*TRY THE NUMERIC INTERVAL SPEED TEST – PRINT OUT
all interval speed test
numeric-intervals-worksheet – from theory book 2
MUSIC INTERVALS – use Alfreds Lesson 33
In music theory, an interval is the difference between two pitches. An interval may be described as horizontal, linear, or melodic if it refers to successively sounding tones, such as two adjacent pitches in a melody, and vertical or harmonic if it pertains to simultaneously sounding tones, such as in a chord. – Wikipedia
There are two ways intervals can be notated in music. The first is Melodic and the second is Harmonic.
Melodic – intervals happen one note at a time as in a ‘melody’
Harmonic – intervals happen when two pitches are played at the same time to produce a ‘harmony’ as in the visual example above.
WHY LEARN INTERVALS
Now that we know that a musical interval is the space between two different pitches we can start to appreciate why knowing the exact distance between two pitches would be a very helpful tool when playing a melody or trying to figure out which chord to play. If we can identify the interval in our head we can play them on an instrument.
Music is constructed using intervals. You can see some of the specific types of intervals found on the piano keyboard below.
PLAY THE PIANO
- Sing ‘Jingle Bells’ in your head and then try to play it on the piano.
- Put your right hand at ‘C Position” (your thumb on C) and starting playing the melody on an E (your middle finger).
- Is the next pitch higher or lower than the pitch you are on?
- How far away is it? Just a step or is it a larger leap?
- How far is the next pitch away from the one you just played? Can you guess which note to play next by judging the distance you sang to get to the next note?
- Try doing the same process with another song you know.
The more we practice doing this the better we can play any melody that pops into our hear. If you can hear it you can play it.
TYPES OF INTERVALS
Before we begin let us review Whole Steps and Half Steps
We have two ways of identifying intervals.
Melodic Intervals – giving the space between two pitches a number – lesson on MusicTheory.net
Specific Intervals – Unison, Perfect, Minor, Major, Diminished, Augmented, Octave – Lesson on MusicTheory.net
These are the Harmonic Intervals found in an 8 pitch scale such as Major and minor scales
These are the Melodic Intervals found in an 8 pitch scale such as Major and minor scales
*TRY THE MELODIC INTERVAL SPEED TEST – PRINT OUT
TYPES of SPECIFIC INTERVALS
Perfect, Octave, Major, minor, Augmented and Diminished
Practice identifying intervals using your ear and by recognizing them on the printed music.
Use the resources below to help.
Ear Training – Listening to Intervals
Writing Interval Inversions
Identifying intervals – interval-worksheets
Interval worksheet 2 Interval Worksheets booklet – Building intervals Major, minor, Perfect
Intervals and Triads with Inversions worksheet FREE at Oxford Press (PDF files below)
SPEED TESTS – these can also be used as work sheets to create intervals and triads