Evaluating Your 3D Print

Now that you have (hopefully) received the object you designed, it’s time to evaluate its success: Does it solve the problem you identified in your Design Brief back in Criterion A?

In order to evaluate your design and prototype, you will have up to 5 minutes to address the following points:

  1. State (again) the problem you are trying to solve.
  2. Show your product in use and gather feedback from others about it’s form/function. How does it help to solve your identified problem?
  3. Describe how your product does against your original design specifications.
  4. If you were given a chance to print a second copy, what changes would you make in order to improve the form/function of your design?

Here is the TSC for your evaluation.

Prepping our 3D Prints

Now that we are in the process of creating our 3D models in TinkerCad, it will be necessary to turn those TinkerCad creations into files that are ready for our MakerBot Replicator 2.

To do this, follow these steps:

  1. Download and install MakerBot Desktop.
  2. In TinkerCad, go to Design -> Download for 3D Printing and select .stl
  3. Once that file has saved to your computer, open MakerBot Desktop, prepare the file for printing. When finished it should be an .x3g file. (see embed below)
  4. Once your file is ready, make sure you name it with your name and with the color you want it to be printed in (red, green, white, blue, icy blue, magenta, black, grey; no guarantees!) Example: MrHamada_IcyBlue
  5. Upload your .x3g file to your class folder here. Email Mr Hamada with an appropriate subject line and message to let him know that it has been uploaded. Also let him know approximately how long it will take to print.
  6. Check the TSC and make sure your process journal is up to date and complete.

Make Your Solution: Developing Ideas

Now that we have defined our problem and written our design brief, it is time to start coming up with some ideas!

Design Specifications

First, we need to develop the design specifications for your product. This process will be a little different from what we have done in the past because our end result will be something that we can physically hold in our hands, as opposed to something that just lives in the digital realm.

You may want to divide your design specs into different categories, such as Form, Function and Aesthetics. You may also want to further divide your specs into Required: Must Have and Desirable: It Would Be Nice If.

Possible Ideas

A concept sketch of a cherry pitting maching

Once you have your specs, it is time to start sketching some design ideas. On sheets of A4, sketch your possible concepts for your product. Try to show your concept in action or in situ so that others can get an idea of what you are trying to accomplish. These sketches do not need to include dimensions or other details like that, but you should include some notes or annotations to help explain what you are thinking. Each sketch and annotation should take up at least half of an A4 sheet of paper.

Choosing the Best Idea

Now that you have a range of ideas to choose from, which one do you choose? How do you determine which one is best? Feedback from others is a good idea, as is referring back to your design specifications. It’s also important to think about what is actually feasible for your to model in TinkerCad and whether or not it will print successfully. (Remember all those articles about failed prints and what we can learn from them?) Your task in this section is to explain how you decided on your final choice.

Detailed Planning Sketch

Once you have chosen your final design choice, it is time to create a detailed planning sketch. This will be different from your initial concept sketch because it will use a specific style of drawing (three-view drawing) and must be drawn to scale. It must also include the actual dimensions of your design.

Before you begin, we can use these samples to see the relationship between the 3D drawing and the three-view drawing of different objects.

Preparing to Succeed

Be sure to refer to the TSC as you go. The current deadline for this is the week of April 21st. That gives you 4 weeks to work on this in class (~200 minutes) plus homework time (~60 – 80 minutes). You will submit this to TurnItIn in hard copy at the end of class on the deadline day. In the meantime, your work should be in your shared Google Drive folder.

MAKE your solution: Inquiring and Analzying

3D printing opens up a world of possibilities. Check out these three videos:

This unit is about exploring the recent innovation in 3D printing and its effects on individuals, both as consumers and producers, and their abilities to create functional solutions to everyday problems.

We will be printing our designs on a MakerBot Replicator 2 using PLA filament.

Identifying Problems

The first thing that we need is a problem that needs solving. Think about your own situation, or that of your friends or family. What is something that you (or your client) wished existed, but doesn’t? What is a product that does 70%/80%/90% of what you need but just doesn’t quite do it all? It doesn’t have to be a huge problem, but you do need to be able to convince others that it truly is a problem and to explain why it is important that you do something about it.

