April 19

Kale superfood project

What nutrients are in your superfood, and what do they do?

I chose kale for my superfood. In kale, the two nutrients that I focused on are calcium and thiamin (also known as vitamin B1.) Kale contains 40 grams of calcium and 12.320 grams of thiamin. Kale also happens to contain iron, magnesium, zinc, sodium, Vitamin K and A (IU), and many more healthy nutrients. Most of these nutrients do a good job of blood clotting. Calcium’s role is not only to keep the bones healthy and strong, but it helps send messages to the brain and activates muscles.  The problem with calcium is that your body cannot produce any calcium by itself. This is why it is important to eat foods that contain a lot of calcium, such as kale. Without calcium, our bones will become very weak and can become injured quicker. Also, it can prevent blood clotting, and that means that if a blood vessel is injured, you can lose a lot more blood than your body needs. Thiamin is a type of vitamin b, and vitamin b converts nutrients into energy. Thiamin is a good vitamin to eat before you exercise.

What are some other foods that contain those nutrients?

I compared bok choi (Chinese cabbage) with kale because they both have around the same amount of calcium. They both contain 40 grams of calcium. However, even though kale does not have more calcium, bok choi specializes in calcium, and kale is too good that he has the power of tying with the “special calcium food”, and exceeding with more nutrients such as vitamin a and b. I also compared kale with rice. White rice has 0.115 grams of Thiamine, and kale has 12.320 grams. The reason I picked white rice over any other food with thiamine in it was because white rice has many similarities with kale, such as calcium and carbohydrates. However, white rice has 28 grams of carbohydrates, and kale has 11 grams, but considering that kale is not a wheat, it has a lot of carbohydrates for being a vegetable. Not only are some of the nutrients equal, so is the price. A normal serving of rice costs $2.44, when a batch of kale costs $2.49.

What are some issues with kale?

Kale is super healthy, and contains lots of nutrients, but I admit it is not the taste for someone under the age of 13. Personally, when I was 9 and my mom put kale on my plate, I would always avoid it because of the bitter taste and the weird feeling it leaves in your mouth. I know this is not just me who thinks this, because the same thing applied to my sister and friends. Kale tastes best if they are fried and turned into kale chips with a little bit of salt.

What is wrong with the term “superfood”?

I Do not think there is such thing as a superfood because every food has it’s ups and downs. Even though kale is very healthy, some other foods that are considered “superfoods” are not very super. Bananas are considered superfoods, and there are many more foods that are healthier than bananas. The term is used for marketing. I would recommend eating kale chips over kale, because younger kids would enjoy eating it, and it would still contain the same amount of nutrients. I would choose kale over bok choi, but i would choose rice over kale because it contains more nutrients that are necessary for survival, such as carbohydrates.


“Basic Report: 11116, Cabbage, Chinese (pak-choi), Raw.” Food Composition Databases Show Foods — Cabbage, Chinese (pak-choi), Raw. United States Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference Release 28, May 2016. Web. 19 Apr. 2017. <

“Full Report (All Nutrients): 45036927, MEIJER, ORGANICS, WHITE RICE, LONG GRAIN, ORGANICALLY GROWN WHITE RICE, UPC: 719283397836.” Food Composition Databases Show Foods — PACIFIC NORTHWEST KALE CHIPS, KALE CHIPS, UPC: 850747004003. United States Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service USDA Branded Food Products Database, Jan. 2017. Web. 19 Apr. 2017.

“Full Report (All Nutrients): 45023895, PACIFIC NORTHWEST KALE CHIPS, KALE CHIPS, UPC: 850747004003.” Food Composition Databases Show Foods — PACIFIC NORTHWEST KALE CHIPS, KALE CHIPS, UPC: 850747004003. United States Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service USDA Branded Food Products Database, 29 Mar. 2017. Web. 18 Apr. 2017.

Kerry, Diana Says, Kerry Says, Steph Says, and Kelsey Says. “Price Comparisons: Vegetables.” My Wise Mom. N.p., 18 Mar. 2014. Web. 19 Apr. 2017.

LoveTheFLSun, Swimmer, JediMomofThePadawan, LittleMomma87, and Pinkchux. “Great Value Instant White Rice, 28 Oz.” Walmart.com. Walmart, 22 Feb. 2017. Web. 19 Apr. 2017.






April 11

Charlie, Kai and Theo’s cookie reflection

As members of GIN CAS, we wanted to make the homeless people happy. We discussed different methods of how we could do that and came up with an excellent solution. We wanted baked cookies with the money red and white gave us, but we didn’t have any place or the tools to bake them. Dragon Dining to the rescue! They let us borrow their oven and other utilities to bake them and make homeless people happy. It only took 2 hours because we also got help from the chefs as well. It was a great success and we could not have done it without the help from red and white, dragon dining, and google. THANKS! Here are some of the photos we took. 



