with, and also having more room to build in. Also another way they could make it better is by making it a competitive game so you could challenge your friends to see who can build the best zoo. I  would give this game a sideways thumb as it could be better although it is not terrible.  Screen Shot 2016-06-01 at 8.09.02 PMScreen Shot 2016-06-10 at 11.34.07 AMScreen Shot 2016-06-10 at 12.09.39 PM

June 1

Drama movie audio trailer

In drama, recently we have been continuing our unit of modulation and sound. Before this project we were really just focusing on our voice and that is why we did a speech but after that project we started to look at sound effects and more computer generated sounds although we still incorporated speech into our movie trailer because they are the voices of characters and every movie needs characters, otherwise a story can’t develop. My expression in the trailer was ok but at times you could tell it was me because I didn’t really put on a voice and it kind of took away from the trailer.


We have been especially working and looking at these skills and parts of a trailer: Voice Over Narration, Conflict, Character voices in dialogue grabs, Action Sequences, Action sound effects, Human Drama, Music (soundtrack), No Plot Spoilers, Title & Slogan (catchy phrase), Usual Funny Moment, and the Release Date & Location. In our movie trailer I was the narrator, meaning that I helped clarify what was happening in the scene, I was also involved in a lot of the sound effects and I continuously came up with new ideas to make our trailer interesting.

I think that my best skills were doing the voiceover narration and the action sound effects because I put on quite a deep voice when the scene was very serious but as it came to the end I put in a comedy moment by going against stereotypes and I put on a very jolly voice and said “terms and conditions apply” this was to make the audience feel as though the film would finish happily but then we added more to the trailer which made the audience wonder what was going to happen in the film and how it was all going to end. If we were to actually make the film I think there would have to be a sequel because this was kind of the intro to the whole story and the mystery was about what was going to happen on the 17th year of him killing victims. Also I contributed a lot to the sound effects by thinking of a lot of different sound effects which would typically be in a horror film, for example: The Tv is static but there is audio to it and the clock ticking slowly to represent that it seems as though time is slowing down and it is running out. This makes the audience think that someone’s time is up, which in this case is true. Also another reason why I chose these skills because at the start when there was the creepy music in the background, I tried to speak in a very mysterious way so that the audience could not predict what was coming up but they knew that something bad was going to happen. Also all the sound effects were appropriate because they weren’t random and they were in a chronological order so it flowed although the editing of the trailer was bad so they seemed separated and that there was no flow.

I think that I should improve on not spoiling the plot because at times I kind of gave away a lot of key information and I let the audience know who was a victim to Jared (the murderer) which left no room to continue that part on and so we would have to change it so it was an action/horror movie because they go on this adventure to find out who’s behind this killing, and what will happen in two years time. We could also have the parents come back in the actual movie if we continued it but then it kind of loses the whole horror effect and then it becomes more of a crime scene investigation movie instead of a ghost story. Also I would improve on movie editing because it seemed very separated and the sounds did not always flow, this took away some of the horror effect because when you can tell something is cut and put together you know that it is a fake story because you know someone put it together but when the movie is smooth and the sounds fit together perfectly then it makes the audio and the movie sound a lot more realistic.

Another trailer which was captivating was Louisiana Bones  because the sounds fit together perfectly  and it really sounded as though it was a real trailer. Also I liked it because it was a comedy action movie which you don’t see a lot but they made a trailer for one and it sounds really funny. If it came out in cinemas I would go and watch it because it was so smooth and the narrator had a great voice for it as well as the characters put on a voice and did not keep their same voice so even we could not recognise some of their voices. I think that all in all there movie trailer was well structured and well put together although they could work on making it a bit longer because it was so much fun to listen to but it finished so fast. The reason why I didn’t choose “The Dad” is because I found it hard to follow the plot and I didn’t really know what was happening.

I would rate myself a 6 out of 8 because I feel as though I contributed a lot to the making of the trailer and I was quite a good narrator although I could improve by putting on a deeper voice and becoming more of a narrator like voice because I was recognisable. Also I shouldn’t have given away the murderer part but that was what we decided to do as a group.

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June 1

Summer Economic plan

Recently in humanities we have started a mini economics unit, we made a plan for the summer to make money, spend money or save money. I chose to create a plan which I would make money from although I chose a question which is not based on making money, it is based on part of my culture which is English. Here is my question:



What would be the equilibrium point of a lemonade stand in a local English town?


Why is this my question: The reason why I chose this question is because I go back to England every year and I travel across the country. I want to see how the equilibrium point of a Lemonade stand changes as I travel across England. Also I want to see the demand for Lemonade stands across England depending on the time of day and the weather and then I can notice the supply (how many lemonade stands are set up).  Another reason why I wish to do this is because setting up a lemonade stand is a very traditional way of children to make money in England and recently they have been quite scarce because of allowances and also there are a lot of restaurants that provide lemonade which is mass produced. An example of mass produced lemonade is Sprite and 7 UP.

 Part 2:


I need to find out how much I need to pay in order to make profit and then from there I can make money from doing chores and also I have a lot of saved up money from Christmas and Birthdays.

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What Currency?


