Lab report information

You are going to complete an acid-base experiment in pairs now, discussing and refining the stages and parts. Hopefully, you have contributed ideas for acid-base experiments are here, if you think of more you can add them of course.

In mid June you will plan what you will investigate for your IA, and you will carry out your plan in August when you return.

Summary Rubric with checklist

Full Rubric here

YIS version of another IA checklist

Top tips from IA moderators of what to do and NOT do on the IA.

Some lab safety information for students from CLEAPS – search through their  list of sheets on most common lab hazards.


Covalent bonding basics

Go to this site and try the tutorial until screen 31 (naming covalent compounds)

You could also read the section on covalent bonding in topic 4.

Holding it together – metals and ionic substances

Here is a video of ionic and covalent bonding. Here is a slightly odd video introduction to bonding that mentions that models simplify the complex realities

You can use any text resources, to find examples of models of how metals are held together.

Compare the models to each other. What is clear/not clear?


Using any text resources and models in the room find examples of models of how ionic substances are held together.

Compare the models of ionic materials to each other. What is clear/unclear?


How do the forces holding metals together compare and contrast with ionic substances?

Redox reactions and electrons on the move

Redox reactions – basic notes and information document

Here is a link to the Khan academy video on balancing redox reactions in acidic solutions using half reactions. You may notice on the left of the page that there are other related videos there… we do not need to do this in basic solutions in this course.

Here is a simulation on Electrochemical cells where you can change the metals used and measure voltage

and another one here with some questions. It requires flash.


Monday Feb 13th Chemistry class – Trends on the PT

Today you need to determine the meaning of :

A) Metals, non-metals, metalloids, Halogens, noble gasses, alkali metals, alkali earth metals, lanthanoides, actinoides, s-block, p-block, d-block, f-block

B) Atomic radius, ionic radius, ionization energy, electron affinity and electronegativity

For group A, determine where these are on a PT and mark them.

For group B, determine what the trend in these values are along a period and up or down a group, with a reason. Label the trend on the PT.

To think about, and answer (may require some looking up of information!) :

  1. why is the trend in atomic radius not the same as the trend in ionic radius?
  2. what are the differences/similarities between electron affinity and electronegativity?
  3. why do different sources disagree on which elements exactly are metalloids (sometimes called semi-metals)?
  4. what are alternate periodic tables? Why do scientists make them? Which one(s) do you like?

Chemistry fun with Ionization energies, Feb 6th

In class Feb 6, we looked for any misunderstandings or problems with material in 2.1 and 2.2. We were going to talk about mass spectrometres and isotopes and calculations but 8 people are away, so we’ve saved that for Wednesday Feb 15th.

Today we did this activity on patterns in Ionization energies, and why that is evidence for the organization of electrons. If you are not here, you should do it!

Our next lesson, on Feb 13th, we will talk about trends in the periodic table, discussed in 3.1 and 3.2 in the text.

All about electrons – starting with atomic structure

Some helpful or interesting links for 2.1 and 2.2


Simulation of Rutherford’s Gold experiment

All about the nucleus, Bohr, etc in 10 minutes of fast talking from Crashcourse, get past the general chem first


Website (text) with More than you perhaps want to know about the operation of a mass spectrometre, but interesting

… and then how to use the information from a mass spectrometre to calculate ram

Video (7 min) on mass spectrometry and how, why we use it

Topic 2.2

Models of the H atom sim How did scientists figure out the structure of atoms without looking at them? Try out different models by shooting light at the atom. Check how the prediction of the model matches the experimental results

More history of atomic discoveries/models through the ages

Video on Light and atomic structure  (also has a link to the video transcript, if you’d like to read along)

Document from my drive on Electromagnetic spectra (in detail)

5 min clip on atomic emission spectra (from Brightstorm series)

Do you wish you could see spectra at home? Clip of atomic spectra with home materials (optional)

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