April 7

Child Labour Industrial Revolution

Robert Dickens (A boy child worker)

Robert Dickens, A 10-year-old boy who works currently in a textile factory receiving 3 shillings a week. He was originally recruited at the age of 6 as a chimney boy, although he had no say in going into work, his foster parent signed him off to a chimney sweep organisation owner without consulting Robert. He worked in the chimney sweep industry for 2 years before being fired because he was late too often, and although he found that unfair because of the working hours, he was relieved to get out of that business as he received a lung infection from cleaning the chimneys. Almost instantly after being fired though, he received a job in the textile industry as a boy worker who cleaned the machines while they were running, while also manning some of the machines himself. In this job he received 6 shillings a week, although the treatment was much worse, first of all, he was late out of bed, so the factory owner (Sam Washington) pulled him out of bed and pulled him to the factory naked with his clothes in his hands to be put on there. Not to mention that he also lost a thumb while trying to clean out the machine from below in his first week.


February 15

What Caused the Industrial Revolution?

Coal extraction was the foundation of the Industrial Revolution due to its use in producing power to run machines and smelt ores. The Industrial revolution was one of the most crucial events in human history mainly because of how it shaped the world which we live in. It provided products which are almost essentials in everyone’s life in the modern day and age. Although without coal extraction none of this would be possible, due to its use in many of the main factors of the industrial revolution. Take the railways, a key invention during the industrial revolution which increased the speed which people could travel at, and although in the modern day coal is not used in railways, many of the first trains were either powered by coal or steam, and in order to create steam, people used coal to heat up water until it evaporated and transformed into steam. Without the power that coal was used to produce, none of the machines that are used to create electronics, clothes, and much more would exist because everything would still have to be created by manual labour, as opposed to having an automatic machine which could make the same product 10 times faster. Overall, though coal extraction was crucial in the Industrial Revolution due to how it powered semi-automatic and automatic machines, as well as how it provided energy for lighting and other devices used in everyone’s daily life.


Image result for burning coal

Image result for coal extraction




November 5

Reflecting on the Empires unit!

Backward looking (How much did you know about the subject before we started?)

Looking back on this unit, I have realised how far I have come. At the start of this unit, I had almost no clue what an empire was, and the only ones that I had heard of were the British Empire, The Roman Empire, and the one in star wars. Originally all I knew was that an empire is a country who decides to take over a large amount of land outside of their own borders, and that they had to fight to gain control of other countries. Now I know that an empire is much more than that, and what effects an empire might have on a country when it is taken over. I have also learnt a lot about how selfish and cruel empires can be just to gain money, land and power.  Comparing what I thought an empire was before and after this unit has made me realise how much I have changed my opinion on empires as a whole because after seeing all the positive and negatives of empires, I have noticed that empires have shaped the world to what it is today. I think this because without empires, no cultures would have mixed, and no one would really have the chance to experience new things in different countries. I have found this unit extremely fun, and interesting, but I think that I could improve on making sure that I am not leaving jobs till the last second because for the final project, I left the bibliography for the last day, and I ended up rushing it.

Research sheet 

Inward looking (Find another piece of work that you did at the beginning of the year to compare and contrast with this what changes can you see?)

I feel proud of my work this unit because I have really given it my all, and I personally think that it looks great. I have improved a lot more as a learner because I have learnt that you don’t need to include a lot of writing on a slideshow for it to be a great presentation, in fact it’s actually better to have good quality images, and 1 or 2 words, than a whole slide of writing, and 2 small pictures because the audience has to listen to you to find out the information instead of just reading it off of the slides. I also think that my research skills have come a long way because I have learnt how to quote information from different sources, as well as how to know if a website has reliable information that you can use for a project. I still think that I could improve on time management a bit because although I get the work done, it can take me a while both at home and school because I feel as though I should write in a lot of detail, and sometimes there are other jobs that need to be done. Even though a lot of the changes are not that visible in the 2 research sheets below, I feel as though that I have improved at these skills throughout this unit.