The currency I will be using is British pounds, this is because it is the only currency that is used by everyone in England and also it is one of the strongest and most famous currencies in the world other than US dollars. The exchange rate for each pound is around about 161 Japanese Yen although when I exchange it back to Japanese Yen I could lose some money to companies that exchange money from one currency to another. This is because they need to make a profit themselves in order to stay in business and to keep from going corrupt/bankrupt. This means that they run out of money and there is no longer a demand for their product but they keep supplying so they start to lose money rapidly.


What Labour?
In order for me to make money there will be very little labour required on my half of the market because I have money stored up and as long as I don’t give in to the different opportunity costs I will have enough money to at least start up a lemonade stand. Although I will have to give up time with my family and friends in order to make the most amount of profit because if you put in the effort you can achieve a high level of whatever you are doing. But there will be labour for the producers because in order for me to make lemonade they have to provide the resources.


Opportunity costs

There will be a few different opportunity costs for me as I like to have a nice ice cream when it’s a hot day in England and I will also have to take public transportation at times because it is more affordable and it is more eco-friendly. I will have to resist buying different products and also I will have to resist playing soccer with my friends and family because a lot of the time in England I am out and about with friends and family having fun but in order to have the most amount of time and money to carry out my plan I must give up time with my family and friends.


What will be the outcome?

I think that my plan will be very successful because every year when I go back to England a lot of the adults I see, talk about how much they miss lemonade stands because nowhere days most kids will stay inside and play videogames but I think that a lot of kids should go outside and experience a big part of english culture. This will show kids that they can have fun and make money without having to be indoors. Although this is an investment if people study the market they can make a large amount of money from a simple thing like a lemonade stand. I think that the equilibrium point of a lemonade stand in England would be quite high because from what i’ve heard so far people are willing to buy lemonade if it is available, but right now in a lot of England it’s not and that means no competition which means higher profit.

How much will it cost to make lemonade?



64 tablespoons of sugar = 1kg

one tablespoon = 15.625g

58 grams = 1 lemon

3.712 tablespoons = are in 1 lemon


1 bag of sugar=

59 pence

32 cups of lemonade

1 lemon=

91 pence for 1 lemon



£29.71= 32 cups of lemonade


I will most likely have to make around 70 cups of lemonade per place in England that I travel to, so I will have to spend around 60 pounds for the materials to make lemonade so I can meet the demand and this will help me figure out the equilibrium point of a lemonade stand. I will then use the money that I make from the previous Lemonade stand to use to set up the lemonade stand in the next location.

“Google.” Google. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 May 2016. <https://www.google.co.jp/webhp?sourceid=chrome-instant&ion=1&espv=2&ie=UTF-8#q=a%20dollar%20to%20pound-8#q=a%20dollar%20to%20pound>.


“How Much Does a Average Lemon and Orange Weigh in Grams, Approximately.” Questions & Answers. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 May 2016. <http://www.chacha.com/question/how-much-does-a-average-lemon-and-orange-weigh-in-grams,-approximately>.


“Google.” Google. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 May 2016. <https://www.google.co.jp/webhp?sourceid=chrome-instant&ion=1&espv=2&ie=UTF-8#q=how%20many%20tablespoons%20are%20in%20a%20kg>.


Tesco. White Sugar. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 May 2016. <http://www.mysupermarket.co.uk/grocery-categories/White_Sugar_in_Tesco.html>.


“Produce Price List.” : Park Slope Food Coop. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 May 2016. <https://www.foodcoop.com/produce>.


My plan is to find the average equilibrium point of a lemonade stand in a local town in England. The reason why I chose to do it in England is because most people speak english there and also there will be a lot of familiar faces around which will build up my confidence. For my plan there will be a lot of opportunity costs because I have to give up a lot of my time and I have to go out and buy materials, also I will have to stand out by my lemonade stand for the day and resist going to the park with my friends and family in order to make the most amount of profit. My plan will really encourage a lot of children in England to set up cost beneficial activities or stands because a lot of children have forgotten how people used to make money on a hot summers day, also a lot of children are saving up to buy toys and video games. Also it might encourage allowances in England because kids don’t usually earn money from doing chores, they have to make it themselves by setting up fundraisers and activities and they need to save up for things they want but they need money to set up the lemonade stand and unless they have been saving up, they will need a source of income. The currency I will be using is Great British pounds as this is the most common form of currency currently in England. My plan is also a short term investment because you have to take a risk with your money to make profit but you can still make a loss if the demand for lemonade is too low and the supply is too high, this is what would cause a big company to go bankrupt but because lemonade stands are easy to set up you would not lose too much money. The reason I chose this question is because Lemonade stands are a big part of english culture, and they have started to die off because of video games and other indoor activities. In England currently a lot of kids spend most of their time off school in their house and lemonade stands are a good way to get out of the house and enjoy the sunshine. Also a lot of children find it hard to make money because of opportunity costs, Kids can’t resist buying the new coolest toys/video games and this will teach them how to set up a successful business even though it is a local lemonade stand.

I think that I will do my plan but I will do it with some friends or someone from my family because it will be a great way to socialise and learn about making money and profits and how to prevent a business from going bankrupt and making a loss. I love to stay outside during summer and I really want to bring back a part of English culture. I have the funds to set up a Lemonade stand and it would be great fun, that is why I think that I should set up  a Lemonade stand in England.