G6 U2 L3-4 INTRO – Rhythm, Notes and Rests

Learning how to play Rhythms

DEFINE

  • RHYTHM – the pattern of  regular or irregular pulses caused in music by the occurrence of strong and weak melodic and harmonic beats.
  • BEAT – a main accent or rhythmic unit or pulse in music or poetry.  The conductor or drummer give the beat of 1 2 3 4
  • METER – the rhythmic element as measured by division into parts of equal time value.  The unit of measurement, in terms of number of beats, adopted for a given piece of music.  Simple and Compound Meter – 4/4 or 6/8
  • SYNCOPATION – a rhythm pattern can become syncopated.  In music a shifting of the normal accent, usually by stressing the normally unaccented beats.  

 

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Below is a visual of how the note values can be compared to fractions of a circle

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OK, let’s try answering the note value questions on this handout.

it all adds up worksheet

MUSIC MATH worksheet

 

Notation – Notice for this piece in 4/4 time the notes are written in four distinct quadrants of the measure so you can easily pick out the 4 counts. 

Fooba Wooba guess rhythms

Worksheet Counting RHYTHM in 4:4 time

 

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ORDERING FOOD RHYTHMS

Practice the following rhythms together and then Mr. Johnston will try ordering different foods and you decide what he wants by identifying the rhythms he is playing.

Meaning of Rhythm Game

  • Drums use to be used in Africa to communicate over long distances.
  • Let’s see if you can have a conversation with another student using rhythm

MEANING OF RHYTHM GAME HANDOUT

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Play as a class – again you can see how you can easily visualize the four beats in each measure
Screen Shot 2016-04-15 at 7.27.04 AM

Working with a partner

Create two of your own word to rhythm combinations.  Can you notate them using rhythm notation?  Perform them for the class or another pair of students.

 

 

 

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Notes_and_Rests_Reference_Sheet

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note-rest-chart

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LESSON TWO

StarterClapping Call and Response Game

Teacher Led – clapping one or two measure patterns and student responding

Student PAIRS – same as above with students taking turn.

 

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Review:

Time signature, Note values, and counting

COUNTING EXERCISE – play on drum pads or clap

Music_CountingExercise

Notice above that there each beat of a measure has the notes ‘beamed’ together to give you a visual sense that it is one beat or count of the measure.

 

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Dotted notes and rests.

dottednotes

You can print out the sheet below for your reference

Understanding_Notes_and_Rests Reference_Sheet

 

 

 

More complex Sixteenth Note patterns

As a class try clapping these two beat rhythm patterns

2-beat-additional-rhythms-Fourth-Grade-Aural_Page_2

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Counting and Performing Different Rhythm Combinations with audio listening examples

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Next, as a class try reading one measure rhythm combinations from the teacher’s rhythm cards.

 

Working with a partner try notating your own one measure rhythm combinations using whole, half, quarter, and eighth notes and rests.

  • add sixteenth notes and rests as well

  • try two measure combinations and then four measures

As a class try performing and counting this short rhythm piece.

COUNTING EXAMPLE

 Music-Worksheets-Holidays-Rhythm-003-641x621

Worksheets – Music-Theory-Worksheet-7-Rests-Stems

Counting quarter and eighth rests worksheet – draw in the counts

Workbook to Print – complete rhythm starter kit with note printouts – INSTRUMENT Families, and Etiquette

 

 

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