Identifying and Prioritizing the Research

Once you have  a problem identified, you  you should create a research plan that lays out your lines of inquiry. These questions should be answered (or at least addressed) with appropriate referencing (MLA!) in your final design brief.

These articles might help you get started with some inquiry questions:

Analyze Existing Products

What solutions already exist but don’t quite fit your needs? What are you currently using to address your problem and why doesn’t it work for you? What are the pros and cons of these different solutions?

What are some products or objects that might help to inspire you as you create your own design ideas? These do not necessarily need to address the problem that you are trying to solve but can just be used as inspiration.

You should attempt to find at least 3 sources of inspiration to analyze prior to beginning to design your own ideas in Criterion B.

Design Brief

The final step is to write your design brief. This should be a summary of the inquiry that you have done so far and should be your response this design task. What is the problem that you have identified, why is it a problem and what are YOU going to do about it in order to make a difference? You should base this design brief on research that you have done (preferably primary and secondary sources) to help make your case.

You can find the TSC for Criterion A here.

Mission Accomplished – Evaluating Our Final Creations

Way back at the start of this process, you wrote a design brief that explained the problem (why it is important that people know and understand our mission and values) and what we were going to do about it. After planning them out, you created your products. Now, how do you know if they are effective?

The purpose of Criterion D: Evaluation is the following:

The student:

i. designs detailed and relevant testing methods, which generate data, to measure the success of the solution;
ii. critically evaluates the success of the solution against the design specification based on authentic product testing;
iii. explains how the solution could be improved;
iv. explains the impact of the product on the client/target audience.

During this class you need to determine how you will test the effectiveness of your visuals and start thinking about how the solution can be improved and (possibly) the impact of your product on your target audience. Before next class, you should use your testing method to collect data and we can spend that class finishing up our evaluations.

TSCs can be found here.

Mission Accomplished – Creating your visuals

Now that you have created your design specs, developed your design ideas, and selected your final design, it is time to start the creation process…

Almost.

The Plan

created at http://paletton.com

created at http://paletton.com

The first part of Criterion C requires a detailed plan of how you will create your solution. This plan will be included in your final write-up for the creation phase but should be completed prior to beginning the actual creation (hence the word “plan”!). Create a new Google and for each of your visuals, you should list out:

  • the different visual elements that you will need to include in your final product (logos, photographs, drawings, shapes, banners, etc.), including where you will find these elements (hand drawn, take the photo yourself, create the graphic your self, download from where (including copyright license info))
  • the different fonts that you are planning to use. (This might be already on your finished draft of your poster; just add it into your plan.)
  • a sample color palette from PalettonKuler, Pictaculous or similar. (If you use Google Chrome, Image DNA is a cool browser app.) This color scheme should include the color codes so you can reproduce the exact color in Photoshop or Pages (or whatever program you will be using).

Combined with your finished draft, this should be enough information to allow any other person to create the visual instead of you.

The Creation and the Process Journal

Once your planning document is complete, you can begin the act of creation. As you encounter any issues or as you make any modifications from your original plan, these should be noted in your process journal. What were the issues and how did you solve them? What options did you consider and why did you select the option that you did? What inspired any modifications to your original design? If you aren’t doing this on an on-going basis in class, be sure to take the last 5 minutes or so to address these questions, along with your general progress and your plans for your homework time and your next class session, in your process journal.

Our goal is to spend the next 4 class periods (up until the holiday) working on the creation phase.

Mission Accomplished: Criterion A

Analysis of Existing Solutions

What are some examples of effective visuals that already exist around YIS? What about in general? Find at least one example of a poster at YIS that you find effective/appealing. Using your phone or computer, take a picture, insert it into your process journal and discuss what about it is effective/appealing. Think about text, font, location, colors, alignment, logos, etc. Find at least one example online of a poster/advertisement that catches your eye. It doesn’t need to be related to mission statements necessarily, but keep in mind that whatever you choose to do you will need to create yourself from beginning to end. That means drawing your own pictures, taking your own photographs, etc.

