Scales and Key Signatures

Print outs

Blank Manuscript staff-with-keyboard

Creating Scales on the Treble Clef Worksheet

Major Scale Formula pdf

ORDER OF SHARPS AND FLATS pdf

Circle of 5ths for Completion Handout

KEY SIGNATURE GAME

Click the Key Signature Game

Music Theory. net Note Game

Also See Key Signatures

 

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MAJOR SCALES

EVERYTHING YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT MAJOR SCALES IN 7 MINUTES

 

  1. Handout – Blank Manuscript staff-with-keyboard – blank staff with keyboard and circle of 5ths

TERMINOLOGY

  • Whole Step / Whole Tone mean the same thing = (movement up or down of two half steps or two semitones)
  • Half Step / Semitone = mean the same thing =  (moving up or down from a given note to the next possible note or key on the piano. It could be a black or white key)

FORMULA  for creating Major scales using Whole and Half Steps/Semitones. If you look at the C Major scale which goes from one C (white key to the left of the Two Black Keys) to another C white key)

scalepattern-c

 

screen-shot-2016-10-15-at-5-06-47-pm

 

Using this formula you can create a major scale starting on any pitch on the piano keyboard.

On a piece of blank music manuscript staff-with-keyboard create the C Major scale above in both the Treble and Bass clefs.

Next create a B flat Major scale using the formula above to find out the key signature needed for B flat Major.

Be sure you start on the B flat and then continue with the formula. Then at the end count up the flats used and they will become your key signature.

 

HOW TO PRACTICE YOUR SCALES

 

 

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Minor Scales

 

To create a minor scale the formula will be a bit different but still using the whole and half steps.  The formula is W H W W H W W

The Major scale with no sharps or flats in it was C Major.

The minor scale with no sharps or flats in it is A Minor

Try playing the A minor scale on the piano by starting on an A and only playing the white keys.

The pitches you will end up playing are A B C D E F G A

screen-shot-2016-10-15-at-5-04-36-pm

 

 

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Key Signatures written in Treble and Bass Clefs

Circle of Fifths

that shows the Major keys on the outside ring and the minor keys on the inside ring.

circle_of_fifths_colors

 

It is good to memorize all of the Major Key Signatures.  There are only 15 in total.  C with none, and 7 flat key signatures, and 7 sharp key signature

Student Handout – Circle of 5ths for Completion

Print outs

Blank Manuscript staff-with-keyboard

Creating Scales on the Treble Clef Worksheet

Major Scale Formula pdf

ORDER OF SHARPS AND FLATS pdf

Circle of 5ths for Completion Handout

 

 

pagebreak

MAJOR SCALES

  1. Handout – Blank Manuscript staff-with-keyboard – blank staff with keyboard and circle of 5ths
  2. Creating Major scales using Whole and Half Steps     W-W-H-W-W-W-H- Major Scales on MusicTheory.net

scalepattern-c

 

screen-shot-2016-10-15-at-5-06-47-pm

 

Using this formula you can create a major scale starting on any pitch on the piano keyboard.

On a piece of blank music manuscript staff-with-keyboard create the C Major scale above in both the Treble and Bass clefs.

Next create a B flat Major scale using the formula above to find out the key signature needed for B flat Major.

Be sure you start on the B flat and then continue with the formula. Then at the end count up the flats used and they will become your key signature.

 

pagebreak

Minor Scales

 

To create a minor scale the formula will be a bit different but still using the whole and half steps.  The formula is W H W W H W W

The Major scale with no sharps or flats in it was C Major.

The minor scale with no sharps or flats in it is A Minor

Try playing the A minor scale on the piano by starting on an A and only playing the white keys.

The pitches you will end up playing are A B C D E F G A

screen-shot-2016-10-15-at-5-04-36-pm

 

 

_________________________________

Key Signatures written in Treble and Bass Clefs

Circle of Fifths

that shows the Major keys on the outside ring and the minor keys on the inside ring.

circle_of_fifths_colors

 

It is good to memorize all of the Major Key Signatures.  There are only 15 in total.  C with none, and 7 flat key signatures, and 7 sharp key signature

Student Handout – Circle of 5ths for Completion