Research sheet (before)

Research sheet (after)

Outward looking (In what ways did your work meet the standards for this assignment?)

I think that I reached all my standards and goals for the assignments in this unit, because I always want to write and do my work in great detail, and this was evident in both my script and presentation at the end of the unit. In terms or other goals I had for myself, I feel as though I have met my goal because I am always focused in class, and I am making sure that I am sharing the workload with my partner. I think that for next unit, I should use schoolEB more because I know what great information it has, and it is not always my go to website for information, when I know that it should be.

Forward looking (What’s one goal you would like to set for yourself for next time?)

My goal for next unit is to manage my time better, and to make sure that I am getting my work in on time because for the final project in this unit, I turned my work in late because we kept on getting interrupted by people when we were recording our presentation. Also I would like to work on prioritising, and planning for the future so I don’t end up leaving something till the last minute to complete it.


Empire timeline



Empires Presentation

June 10

Zoo game Reflection

Today in Humanities class we had an option of playing a wide variety of different economics games, I decided to play a game which the objective was to start your own business (a zoo). This game requires an understanding of profit and loss and it teaches you a lot about the different ways to make/lose money. It also taught me a bit about opportunity costs because it shows that when there is a high supply there is a low demand but when there are a lot of advertisements and booths around you, sometimes you can’t resist but to just buy something. Although the audience for it I would say would be for quite young people at around the age of 10-11 because it is very simple and straight to the point, also it is manageable to be played by all ages although I feel as though because it teaches you about basic economics it should be suited to children at the age of 10. The reason that people should play this game is if they have just been introduced to economics, it is a good starting point because it teaches you about opportunity costs and profit and losses, it also teaches kids the benefits of owning their own business but it also shows the negative sides to owning one. The aim of the game is to complete the challenges on each level and to make the most amount of money, although as it comes to the final level the game is limitless although it is very simple to reach the end of the game as once you have built everything the game basically finishes and there is nothing left to accomplish.  All in all the game was ok but it could be better by adding more exhibits to experiment with, and also having more room to build in. Also another way they could make it better is by making it a competitive game so you could challenge your friends to see who can build the best zoo. I  would give this game a sideways thumb as it could be better although it is not terrible.  Screen Shot 2016-06-01 at 8.09.02 PMScreen Shot 2016-06-10 at 11.34.07 AMScreen Shot 2016-06-10 at 12.09.39 PM

June 1

Summer Economic plan

Recently in humanities we have started a mini economics unit, we made a plan for the summer to make money, spend money or save money. I chose to create a plan which I would make money from although I chose a question which is not based on making money, it is based on part of my culture which is English. Here is my question:



What would be the equilibrium point of a lemonade stand in a local English town?


Why is this my question: The reason why I chose this question is because I go back to England every year and I travel across the country. I want to see how the equilibrium point of a Lemonade stand changes as I travel across England. Also I want to see the demand for Lemonade stands across England depending on the time of day and the weather and then I can notice the supply (how many lemonade stands are set up).  Another reason why I wish to do this is because setting up a lemonade stand is a very traditional way of children to make money in England and recently they have been quite scarce because of allowances and also there are a lot of restaurants that provide lemonade which is mass produced. An example of mass produced lemonade is Sprite and 7 UP.

 Part 2:


I need to find out how much I need to pay in order to make profit and then from there I can make money from doing chores and also I have a lot of saved up money from Christmas and Birthdays.

Screen Shot 2016-05-27 at 12.04.42 PMScreen Shot 2016-05-27 at 12.04.52 PMScreen Shot 2016-05-27 at 12.04.33 PM


What Currency?


The currency I will be using is British pounds, this is because it is the only currency that is used by everyone in England and also it is one of the strongest and most famous currencies in the world other than US dollars. The exchange rate for each pound is around about 161 Japanese Yen although when I exchange it back to Japanese Yen I could lose some money to companies that exchange money from one currency to another. This is because they need to make a profit themselves in order to stay in business and to keep from going corrupt/bankrupt. This means that they run out of money and there is no longer a demand for their product but they keep supplying so they start to lose money rapidly.