Submitting Criterion A: Inquiry and Analysis

Now it is time to bring all of those things together. Your first assessed task is to collect all of the work that you have been doing and submit your inquiry and analysis. As the task-specific clarifications have four sections, I would advise you to organize your work in a similar manner:

  • Section 1: Statement of problem and justification for solution
  • Section 2: Research Plan
  • Section 3: Analysis of existing solutions
  • Section 4: Design Brief

The design brief should be informed by the previous three sections. There might be some parts of the brief that seem to repeat what you’ve said in the first three sections, but the idea is that the design brief should stand on its own. Assume that other people will only see the design brief so it is important that it is complete. Have a look at the video for some more background on the task in general and design briefs in particular.

This will be due at the beginning of class during the week of October 5. In addition to uploading it to Veracross, I will ask that you also upload it to Turnitin. This may require you to create an account. We will discuss how to do this in class.

Design 10 Unit: Mission Accomplished?

Quick question(s): Can you recite the YIS Mission Statement and/or recall the YIS Value Statements? Can any of your friends? Can your parents or your siblings?

Almost every international school – and almost every company – has a mission statement. Why? What purpose does a mission statement serve for an organization? Ask your parents if the company/employer they work for has a mission statement and what it means to them (both to the company and to your parent).

The YIS community is diverse, with many different age groups (from ELC to parents) and many different backgrounds. What can we do to make the YIS Mission and Values Statements “come alive” so that they are memorable? What elements of the Mission and Values would you focus on to promote?

The overall task of this unit is to represent at least one element of the Mission Statement and one element of the Values Statements to a specified clientele on separate A4 posters in a meaningful and connected manner.

Statement of Inquiry: The YIS Mission and Values can be represented in ways that are more identifiable to different members of the community.

  • Factual: What are the different ideas that make up the YIS Mission and Values Statements?
  • Debatable: What aspects of the Mission and Values are most important?
  • Conceptual: How can we best represent different aspects of the Mission and Values in meaningful ways?

Let’s start with Criterion A. As you work through these four stages you will keep a process journal that documents the work that you have done. This will (should) make it easier for you to complete a final document for submission.

Criterion A – Inquiring and Analyzing

  • explain and justify the need for a solution to a problem for a specified client/target audience
  • identify and prioritize the primary and secondary research needed to develop a solution to the problem
  • analyse a range of existing products that inspire a solution to the problem
  • develop a detailed design brief which summarizes the analysis of relevant research.

3D Printing: Creating Your Solution

TinkerCadThe time is here!

Now that you have your design and your plan, it is time to start creating your solution.

Over the next 4 weeks or so you will be given time in class to work with Tinkercad to create a 3D model of your solution. As you do so, it is important that you:

  • document the different stages of creation by taking screenshots of your progress and adding them to your process journal. A screenshot at the end of each of your working sessions, showing changes that you’ve made, should do the trick;
  • use your process journal to document any added research that you need to complete as you go through the creation phase;
  • use your process journal to discuss and justify any modification to your plan. What changes do you need to make to your original ideas and why?
  • use your process journal to reflect on your overall progress. What is going well?What are you having trouble with? How are you going to address those problems?

As you can tell, your process journal is extremely important over this period of time. You will submit your process journal at the end of the creation phase to be assessed, along with your final creation, using the task-specific clarifications.

Your final product and your accompanying process journal entries need to be completed by class during the week of May 12.

3D Printing: Planning Your Solution

If you fail to plan, you are planning  to fail.

– Benjamin Franklin

Before you can start the planning phase, you need to make sure you have completed the design phase and have chosen a design choice for your problem.

The Planning phase has a few components to it:

  • A detailed scale drawing with dimensions. I suggest either an isometric drawing or a three-view/orthographic drawing, but it can be anything you feel appropriate. Many of you are already doing this after you’ve chosen your design.
  • A list of any external components that your solution may require. These could be screws, magnets, wires, etc. Besides the printed part(s), what else will you need. (For some of you, you may not need anything else.)
  • A detailed list of the steps you will take to model your solution in TinkerCad.
  • A timeline of major milestones and dates.
  • Any and all relevant lines of inquiry and the research you did.
  • Once all of your planning is complete, an evaluation that includes justifications for any changes/modifications to your original design idea.

If your plan is done well, then the creation phase is made even easier because you have already made most of your design choices. The more detail you can include now the better off you will be later! You can see the TSC here.

Your final creation and documentation will be due the week of May 12.

Barnard Castle by floato licensed under CC BY NC SA