Create and perform the following popular types of 7th chords and their inversions
There are several types of four note 7th chords – watch this video to be introduced to all of them.
This unit will focus on the 3 most popular forms of 7th chords.
Ma 7 – a Major 7th chord
m 7 – a minor 7th chord
V 7 – a Dominant 7th chord
Dominant 7th Chords
Minor 7th Chords
- In an inverted chord, the root is not in the bass (i.e., is not the lowest note).
- the chords shown above are all in the root position, which means that the name of the chord (in this case C) is the bottom or root note of the chord when played and the other notes are all played above it in order
- chord inversions have one of the other chord tones in the bass or root position by putting the notes of the chord in a different order (the root is then one of the top notes and one of the top notes becomes the bottom note
- Note that in inversions the notes of the chord stays the same they are just played without the root as the lowest note
The four inversions of a 4 note CMa7 Chord
All of the types of four note chords above can be performed in any of the following four inversions: Root, 1st, 2nd, 3rd inversions.
Block & Broken Chords
All 7th Chords can be performed in Block form or an arpeggiated form called Broken form.
Block chords play all four pitches at the same time.
Broken chords play each of the pitches one at a time in an arpeggio.