What Labour?
In order for me to make money there will be very little labour required on my half of the market because I have money stored up and as long as I don’t give in to the different opportunity costs I will have enough money to at least start up a lemonade stand. Although I will have to give up time with my family and friends in order to make the most amount of profit because if you put in the effort you can achieve a high level of whatever you are doing. But there will be labour for the producers because in order for me to make lemonade they have to provide the resources.


Opportunity costs

There will be a few different opportunity costs for me as I like to have a nice ice cream when it’s a hot day in England and I will also have to take public transportation at times because it is more affordable and it is more eco-friendly. I will have to resist buying different products and also I will have to resist playing soccer with my friends and family because a lot of the time in England I am out and about with friends and family having fun but in order to have the most amount of time and money to carry out my plan I must give up time with my family and friends.


What will be the outcome?

I think that my plan will be very successful because every year when I go back to England a lot of the adults I see, talk about how much they miss lemonade stands because nowhere days most kids will stay inside and play videogames but I think that a lot of kids should go outside and experience a big part of english culture. This will show kids that they can have fun and make money without having to be indoors. Although this is an investment if people study the market they can make a large amount of money from a simple thing like a lemonade stand. I think that the equilibrium point of a lemonade stand in England would be quite high because from what i’ve heard so far people are willing to buy lemonade if it is available, but right now in a lot of England it’s not and that means no competition which means higher profit.

How much will it cost to make lemonade?



64 tablespoons of sugar = 1kg

one tablespoon = 15.625g

58 grams = 1 lemon

3.712 tablespoons = are in 1 lemon


1 bag of sugar=

59 pence

32 cups of lemonade

1 lemon=

91 pence for 1 lemon



£29.71= 32 cups of lemonade


I will most likely have to make around 70 cups of lemonade per place in England that I travel to, so I will have to spend around 60 pounds for the materials to make lemonade so I can meet the demand and this will help me figure out the equilibrium point of a lemonade stand. I will then use the money that I make from the previous Lemonade stand to use to set up the lemonade stand in the next location.

“Google.” Google. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 May 2016. <https://www.google.co.jp/webhp?sourceid=chrome-instant&ion=1&espv=2&ie=UTF-8#q=a%20dollar%20to%20pound-8#q=a%20dollar%20to%20pound>.


“How Much Does a Average Lemon and Orange Weigh in Grams, Approximately.” Questions & Answers. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 May 2016. <http://www.chacha.com/question/how-much-does-a-average-lemon-and-orange-weigh-in-grams,-approximately>.


“Google.” Google. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 May 2016. <https://www.google.co.jp/webhp?sourceid=chrome-instant&ion=1&espv=2&ie=UTF-8#q=how%20many%20tablespoons%20are%20in%20a%20kg>.


Tesco. White Sugar. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 May 2016. <http://www.mysupermarket.co.uk/grocery-categories/White_Sugar_in_Tesco.html>.


“Produce Price List.” : Park Slope Food Coop. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 May 2016. <https://www.foodcoop.com/produce>.


My plan is to find the average equilibrium point of a lemonade stand in a local town in England. The reason why I chose to do it in England is because most people speak english there and also there will be a lot of familiar faces around which will build up my confidence. For my plan there will be a lot of opportunity costs because I have to give up a lot of my time and I have to go out and buy materials, also I will have to stand out by my lemonade stand for the day and resist going to the park with my friends and family in order to make the most amount of profit. My plan will really encourage a lot of children in England to set up cost beneficial activities or stands because a lot of children have forgotten how people used to make money on a hot summers day, also a lot of children are saving up to buy toys and video games. Also it might encourage allowances in England because kids don’t usually earn money from doing chores, they have to make it themselves by setting up fundraisers and activities and they need to save up for things they want but they need money to set up the lemonade stand and unless they have been saving up, they will need a source of income. The currency I will be using is Great British pounds as this is the most common form of currency currently in England. My plan is also a short term investment because you have to take a risk with your money to make profit but you can still make a loss if the demand for lemonade is too low and the supply is too high, this is what would cause a big company to go bankrupt but because lemonade stands are easy to set up you would not lose too much money. The reason I chose this question is because Lemonade stands are a big part of english culture, and they have started to die off because of video games and other indoor activities. In England currently a lot of kids spend most of their time off school in their house and lemonade stands are a good way to get out of the house and enjoy the sunshine. Also a lot of children find it hard to make money because of opportunity costs, Kids can’t resist buying the new coolest toys/video games and this will teach them how to set up a successful business even though it is a local lemonade stand.