April 6

I&S child labor





Robert Dickens is a 7 year old boy who works in a factory. He has been working since he was 6 years old. He is the oldest of a single mother and two younger sisters. He goes to factories because his whole family depends on him making money. He hates it, but he gets a roof over his head, money, and flood. The factory is run by a very bad man. If you even stop for 1 second doing your job and he spots you, he gets the “stinger” and whips you hard on the back. Robert has scars from his past experiences. Every day he wakes up at 4 am and does chores for his family. At 5 sharp he has to be at his station in the factory or else he gets whipped. There he spends 16 hours of his day doing his job. His job is to spin a very heavy lever all day long to operate a wool making machine. Every day he wishes that he had the courage to stand up for himself and tell the boss he hates his job and wants the work to be easier. If only he had the courage.


Child labor is not right and we can find many other ways to operate machines. People do not have to abuse children to make them work. Your childhood is important, and you shouldn’t waste the whole thing on being abused. Kids can get seriously injured or even die if they are overworked. They are forced to work basically everyday and make very little money each week. It is not right to hurt kids to do their job, or hurt kids in general. For example, a boy, Robert Dickens is a 7 year old who works in a factory he is forced to spin a very heavy lever for 16 hours straight with no breaks, If he stops, he gets whipped. This is why child labor is terrible.

February 20

What caused the Industrial Revolution

What caused the Industrial Revolution?
Before the Industrial Revolution, people did not have machines that would do their work for them. People were tired of doing things to survive (Farming, Making Clothes, etc.) and wanted to create machines that would make their lives easier. People invented many machines with positive and negative affects. For example, coal extraction was created so people could mine for coal easier, and the coal was used for something like railways or agricultural production. Machines kept on getting inspired by other machines and improved very fast.

December 14

Eye Dissection video!!!

Here is a video of us dissecting the eyeball, with the parts labeled.

Viewer discretion advised. (JK)

The light comes into the Cornea, and through the Pupil. Then, it forms an image when it reaches the back of your eye, or the retina,  and the optic nerve sends the image to your brain. The lens bends the light.


November 25

Metals in technology blog post

We use lots of technology in our everyday lives and what we don’t realize all the time is that you need conflict minerals in your phone to make it work. My piece of technology that I researched was the iPhone 6. It is developed by apple, and many people use it. Some conflict minerals in the iPhone 6 are the three t’s (Tin, Tungsten and Tantalum) and gold. It takes a lot of trouble to mine these conflict minerals, and a lot of bad things happen just to make a simple iPhone. The minerals I will be focusing on are Tin, Tantalum and gold.


Tin’s symbol in the periodic table is Sn. It’s atomic number is 50. Tin is mostly mined in the Democratic Republic of Congo, but is also mined in other places such as China, Indonesia and Brazil just to name a few. The way it get from the Congo to inside our devices is this. First, miners mine it from conflict zones, smuggle it from the conflict zones to smelting companies in Asia, and mix them with other minerals from the conflict zones. Finally they are processed into components. Tin is used to solder the circuit board. Tin is good for this part because it does not break the circuit board when it melts. It is also very easy to melt, and does not break the circuit board. Tin is used for this part because it is less fusible than other materials, and sticks easily.


Tantalum’s symbol in the periodic table is Ta. It’s atomic number is 73. Tantalum is mined mostly in parts of Southern Africa such as Mozambique, Rwanda, and of course, the Democratic Republic of Congo. Unlike Tin, Tantalum is used for multiple parts of the iPhone. The first, and main one, is to store electricity in your phone. Tantalum is good for this part because it is small and does not weigh down your phone, but it can carry a lot of capacity. The iPhone is trying to make their phones as light as possible, and that is why Tantalum is good for this part. Another way that Tantalum is used in technology is to create audio.


Gold’s symbol in the periodic table is Au. It’s atomic number is 79. Gold comes from the Congo and Peru. Gold is used for coating the wiring. Gold is used for this part because it is a good conductor and does not tarnish. The reason why being a good conductor helps with technology is because switching between components has to have a good conductor, and gold is good for conducting. Other materials that are good for conducting are copper and silver. 


