# Intervals

*TRY THE NUMERIC INTERVAL SPEED TEST – PRINT OUT
all interval speed test

numeric-intervals-worksheet – from theory book 2

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## MUSIC INTERVALS – use Alfreds Lesson 33

In music theory, an interval is the difference between two pitches. An interval may be described as horizontal, linear, or melodic if it refers to successively sounding tones, such as two adjacent pitches in a melody, and vertical or harmonic if it pertains to simultaneously sounding tones, such as in a chord. – Wikipedia

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### Harmonic – intervals happen when two pitches are played at the same time to produce a ‘harmony’ as in the visual example above.

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### WHY LEARN INTERVALS

Now that we know that a musical interval is the space between two different pitches we can start to appreciate why knowing the exact distance between two pitches would be a very helpful tool when playing a melody or trying to figure out which chord to play.  If we can identify the interval in our head we can play them on an instrument.

Music is constructed using intervals.  You can see some of the specific types of intervals found on the piano keyboard below.

### PLAY THE PIANO

1. Sing ‘Jingle Bells’ in your head and then try to play it on the piano.
2. Put your right hand at ‘C Position” (your thumb on C) and starting playing the melody on an E (your middle finger).
3. Is the next pitch higher or lower than the pitch you are on?
4. How far away is it?  Just a step or is it a larger leap?
5. How far is the next pitch away from the one you just played? Can you guess which note to play next by judging the distance you sang to get to the next note?
6. Try doing the same process with another song you know.

The more we practice doing this the better we can play any melody that pops into our hear.  If you can hear it you can play it.

## TYPES OF INTERVALS

Before we begin let us review  Whole Steps and Half Steps

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## We have two ways of identifying intervals.

### Specific Intervals – Unison, Perfect, Minor, Major, Diminished, Augmented, Octave – Lesson on MusicTheory.net

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These are the Harmonic Intervals found in an 8 pitch scale such as Major and minor scales

These are the Melodic Intervals found in an 8 pitch scale such as Major and minor scales

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### MELODIC INTERVALS

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*TRY THE MELODIC INTERVAL SPEED TEST – PRINT OUT

all interval speed test

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TYPES of SPECIFIC INTERVALS

Perfect, Octave, Major, minor, Augmented and Diminished

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### HEARING INTERVALS

Practice identifying intervals using your ear and by recognizing them on the printed music.

Use the resources below to help.

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### Identifying Intervals

MusicTheory.net – Exercise on naming Intervals

### Ear Training – Listening to Intervals

MusicTheory.net – Exercise on hearing intervals

### Writing Intervals

MusicTheory.net – Lesson on Writing Intervals

### Writing Interval Inversions

MusicTheory.net – Lesson on Writing Triad Inversions

Identifying intervals  – interval-worksheets

Interval worksheet 2 Interval Worksheets booklet – Building intervals Major, minor, Perfect

Intervals and Triads with Inversions worksheet FREE at Oxford Press (PDF files below)

SPEED TESTS – these can also be used as work sheets to create intervals and triads

Grand-Staff-Note-Name-Speed-Test-20-Notes