I think that I will do my plan but I will do it with some friends or someone from my family because it will be a great way to socialise and learn about making money and profits and how to prevent a business from going bankrupt and making a loss. I love to stay outside during summer and I really want to bring back a part of English culture. I have the funds to set up a Lemonade stand and it would be great fun, that is why I think that I should set up  a Lemonade stand in England.

March 24

Individuals and Societies Reflection #2

How will you change your water usage in the future? What actions will you take to help others change their habits?

I will change my water usage by reusing water from around the house and also by only taking full body showers once a week unless I have to take a shower because I am sweaty from playing a sport or something. I will still wash if I feel as though I need to and I will wash the main parts that get dirty without soap. This is because it cuts down the amount of water and you still smell the same also it cuts down the amount of soap going into sewage and it also stops a lot of that getting into the ocean which kills animals and wildlife. I will also spread the word about the amount of water the world has left and I will tell them to reuse water because it is one of the most effective/ manageable methods of saving water and if you do it on a daily basis over the years you will save money and water. I might also go around the neighbourhood in England when I go back and talk to people about their water usage and also tell them my solution to reuse water from cleanliness purposes to flush the toilet because in England most toilets don’t flush automatically unlike Japan. The reason why my plan is manageable is because it takes very little time and also it saves you money. The way Regev and I thought of this plan is because we realised most water we use is for cleaning or bathing and the way a toilet works is by pushing water down fast and the pressure flushes the toilet so we thought of dumping water from around our house into the toilet to flush it and it worked. This is sustainable and easy to do and we are going to spread the word about this method.

March 23

Individuals And Societies Water Unit Reflection

Individuals And Societies Water Unit Reflection

The Yellow River website


In Humanities and science we have been doing about freshwater around the world, more specifically we have been doing about issues us humans face with freshwater for e.g. dirty water and over consuming water/ running out of water. We have also been looking at the amount of water we use and what we can do to potentially save water.

This unit one of the biggest ATL skills I used was collaboration and this was because we were put in teams of two to create a poster and if we didn’t work together the poster would fall apart. Regev and I worked very well together, we both stated our opinions and we took each others ideas into account which then created an attractive poster which we are proud of. We also both did a equal amount of work and we were nice to each other but we relied on each other which made a great team because we each had to do our part and if we didn’t then we let down the our team mate down.

Another ATL skill I think I used well was resilience because the first time we did our poster I did my half in A4 but I then changed it to A3 and I didn’t give up trying to make sure we had a great poster because I was constantly looking at the TSC and I made sure we had everything we needed. Also while I was presenting our poster it kept falling down but I did not stop presenting I just kept going but I held the poster at points so it did not distract the audience. Also my poster was deleted at the start because I did not save the work and my computer ran out of battery but I remade it and it looked better than what the poster had originally looked like.

An ATL skill I would work on is creative thinking because I feel as though the water droplets on the side could be more precise as well as the sink and also I could have thought of something that resembled running out of water and over consumption because it showed that we waste water but maybe I could have put someone walking away from the tap to show we don’t think about water and how much its really worth when we use it. I also was easily satisfied with the final poster when we thought we were done but then me and Regev thought of adding water droplets which was a good idea to make the poster look like we really care about our work. Next time I would think about how we could make our poster better when we had extra time to work on it and I would make more detailed images that resemble the issue more.