Conflict minerals might be good for making our phones, but making an iPhone is not worth it if lots of people get raped, injured or even killed trying to mine them. I learned that tin and gold is mainly in the Congo, and the mines in Congo force people to work by threatening their life, by physically making you work, by gun point, or many other horrible ways to make you work. Mines in the Congo are owned by armed groups, and all the money that the mines make goes to buying guns, grenades, machine guns, and many other weapons. The miners that work their butts off get poorly paid and illegally taxed. Some of the issues that lead to death are difficult locations and horrible tools, and many other conditions that may lead to death. Here is some evidence that the mines are horrible. Over 5.4 million deaths have occurred by mining conflict minerals.


Some ways that people can help stop this problem is writing letters to Apple, and making people aware that a making a simple iPhone can kill many people. I could ask a group that I am in, MS GIN CAS, to help put together a group that can write letters to Apple telling them to create non-conflict mineral phones. We could also put fliers around the school stating the problem. However, compared to all of Japan, YIS is very small. Adding on to the fliers and letters idea, much like how we visit the Chiku Center, we could spend time making people aware that there are conflict minerals in our phones. People can think twice before buying apple products, and ask if they have any conflict minerals inside. This way less people would buy conflict mineral technology.


“IPhone 6s Is Four times More Popular than the 6s Plus.” GSMArena.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Nov. 2016.

“IPhone 6s.” Apple. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Nov. 2016.

“Mining Your IPhone.” 911metaliurgust. N.p., n.d. Web.

Forbes. Forbes Magazine, n.d. Web. 25 Nov. 2016.

ENOUGHproject. “Conflict Minerals 101.” YouTube. YouTube, 18 Nov. 2009. Web. 25 Nov. 2016.

News, BBC. “DR Congo Minerals: Most Mines ‘conflict Free’ since US Law.” BBC News. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Nov. 2016.

“The Many Uses of Gold.” Geology. N.p., n.d. Web.

“What Are Conflict Minerals?” Source Intelligence. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Nov. 2016.



November 4

Charlie’s Reflection I&S Empires


In what ways do you think you need to improve?

I think that I have to organize what I am working on, because sometimes I don’t know if i finished a part, and i will do the same part twice. Also, sometimes I find really good information and then I don’t write it down, and forget it later. If I organize what I am working on, the I might get my work done faster and make it more detailed.


Did you meet your standards?

Yes, I did better than my standards, and I think it is because I improved my research skills, and found better information in this project.


if you were the teacher, what comments would you give about this piece?

I would say that we did everything that was necessary but could have just stayed on one subject for each part, because we kind of changed the subject. Also, we did a good job on explaining how everything happened.


What is one goal you will set for yourself next time?

I want to be more organized, and make everything in my presentation more clear for the audience to understand better.




November 2

My expedition reflection

What did I enjoy?

I really enjoyed being able to just hang out with my friends and have lots of fun.

What did I do well?

I did well trying to make new friends and meeting new people.

What challenges did I face?

trying new things, like new food and new activities.

What did I learn about living and working in a community?

I learned that you can do well by yourself, but you could do better in a team.

How did I grow?

i learned how to do a lot more things.

Why are the Expeditions an important part of our schooling?

to learn how to build a community far away from home, and take a break from all the boring learning.

What skill/idea/goal that I began to work on during the expedition, do I want to continue with at school this year?
You might like to include some of the photos taken by the teachers to illustrate your post (try and include relevant images) or include some of your own.

I want to continue hiking and biking big mountains because it was really fun.


June 10

Art unit 3 critique

The subject of my painting is all of the objects in the background that describe the person that I am drawing. The person that I drew was my friend Kenny, and I chose him because he was my best friend back in america, and his personality is easy to express out in painting. His personality is always bright, and usually does not care about what other people care about him, and always finds something good in everything. The objects I drew was food. I drew food because he loved eating, and he absolutely loved cheetos.

one element from my painting was the food. I drew pancakes in the setting because whenever he came to our house for a sleepover, we would have pancakes and he ate 36 pancakes in one morning. no joke. I chose pop art, because I felt like his freckles matched the dots in pop art. Also, the maroon symbol in the picture was his football team, and sometimes when I asked him if he wanted to hang out, he would say he had football practice.




PARAGRAPH 1 Explain the subject of your painting.
— Who is the subject? Why did you choose this person? Why are they important to you?
— What did you express about this person? (example: their personality? something they like or are interested in? something they did or achieved? their feelings or emotion?) BE SPECIFIC.

PARAGRAPH 2 Explain how you communicated your ideas.
— Which 2 or 3 pictorial elements did you use to express your ideas? Describe each one in detail. What does each of these elements express about your subject? BE SPECIFIC.
— What artist or movement or style influenced you? How did you use this influence in your painting. GIVE SPECIFIC EXAMPLES.