What Caused the Industrial Revolution

The thing that caused the Industrial Revolution was a combination of 6 things. Coal extraction, steam power, industrial production, iron smelting, agricultural production and the railroads. The most important factor was coal extraction, none of the other things would be there. Without coal there would be nothing to power the machines, so no industrial production. No steam power, so no railways and no iron smelting so no agricultural production. Although coal extraction may be the most important that does not mean that all the other aren’t. Agricultural production created opportunities for people to go and work in factories, boosting industrial production which gave a reason for steam power and railways. This made it so that goods could go from place to place in a quicker fashion. More people could extract coal, making a cycle in which would make a huge revolution completely changing people’s lives.

What’s in our phones?

We use our phones everyday. Sending e-mails, taking pictures, texting to friends, pretty much everything. But do we ever wonder what’s actually in them? In this post we will cover four materials that are in our phones. Gold, Tin, Tantalum and Tungsten. The place where these materials come from is Congo, China and Indonesia, but we will mostly look at Congo.

The first material we shall be looking at is gold, symbol is Au with an atomic number of 79. In our phones gold is used to coat the wires that are very small it is used because Gold is the highly efficient conductor that can carry these tiny currents and remain free of corrosion. Electronic components made with gold are highly reliable. Gold is used in connectors, switch and relay contacts, soldered joints, connecting wires and connection strips. They don’t use copper or silver because they quickly corrode in air, leaving the connectors with a thin layer of terribly low conductivity corrosion products.

The next material is tin, symbol Sn and with a atomic number of 50. Tin is used for soldering the connecting wires because tin has a very low melting point. Because of this it is very easy to coat wires that have a high melting point. Making it really easy to move electricity around.

The third material is Tantalum, symbol Ta and a atomic number of 73. Tantalum is used because it stores electricity and it is extremely stable at temperatures lower than 150 degrees Celsius, and needs exposure to hydrofluoric acid, one of the nastier acids out there, to cause corrosion. This protection from corrosion is due to a natural protective layer created by oxides of tantalum on the surface of the the metal; making the element a perfect match for use in structures exposed to the the elements.

Last but not least is Tungsten, symbol W and a atomic number of 74, right after tantalum. It is used in phones because it makes your phone vibrate Tungsten alloy vibrator is excellent material for making this component. Since the density of tungsten alloy is so high and the maximum density should be 18.6g/cm3. It is popular for the component needs great heaviness but small capacity, like mobile phone vibration.

Now that we have the materials lets go over the issues

What are possible ethical issues related to this material?
Many of the groups that are controlling the mines are going against human rights by sexually assaulting the people who don’t support their group.

What are possible government issues?
There are no government issues other than the lack of government. The mines are run by militia groups who spend the earnings on guns. The workers, who are forced live in horrible conditions and are treated as slaves.

To combat these issues though how can we help?
One of the things we can do get the school to ask apple if they could check the materials that are in our computers. We could send an email to them saying that we want them to make sure that they get conflict free materials. This will help because it will decrease the demand for conflict materials making the militia groups run out of business and the government can control the mines once more so the workers will be paid.

But why? It’s not our problem?
As an international school we look at helping other people. Ethically, not asking apple to check their materials is against our society’s attitude. It would go against of what we think.  Also by using conflict minerals we are helping the militia groups while we are saying that we would never do that. It is very hypocritical. 



ENOUGHproject. “Conflict Minerals 101.” YouTube. YouTube, 18 Nov. 2009. Web. 15 Nov. 2016.

“The Many Uses of Gold.” Uses of Gold in Industry, Medicine, Computers, Electronics, Jewelry. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Nov. 2016.

“What Are Conflict Minerals?” Source Intelligence. Souce 44, n.d. Web. 18 Nov. 2016.

Empires and to get better

In what ways do you think you need to improve?
I think that when I work with a partner I need to stay on task instead of talking about other things. A lot of the time I would stay on task until the end and then thinking that I’m about done I would start talking with my partner. And then I would have to work on it at home.

Did you meet your standards?
Yes I did meet y standers but I think that I must have not worked hard enough or I read the TSC correctly because I did not get an 8 even when I though I would

What did/do you find frustrating about it?
One of things that I found frustrating about one of my pieces in I&S was that even though I had met all the TSC requirements I didn’t get an 8. It turns out that I have to pass all the TSC requirements  to get an 8.

What would you change if you had a chance to do this piece over again?
One of the things that I would change if I did this is I wouldn’t spend time on it at home because I didn’t really need to and I think if I worked on it harder in class.



Designing our project was…
Fun, different but challenging
Reasons I liked working with my group
Some people that I knew well but also some I didn’t
ATL skills that I used well
Communicating and organising
Great moments along the way
The satisfaction of finishing it
One thing I learned from another group
It’s better to not put everything you’re going to say on the poster or slideshow
Next time, I will
Try and think of different ways to show my work
Something awesome that I contributed
An awesome video

The final critique

The person in the painting is my dad. I chose him because I really admire him and know him really well. Maybe because he is my dad. He is important to me because he is a person I really look up to and he feeds me and makes money for me to go to a awesome school. He is sometimes serious but also really funny. I showed that his work makes him have to stay away from home a lot of time by drawing the Skype logo, a plane shark (because he also really enjoyed swimming) and a phone. I also show what he loves such as swimming and our cat. I made the sun dark/light green because he is really intense on the outside and at work (dark green) but on the inside he is less intense but still a little bit.

Some of the elements I tried to use is expressionism because I had visited France this spring and saw some of Vincent van Gogh’s art. I also saw a lot of the art with my dad and that really whenever I see Expressionism I think of him. I chose the shark plane BECAUSE my dad travels a lot but loves to swim, but has to travel a lot. Also my dad if he was a type of animal, it would be a predator not a prey. I think that because my dad has that type of person. He does not like not knowing something and his instincts seem like that of a predator. I chose the Skype logo and the phone because that is how I stay in touch with him because he has to go to many places far away from home. It’s how I connect to him.

Van Gogh art really inspired me to draw a expressionist painting because when I was in France I got to go see his art with my dad. It’s not the actual art the inspired me but spending time with my dad.

Unit 2 reflection

Some things that I have done well this unit is thinking of unique and creative ideas for my motif and looking at the bigger picture. Such as my lightning bolt idea. Instead of just thinking of one box I made it so that the overall picture looked like Darth Sidiuos’s lightning bolts.  Some things that I definitely could do better at is getting things done on time because I still need to glue my motifs to my paper to make the whole pattern. If I redid this whole project I would try to speed my working up a bit because I got very distracted from talking to friends. I would not change my motif’s design except for some minor changes and making it look neater.

My example for creative thinking would be considering another perspective. At the start I had wanted to do a bunch of other designs which would have not have gone well with the bigger picture and if I had changed those design it wouldn’t have looked as good as what I did choose in the end. If helped develop a completely new idea for my motif.

My cultural influence was islamic art. They had the criss cross over under pattern that really inspired me to do that. I also liked that concept of weaving them together. My personal influence was star wars, or more specifically Darth Sidious’s lightning bolts. I also really like lightning because it’s dangerous but brings light and hope. I chose those things because I found those easy to work with and also inspiring because they were so simple yet awesome. They are not really important to me in any way.

Some of the types of lines and shapes I used are mostly thin rectangles but I also used diamond shapes. To print out my motifs my negative colors were yellow and blue. I chose those to contrast the positive color (black) and also those colors were bright and happy colors in contrast to a black, sinister color because the force is used for good but the sith have not. My color plan was yellow in the 4 corners and the middle and then blue everywhere else. It is not random at all. My motifs interlock pretty well but they are 1 or 2mm apart. I think that if I hurried up where I could have done then I could have fixed it. overall I am proud of my work and really enjoy seeing it.


New English unit! (photography)

For our new unit on photography in English we took different types of photos as shown down below. Most of you reading this might think that “How is filming related to books?” Well filming is just moving pictures and picture show what the book is trying to connect to us. The only things different are that in movies there are visuals and audio.

High photo


Close Close up


Action + Eye level shot


Low shot


Birds eye


Long shot